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      • KCI등재

        책거리 그림과 器物 硏究

        신미란 한국미술사학회 2010 美術史學硏究 Vol.268 No.268

        Chaekgeori paintings make up a major decorative painting genre of the late Joseon period which originated in China and came to be widely popular both in the royal palace and among ordinary people. The surviving examples of these still-life paintings having books and stationery as main subjects by chabidaeryeong hwawon who were the best painters of their time, temporarily recruited for royal court assignments in the late Joseon period, such as Jang Han-jong (1768-1815), and Yi Hyeong-rok (1808-?), indicate that the genre was practiced after the late eighteenth century, by court painters. Aside from books, objects frequently featured in chaekgeori paintings included ceramics and antique brassware and stationery; in sum, articles found in a tastefullydecorated gentleman’s study. Works by Jang Han-jong and Yi Hyeong-rok show a great deal of similarities in terms of items featured and meticulous pictorial techniques used to render them. This suggests that the genre was perfected by court painters of the late eighteenth century, and court painters of subsequent generations followed the standards set by the former. Meanwhile, chaekgeori paintings found in Unhyeongung and Changdeokgung Palaces hardly differ from works by the two late-eighteenth-century painters mentioned above, both in terms of items shown and pictorial techniques used, indicating that the latter’s influence extended to the early twentieth century. In the late Joseon era, with the emergence of a new class of wealthy people, as cultural commodities came within the reach of broader population, the demand for chaekgeori paintings grew as well. Chaekgeori themes were treated in folk paintings in a manner quite distinct from their precedents produced by court painters, in many aspects. The bookshelves, rendered irregularly or unevenly, conveyed a liberal impression, and the height of the painting was reduced, resulting in the disappearance of the bookcase and showing only books and stationery items, gathered together at the center. The types of objects featured changed as well, with practical everyday articles replacing refined articles like antiques exhibiting a discerning taste or books and paintings that project a scholarly atmosphere. Less and less room was devoted to books and stationery in favor of luxury articles such as tobacco pipes, hats and timepieces, catering to the taste of the new generation of buyers of chaekgeori paintings, desirous of showing off their wealth. The pictorial techniques were also less formalized or stylized than those of court painters,showing a greater degree of individuality and originality. This paper examines the characteristics of the chaekgeori genre, a new style of painting introduced in the late Joseon period, discussing how works of this genre varied in style depending on the social demand and how techniques changed over time. The paper also looks at imported craft items and commodities of the late Joseon and modern eras such as timepieces, cigarettes, reading glasses, and kerosene lamps that are represented in surviving chaekgeori paintings. Chaekgeori paintings examined in this paper are significant insofar as this genre reveals in telling detail the complex cultural phenomenon in the late Joseon period, in which the so-called minhwa (folk painting) genre, after originating in the royal court, gained currency outside its walls to become part of the popular culture enjoyed by ordinary people. 책거리 그림은 중국에서 연원하여 우리나라로 들어온 후 궁중에서부터 민가에 이르기까지 크게 유행한 조선 후기의 대표적인 장식화이다. 조선 후기 최고 화원 화가들의 시험제도인 差備待令畵員의 祿取才와 張漢宗(1768-1815)·李亨祿(1808-?)과 같은 화원의 現傳하는 그림을 통해 책거리 그림이 18세기 후반부터 화원들에 의해 그려진 것을 확인할 수 있다. 화원 제작 책거리 그림의 기물로는 책을 비롯하여 자기와 고동기, 문방류 등 文房淸玩의 고상한 취미를 반영하는 것들이 주를 이룬다. 장한종과 이형록의 그림을 비교해보면 기물의 종류나 표현 방식에서많은 공통점을 보인다. 이를 통해 18세기 후반에 활동한 화원들이 책거리 그림의 정형화된 양식을 완성하였고, 이후 화원들은 이것을 모방하여 작품을 제작하였다는 것을 알 수 있다. 운현궁과 창덕궁에서 사용된 책거리 그림들도 기물의 종류와 표현 양식면에서 두 화원의 그림과 큰 차이가 없어 이러한 양식은 20세기 초반에 이르기까지 영향을 미친 것으로 보인다. 조선 후기 신흥부호 세력의 성장과 문화 확산의 바람을 타고 책거리 그림의 수요자층도 확대되었다. 민화의 책거리 그림은 화원 제작 책거리 그림의 전형적인 형식에서 벗어나 다양한 변화를 보인다. 책가를불규칙적으로 구성하여 자유분방한 느낌을 주는가하면, 畵高가 낮아짐에 따라 책가가 사라지고 기물들만 가운데 集積되어 있기도 한다. 기물의 종류도 서화골동품의 감식안을 과시하고 면학적 분위기를 강조하던 것에서 벗어나 소비적, 실용적 성향을 보이는 것들로 채워진다. 책과 문방류의 비중은 줄어들고 담뱃대, 모자, 시계 등 실용적인 사치품이 대거 등장하여 경제력을 과시 하고자하는 책거리 그림의 새로운 수요자의 취향을 보여준다. 그리고 표현 방법에 있어서도 화원 제작 책거리 그림과 달리 그림마다 개성있는 표현을 취하였다. 이 논문은 책거리 그림을 통하여 조선 후기 새로운 회화 양식의 유입과 사용계층에 따른 취향의 다양성과 표현 방법의 변화 등을 고찰하였다. 뿐만 아니라 조선 후기 수입된 공예품과 시계·담배·안경·石油燈등 새로이 전해진 근대적인 기물들도 살펴보았다. 이 논문에서 살펴본 책거리 그림의 변화는 소위 민화라고 하는 종류의 그림이 궁중에서 시작되어 민간으로 전파되어가는 과정과 조선 후기 복잡하고 다양한 문화의 일면을 보여준다고 하겠다.

