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The purposes of this study were to define the level of nurses' morale and the factors which influence the level of nurses' morale. The subject of the survey were 282 nurses working in five university hospitals in Seoul. The Data were surveyed by means of questionnaire from Sep. 4 to 18, 1989. The morale scale gathered with a questionnaire which consists of 31 items, were developed by researcher. The level of morale was measured by likert's 5 points rating scale. For the purpose of analysis of the data were used by mean and frequency, t-test,. ANOVA, the stepwise Multiple regression. The results of the study were as follows. 1) The mean distribution of the level of nurses' morale was 3.14 score. 2) Variables which influenced the level of nurses' morale were the clinical career (F=2.465, df=4/277, P < .05) job position (F=6.228, df=2/279, P < .0 1), Hospital: the place of data collection(F=4.049, df=4/277, P < .01), r_,3tivation of admitted professional nursing (F=3.266, df4/277, P < .05), the nurses intention to stay (F=10.861, df=3/278, P <.001), Degree of satisfaction with nursing. (F=27.872, df=4/277, P < .001) Attitude toward life (F=5.672, df=3/278, P <.001). 3) Through stepwise multiple regression 8 factors were quested for their priority order of influence on morale. Out of 1st 5 factors (Degree of satisfaction with nursing, the education for nursing professional growth, attitude toward life, job position, the place of data collection) which sum up to 38.3 % of explanation for morale, Degree of satisfaction with nursing stood out as its formost explanate at 26 %. Therefore further study is needed to investigate the predictors of the acceptance of nurses' morale.
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교통의 관심이 그간 차량 중요성이 강조되던 시대가 변화되어 보행자의 안전과 편리, 쾌적성에 중심이 되어 교통개선안들이 수립되는 기류에 있다. 이에 본고에서는 각종 횡단보도의 시설들의 특성에 대해 알아보고자 한다. 세계에서 가장 안전한 도로를 가진 영국에서는 Pelican, Zebra, Puffin, Toucan, Pegasus 다섯가지의 유형이 있다.
Purpose: Resilience relates to coping with stressful hospital environment. The purpose of this study was to identify the types of resilience skills of clinical nurses for surviving in a hospital setting. Methods: The Q methodology was used as it helps analyze the participants' subjective perspective on each item. Participants were 32 registered nurses who sorted 38 selected Q statements that were then plotted on a normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The subjective perspectives on the resilience of clinical nurses were analyzed using the PC-QUANAL program. Results: This study revealed four types of resilience in clinical nurses, accounting for 65.2% of the variance: Type I: Reality-harmonic type; Type II: Own will type; Type III: Professionalism-oriented type; and Type IV: Relation-oriented type. Conclusion: The present findings suggest the need to develop interventions for improving clinical nurses' resilience according to their types. Following further investigation of nurses' resilience, it may be necessary for organizations to develop several resilience strategies.
Purpose Middle aged women are exposed to high levels of psychologic distress due to various factors including health problems of family members, their own declining health, negative outlook towards menopause, loss of significant supportive relationships, and uncertainties regarding the future. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with psychologic distress of middle-aged Korean women in the Seoul metropolitan area. Methods The data were collected from 277 community-dwelling women between the ages of 40 and 60 years without any known severe illnesses from May 6, 2004 to May 31, 2004. The researcher or two research assistants visited the participants in person, handed out copies of the questionnaire after receiving study permission, and answered if they had any questions. Results Hierarchical multiple regression analysis found that women with low scores of health promoting behaviors for self-actualization, nutrition, and interpersonal relation reported high levels of psychologic distress. In addition, women with low scores of marital satisfaction reported high psychologic distress. Conclusion The study found cultural characteristics of middle-aged Korean women in psychologic distress. Health care providers should consider marital satisfaction, self-actualization, nutrition, and interpersonal relations, in particular, among Korean middle-aged women.
Organizational Identification has a close relation with employee's organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of organizational identification on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior in casino industry. Prepared questionnaires were distributed to 350 sample employees working in a domestic casino and then a total of 324 questionnaire were used for data analysis. This study was processed by carrying out internal consistency method, exploratory factor analysis besides frequency analysis, simple regression analysis using SPSS Win 19.0. The results of this study are as follows: Firstly, organizational identification had a positive effect on affective commitment and continuance commitment among the factors of organizational commitment. Secondly, organizational identification had a positive effect on compliance and altruism among the factors of organizational citizenship behavior. This study will be able to contribute to raising the performance of casino industry.