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'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The study showed a sandplay therapy case for a 5th grade boy having passive aggression problems, such as arson, disobedience to authority etc. His parents showed inappropriate parenting, such as neglect and severe physical punishment. The goal of the therapy was to make the client express the lack of needs satisfaction under the free and protected space to recover his impaired ego. There were 69 sessions. In the initial parts of therapy(1-6, the expression of his parents and situations), the client showed his poor situations in the first sandtray by putting a boat poked by a shovel. This scene displayed the image of his negative father who prevented his mother's movement. In the second session, the client showed neglect he experienced by putting a baby in a bed alone and helplessness of a disable girl in a wheelchair who seemed to represent him. In the intermediate sessions(7-64, the struggling with war, fire, capital punishment play, car accident), he repeated wars, fire plays, capital punishments and car accidents with hospital playing, constructing, cooking and physical training. In the final parts(65-69, the rescuing people from disaster and fire), he showed “Rescue Forces” which suppressed disasters and saved people. This study showed the effectiveness of sandplay therapy since the client was freed from passive aggression problems.
A reversed phase HPLC method was developed and validated for the determination of spironolactone in human plasma. Fenoprofen was used as an internal standard. Calibration curves were linear in the concentration range of 2.5~200 ng/㎖. The coefficient of variation of the intra- and inter-day precision were below 15%. The coefficient of variation of the accuracy were below 15% in the concentration range investigated. A bioavailability study was performed using the validated HPLC method. Eight healthy male volunteers were orally administered 100 ㎎ of spironolactone. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using WinNonlin. The mean values of AUC_(12hr) was 158.9±69.9 ngㆍhr/㎖, C_(max) was 42.2±14.9 ng/㎖, T_(max)was 1.79±0.60 hr, t_(1/2) was 2.72±0.87 hr. The pharmacokinetic parameters and the HPLC method can be used for the design of bioequivalence study of spironolactone.
A reversed phase HPLC method with detection 273nm was developed and validated for the determination of metoclopramide in human plasma. Timolol was used as an internal standard. Calibration curves were linear in the concentration range of 10~120 ng/㎖. The coefficient of variation of the intra- and inter-day precision was below 15%. The coefficient of variation of the accuracy was below 15% in the concentration range investigated. A bioavailability study was performed using the validated HPLC method Eight healthy human male volunteers were orally administered 20 mg of metoclopramide. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using WinNonlin. The mean values of AUC_(LAST) was 340.3 ng . min/㎖, C_(max) was 74.3 ng/㎖. T_(max) was 1.0 hr, t_(1/2) was 7.6 hr. The pharmacokinetic parameters and the HPLC method can be used for the design of bioequivalence study of metoprolol.
Objectives: This study explored the sandplay therapy case of a middle school boy with emotional difficulties. The goal of the therapy was to lessen his emotional difficulties by providing a free and protected space through sandplay therapy. Thirty-three therapy sessions were held. The client showed the scene of empty buildings in the shape of a mandala and a scene of regression in the initial phase of therapy (1-2, A sense of emptiness and regression). In the intermediate phase of therapy (3-27, Struggle), he showed fierce wars and made a slapping sound with water and sand and exhibited the ending of wars. In the final phase of therapy (28-33, The active daily life), he showed a motorcycle race, strong masculinity and village scenes. During the therapy, archetypal patterns, such as regression to the archetypal mother and wars appeared. Sandplay therapy, in a free and protected space, lessened the emotional difficulties of the client. Thus, this study is a demonstration of the effectiveness of sandplay therapy.
This study explored a sandplay therapy case of a woman maturing through conflicts with an adolescent son. The goal of the therapy was to relieve her from conflicts with going through individuation process under a free and protected space in sandplay therapy. Forty-six therapy sessions were held. The client exhibited that she needed a conversation with her feminity and maternity in the initial phase of therapy (1-5, regression). In the intermediate phase of therapy (6-43, struggle), she displayed the scenes of meeting of opposites, shadow, death, nurturing and integration of opposites. In the final phase of therapy (44-46, transformation), she showed the acception of her life with leaving her situations to God. Through sandplay therapy in the free and protected space, this study showed the effectiveness of sandplay therapy since the client achieved individuation by showing the acceptance of her life and could control her enraged feelings.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
This study explored the effects of sandplay therapy of the 5th grade boy in an elementary school according to the viewpoints of sandplay literatures and analytical psychology. He showed severe internal and external behavioral problems according to K-CBCL from his class teacher. The goal of the therapy was to lessen his severe behavioral problems under the free and protected space in the sandplay therapy. There were 42 sessions of sandplay therapy. The client showed his situations in the first parts of therapy(treasure, keeping precious things) by putting a treasure which was surrounded by keepers in the middle of the sandtray. In the middle sessions(blessing himself and holding the ceremony of magic squares), he repeated making birthday cakes in order to bless himself and holding the ceremony of magic squares with candles for transformation through numinosum. In the final parts(harmonization and obtaining the treasure), he showed harmonization with his situations and obtained the treasure he has sought for. This study shows the effectiveness of sandplay therapy since his severe behavioral problems were lessened.