      • KCI등재

        도재 수복용 복합레진의 색 안정성에 관한 연구

        신미란,조혜원,진태호,Shin Mee-Ran,Cho Hye-Won,Jin Tai-Ho 대한치과보철학회 1991 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.29 No.3

        The purpose of this study was to investigate the color stability of 3 porcelain repair composite resins Twenty specimens of each composite resin were made and ten specimens were polished at 10 minutes after polymerization, and the others were polished at 48 hours after polymerization. For 60 days, the color characteristics were measured by fiber-optic colorimeter (Model Tc-6FX, Tokyo Denshoku Co.). The obtained results were as follows: 1. The changes of $a^*$ value and $b^*$ value in composite resin polished at 10min. after polymerization were greater than those of composite resins polished at 48 hrs. after polymerization. 2. The $a^*$ values of all composite resins were increased and the $b^*$ values were decreased. 3. The $L^*$ values were decreased in composite resin manufactured by K & B Co., which were polished at 10min. after polymerization, but increased in composite resin manufactured by K & M Co., polished at 48 hrs. after polymerization.

      • KCI등재

        분자지표를 이용한 고려인삼의 유전적 특성 비교

        신미란,조익현,정종욱,김영창,이승호,김장욱,현동윤,김동휘,김기홍,문지영,노봉수,강성택,이동진,방경환 韓國藥用作物學會 2013 韓國藥用作物學會誌 Vol.21 No.6

        The development of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and expressed sequence tag-derivedsimple sequence repeats (EST-SSRs) provided a useful tool for investigating Korean ginseng genetic diversity. In this study,18 polymorphic markers (7 RAPD and 11 EST-SSR) selected to assess the genetic diversity in 31 ginseng accessions (11Korean ginseng cultivars and 20 breeding lines). In RAPD analysis, a total of 53 unique polymorphic bands were obtainedfrom ginseng accessions and number of amplicons ranged from 4 to 11 with a mean of 7.5 bands. Pair-wise genetic similaritycoefficient (Nei) among all pairs of ginseng accessions varied from 0.01 to 0.32, with a mean of 0.11. On the basis of theresulting data, the 31 ginseng accessions were grouped into six clusters. As a result of EST-SSR analysis, 11 EST-SSR mark-ers detected polymorphisms among the 31 ginseng accessions and revealed 49 alleles with a mean of 4.45 alleles per primer.The polymorphism information content (PIC) value ranged from 0.06 to 0.31, with an average of 0.198. The 31 ginsengaccessions were classified into five groups by cluster analysis based on Nei’s genetic distances. Consequently, the results ofginseng-specific RAPD and EST-SSR markers may prove useful for the evaluation of genetic diversity and discrimination ofKorean ginseng cultivars and breeding lines.

