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This work started with some question about the meaning of Korean Classic Novel. Classic created long long ago, but it' meaning is alive now, so then, in case of the Novel wriiten in chosun Dy, what is the meaning of the classic. It is very useful to compare Novel to TV drama for research the meanning. TV drama and the Old Novel have common factor in many ways. The main space of narrative set up family house or clan, and the main event is marriage. The event of marriage involves inner and external conflicts. In this case inner conflict due to feud of his and her pride, external conflict due to feud between son and his parents. Korean TV drama have the tendency to lack of historical motif, national motif, detective story etc. This tendency is very important feature of korean drama. Other hands, historical, national motif is the main feature in chinese drama and detective story is the main feature in american drama such like <CSI>. These feature of drama is connected with their narrative tradition. In the tradition of Korean old novel, we can not discover that feature. This feature is Korean feeling structure which is created for long time by many people. The feeling structure is not change.
It is a matter of common knowledge that The korean classical novel and TV drama are much the same. The purpose of this paper is to comparative study on the The korean classical novel and TV drama, focusing on the gap and the same between two genre. Novel and TV drama hold the narrative source common, the other hands this source is used in very different conditions. The result that these two genre are very different. Novel shows a historical reality and moral allegiance through something fantastic factor. Korean classical novel is based on the tradition of Taoism and Buddhism, accordingly the representation of a fantastic is being in the natural order of events. And narrative function of the fantastic elements is much various. On the other hand TV drama shows a common emotion which we can experience in daily life. These differences due to another social condition.
Background: Lung cancer is the most lethal malignant neoplasm in the world. Serum cytokeratin fragment 21-1 (Cyfra 21-1) is a valuable tumor marker for detection of lung cancer, and it has good sensitivity and specificity. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of Cyfra 21-1 levels in patients with lung cancer. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 814 samples from 169 patients with lung cancer, 124 patients with benign pulmonary diseases, and 521 normal controls from health check-up clinic. Serum Cyfra 21-1 levels were determined with Architect CYFRA 21-1 kit (Abbott, USA) using Architect i2000 analyzer. Results: Median levels and interquartile ranges for Cyfra 21-1 in patients with lung cancer (non-small cell lung cancer: 3.16 [1.98, 9.00] ng/mL, small cell lung cancer: 3.32 [2.07, 5.20] ng/mL) were higher than those in patients with benign pulmonary diseases (1.50 [1.17, 2.17] ng/mL; P< 0.01) and in normal controls (1.26 [0.93, 1.75] ng/mL; P<0.01). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for Cyfra 21-1 were 70.4%, 81.2%, 49.6%, and 91.3%, respectively. The area under the curve for Cyfra 21-1 was 0.839 (95% confidence interval, 0.802-0.877). Conclusions: We concluded that Cyfra 21-1 may be useful in the diagnosis of lung cancer. 배경: 폐암은 전 세계적으로 가장 치명적인 암 중의 하나이다. 혈청 사이토케라틴분절 21-1 (Cytokeratin fragment 21-1, Cyfra 21-1) 측정은 폐암의 진단에서 좋은 민감도와 특이도를 지닌 종양 표지자로 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서 폐암의 선별 검사로 Cyfra 21-1의 유용성을 평가하고자 한다. 방법: 연구 대상은 건양대학교 병원을 방문한 폐암 환자 169명, 양성 폐질환자 124명, 정상 건강검진자 521명으로 총 814명을 후향적으로 분석하였다. 혈청 Cyfra 21-1은 Architect CYFRA 21-1 kit를 이용하여 Architect i2000 분석기에서 측정하였다. 결과: 폐암 환자에서 Cyfra 21-1의 중앙값 및 사분범위(비소세포성 폐암: 3.16 [1.98, 9.00] ng/mL, 소세포성 폐암: 3.32 [2.07, 5.20] ng/mL)는 양성 폐질환자(1.50 [1.17, 2.17] ng/mL) 및 정상 군(1.26 [0.93, 1.75] ng/mL)보다 통계적으로 유의하게 높았다(각각 P<0.01). Cyfra 21-1의 민감도, 특이도, 양성 예측치, 음성 예측치는 각각 70.4%, 81.2%, 49.6%, 91.3%였다. 또한 Cyfra 21-1의 곡선하면적은 0.839 (95% confidence interval 0.802-0.877)였다. 결론: 본 연구 결과 Cyfra 21-1은 폐암을 진단하는 데 유용한 종양 표지자임을 확인할 수 있었다.
The “Limwhajungyoen(林花鄭延)” is one of the best known novel in the later Chosun. We have known that “Limwhajungyoen” exists only as the printed matter which is published by old-print in the earlier 20C. This is a different book than the original. This book is printed by reduced the context of the original work. Therefor, We are concerned about the real figure of the “Limwhajungyoen”. Recently anyone what is so called Kangchonje 江村齋 happen on a another “Limwhajungyoen”. The new “Limwhajungyoen” is in 72 volumes, which is not printed but transcript. This is rich in the context than the printed matter. This paper make a comparative study the transcript of the printed.
The aim of this thesis is to study <Chin, Tae-Bang Chon>. <Chin, Tae-Bang Chon> is one of the Korean ancient novels written by Choseon dynasty of which author is unknown. <Chin, Tae-Bang Chon> shows great difference from the other Korean ancient novels. The plot of the other novels shows chiefly playing the role of entertainment, but the very important plot of <Chin, Tae-Bang Chon> is only moral and ethic. So this study started from the fact that <Chin, Tae-Bang Chon> has some different features by contrast other Korean ancient novels, So far this study is to investigate the relation between ethical basis of Korean ancient novel and <Chin, Tae-Bang Chon>.
