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          심부하복벽천공지 유리피판의 다양한 임상적 적용

          안희창,김창연,양은진,이장현 대한성형외과학회 2009 Archives of Plastic Surgery Vol.36 No.6

          Purpose: The deep inferior epigastric perforator(DIEP) free flap is well known as an ideal donor site for the breast reconstruction. The flap can provide huge amount of fat tissue for breast and buttock contour, while it is also very useful as a thin skin flap to reconstruct the upper and lower extremities. We used a DIEP free flap in various site reconstructions besides the breast and would like to reinsure the usefulness of this flap. Methods: Twenty nine consecutive patients who underwent DIEP free flap surgery from 2001 January to 2007 December were reviewed. The case constituted seven male patients and twenty two female patients. There were sixteen breast reconstructions, five face reconstructions, five lower extremity reconstructions, two upper extremity reconstructions, and one buttock contour reconstruction. All clinical data were based on the patient’s medical records. Results: All DIEP free flaps survived without major complications. There was no hematoma, seroma, or partial necrosis. The donor sites were closed primarily with linear scar on lower abdomen. The thinnest part of flap was 0.7 ㎝ in thickness. The size of the largest flap was 38  13 ㎝. The flaps were used in various types of skin and adipose tissue, adipose tissue only, and skin only according to the requirement of recipient site. Conclusion: The DIEP free flap was enough to provide a thin and huge flap for both breast and extremity reconstructions. It was able to provide versatile designs with sufficient adipose tissue. So we use it for 3 - dimentional face and buttock contour reconstructions. The DIEP free flap is a valuable reconstructive donor for face, upper and lower extremity in addition to breast without compromising the integrity of abdominal wall. Purpose: The deep inferior epigastric perforator(DIEP) free flap is well known as an ideal donor site for the breast reconstruction. The flap can provide huge amount of fat tissue for breast and buttock contour, while it is also very useful as a thin skin flap to reconstruct the upper and lower extremities. We used a DIEP free flap in various site reconstructions besides the breast and would like to reinsure the usefulness of this flap. Methods: Twenty nine consecutive patients who underwent DIEP free flap surgery from 2001 January to 2007 December were reviewed. The case constituted seven male patients and twenty two female patients. There were sixteen breast reconstructions, five face reconstructions, five lower extremity reconstructions, two upper extremity reconstructions, and one buttock contour reconstruction. All clinical data were based on the patient’s medical records. Results: All DIEP free flaps survived without major complications. There was no hematoma, seroma, or partial necrosis. The donor sites were closed primarily with linear scar on lower abdomen. The thinnest part of flap was 0.7 ㎝ in thickness. The size of the largest flap was 38  13 ㎝. The flaps were used in various types of skin and adipose tissue, adipose tissue only, and skin only according to the requirement of recipient site. Conclusion: The DIEP free flap was enough to provide a thin and huge flap for both breast and extremity reconstructions. It was able to provide versatile designs with sufficient adipose tissue. So we use it for 3 - dimentional face and buttock contour reconstructions. The DIEP free flap is a valuable reconstructive donor for face, upper and lower extremity in addition to breast without compromising the integrity of abdominal wall.

        • KCI등재

          슬관절 전치환술 후 발생한 피부 괴사부의 재건

          안희창,임영수,김창연,황원중 대한성형외과학회 2005 Archives of Plastic Surgery Vol.32 No.1

          In spite of proper maneuver of total knee replacement arthroplasty, some patients suffer from skin necrosis just above the implant. From Mar. 2000 to Jan. 2004, the authors performed reconstruction of knee skin defects after total knee replacement athroplasty. Total 6 cases of flap surgery were performed and patients ranged between 43-years-old to 82-years-old. Rectus femoris perforator based reversed adipofascial flaps were used in 2 cases, medial gastrocnemius muscular island flaps were used in 2 cases and sural artery based on adipofascial rotation flap was used in 1 case. One patient with extended necrosis underwent reconstruction with dual flaps of sural artery based adipofascial rotation flap and medial gastrocnemius muscular island flap. There were no distinctive complication needing additional procedure in all cases during the long term follow up. Reconstruction of necrosis following total knee replacement arthroplasty had several characteristics different from simple knee defect. The patients might have the history of long term steroid usages, excessive skin tension due to implants, underlying disease such as diabetes, rheumatoid disease, and etc. In addition, the early ambulation is mandatory in these patients of total knee replacement arthroplasty. With regards to these special considerations, a single stage and reliable operation must be needed. The authors introduce various reconstruction methods and algorithm that may aid easy decision making.

        • KCI등재

          이차 유방재건술

          안희창,김연환,최승석,안용수 대한성형외과학회 2009 Archives of Plastic Surgery Vol.36 No.6

          Purpose: Secondary breast reconstruction is defined as a whole reconstructive procedure to correct complications and to improve the aesthetics when a patient is dissatisfied with her initial reconstruction. We would like to present these particular procedures on previously failed breast reconstruction with analysis of unsatisfactory results. Methods: From June 2002 to August 2008, we performed secondary breast reconstructions for 10 patients with failed breasts. Six patients with implant failure underwent secondary breast reconstructions using free TRAM flaps after the removal of implants. Two patients with partial loss of pedicled TRAM flaps underwent secondary breast reconstruction using Latissimus Dorsi flaps. Two patients with 1 total loss of free TRAM flap and 1 extensive fat necrosis underwent secondary breast reconstruction using implants. Results: The average age of the patients were 36.4 years (26 ~ 47 years). All flaps survived completely and had relatively good aesthetic results in free TRAM cases. There was breast asymmetry in one patient using cohesive gell implants in total loss of previously free TRAM patient, which was corrected by exchanging the implants and placing dermofat grafts. Conclusion: Secondary breast reconstruction differs from primary procedures in several aspects; there are changes in the anatomy and tissue environment of the breasts, and various limitations in choosing reconstruction methods. In addition, the patients may be uncomfortable with previous complication. It is important to consider various factors before deciding to undergo a secondary breast reconstruction carefully with informed consent. Purpose: Secondary breast reconstruction is defined as a whole reconstructive procedure to correct complications and to improve the aesthetics when a patient is dissatisfied with her initial reconstruction. We would like to present these particular procedures on previously failed breast reconstruction with analysis of unsatisfactory results. Methods: From June 2002 to August 2008, we performed secondary breast reconstructions for 10 patients with failed breasts. Six patients with implant failure underwent secondary breast reconstructions using free TRAM flaps after the removal of implants. Two patients with partial loss of pedicled TRAM flaps underwent secondary breast reconstruction using Latissimus Dorsi flaps. Two patients with 1 total loss of free TRAM flap and 1 extensive fat necrosis underwent secondary breast reconstruction using implants. Results: The average age of the patients were 36.4 years (26 ~ 47 years). All flaps survived completely and had relatively good aesthetic results in free TRAM cases. There was breast asymmetry in one patient using cohesive gell implants in total loss of previously free TRAM patient, which was corrected by exchanging the implants and placing dermofat grafts. Conclusion: Secondary breast reconstruction differs from primary procedures in several aspects; there are changes in the anatomy and tissue environment of the breasts, and various limitations in choosing reconstruction methods. In addition, the patients may be uncomfortable with previous complication. It is important to consider various factors before deciding to undergo a secondary breast reconstruction carefully with informed consent.

        • 취재보다 상황보고에 바쁜 홍보 일꾼

          안희창 북한연구소 1986 北韓 Vol.- No.170

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