      • KCI등재

        코골이 대상자에게 비강사혈흡인요법의 안전성과 유효성을 평가하기 위한 다기관 임상시험

        신미란,김희택,고호연,김영지,김정범,Shin, Mi-Ran,Kim, Hee-Taek,Ko, Ho-Yeon,Kim, Young-Ji,Kim, Jeung-Beum 대한한방안이비인후피부과학회 2017 한방안이비인후피부과학회지 Vol.30 No.2

        Objectives : The study is to investigate clinical trial for efficacy and safety with acupuncture & suction in nasal cavity on snoring patients. Methods : 24 subjects were recruited from the patients received a hospital visit to the Semyung University Chungju oriental medical center and Jaechon oriental medical center from 1 October 2014 to 31 December 2014. According to the clinical protocol, we treated the patients with acupuncture and suction in the nasal cavity 8 times for 4 weeks. We compared their symptoms between before and after treatment. Results and Conclusions : 1. There was no significant decrease in the mechanical measurement of the reduction of snoring in the effectiveness of snoring patients, but there was a significant effect on the improvement of sleep quality and it was effective in improving the symptoms such as eye fatigue. 2. The safety of nasal treatment for snoring patients was normal in pre- and post-treatment Lab tests, and there was no adverse reaction before and after treatment. Acupuncture & suction in nasal cavity on snoring patients is efficient and safe.

      • 도재 수복용 복합레진의 색 안정성에 관한 연구

        신미란,조혜원,진태호 원광대학교 치의학연구소 1992 圓光齒醫學 Vol.2 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to investigate the color stability of 3 porcelain repair composite resins. Twenty specimens of each composite resin were made and ten specimens were polished at 10 minutes after polymerization, and the others were polished at 48 hours after poiymerization. For 60 days, the color characteristics were measured by fiber-optic colorimeter (Model Tc-6FX, Tokyo Denshoku Co.). The obtained results were as follows 1. The changes of a^* value and b^* value in composite resin polished at 10min. after polymerization were greater than those of composite resins polished at 48 hrs. after polymerization. 2. The a^* values of all composite resins were increased and the b^* values were decreased. 3. The L^* values were decreased in composite resin manufactured by K & B Co., which were polished at 10min. after polymerization, but increased in composite resin manufactured by K & M Co., polished at 48 hrs. after polymerization.

      • KCI등재후보

        유색 및 백색 지르코니아 세라믹 코핑의 코핑 디자인에 따른 파절 하중과 변연 적합성

        신미란,김민정,오상천,Shin, Mee-Ran,Kim, Min-Jeong,Oh, Sang-Chun 대한치과보철학회 2009 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.47 No.4

