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        우리나라 영.유아용 조제식의 영양소 규격기준 개선방안 연구

        엄애선,이헌옥,문지혜,심재영,김인혜,원선임,나영아,최윤주,이혜영,박혜경,김명철,Om, Ae-Son,Lee, Heon-Ok,Moon, Ji-Hea,Shim, Jae-Young,Kim, In-Hye,Won, Sun-Im,Rha, Young-Ah,Choi, Yun-Ju,Lee, Hye-Young,Park, Hye-Kyung,Kim, Myung-Chul 한국식품영양과학회 2007 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.36 No.5

        영 유아의 정상적인 성장과 발육에 도움을 줄 수 있는 영 유아용 조제식의 영양적 완전성을 강화하기 위하여 우리나라, CODEX, 미국, 일본, EU, 호주 및 뉴질랜드의 관련법령 및 개선안을 비교 분석 후, 우리나라 영 유아용 조제식의 규격기준의 개선방안을 다음과 같이 제시하고자 한다. 조제유류와 영아용 조제식으로 이원화된 기준을 CODEX 규격안과 같이 '영 유아용 조제식'으로 통합하고 사용 대상을 6개월 이내의 영 유아로 한정하도록 제시한다. 영 유아용 조제식의 유단백질에 대한 질소계수를 CODEX 규격안과 동일한 수준으로 변경하고, 단백질 급원에 따른 함량별 차이와 모유내의 필수아미노산 성분을 단백질 함량 규격에 제시한다. 또한 영 유아를 위한 필수지방산인 $\alpha$-linolenic acid, DHA와 EPA, trans fatty acid 함유량을 지방 함량 규격에 제시한다. 영 유아용 조제식의 비타민과 무기질 및 기타 영양소의 성분기준을 선진국과 동일한 중량(100 g)당에서 에너지(100 kcal)당 영양소 함량으로 개선하도록 제시한다. 현행 규격에는 일부 비타민(비타민 A, D)과 무기질(나트륨, 칼륨 및 염소)의 최대값만 지정되어 있으므로 모든 비타민과 무기질의 최대값을 설정하도록 제시한다. CODEX 규격안, EU, 호주 및 뉴질랜드 영 유아용 조제식 관련 규격에서 제시한 모유내 면역증진성분으로 알려진 nucleotide 5종(cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, inosine 5'-monophosphate)과 치아 건강 유지에 도움이 되는 불소의 함량 규격을 설정하도록 제시한다. The purpose of the present study was to propose some amendments on nutrient standard regulations of infant formula in Korea. For this purpose, we compared and analyzed the nutrient regulations of Korea, CODEX, U.S.A, Japan, EU, Australia and New Zealand. Some developing aspects of Korea's nutrient standard regulations for infant formula need to be examined as follows: firstly, both milk-based formula and soy-based formula standards would be unified into an infant formula, and the user of infant formula would be categorized for babies less than 6 month old. Secondly, nitrogen conversion factor of milk protein in the infant formula would be 6.38, which is the same as that of CODEX Revised Standard. Protein quantities could be differentiated by protein sources, and essential amino acids in human milk would be standardized according to protein contents. Thirdly, $\alpha$-linolenic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) as essential fatty acids and trans fatty acid would be standardized in terms of the contents. Fourthly, it is recommended that the unit of vitamins and minerals would be changed from g/100 g to g/100 kcal, and individual vitamins and mineral would have their maximum values. Finally, 5 nucleotides (cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, inosine 5'-monophosphate) and fluoride would be required for the strengthening the immunity and the development of teeth, respectively. In conclusion, the scientific studies on amendment scheme of nutrient standard regulations of infant formula is very important to fortify nutritional completeness for Korean infants and young children.

      • 학술논문 7 : 군대급식에서 우유의 영양보충효과에 대한 고찰

        엄애선 ( Ae Son Om ),우혜임 ( Hye Im Woo ),이여진 ( Yeo Jin Lee ) 한국군사학회 2014 군사논단 Vol.79 No.-

