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The purpose of this study is firstly to review the effects of the view and story which are environmental and/or amenity factors, on the price of Hanriver riverside apartments through the sales comparison approach, and secondly to propose the appropriate model for estimating riverside apartment price. Among apartment complex located in adjacent north riverside highway, which inhabitants can overlook the Hanriver in their living room, the real sale prices of 285 apartment units sold out during the 3/4 of 2002 were used to find the proper Hanriver riverside apartment price model by hedonic price approach. After executing 4 different kinds of models by making the view and story variables as continuous and/or dummy variables, the result shows the higher effect on housing price when the story factor was set up as a continuous variable and the view factor was set up as two dummy variables. The finding proves the necessity of analyzing model concurrently considering both view factor and story factor when estimating riverside apartment price. A hot issue currently discussed is an assertion that the taxing standard when assessing tax on apartment should be changed into standard price which has been used for capital gain tax assessment. However we should consider the view and story factors in case of price estimation of riverside apartment since even the standard price cannot catch the price difference between units within an apartment building.키 워 드 수변아파트, 아파트가격, 조망요인, 층별요인Keywords Riverside Apartment, Apartment Price, View Factor, Story Factor
This study aims on inducing schemes activating Seoul city marketing by cultural heritage approach through the analysis on cases directly related to Korean cultural heritage (traditional culture), which are an ongoing cultural facility development project and traditional festival. The paper introduces both the concept and structuring factors of city marketing and reviews the importance of city marketing by cultural heritage approach. After selecting Traditional Music Art Center and Seoul Traditional Medical Stuff Market Festival respectively as a facility (hardware) and a culture (software) enabling to show Korean traditional culture in Seoul, this study presents the necessity of the facility development and the festival program by analyzing those two cases, at the same time, tries to find appropriate schemes activating Seoul city marketing. The schemes activating Traditional Music Art Center as a result are as follow; (1) linkage to Seoul city tour bus course, (2) connection with living and cultural experience to Korean Tradition, (3) continuing of traditional music performance at the center. The schemes activating Seoul Traditional Medical Stuff Market Festival are first to create the area as a traditional medical hub by building Koran traditional medical center and vitalizing High-tec bio industry related to Korean Traditional medicine, and second positively to review the plan linking the site to ancient palace sightseeing, downtown interesting spot sightseeing, and famous shopping town sightseeing in Seoul.
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in the largest number of Korean individuals examined to date. We analyzed cross-sectional data collected from 229,595 Korean adults aged 19 yr and above who participated in a Korean Community Health Survey conducted in 2009. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used as the measurement tool for depressive symptoms (CES-D score over 16) and definite depression (CES-D score over 25). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify associations between sociodemographic factors and depressive symptoms. The percentages of depressive symptoms and definite depression in the total study population were 11% (7.8% for men,14.0% for women) and 3.7%, (2.4% for men, 5.0% for women), respectively. Female gender, older age, disrupted marital status, low education and income level, multigenerational household composition and metropolitan residence were associated with greater risk of depressive symptoms. The present study provides a valid prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms, using the largest representative sample of the Korean general population to date. Various sociodemographic factors contribute to the prevalence and effects of depressive symptoms in Korea.
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A previous animal study has shown the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) and its non-erythropoietic carbamylated derivative (CEPO) on neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. In the present study, we sought to investigate the effect of EPO on adult hippocampal neurogenesis, and to compare the ability of EPO and CEPO promoting dendrite elongation in cultured hippocampal neural progenitor cells. Two-month-old male BALB/c mice were given daily injections of EPO (5 U/g) for seven days and were sacrificed 12 hours after the final injection. Proliferation assays demonstrated that EPO treatment ncreased the density of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled cells in the subgranular zone (SGZ) compared to that in vehicle-treated controls. Functional differentiation studies using dissociated hippocampal cultures revealed that EPO treatment also increased the number of double-labeled BrdU/microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) neurons compared to those in vehicle-treated controls. Both EPO and CEPO treatment significantly increased the length of neurites and spine density in MAP2(+) cells. In summary, these results provide evidences that EPO and CEPO promote adult hippocampal neuro-genesis and neuronal differentiation. These suggest that EPO and CEPO could be a good candidate or treating neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety associated with neuronal atrophy and reduced hippocampal neurogenesis.
We introduce the definitions of polyominoes and illustrate some combinatorial interpretations of their q-numbers. We relate q-Motzkin numbers to the steep parallelogram polyominoes' generating function accord-ding to their width, perimeter and area.
Over the last decade, EMDR(Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) has emerged as a promising new treatment for trauma and other anxiety-based disorders. However, neurobiological mechanism of EMDR has not been well understood. Authors report SPECT findings of two patients of PTSD before and after EMDR. Brain 99mTc-ECD-SPECT was performed before and after EMDR treatment. To evaluate the significance of changes in the regional cerebral perfusion, t-test was conducted on the resulting images using SPM99. In addition, clinical scales(CAPS, CGI, STAI) were employed to asses the changes in the clinical symptoms of the patients. After EMDR treatment, each showed significant improvement in clinical symptoms. The cerebral perfusion increased in bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and decreased in the temporal association cortex. The differences in the cerebral perfusion between patients after treatment and normal controls decreased. These changes appeared mainly in the limbic area the and the prefrontal cortex. These results suggest that EMDR may show the therapeutic effect through 1) improvement in the emotional control by increased activity in the prefrontal cortex, 2) inhibited hyperstimuli on amygdala by deactivation of the association cortex, 3) inhibition on past trauma related memory, and 4) keeping the functional balance between the limbic area and the prefrontal cortex. This case report needs further replication from studies with larger sample.
This study aims on presenting the desirable direction for setting up city marketing strategies by analyzing the current situation of city marketing in Korea with a view to emphasizing the importance on city image, development idea, and the distinction through reviewing success cases and planning cases of city marketing for current cities and new towns. The elements inevitably considered in city marketing are the four factors such as city self-containment, city competitiveness, development idea and distinction. The newly defined concept of city marketing in the paper is 'the visible and/or invisible endeavor strengthening the distinction with both city image and novel development idea in order to increase city competitiveness as well as city self-containment.' On the other hand, the requisites which a new town development project enables to stand a good chance of success are four factors as follows; 1. city (place) people want to live, 2. city (place) people want to work, 3. city (place) enterprises can get lots of benefits, 4. city (place) people want to travel. City planning with land use planning should be established concurrently considering both the above four factors and their harmony. City marketing is the job requiring the aesthetics of negotiation with the various experiences on strategy establishment for Urban Planning (Urban Design, Urban Economics, Transportation, Environment, and so on). This study shows the 4 kinds of process in establishment on new town development planning. Among them, the method D which is "Urban Development Conceptualization and City Marketing -> Urban Development Planning -> Implementing Planning." is recommended.