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There are three types of community power structure in rural Korea; (1) quasi-leader sovereignty, (2) unitary elite, and (3) factional type. These types of power structure were examined with reference to the characteristics of community Based on other community studies, ten community variables were supposed to be related to the power structure as follows: (1) geographical setting (2) suburbanity (distance to the nearest town or city) (3) access to the transportation facilities (distance to the main bus route) (4) number of households (5) educational attainment of inhabitants (6) occupational structure (ratio of non-farm households) (7) standard of living (8) clan composition (9) number of voluntary organizations (10) access to public services (ratio of households with a telephone). Data were collected from two, social surveys in 1981 and 1983 respectively. Each survey was conducted at 8 villages (administrative Ri) on Cheju Island. The major findings are summarized as follows; (1) Except for three variables such as the distance to the main bus route, the ratio of non-farm households and the number of voluntary organizations, other variables were related to the community power structure in a greater or less degree. (2) As a community power structure, quasi-leader sovereignty or factional type was found in the semi-hilly region, while unitary elite in the coastal region. (3) In the villages near to the town or to the city quasi-leader sovereignty was found, while in the villages far from the urban unitary elite was found. (4) With reference to village size in terms of the number of households, the power structures in large and small villages tended to be a quasi-leader sovereignty. In the middle-scale villages unitary elite or factional type was found. (5) As for relationship between the standard of living and the type of community power structure, the standard of living in the villages with a quasi-leader sovereignty is higher than that in the villages with an unitary elite. The factional type was mainly found in the villages with high standard of living. (6) Unitary elite was found in the villages without a clan or with two clans, while factional type in the villages with one dominant clan, and quasi-leader sovereignty in the villages with one powerless clan. Even though the above findings are somewhat tentative, these would be an important base for the future studies on the type of community power structure.
The main purpose of the study intends to present a systematic interpretation and to reorganize R. Dahrendorf's class formation theory, including paying some additional attention to other's view. While Dahrendorf gives a positive critique to Marx's ideas, his theoretical position is substantially on a different one from that of Marx. Therefore, to make Dabrendorf's view clear, it seems to be essential to dicuss his theory in closely connection with that of Marx's. Since Marx, industrial societies heave been changed sifnificantly through continuous mdustrialization. And contemporary society we live in is not such a society that had provided a foundation for Marx's theory formation of class. Considered empirically, Marx's dichotomic class theory, which had been designed to analyse a dynamic historical movement, has been found to commit an error in modern industrial society, the "post-capitalist society" in terms of Dahrendorf. The argument of Marx's concepts and theory has been set out by many writers, but Dahrendorf is the most eminent one. Staring with supplement of the uncompleted chapter ("The Classes") of Marx's Capital, in his "Class and Class Conflict in industrial Society", he cirticized that thinker's theory of class and suggested an alternative class model based on some empirical examinations of the changes in the class structure in some industrial societies since Marx. According to Dahrendorf's view, some of the important changes in the class sturcture of post-capitalist society are as follows; (1) Accompanied with the decomposition of capital, a new managerial group emerged. (2) As a result of the decomposition of labor, the working class became to be far from its unity and homogenity as single class. (3) Along with the decomposition of both capital and labor, new middle class of occupying its position between capitalist and wotking class made the boundaries of classes somewhat ambiguious. In a political unit of state as one of the important forms of 'imperatively co-ord-inated association', on the other hand, the class structure is divided into these: (1) the ruling groups, (2) the service class, (3) the ruled groups, and (4) the intellectuals. Our discussion, thus, can be summarized : It is Dahrendorf's view that the class sturcture in indsturial society is multi-divisional and complex. But his theory is problematic in its universality because as Dahrendorf suggested, his theory is applicable only to some industrial societies. Addition to, other aspects would be criticized.
This research paper aims at studying the general types of power structure in korean rural communities. The power structures in communities can theoretically be divided into these types, 1) leader sovereignty, 2) unitary elite, 3) factional, 4) coalitional, 5) consensual mass, 6) and mass sovereignty type. Of these leader sovereignty, unitary elite and factional types are elitist, and the others pluralistic. I conducted social research on adminstrative 'Ri's(villages) throughout 8 Jeju-island in order to investigate the actual conditions among the power structures in our rural communities. The approach used in this research is reputational one. Research data were analyzed according to the conception of power pools, and by a sociogram technique. We discussed the types of community power structures represented in this research. Power pools differed greatly in size among administrative 'iR's (villages), but a simple arithmetic mean shows that power in 8 villages concentrates on influential persons who are equal to about 6 percent of household in each village. The degree of the concentration is greater in a large village than in a small one, while greater in coastal villages than in mountain villages. The influential relationships among high ranking leader's in power pools were analyzed and put it into the form of a diagram. Accordingly, the community power structure in rural Jeju may be summalized as follows: There are three types of power structure in the rural communities. The unitary elite type is the most common power structure. In addition to this type there was also widespread 'quasi-loader sovereignty,' And yet the factional type is rather rare.
This article aimed at studying the establishment and its problems of the regional development plan with types of development pattern. In as much as the purpose of establishing the regional development plan is to grasp the structural status of regional industries and, at the same time, obtain their structural parameters and utilize them for analyzing regional economics, not only such structural parameters to be utilized analysis must be stable but also the estimation of final demand for linkage structural analysis incidental to changes in final demand must be accurate. Taking these above matters into consideration, we have established the regional development plan model into the following figures. 1. the conversion of the interregional development plan pattern. 2. the establishment of the synethetic developing plan model. This article is formed with the contents as following; 1. Premise of plan analysis 2. Establishing processes concerning regional development plan model (Optimum Model, Consistency Model) 3. Structure of the synethetic developing plan and coordination of the plan activities.