        Due to a variety of food products to choose from with accessibility of ample nutrients as a result of industrialization and economic development, there is a widespread concern of hyper- nutrition. However, daily intake of certain nutrients are still not on bar with the recommended daily intake, which ultimately leads to the unbalanced nutrient diet in people’s dietary life. The average daily intake of calcium per person is 503.0㎎, which is 70% of the recommended nutrient intake (RNI), and for males between the ages of 19 to 29, the RNI is 750㎎, but the average intake is at 83% of the RNI with 643.0㎎. Milk is a perfect food, which contains almost all nutrients that keeps the human body healthy. Calcium in milk, especially, when compared to other sources of calcium, has up to 7 times the body utilization, and whey proteins such as lactose and casein helps the body absorb calcium. This supports the fact that to prevent male osteoporosis, military personnel drinks milk at least once a day to supplement calcium. Also, drinking milk or ingesting dairy products may reduce the risk of obesity. Adequate calcium intake also helps maintain a normal range blood pressure. There is a study, which shows that increase in calcium intake, increases sodium excretion, which, in turn, suppresses the increase in blood pressure. Korean military personnel is made up of ages from 19 to 29, which is the optimum period to store calcium in the bones for old age. Ingesting adequate amount of milk or any dairy products at least once a day maximizes bone density and helps maintain it for a longer period of time. Also, milk intake for military personnel with obesity or insulin resistance syndrome may help improve obesity and decrease the risk of high blood pressure. Calcium supplement through milk with the low-sodium diet implemented in the military meal plans can be said to be a crucial factor in increasing strength and stamina of military personnel and improving their combat power.

      • KCI등재

        미취학 어린이의 손씻기 교육에 따른 미생물학적 실태 분석

        엄애선(Ae Son Om),김지은(Ji Eun Kim),문지혜(Ji Hea Moon),신현아(Hyun Ah Shin),이지선(Ji Sun Lee),권성희(Sung Hee Kwon),이정숙(Jung Sook Lee) 한국조리학회 2011 한국조리학회지 Vol.17 No.3

        본 연구는 미취학 어린이를 대상으로 손씻기 교육 방법에 따른 미생물학적 변화를 모니터링한 연구이다. 연구는 3세에서 5세까지의 서울시 어린이집 어린이 10명을 대상으로 수행하였다. 미생물 분석은 손씻기 교육 전, 1주간 동영상 교육 실시 후, 1주간 동영상 교육 및 손씻기 실습 교육 병행 후로 분류하였다. 손씻기 교육 전 어린이들의 손에서는 일반세균, 진균, 대장균군 및 황색포도상구균이 검출되었다. 2주간 손씻기 동영상 교육과 실습교육을 연속적으로 실시한 결과 손씻기 교육에 따른 손 위생상태는 개선되었다. 본 연구결과 손씻기 교육은 취학 전 어린이를 대상으로 손씻기 교육을 반복적으로 수행할 경우 더욱 효과적일 것으로 생각된다. 특히 미취학 아동의 경우 평생 습관을 확립시키는 중요한 시기이므로, 언제, 어디서 손을 씻어야 하는가에 대한 구체적인 교육이 필요할 것으로 생각된다. The objective of this study is to monitor the microbiological effect on preschool children`s hand safety according to educational methods of hand washing. The subjects were ten children aged three to five. The analyses of the microbiological effect were made before hand washing education, after one-week video demonstrations of hand washing education, and after one-week video demonstrations of hand washing education combined with practice. The results were as follows. Total plate count, filamentous fungi, coliform, and Staphylocuccus aureus were detected from children`s hands just before hand washing education. According to the two-week hand washing education, such education was found effective in keeping the children`s hands clean and safe. In conclusion, repeated and more consistent training of hand washing would be important for children, especially aged three to five because most of the habits and behavior patterns were developed in these age groups and the effects were persistent during their future life.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        연구논문 : Alloxan에 의한 HIT-T15 세포 손상에 대한 쑥갓주정추출물의 세포보호효과

