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Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of burn out, emotional labor and self-efficacy in nurses, and to identify predictors of burnout. Method: The participants were 268 nurses working in C university hospital in G city. Data were collected from May 1 to May 31, 2010, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: The mean score per item for burnout was 3.13, the mean emotional labor score was 3.15, and the mean of self-efficacy score was 3.42. Burnout showed negative correlation with self-efficacy (r=-.339, p=.000), and showed positive correlation with emotional labor (r=.511, p=.000). Variables that predicted burnout were emotional labor, self-efficacy, gender, number of assigned patient per duty (37.8%). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a need to develop programs for nurses to increase self-efficacy and to control the emotion, and the need for further studies to examine causal relationship among burn out, emotional labor and self-efficacy.
Purpose: This study was to investigate intensive care unit (ICU) nurse's knowledge and nursing performance on the intensive care unit syndrome. Method: A survey questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 123 nurses in a university hospital. Data were collected from August 1st to August 25th, 2009. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 12.0, Results: The mean score for knowledge and nursing performance were66.96 and 74.97 respectively. According to the general characteristics, there were significant differences in knowledge depending on marital status, education level and career length and in nursing performance depending on their age, education level and career length. The correlation between knowledge and nursing performance was a significant positive one. Conclusion: Comprehensive educational programs are needed to decrease accident rates related to ICU syndrome and to improve the health of ICU patients.
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This study was a correlational study to identify the relationship between ethical dilemma and job satisfaction in one general hospital nurses. The subjects of this study were obtained 240 nurses by using a convenience sampling of nursing department who involved G University Hospital in Gwangju City from September 2 to September 8, 2002. The instruments used for this study were the modified ethical dilemma scale developed by Han Sung Sook(1992) and the modified job satisfaction scale developed by Siavitt et al(1978). The data were analyzed by the SAS computer program that included descriptive statistics, Hest, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The findings were as follows : 1. Grade Point of Average(GPA) of the ethical dilemma was 2.44(maximum point: 4) and GPA of the job satisfaction was 2.44(maximum point: 4). 2. The degree of the ethical dilemma according to age(F=5.34, p=.OO14), marriage (F=10.85, p=.OO11), and education level(F=3.78, p=.0242) showed statistically significant difference. The degree of the ethical dilemma according to career(F=4.31, p=.OO56) showed statistically significant difference. 3. The degree of the job satisfaction according to age(F=3.12, p=.0268) showed statistically significant difference. The degree of the job satisfaction according to ward (F=2.88, p=.010), attitude about nursing profession(F=19.04, p~.OOO1), acknowledge about nurse's ethical principles(F=5.33, p=.0014), opinion about counseling instrument of ethical dilemma(F=2.98, p=.0320), experience of education about nursing ethics (F=3.48, p=.0324) showed statistically significant difference. 4. The relationship between the ethical dilemma and the job satisfaction was found that the lower ethical dilemma, the higher job satisfaction(r"'-.165, p=.0103). Especially the highest negative was the correlation between 'nurse and cooperator' in ethical dilemma and 'administration' in job satisfaction(r=-.343, p=.OOO1). In conclusion, these findings suggest a need for developing strategies which solve ethical dilemma for promoting job satisfaction in clinical nurses.