        연구목적: 본 연구는 유색 및 백색 지르코니아 세라믹으로 제작된 코핑의 디자인에 따른 지르코니아 세라믹 코핑의 파절 하중과 변연 적합성을 평가한 것으로 그 결과를 임상에 응용하는데 도움을 주고자 하였다. 연구재료 및 방법: CAD/CAM system (Everset, KAVO Dental GmbH, Biberach, Germany)을 이용하여, 80개의 상악 제1 소구치 세라믹 코핑을 제작하되, 1그룹은 전체적으로 균일하게 0.3 mm로, 2그룹은 협면 0.3 mm 설면 0.6 mm, 3그룹은 전체 0.6 mm 균일하게, 4그룹은 협면 0.6 mm 설면 1.0 mm로 디자인하고, 유색 (I) 및 백색 (II) 지르코니아 코핑을 각 그룹당 10개가 되게 하였다. 소성직후와 조정 후 코핑의 변연 적합성을 Video Microscope System (sv-35, Sometech, Seoul, Korea)를 이용하여 100배율로 관찰하였고, 금속 주 모형에 코핑을 강화형 글래스아이오노머 시멘트로 합착 후 Universal Testing Machine (Instron 4467, Norwood, MA, USA)을 이용하여 파절 하중을 측정하여, one-way ANOVA test 를 시행하여 결과를 분석하였다. 결과: 1. CAD/CAM 지르코니아 코핑의 파절 하중은 1그룹, 2와 3그룹, 그리고 4그룹간에 유의성있는 차이를 보였으며 I4, II4의 파절 하중값이 가장 컸다. 2. 코핑의 디자인이 같고 색이 다른 그룹간의 비교에서는 전 그룹 모두 파절 하중값의 유의성은 없었다. 3. 소성 직후 변연 오차 측정값은 I2그룹을 제외한 전 그룹에서 협측 측정점에서 변연오차가 가장 큰 경향을 보였다. 4. 소성 직후 변연 오차 측정값은 I 그룹 지르코니아 그룹에서 그룹별 전체적인 변연적합도를 보았을 때 그룹간에 유의한 차이는 없었다 (P>.05). 5. 소성직후 변연 오차 측정값은 백색 지르코니아 그룹에서 그룹별 전체적인 변연 적합도를 보았을때 II1그룹의 변연 오차가 가장 컸다 (P<.05). 6. 소성직후 변연오차 측정값은 디자인이 같은 그룹의 유색, 백색 비교에서, I1와 II1그룹을 제외한 나머지 그룹에서 백색 지르코니아의 변연 적합도가 더 좋았다 (P<.05). 7. 내면 조정 후에는 색상화 및 지르코니아 코어 디자인에 따른 전 그룹간 변연 적합도의 차이는 없었다 (P>.05). 결론: 지르코니아 코핑 디자인과 색상화에 따른 변연 적합성은 소성 직후에는 다소 차이가 있었으나 내면 조정을 하면 임상 사용에는 무리가 없을 것으로 판단되었고, 파절강도 강화를 위해 코핑의 두께는 가급적 두꺼워야 하나, 가시면 (순면, 협면)의 심미성(반투명성)을 고려할 경우 가시면을 0.3 mm로 얇게 해도 파절 강도에 큰 영향을 주지 않는 것으로 사료되었다. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal fitness and fracture load of the zirconia copings according to the design with different thickness and coloration. Material and methods: The evaluation was based on 80 zirconia copings. Zirconia copings were fabricated in design with different thicknesses using CAD/CAM system (Everset, KAVO dental GmbH, Biberach, Germany). The designs of copings were divided into four groups. The first group consisted of copings with uniform thickness of 0.3 mm. The thickness in the second group was 0.3 mm on the buccal surface and 0.6 mm on the lingual surface. The third group consisted of coping with uniform thickness of 0.6 mm. The thickness in the fourth group was 0.6 mm on the buccal surface and 1mm on the lingual surface. Each group consisted of 10 colored and 10 uncolored copings. Half of the copings (40) processed with a milling system according to the specific design were sent to be given a color (A3) through saturation in special dye by a manufacturing company. Just after sintering, the marginal discrepancies of copings were measured on the buccal, lingual, mesial and distal surfaces of metal die, under a Video Microscope System (sv-35, Sometech, Seoul, Korea) at a magnification of $\times$ 100. It was remeasured after the adjusting of the inner surface. Next, all copings were luted to the metal dies using reinforced cement {GC FujiCEM (GC Corp. Tokyo, Japan)} and mounted on the testing jig in a Universal Testing Machine (Instron 4467, Norwood, MA, USA). The results were analyzed statistically using the one-way ANOVA test. Results: The obtained results were as follow: 1. The measured value of marginal discrepancy right after sintering was the greatest in the contraction of the buccal area in all groups, except for group I2. 2. There was no significant difference of marginal fitness among the groups in the colored zirconia group (P<.05). 3. When the marginal fitness among the groups in the uncolored zirconia group was considered, group II2 had the smallest marginal discrepancy. 4. When the colored and uncolored groups with the same design were compared, there was a significant difference between I1 and II1 groups. In group 2, 3, and 4, the uncolored zirconia had the greatest marginal fitness (P<.05). 5. After adjustment of inner surface, there was no significant difference in the marginal fitness in all groups when color and design of the zirconia coping were compared. 6. The fracture load of CAD/CAM zirconia copings showed significant difference in group 1, 2, 3, and 4. I4 and II4 had the strongest fracture load. 7. When groups with different color and same design were compared, all colored groups showed greater fracture load (P>.05), with no significance. Conclusion: There was difference in the marginal fitness according to the design and coloration of zirconia copings right after sintering, but it was decided that the copings may well be used clinically if the inner surface are adjusted. The copings should be thick enough for the reinforcement of fracture strength. But considering the esthetics of the visible surfaces (labial and buccal surface), the thickness of copings may be a little thin, without giving any significant effect on the fracture strength. This type of design may be considered when giving priority to preservation of tooth or esthetics.