        엄애선 ( Ae Son Om ) 한국식품영양학회 2012 韓國食品營養學會誌 Vol.25 No.1

        The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential antidiabetic and antioxidant effect of the ethanol extract from Chrysanthemum cornarium L. var. spatiosum(CSE) against alloxan-induced oxidative stress in pancreatic β-cells, HIT-T15. In this study, the antidiabetic effect of CSE was examined using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliu bromide(MTT) cell proliferation assay, lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) release assay, NAD+/NADH ratio and insulin secretion. To further investigate whether CSE is involved in the antioxidant activity of alloxan-damaged HIT-T15 cells, its antioxidant effect against alloxan-induced oxidative stress was measured in HIT-T15 cells by determining the levels of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase(SOD), glutathione S-transferase(GST), glutathione reductase(GR) and glutathione peroxidase(GPx). The results of this analysis showed that alloxan significantly decreased cell viability, increased LDH leakage, and lowered NAD+/NADH ratio and insulin secretion in HIT-T15 cells. However, CSE significantly increased the viability of alloxan-treated cells and lowered LDH leakage. The intracellular NAD+/NADH ratio and insulin secretion were also significantly increased by 1.7-fold and 1.3-fold, respectively, after treatment with 100 ㎍/㎖CSE. The HIT-T15 cells treated with alloxan showed significant decreases in the activities of antioxidant enzymes, while CSE significantly elevated the levels of antioxidant enzymes. These findings suggest that CSE could have a protective effect against cytotoxicity and dysfunction of pancreatic cells in the presence of alloxan-induced oxidative stress.

      • KCI등재

        공동학술대회 발표논문 : 건강기능식품법의 개정 및 의의

        엄애선 ( Ae Son Om ),신현아 ( Hyun Ah Shin ),이상화 ( Sang Hwa Yi ) 한국법정책학회 2009 법과 정책연구 Vol.9 No.1

        This study was designed to survey the revision of the Health Functional Food Law and the meaning of it. In the latest revision of the Health Functional Food Law was undertaken in March, 2008. In this law firstly, the form of tablet, capsule, powder, granule, liquid, pill, etc. were deleted so that the range of application for the health functional food could be extended. Secondly, the history-tracking control system for the health functional food was revised in order to improve the safety. Thirdly, the procedures of the complaint motions for health claim and deliberation on advertisement of the health functional food were amended. Lastly, the payment range and the criteria for the compensation were made. Taking all of these into account, it is suggested that the revision of the Health Functional Food Law is reasonable and desirable.

      • KCI등재

        가정폭력 목격이 자녀의 데이트 성폭력에 영향을 미치는 과정에서 성역할태도의 매개효과

        김은경(Eun Kyung Kim),엄애선(Ae Son Om) 한국심리학회 2010 한국심리학회지 여성 Vol.15 No.4

        이 연구는 자녀가 성장과정에서 가정폭력을 목격하는 것이 성장후 데이트 성폭력에 영향을 미치는 과정에서 성역할태도가 매개역할을 한다는 점을 밝히고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 서울시내 남자 대학생 193명, 여자 대학생 190명을 대상으로 가정폭력 목격, 데이트 성폭력 가해 및 피해경험, 가부장적 성역할태도를 측정하였다. 모형의 검증을 위하여 구조방정식(SEM)을 통해 적합도를 검증하고 유의한 경로를 확인하였다. 그 결과, 남자의 데이트 성폭력 가해경험 관련하여, 가정폭력 목격이 데이트 성폭력 가해경험에 직접적인 영향을 미치기도 하지만, 성역할태도를 매개로 가해경험을 유발하기도 하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 여자의 데이트 성폭력 피해경험 관련하여, 가정폭력 목격이 데이트 성폭력 피해경험에 직접적인 영향을 미치기도 하지만, 가부장적 성역할태도를 매개로 피해경험을 유발하기도 하는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 성장과정에서 가정폭력을 목격하는 것이 자녀의 성역할태도에 영향을 미쳐서 친밀한 관계에서의 성폭력 문제를 유발한다는 것을 보여준다. This study aims to investigate the mediating role of patriarchal attitudes on the relationship between family violence witness and dating sexual violence among Korean college students. The participants were 383 college student (193 males and 190 females) who had the experience of dating relationship. The psychological tests used in this research included the following: Witness of Family Violence, Patriarchal Attitudes, Dating Sexual Violence Experiences. In order to verify the models, goodness of fit and significant paths were verified through structural equation model(SEM). According to the results, family violence witness, itself, had influence on male students` dating sexual assault, and patriarchal attitudes caused by family violence witness had influence on dating sexual assault. Also, family violence witness had influence on female students` dating sexual violence, and patriarchal attitudes caused by family violence witness had influence on dating sexual violence.