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the relationships among knowledge, attitudes and nursing activities while breastfeeding among nursing students, and to identify factors influencing nursing activities in breastfeeding. Methods: The research participants were 172 nursing students in the nursing departments of 3 universities located in G city and J provinces. The students had successfully completed their obstetric and pediatric clinical practice courses. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: Participants' scores for knowledge, attitudes and nursing activities while breastfeeding were 16.24±2.73, 3.74±0.43 and 3.49±0.43, respectively. Knowledge and attitudes toward breastfeeding had positive correlations with nursing activities while breastfeeding. Factors influencing nursing students’ nursing activities while breastfeeding included knowledge, attitudes toward breastfeeding, grade, breastfeeding educational experience, and breastfeeding intentions. These variables explained 18% of the variance in nursing activities while breastfeeding. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it would be beneficial to enhance knowledge and attitudes toward breastfeeding by developing education programs for breastfeeding. 본 연구는 모유수유 지식, 모유수유에 대한 태도가 간호대학생의 모유수유 간호활동에 미치는 영향을 파악함으로써 간호대학생의 모유수유 간호활동 향상을 위한 프로그램 개발을 위한 기초자료를 제시하고자 시도되었다. 연구결과, 모유수유 지식과 모유수유에 대한 태도, 학년, 모유수유 교육 경험, 모유수유 의향은 모유수유 간호활동을 18% 설명하였고, 모유수유에 대한 지식과 학년이 간호대학생의 모유수유 간호활동의 주된 영향 요인임이 확인되었다. 즉, 간호대학생의 모유수유에 대한 지식을 향상시킬 수 있도록 교육함으로써 간호대학생의 모유수유 간호활동을 향상시킬 수 있을 것으로 여겨진다. 이와 더불어 이러한 교육 프로그램의 적용과 효과를 높일 수 있도록 간호실무 현장의 적극적인 지원과 지지가 형성되어야 할 것이다. 연구 결과를 토대로 다음과 같이 제언한다. 첫째, 간호대학생의 특성을 고려한 모유수유 지식과 태도 함양을 위한 교육과정과 중재 프로그램 개발을 제언한다. 둘째, 간호대학생의 모유수유 지식, 모유수유에 대한 태도 함양을 위한 프로그램을 적용한 후 효과를 검증하는 후속 연구를 제언한다. 셋째, 연구의 대상은 일부 지역의 간호대학생 만으로 한정되어 있으므로 연구 결과의 일반화를 위해 연구 대상과 지역을 확대하여 반복 연구를 실시할 것을 제언한다.
Purpose: Fatigue and clinical practice stress can negatively influence nursing students. This study was done to examine of communication skill as mediating effect variable in the relationship between fatigue and stress during clinical practice. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed. Research participants were 124 nursing students from G city and J province. Data were collected from December 1, 2016 to January 30, 2017 using self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Baron and Kenny method. Results: Fatigue had a significant negative correlation with communication skill (r=-.28, p=.001). Fatigue had a significant positive correlation with clinical practice stress (r=.39, p<.001). In addition, communication skill had a mediating effect in the relationship between fatigue and clinical practice stress. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that communication skill plays an important role in reducing clinical practice stress in nursing students. Therefore, in the field of nursing education, a program to improve the communication ability of nursing students should be developed and applied.
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of knowledge, attitudes and needs of sex education in high school students. Methods: There were 258 participants who were high school students in S high school in G city. Data were collected from October 1 to October 31, 2011, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 19.0, Results: The mean score for sexual knowledge was 69.78, sexual attitudes was 63.66, and needs of sex education was 75.37, Sexual knowledge had positive correlation with needs of sex education(r=.17, p=.007). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated a need to develop programs for high school students to increase appropriate sexual knowledge, and to encourage appropriate sexual attitudes, and to reflect needs of sex education.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among fatigue, patient safety culture and safety care activities of hospital nurses, and to identify and explain factors influencing safety care activities. Methods: The research participants were 187 nurses from a urban general hospital located in Korea. Selfevaluation questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data collection was done from January 10 to 31, 2019. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS 24.0 program. Results: There were significant negative relationships between fatigue and safety care activities (r=-.22, p=.003), and significant positive relationships between patient safety culture and safety care activities (r=.22, p=.003). Factors influencing safety care activities in hospital nurses were identified as type of unit (ICU) (β=.28), patient safety culture (β=.24) and fatigue (β=-.19). The explanation power of this regression model was 16% and it was statistically significant (F=8.29, p<.001). Conclusion: These results suggest the need to develop further management strategies for enhancement of safety care activities in hospital. To improve the levels of patient safety, education programs on patient safety should be developed and provided to nurses in hospitals.