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      • 現代 韓日兩國語의 對照比較 (Ⅰ) : 複合名詞를 中心으로

        梁淳惠 건국대학교 1982 學術誌 Vol.26 No.1

        Someone said that has many similar structures between the Korean and Japanese languages but I think there are many differences. So I'll prove what is different in both National languages by using compound-nouns, which are ill the National language text books in elementary schools. Hers, the compound-words do not contained derivatives. As follows, I'll divide compound-nouns under 10 forms in accordance with the division of speech between the constructive essential of the vocabulary. The numbers in the following parenthesis are the number of compound-nouns in each form. ◁표 삽입▷ (원문을 참조하세요) As the above, we can see this form-Noun+Noun-of the Korean language, have many examples. That means it has a special character in the Korean language, which can compound each noun easily. And here is a great different point between both National languages; it can not make a compound-noun, attributive adjective and adjectival use of the declinable word of the Japanese language, but it can make a compound-noun easily, attributive adjective and adjective use of the declinable word of the Korean language. On the contrary, we can find very few examples of these following forms gerund+noun, gerund+gerund, and the adverbial use of the declinable word+gerund in the Korean language. Generally, in the Japanese language, gerund is an element of compound-nouns, but in the Korean language, gerund can not be an element of those. That great different point or similarity in the abode, sometime we can see that the stem is an element of compound-nouns, and this form, noun+gerund, hove many examples in both National languages. Now, I divide the relation of meaning between essential of compound-nouns under two general parts; one is the relation of equality, and the other is the relation of subordination. And I divide the second part under seventeen detailed items as follows; 1) subject 2) object(I) 3) object(II) 4) subsidiary 5) means 6) material 7) cause 8) kind 9) time 10) place 11) direction 12) one's position 13) existence 14) condition 15) having the verval meaning of the preceeding and succeeding articles16) loss of the original meaning 17) the others (See table 3, then you can see a distributional table of the items.) In both National languages, noun+noun form is distributed equally in the items which express the relation of meanings, but there are different points in items of "equality", "subject", "hind", and "less of the original meaning" That means there are few compound-nouns in the real Japanese language which is in "the relation of equality" arid these are unusual which is coming to be "subject." We can see that "kind" have many examples in the Korean language, that means there are many examples to have same the element of succeeding articles in compound-nouns of the Korean language. In the Japanese language, you can see that many compound-nouns lost their own meanings. The compound-nouns in Japanese language are not compound freely more than those in the Korean language, and that means compound-nouns in the Japanese language are common used to be idioms. You can find that the form, noun-gerund, shows very interest situation: The Japanese language is seperated among all but the Korean language is about 80% "Object". But the 14.9% of "kind" also are structed same succeeding article which is '~놀이'(=nolli) so if we put these into the "Object", then the Korean language is coming to be 95.1% "Object". This is the point of the differences. In the Japanese language, there are many examples of these items "subsidiary", having the verval meaning of precee ding and succeeding articles, and less of the original meaning. That means those, the succeeding articles of compound-verbs do as like as the subsidiary verb in many cases, are the main character in compound-words of the Japanese language.

      • 『이세모노가타리』 연구 : 온나(女)를 중심으로 Focused on Women Found in the Works

        양순혜 建國大學校 敎育硏究所 2003 論文集 Vol.27 No.-

        This study attempted to investigated the women appearing in'Isemonokadari' by dividing them into active women and passive women. As mentioned in the background of the times, women in the Heian age, can be seen to have a servile and unstable married life due to the social custom of the plural marriage system and the marriage form of 'Shoseinkon'. In such a social custom, women could avoid resign themselves and accommodate its evils in their life. In such a miserable environment, ambitious women recognized such realities at the higher level and sublimated their grief and agony. Some tome, such pure women's heart gave good impressions on men and motivated them to return to their women. It could be found in this study that understanding men's custom in their own way and deciding not have a servile life for men, not a few women who could not put up with men's indifference and ran away from them was heartfelt. On the other hand, There were women who made reverse use of men's custom and mentality and inveigled men. It allowed the writer to take a sigh of relief. But seeing the literary works of the Heian age Japan(or any country), it seems that we can not always sympathize that women were not placed in a miserable position. There is no ideal in any country in any age, and there may well be many problems. It is thought that it is important to discover and establish one's idemtity and such a social environment. It is thought that it is a task given to hunam beings regardless of sex.

      • 「紫式部日記」 硏究

        양순혜 建國大學校 敎育硏究所 2002 論文集 Vol.26 No.-

        Murasakisikibu, the writer of Murasakisikibu's Nitki was the person who served as court lady serving Syousi, emperor Ichizyo's empress contary to her will. But Murasakisikibu was much agonized because of failure to adapt herself to the luxurious and sociable life. She tool a passive life and paod attention to her relations with fellow court ladies. The reason for it might originate from a deep awareness of the enviornment, difference in social status, age and the like, in which we can take a look at Murasakisikibu's reflective and strict look at any object or thing. This personlity of hers led her to own the spiritual world of agonizing and being distressed all the time. What Murasakisikibu never forgot all the time in her view of life was to feel aware that this world is transient and to abandon this world. But it was to become a Buddhist priest. But she found herself accustomed to the conflict and agony coming from failure to carry it into practice, and further this world(court life) and longing for its life and deplored her contradictory figure. Murasakisikibu's this endless self-introspection and self-criticism causes Murasakisikibu's Nitki to be called self-mocking literature.

