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      • 數種 Ear face-bow의 正確性

        손지영,曺光憲 慶北大學校 齒科大學 1985 慶北齒大論文集 Vol.2 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of three different types of earface-bows with a true hinge axis and with five conventional arbitrary axis methods. Fifty subjects, 21 to 29 years of age, with clinically normal temporomandibular joint were selected from dental students and dental hygienic students for this study. And all of the subjects were trained to terminal hige axis and hinge movement. A 3㎝ square piece of millimeter graph paper was attatched to the skin in the region anterior to the tragus of the ear. Since the integument in the area was readily movable and influenced by the position of the head rest, all subjects were positioned erect in the chair with no head rest support while true hinge axis point and eight arbitrary axis points were marked on graph paper. The results of this study have been summarized as follows: Ninty-five percent of the method using the Twirl-Bow were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance rrom the kinematic axis was 2.71±1.49mm. Eighty-two percent of the method using Quick Mount Face-Bow were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 3.29±1.76mm. Eight hty-one percent of the method using the Slidematic Facebow were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 3.30±2.22mm. Eighty-eight percent of Bergstrom's points were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 3.15±1.43mm. Eighty-seven percent of Gisi's points were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 3.23±1.54mm. Eighty-two percent of Beyron's points were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 3.72±1.68mm. Fifty-one percent of Simpson's points were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axis, and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 5.01±2.02mm. Forty-two percent of Teteruck and Lundeen's points were within 5mm of the points of the kinematic axi is and the mean distance from the kinematic axis was 5.37±1.74mm. The acceptable degree of accuracy in hinge axis location by kinematic means is 1mm but in all methods of this study, less than 15 percent of the selected arbitrary point were within a 1mm radius from the terminal hinge axis point.

      • KCI등재

        『피에르, 혹은 모호함』: 오이디푸스 콤플렉스를 넘어서

        손지영 한국영미어문학회 2020 영미어문학 Vol.- No.136

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Herman Melville’s Pierre: or, The Ambiguities develops the psychological, sexual, and family tension between Pierre, his widowed mother(Mrs .Glendinning), his cousin(Glen), his fiancee(Lucy) and his half-sister(Isabel). One of the main issues Melville deals with in this novel is the incestuous relationship between Pierre and Isabel along with the incestuous familial relation with his mother. While some previous studies have focused on the issue from the Freudian perspective, this paper uses Deleuze and Guattari’s critique of the Freudian Oedipal complex to understand it. Deleuze and Guattari argue that the Oedipal model of the family is a kind of organization that colonizes its members, represses their desires, and gives them complexes. Such psychological repression forms docile individuals. Furthermore, they argue that a capitalist society needs a powerful tool to counteract the explosive force of desire, which has the potential to threaten its structures of exploitation, servitude, and hierarchy; the nuclear family is the powerful tool able to counteract those forces. Pierre subjected to the oedipal structure resists the “law of the father” when realizing the existence of his illegitimate half-sister, Isabel who he gets married to later. As Isabel, a minoritarian, is not subordinated to the Oedipal structure, her existence itself threatens Mrs. Glendinning who represents a majority and she has a revolutionary power to deconstruct the fictitious organization of Oedipus Complex. Herman Melville’s Pierre: or, The Ambiguities develops the psychological, sexual, and family tension between Pierre, his widowed mother(Mrs .Glendinning), his cousin(Glen), his fiancee(Lucy) and his half-sister(Isabel). One of the main issues Melville deals with in this novel is the incestuous relationship between Pierre and Isabel along with the incestuous familial relation with his mother. While some previous studies have focused on the issue from the Freudian perspective, this paper uses Deleuze and Guattari’s critique of the Freudian Oedipal complex to understand it. Deleuze and Guattari argue that the oedipal model of the family is a kind of organization that colonizes its members, represses their desires, and gives them complexes. Such psychological repression forms docile individuals. Furthermore, they argue that a capitalist society needs a powerful tool to counteract the explosive force of desire, which has the potential to threaten its structures of exploitation, servitude, and hierarchy; the nuclear family is the powerful tool able to counteract those forces. Pierre subjected to the Oedipal structure resists the “law of the father” when realizing the existence of his illegitimate half-sister, Isabel who he gets married to later. As Isabel, a minoritarian, is not subordinated to the Oedipal structure, her existence itself threatens Mrs. Glendinning who represents a majority and she has a revolutionary power to deconstruct the fictitious organization of Oedipus complex.

      • KCI등재

        TextRank 알고리즘을 이용한 음악 가사 요약 기법

        손지영,신용태 한국멀티미디어학회 2018 멀티미디어학회논문지 Vol.21 No.1

        This research paper describes how to summarize music lyrics using the TextRank algorithm. This method can summarize music lyrics as important lyrics. Therefore, we recommend music more effectively than analyzing the number of words and recommending music.