The outcome of study about the long-length-novel is dramatically increasing recently. A wide variety of studies have been achieved in the range of not only the individual work theory but also national problems, level of creating, theme consciousness, and skill of creating. This thesis is based on the goal of examining the outcome of study, discovering the problems and viewing a new subject. In fact, usually the study of the long-length-novel has placed emphasis on the aspect of introduction of individual work and analysis. As the result of that, the study hasn't still done completely despite a lot of issues in the range from the problems of terms to structure and the consciousness of creating. However, the outcome of every study cannot be mentioned one by one through this short article. Especially, in the case of individual work theory, it is hard to be referred in detail in spite of a lot of results. Therefore, this thesis only points out the trend of study and general issues. Issues which are already considered those of past, such as nationality of novel are not referred apart and this theses is mostly portrayed about significant outcomes and issues. Moreover, the recent trend of study is in priority mentioned. To arrange the history of study means that to hope the future studies to be done more systematically and reflectively. To accomplish this purpose, detailed search for the studies in progress now and efforts to systematize them must be followed. In that matter, this thesis is much to be desired. I also have problems about what have been pointed out in the history of study. I didn't read much of the results of the studies yet, and didn't reflect some in my paper although they are meaningful enough in the history of study. That is my responsibility. I beg pardon of the scholars studying on the long-length-novel for this. And I must have understood and criticized their intentions and opinions on my own accord. I expect much reprimand for this, and I'm sure that I will solve the problems, arranging the history of study systematically from now.
The paper was written to explore the archetypes of Korean storytelling. To solve this problem, we want to compare mutually remade dramas in Korea, China and Japan. The original story is shared but the story or structure of progress will be extracted depending on the state in which it is produced, and the extracted differences will be related to classical fiction. The TV dramas <Boys Over Flowers> and <Mother> were selected as the main subjects of analysis. Based on a Japanese cartoon, <Boys Over Flowers> was all made into dramas in Korea, Japan, China and Taiwan, and in China, a new version of the drama was produced and aired in 2018. Drama production started in Taiwan, but it has been extremely popular and talked about throughout Japan and Korea. Mother is also based on a Japanese drama, which has been praised as a well-made drama remade by Korea. We will compare them by country, extract the differences and compare them with the epic features of Joseon-era novels. These tasks will be divided into aspects such as how 이 논문은 TV드라마, 영화 등 한국 스토리텔링의 분야에서 한국적 전형성 혹은 정체성이 있는가, 만약 있다면 그것을 어떤 방법으로 탐색할 수 있을 것인가, 나아가 그 전형성의 대체적인 특징은 무엇일까 등에 대한 물음을 가지고 시작되었다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 우선적으로 한국, 중국, 일본 등에서 상호 리메이크된 드라마를 비교하였다. 원천 이야기를 공유하고 있지만 그것을 제작하는 국가의 상황에 따라 이야기 혹은 진행 구조가 달라지는 부분을 추출하고, 그 추출된 차이점이 고전소설과 연관이 있는지를 확인하는 방식으로 연구를 진행하였다. 주요 분석 대상으로 TV드라마 <꽃보다 남자>를 선정하였다. <꽃보다 남자>는 일본 만화를 원작으로 하면서 한국, 일본, 중국, 대만에서 모두 드라마로 제작되었고, 중국의 경우는 2018년에 새로운 버전의 드라마를 제작, 방영하기도 했다. 드라마 제작은 대만에서 시작되었지만 일본과 한국을 거치면서 가히 폭발적인 인기와 온갖 화제를 낳았던 드라마이다. 이들을 국가별로 비교하고 그 차이점을 추출하고 다시 조선시대 소설의 서사적 특징과 견주어 본다는 것이다. 이런 작업은 인물 설정의 방식, 의미 생성의 방식, 장면 설정의 방식 등의 측면으로 나누어 이루어졌다. 그 결과 한국은 중국, 일본과 비교하여 뚜렷한 변별적 특성을 지니고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 그리고 이 특성이 고전소설의 전형적 특성과 연관됨을 확인하였다.
Background: Maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) is usually used to treat double mandibularfractures. However, advancements in reduction and fixation techniques mayallow recovery of the premorbid dental arch and occlusion without the use of MMF. Weinvestigated whether anatomical reduction and microplate fixation without MMF couldprovide secure immobilization and correct occlusion in double mandibular fractures. Methods: Thirty-four patients with double mandibular fractures were treated with openreduction and internal fixation without MMF. Both fracture sites were surgically treated. For bony fixations, we used microplates with or without wire. After reduction, eachfracture site was fixed at two or three points to maintain anatomical alignment of themandible. Interdental wiring was used to reduce the fracture at the superior border andto enhance stability for 6 weeks. Mouth opening was permitted immediately. Results: No major complications were observed, including infection, plate exposure,non-union, or significant malocclusion. Five patients experienced minor complications,among whom the only one patient experienced a persistant but mild malocclusion withno need for additional management. Conclusion: This study showed that double mandibular fractures correction with twoorthree-point fixation without MMF simplified the surgical procedure, increased patientcomfort, and reduced complications, due to good stability and excellent adaptation