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The development of "a sport sociology that matters" requires sport sociologists to confront and make fundamental decisions about challenges that implicitly or explicitly can be found in recent work in the field. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to introduce the recent trend of Sport Sociology in the North America. The paper focuses on methodology, theory, and recent research. While the author indicates the increased rate of qualitative approach in research methodology. I outline three of the major theoretical frameworks used in this field. These frameworks include structural functionalism, conflict theory, and critical theory. Specifically, the author tries to distinguish critical theory from structural functionalism and conflict theory. Critical theory such as Cultural Studies and Hegemony theory focuses attention on the way people create sport as an expression of their interests, resources, and relationships. It usually leads to the conclusion that sport is both a part of the social world and a mechanism for changing that world.
The Boulanger Affair has been portrayed as in effect a coup d''etat schemed by a general with ambitions in line with bonapartism, which in turn gave rise to the French radical right. In short, it has been regarded as the origin of the dissident extreme-right movement. The third republic which lasted over half a century from 1870 to 1940 created the legacy that only a republic can legitimately exist and that this is how it should be, i.e., the so-called "republican legitimacy." The Boulanger Affair is the collective libido of a exceedingly republican nation. Therefore attempts to reenact this event in whole has been repeatedly frustrated, neglected, and distorted. First of all, compared to its importance, the Boulanger Affair has been diminished as a meager and subsidiary event. This means that though it was sensational then it has little influence on the course of history. Secondly, the Boulanger Affair has only been discussed in terms of the origin or making of the political extreme-right. Of course, it has also been argued as the pivotal point in the fall of the Royalist faction. But likewise, this only highlights the affair in its contribution to the establishment of the republican legitimacy. This thesis attempts to discard the collective hallucination surrounding the Boulanger Affair. All events have the right for a narrative centered on its own self. This is not to say that events should be detached from their historical context and made into genuine plots. It is merely to point out that the historical standing of any event should be assessed by the proper argument that it claims. The account that the Boulanger Affair was significant in making (albeit in a negative way) the republican legitimacy reveals, regardless of whether it is true or not, how an event can be alienated from its own historical rights. The restoration of the Boulanger Affair has nothing to do with the reinstatement of Boulangists. Nevertheless, this thesis will at least be of a little help in redeeming the Boulangists from "past prejudices." It is not a matter of judging their rights and wrongs. It is only what they did and what consequences they left that matters.