      • KCI등재

        사상체질별(四象體質別) 이소편(利小便) 약물(藥物)의 효능(效能)에 관한 연구(硏究)

        신미란,김정렬,전종원,김달래,심규헌,Shin, Mee-Ran,Kim, Jung-Yul,Jeon, Jung-Won,Kim, Dal-Rae,Sim, Gyu-Heoun 사상체질의학회 2003 사상체질의학회지 Vol.15 No.3

        The aim of this thesis is to examine the effect of the diuretics in the Sasang constitutional medicine those are not categorized to the diuretic in the established herbal medicine by the way of measuring the change of body edema and the quantity of body moisture through the inbody test, along with the urine volume taken for 24 hours 1. We medicated the diuretic suggested by the DongyiSuseBowon東醫壽世保元 into the tested group and measured the change of the urine volume, the quantity of body moisture and the degree of body edema. The results are the followings below. 1) Soeumin The change in the urine volume and body moisture showed no responsibility, but the degree of body edema decreased with the responsibility. 2) Soyangin All of the degree of body edema and the urine volume, and body moisture showed decrease. 3) Taeumin The urine volume and body moisture increased but showed no responsibility. Also the degree of body edema decreased within the normal limit which can not be accepted. 4) The medicine of the Sasang Constitutional Medicine can not be simply thought to be the diuretic, but it has the function that excretes the moisture which functions negatively in the body and causes edema, as well as the function of the adjustment of metabolism that preserves the normal amount of moisture. This is the good example which is the concept of the adjustment therapy suggested by The Sasang Constitutional Medicine 2. Through the results above, we can find that the diuretic suggested by The Sasang Constitutional Medicine functions in the way that is differently explained by the herbal medicine.

      • CSL을 통한 음향특성과 사상체질간의 상관성 연구

        신미란,김달래,Shin, Mi-ran,Kim, Dal-lae 사상체질의학회 1999 사상체질의학회지 Vol.11 No.1

        1. 연구배경 사상인은 생리 및 병리 현상에 차이를 나타낼 뿐만 아니라 섭생법 및 치료법에서도 각기 다른 방법을 적용하고 있다. 그러므로 사상의학에 있어서 체질변증분야가 매우 중요한 과제라 하겠다. 동무는 사상인변증의 진단지표를 외형 심성 병증 등을 제시하였고, 많은 의가들에 의해 여러 가지 새로운 체질변증의 방법이 모색되어 임상에 시도 활용되고 있는 추세이나 체질변증의 객관성유지에 어려운 점이 많아서 학문의 발전에 적지 않은 난관이 따랐다. 최근에는 음성과학의 발달에 힘입어 음성의 특성을 가시적 수치적으로 객관화 할 수 있는 가능성이 높아졌다. 본 연구는 이러한 음성과학을 바탕으로 여러 의가들에 의해 제시되어 온 사상인의 음성적 특정을 각 개인의 사상체질과 직접적으로 연관성이 있다고 판단되는 공명주파수와 기본주파수 등 여러 음성학적인 pattern자료들을 모집단으로부터 획득하여 체질별로 객관적인 수치로 비교 분석함으로써 음성과 체질과의 관계에 대하여 살펴보고 개인의 성문에 의한 사상체질 판단의 기본자료로 활용하고자 하였다. 2. 연구방법 상지대한의과대학 남학생 132명과 기타8명을 대상으로 하였다. 음향특성과 체질과의 상관성에 관하여 문헌조사를 하였다. 설문지와 체질전문가에 의하여 연구대상자를 체질 판별하였다. 연구대상자의 음성특성에 대한 설문조사를 하였고 CSL로 Pitch. Formant Frequency. Energy, Time of reading composition 등을 분석하고 통계 처리하여 체질 판별을 시도하였다. 3. 연구결과 1) 설문조사결과 소음인은 음성이 낮고 완만하며 조용한 편으로, 소양인은 음성이 높고 밝으며 급하고 함부로 말을 하는 것으로, 태음인은 음성이 낮고 무거우며 완만하고 굵고 성량이 풍부한 것으로 나타났다. 2) 문장의 평균 발음 시간에서 태양인은 다른 체질에 비하여 유의성 있게 길었다. 몸무게에서 태음인은 다른 체질에 비하여 유의성 있게 높았다. Formant frequency 1에서는 태양인이, Bandwidth 1에서는 소음인과 태양인이 다른 체질에 비하여 유의성 있게 낮았으며, Bandwidth 2와 Formant frequency 5에서는 태양인이 유의성 있게 높았다. Pitch Maximum과 Pitch Maximum-Pitch Minimum에서는 소음인과 태양인이 유의성 있는 차이를 나타내었다. Energy Mean에서는 태양인과 태음인에서 유의성 있는 차이를 나타내었다. 3) Multi-dimensional 4-class minimum-distance classifier 분석결과 모든 항목으로 분석한 것 보다 체질별로 특정 항목을 갖고 분석한 것이 높은 일치를 나타내었다. SPSS/PC+프로그램에서 일원분산분석과 판별분석결과 네 체질사이에서의 정판별력보다 소양인을 제외한 3체질 사이에서의 정판별력이 높았다. CART모형에서 앞에서 제시된 다른 방법들보다 높은 예측율을 보이고 있다. 연구수행과정 중에 표준화, 녹음기술, 적적한 문장의 선택, 음성분석 항목선택, 통계기법, 적절한 알고리즘의 개발 등의 많은 문제점이 나타나고 있으며 관련분야의 보완과 연구진행이 지속적으로 있어야 할 것으로 사려 된다. 다각도로 진행되고 있는 사상의학에서의 객관화 노력과 통계적인 방법론들이 적용되고 체질진단에 있어 가장 최적의 알고리즘을 찾아낼 수 있다면, 정확한 체질 진단과 더불어 그에 따른 환자들의 치료와 약물처방에 있어서도 많은 도움을 줄 수 있으리라 생각된다. 성문과 음성특성의 분석을 통한 사상체질 분류검사방법은 사상체질의 객관화를 위한 하나의 보조적인 방법이 The purpose of this study is to help classifying Sasang Constitution through correlation with sound characteristic. This study was done it under the suppose that Sasang Constitution has correlation with sound spectrogram. The following result were obtained about correlation between sound spectrogram and Sasang Constitution by comparison and analysis 1. Soeumin answered his voice low tone, smooth and quiet in the survey. Soyangin answered his voice high, clear, fast and speaking random. Taeumin answered his voice low, thick and muddy. 2. Taeyangin was significantly slow compared with the others in the time of reading composition. Taeyangin was significantly slow compared with the others in Formant frequency 1. Taeyangin was significantly discriminated from Soeumin in Formant frequency 5. Taeyangin was significantly low compared with the others in Bandwidth 2. Soeumln was significantly low compared with Taeyangin in Pitch Maximum and Pitch Maximum-Pitch Minimum. Taeyangin was significantly high compared with the others in Energy mean. 3. In list of specification, the discrimination rate was higher than that by lists of 13 in the results of Multi-dimensional 4-class minimum-distance. The discrimination rate of three disposition except Soyangin was higher than that of four disposition in the results of One way ANOVA and Analysis of dis crimination in SPSS/PC+. In CART, the estimate rate of Sasang Constitution discrimination was higher than any other method. It is considered that there is a correlation between sound spectrogram and Sasang constitution according to the results. And method of Sasang constitution classification through sound spectrogram analysis can be one method as assistant for the objectification of Sasang constitution classification.