      • 『源氏物語』연구 : 「木」券에 나타난 여성론을 중심으로 Focused on the Theory of Women Found in the Volume of 'Hahaki'

        양순혜 건국대학교 교육연구소 1999 論文集 Vol.23 No.-

        SUMMARY This study was intended to investigate the theory of women that four male exhibited in the 'Hahaki' volume, the second volume of "Gengimmonkatari" This theory of women started with the high evaluation of the personality and fascination of women in the middle class in the upper class aristocratic society. It was addressed in such diverse aspects as several types of women, the theory of women likened to accomplishments, the desirable image of woman and wife, narratives of their husbands' personal experiences, and the like. In consequence, it could be seen that its content naturally reflected the climate of the then upper middle-class aristocratic society. It is equal to the 'sentiment leaving latitudes behind'. The ideology of beauty underlies everything which include words, expression callisgrapic style, concentration of Indian ink, voice and so on in composing the 'waka' to name a few. Consequently, it could be seen that greater importance was first of all attached to women's mentality of understanding elegance or refinement as well as their generous and good-natured mantality.

      • 淸少納言의 「枕草子」硏究 : 自然描寫를 中心으로 mainly in the description about the nature

        梁淳惠 건국대학교 1986 學術誌 Vol.30 No.1

        The following conclusions were drawn from the above-mentioned studies. The auther, SEI SHOU NA GON, was very attached to the change of four seasons. It seems to me that among the natural phenomena, the realistic description about snow, wind, rain, the moon and dewdrop, in particular, was very much and the interest about flower, wood, grass, bird and insect was very high. The striking characteristic in describing the natural objects is very sensual and impressive. As far as the description about the natural phenomenon and animal and vegetation is concerned, the distinctive color of objects and things and the esthetic sense coming from the harmonic contrast between the environmental landscape and the state of things were captured keenly and precisely and expressed concisely. It means that the author, SEI SHOU NA GON, was the owner of a high sense of color and beauty. Though the natural object seeks after the ideal of beauty, it is certain that in this literature, the difference of beauty which was modified as the time ranging from morning till night was observed keenly and described precisely and distinctively. As a result, in this article a great deal of vacabuary represented by the emphasis and color, for example, white and light purple, and limited time for example, daybreak and evening was used. Most of the descriptions of nature were estimated by "OKASI," which is the emotion generated by the objective and intellectual observation about objects. It means that the character of author is very bright and cheerful. At last, the fact is that the style of MAKURANO SOUSI is very ommisive. Most of the articles were ended in the substantive and inflected word. That is the main reason why is it that the readers are liable to feel the conciseness and flexibility of article and the vivid description of nature.

      • 吉田兼好硏究 III : 「徒然草」에 나타난 「愚かなる人」關을 中心으로 On the Fool in Tureturegusa

        梁淳惠 건국대학교 1992 學術誌 Vol.36 No.1

        「徒然草」は日本古典文史上代表的な隨筆の-つである.作吉秉好はその中で自然,人生,世界をはじめとして趣味訓,課話,檢な』多方面にわたって作の幅い知性と養をぃかんなく揮している.本文でi;t作が「_人」という形で人間を論じている章段が多いのに注目しそのやでも特に「_人」という形で'鑛されている人物論び人物の中で否定的側面と思われる章段に焦を置いて作吉覺需好の人物をたとってみたまずその形態としては「愚かなる人」(9頻度粒),「ったなそ人」(3),「よからぬ人」(3回),「かたくななる人」(2),「下ざまの人」(a),「っぎぎまの人」,「漠オの人」,「ぃたづらなる人」,「ひがひがしからん人」,「うとき人」,「腹あしき人」,「ひがごとする人J,「かたいなかの人J,「下愚のへ」,『くらき人」,「思ひ分かざらん人」,「物なれぬ人」な』のように表現されていた.以上のような形で表現されている人間像は結論的に言えば多くは無常,驗俗,離緯思想を根本として價されていると言うことができる,タ回にわたって鑛されている「愚かなる人」の未部分はこのような. て1をり投わられていると言える.部ち帶に徹底できない人の性として世俗的名善,利靈,財産に執着して普しむ人,この世は常に化してかるという纖然と;_た攝理に目ぎめられず人生の無常をさとれない人.何が重要であり何が無鐵であるかもわからずただ目先の利錢にあくせくしている人.この世の中が相的に動いているということを悟れない人.そのために人生における眞の力事である傳に楕できない人を吉田秉好は觀照的に時には李らつに非している.「徒然草」の底に流れている思想は傳驗思想であり老莊思想,儒驗思想であることが「_人」にあらわれた人間においても如に現われそのような立場で軌脚に經が展顯されている事を知るのである.

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