      • KCI등재

        Comparison of Boiling Point and Distillaiion Ranige, Melting Range, and Identification Methods of Various Organizations on Synthetic Food Additives

        신동화,김용석,이영환,방정호,엄애선,신재욱,이달수,장영미,홍기형,박성관,권용관,박재석,Shin Dong-Hwa,Kim Yong-Suk,Lee Young-Hwan,Bang Jeong-Ho,Om Ae-Son,Shin Jae-Wook,Lee Tal-Soo,Jang Young-Mi,Hong Ki-Hyoung,Park Sung-Kwan,Kwon Yong-Kwan,P The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety 2005 한국식품위생안전성학회지 Vol.20 No.3

        식품첨가물공전의 일반시험법 중 비점 및 유분측정법, 융점측정법 및 확인시험법에 대하여 국내에 유통되는 식품 첨가물을 대상으로 한국, 일본, JECFA및 미국의 시험법에 따라 비교?분석하였다. 한국의 식품첨가물공전에서 비점을 측정하는 품목은 프로필렌글리콜 1품목이었고, 이 품목에 대하여 한국방법에서는 비점으로, 일본방법은 유분으로, JECFA와 미국방법은 증류가 일어나는 온도로 표시하도록 되어 있었으며, 측정결과 규격에 적합하였다. 유분측정법은 한국과 일본방법에서는 유분으로, JECFA와 미국방법에서는 증류온도로 표시하였다. 프로피온산의 유분은 4 기관의 규격에 모두 적합하였으며, 일본방법에는 이소프로필알콜에 대한 규격기준이 없었다. 응점측정법은 4 기관의 방법이 동일하였으며, 한국 식품첨가물공전에서는 28품목이 해당되었다. D-Mannitol의 경우 기관마다 규격기준이 약간 달랐으며, 미국방법에서는 L-ascorbic acid, calciferol 및 fumaric acid에 대한 규격이 설정되어 있지 않았다. 한국 식품첨가물공전에서 확인시험을 하는 화학적합성품은 251품목이었으며, 과망간산염, 글리세로인산염, 브롬산염, 치오황산염 및 브롬화물 등 5항목에 해당하는 개별품목은 없었다. 안식향산염 시험에서 안식향산칼슘은 가열해야 녹았으며, 구연산철은 한국과 일본방법 (2)에서 모두 구연산염의 확인이 불가능하였다. 암모늄염, 젖산염, 마그네슘염, 제이동염, 황산염, 인산염 및 아연염 시험법은 4기관에 모두 동일하였으며, 현행 시험법에 의해 모두 확인이 가능하였다. Boiling point and distillation range, melting range, and identification methods in general test method of Korea, Japan, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee of Food Additives (JECFA), and USA on chemical food additives were compared. Boiling point of propylene glycol was indicated as boiling point in Korea, distillate in Japan, distillation range in JECFA and USA, and its value was up to the standard. Distillation range of propionic acid was indicated as distillate in Korea and Japan, distillation range in JECFA and USA, and its value was up to the standard. There is no standard on distillation range of isopropyl alcohol in Japanese method. Test method of melting range on synthetic food additives was identical in all organizations, and there are 28 items to which this test method applies in Korean Food Additives Code. The standards on molting range of D-mannitol were different in various organizations, and in USA method there are no standards to which L-ascorbic acid, calciferol, and fumaric acid apply. Synthetic food additives performing the identification test were 251 items in Korean Food Additives Code, but there are no items to which manganese, glycerophosphate, bromate, thiosulfate, and bromide apply. Calcium benzoate was dissolved by heating in benzoate test and we could not identify the citrate in ferric citrate by method (2) of Korea and Japan. Identification test methods for ammonium, lactate, magnesium, copper, sulfate, phosphate, and zinc were identical in all organizations, and these could be identifed by current identification methods.

      • KCI등재

        공법 : LMO법 시행에 따른 GMO 식품 표시제도의 문제점과 개선방안

        백민경 ( Min Kyoung Paik ),엄애선 ( Ae Son Om ) 한양대학교 법학연구소 2008 법학논총 Vol.25 No.2

        This paper studies the Acts of GMO labelling with LMOs and suggests policy directions. Korean GMO labelling were established based on the Acts involved with imported and domestic GMO commodities. Most of regulations for the specific issues are overlapped because GMO labelling Acts are interrelated with LMOs. There exist some inconsistency on regulations and executing procedure in GMO labelling. Therefore, thie study recommends that Acts are merged into the intergrated act to keep consistencies. The related Acts should be clearly identified through harmonization of GMO labelling regulation. And we suggest that GMO labelling should be integrated at all kind of products to clear definition and range of commodity, etc.

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