      • KCI등재

        나고야의정서와 한국의 유전자원 관련 전통지식 보호 전략

        손지영 한국지식재산연구원 2016 지식재산연구 Vol.11 No.3

        The Nagoya Protocol entered into force on 12 October 2014. This protocol’s provision on access to traditional knowledge narrowly defines its scope as “traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources held by indigenous and local communities(ILC).” However, there are not ILCs which can be recognized by the international community in Korea. Accordingly, Korea cannot claim its rights of the present traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources through PIC or MAT under the Nagoya protocol. Besides, the present international and national law related to traditional knowledge can not provide any protection for Korea’s traditional knowledge under the ABS system. Thus, this article suggests that the Korean government should come up with its protection strategies: ① national regulation, ② FTA plus approach, ③ Model MAT, ④ IP regulation, and ⑤ additional measures, such as excavation, documentation, and DB of traditional knowledge. 2014년 10월 12일 「유전자원에 대한 접근 및 유전자원의 이용으로부터 발생하는 이익의 공정하고 공평한 공유에 대한 나고야의정서」가 발효되었다. 나고야의정서는 그 물적 범위를 “유전자원 및 관련 전통지식”으로 정하고 있다. 협상과정에서 전통지식의 범위를 “토착지역공동체가 보유한 유전자원관련 전통지식”으로 한정하였다. 그러나 한국과 일본은 UNEP정의에 따른개념의 토착지역공동체가 존재하지 않으므로, 동 의정서 체제 내에서 사전통보승인(PIC) 및 상호합의조건(MAT)을 통하여 유전자원 관련 전통지식의보호를 주장할 수 없다. 그러나 유전자원 관련 전통지식이 토착지역공동체가 보유한 것이 아니더라도 개인 혹은 지역사회가 보유한 전통지식이 존재한다. 게다가 국내 현존하는 유전자원 관련 전통지식에 대한 해외 수요가 존재하므로, 이에 상응하는 보호 법제가 필요하다. 현재 논의되고 있는 국내외법제의 보호방안은 이러한 한국의 입장을 반영하고 있지 않다. 따라서 본고는 2016년 20대 국회에 제출되어 있는 국내이행법률의 전통지식의 물적 범위 수정, FTA체결 시, 상대국가에 따라서 국내 유전자원 관련 전통지식의 보호규정을 삽입, 표준화된 MAT의 정비, 지식재산권 확보를 통하여 이러한 개인, 지역공동체 혹은 보유주체가 존재하지 않는 전통지식의 경우도 보호받을 수 있도록 할 것을 제시하고자 한다. 또 유전자원 관련 전통지식의 발굴, 문서화 및 DB화하는 노력도 병행되어야 할 것이다.

      • KCI등재

        국고보조금 관리법의 벌칙 규정의 구조와 적용 한계

        손지영 한국제도경제학회 2018 제도와 경제 Vol.12 No.4

        1963년에 제정된 ‘보조금 관리에 관한 법률’이 최근 사립 유치원의 ‘국고지원금’ 횡령 문제와 연관하 여 일반인의 관심을 받으며 언론에 오르내리고 있다. ‘국고지원금’과는 달리 ‘국고보조금’은 회계처리가 상대적으로 구체적이라는 점과 함께 관련 법률에 몇몇 처벌 규정을 두고 있다는 점에서 구체적인 차이 가 있다. 유치원에 대해 지원금이 아닌 보조금을 교부하여야 한다는 의견에는 이러한 점이 기초하고 있 다. 그러나 보조금법의 처벌 규정에 대해서는 실제 법적 문제 사례 건수가 보조금 수급기관의 수나 그 금 액에 비추어 볼 때 상대적으로 적어 그 법적 한계를 명확히 설정하기에 부족하다는 점뿐만 아니라, 기 본적으로 처벌 규정의 구조와 적용 여부 및 한계에 대해 조문을 확인한 민간 보조금 수급기관들이 정 확히 어떤 행위가 처벌되는 행위인지를 인지하기 쉽지 않아 보인다는 문제점도 지적된다. 2018년 우리나라 예산 중 전체 국고보조금 규모는 66.9조원으로 민간 보조금 규모는 16.8조원을 차 지한다. 국고보조금의 규모는 매년 증가하는 추세를 보이고 있는데, 이러한 상황 하에서 ‘보조금 관리 에 관한 법률’의 추상적인 처벌 규정들은 민간의 보조사업 수행자 다수가 법률 위반자로 이어질 가능성 을 내포하고 있다. 이를 통제하기 위해서는 보조금법 처벌규정에 대한 명확한 해석 기준이 필요해 보인 다. 제39조의4, 제40조, 제41조, 제42조, 제43조에 관하여 관련 판례와 형법상 관련 처벌 조문들의 해 석을 기초로 각 규정들의 구조와 적용 한계에 대해 논의해 보고자 한다. The ‘Act on the Grants-in-aid management’ enacted in 1963 is recently brought to the public attention because of the issue on embezzlement of public money of support fund by private kindergartens. Unlike ‘government support fund’, ‘Grants-in-aid’ has specific differences in that accounting treatment is relatively specific and some punishments are stipulated in related laws. This is based on the opinion that a kindergarten should be given a grants-in-aid rather than a government support fund. However, in relation to the punishment provisions of the Act on the Grants-in-aid management, the number of actual cases of legal problems is relatively small in view of the number and amount of grants-in-aid recipients so it’s not sufficient to set the legal limit clearly. Also it is pointed out that the private grant-in-aid recipients who have checked the punishment provisions on Structure and application of laws and limitations can’t recognize exactly what kind of action is punishable. In 2018, the total amount of grants-in-aid in the Korean Government Budget is 66.9 trillion Korean Won, for private grants-in-aid account for 16.8 trillion Korean Won. The size of grants-in-aid is increasing every year. Under these circumstances, the abstract punishment provisions of the ‘Act on the Grants-in-aid management’ implies that many of the private grants-in-aid business operator may lead to legal violations. In order to control this, a clear interpretation standard for the punishment provisions of the ‘Act on the Grants-in-aid management’, seems necessary. In regard to Article 39-4, Article 40, Article 41, Article 42 and Article 43, the structure and application limitations of the respective provisions shall be discussed in this paper based on the interpretation of the relevant precedent and punishment in criminal law.

      • 『피에르, 혹은 모호함』: 오이디푸스 콤플렉스를 넘어서

        손지영 한국영미어문학회 2016 한국영미어문학회 학술대회 발표논문집 Vol.2016 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

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