      • KCI등재

        소양인체질병증 임상진료지침: 망음병

        신미란,주종천,이의주,Shin, Mi-Ran,Joo, Jong-Cheon,Lee, Eui-Ju 사상체질의학회 2014 사상체질의학회지 Vol.26 No.3

        Objectives This research was proposed to present Clinical Practice Guideline(CPG) for Soyangin Disease of Sasang Constitutional Medicine(SCM): Yin-Depletion (Mangeum) Symptomatology. The CPG was developed by the national-wide experts committee consisting of SCM professors. Methods The CPG was developed by the national-wide experts committee considering of the society of Sasang Constitutional Medicine. It was performed by search and collection of literature related SCM, opinion of SCM experts and journal search and it was followed by CPG's guideline. Results & Conclusions The CPG of Yin-Depletion (Mangeum) Symptomatology in Soyangin Disease include classification, definition and standard symptoms of each pattern. Yin-Depletion (Mangeum) Symptomatology is classified into severe and critical pattern by severity. The severe pattern of Yin-Depletion (Mangeum) Symptomatology is classified into the pattern of Heat-related diarrhea accompanied by headache (Sinyeol-dutong Mangeum) and the advanced pattern of Heat-related diarrhea accompanied by headache (Sinyeol-dutong Mangeum). The critical pattern of Yin-Depletion (Mangeum) Symptomatology is classified into the pattern of Cold-related diarrhea accompanied by the abdominal pain (Sinhan-bocktong Mangeum) and the advanced pattern of Cold-related diarrhea accompanied by abdominal pain (Sinhan-bocktong Mangeum).

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