http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Morphological changes in the uterine and vaginal epithelial cells of the Korean native goats were studied in fifteen primiparous goats slaughtered on the day of parturition and on days 1, 3, 10 and 21 postpartum. 15 uterus and vagina from goats were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results obtained in this study were summarized as follows : 1. Transmission electron microscopically, long microvilli which sometimes ramified were found until 10 days postpartum, while short microvilli were found at 21 days. The high electron dense irregular-shaped mitochondria were found in the cytoplasm and the crystalline structure of the mitochondrial matrix was also found from 1 day to 10 days postpartum. Well-developed rough-endoplasmic reticulum (rER) with dilated cisternae which contained the proteins materials was observed at 21 days postpartum. These materials were fused each other and then large granules were found in the free surface of the cytoplasm. A few lipid droplets were generally appeared in the cytoplasm, while numerous droplets were found at 21 days postpartum. A moderate number of ribosomes, a few multivesicular bodies, vesicles, lysosomes and macrophages were found. The globule leucocytes were observed from 0 to 3 days postpartum by transmission electron microscopy. The short microvilli, high electron dense cytoplasm and severe indentation of the nuclear enbelope were found in the vaginal epithelium. Numerouos small vesicles and a few vacuoles were observed in the apical cytoplasmic portion of the epithelium. A few mitochondria were high electron dense and irregular in shape. A moderate amounts of microfilaments, loose intercellular space and dilated rER were also found at 21 days postpartum. 2. Scanning electron microscopically, the folds of the uterine mucosa were generally deep. The long microvilli of the epithelium were found until 3 days postpartum, while short microvili were found at 10 and 21 days postpartum. The distinct intercellular boundary was seen. The apporcine secretory profile of the epithelium observed at between 3 and 10 days postpartum and the cells were somewhat protruded into the lumen. The short microvilli were found on the surface of the protruded cells, while polygonal microridge profile of the epithelium and some dome-shaped epithelium were also observed at 21 days postpartum. The folds of the vaginal mucosa were deep and epithelium was polygonal in shape. The microvilli of the epithelium were long until 3 days postpartum, while they were short at 10 and 21 days. The polygonal epithelium was invaginated into the center of the cell surface until 10 days postpartum. The microridge and dome in shape of the epithelium were found at 10 days postpartum, while the polygonal and exfoliating epithelium were observed at 21 days.
There are found three types of the English prefix un-in contexts. The first type is very productive, chiefly with adjectives and derived adjectives, assigning the negative meaning to the bases. The second type derives the reversative meaning with its affixation to some pure transitive verbs or some denominal verbs. The other derives the privative meaning, as combined with some denominal verbs. This article deals with the second reversative un-and attempts to clarify the reason why the prefix un-conveys the reversative meaning instead of the negative meaning, in which cases it is affixed to some pure transitive verbs and some denominal verbs. In section 3, I consider how the semantic structure of the sentences involving un-transitive verbs can be analysed under pustejovsky(2000)'s assumptions. In section 4, moreover, I introduce Smith(1991)'s temporal contour approach and Dowty(1979)'s decompositional approach. This former emphasizes the temporal contour of the situation which the predicate describes. The latter emphasizes semantic parameters such as change-of-state and causation. Through the two approaches, we discuss the fact that the prefix un- is closely related to stativity and telicity.
We examine the characteristics of NDI (negative degree inversion) and its relation with other inversion phenomena such as SVI (subject-verb inversion) and SAI (subject-auxiliary inversion)1. The negative element in the NDI construction may be not, a negative adverbial, or a negative verb. In this respect, NDI has similar licensing environments to those of negative polarity items (NPIs). NPIs are licensed only in a negative environment. Borroff (2006) deals with characteristics of NDI in detail, but she does not explain the relation between NDI and other inversion phenomena in English. Therefore, she fails to capture the generality of the two. I argue that NDI is related to other ICs such as SVI and SAI, focusing on the very nature of these constructions. In English, degreemodified adjectives typically follow the determiner, but they may precede the article in NDI constructions. I argue that this noncanonical word order is related to a specific function, i.e., Green``s (1980) emphatic function. I also argue that the NDI shares this same function with other ICs, such as the SVI and SAI constructions. In this respect, the nature of the NDI will be more clearly revealed when we examine these inversion phenomena together, not respectively. Therefore, further studies should be focused on why a speaker uses this noncanonical word order instead of the canonical word order.
Analysis of TOEIC Scores (Comparing Intensive Course with Regular Course) The purpose of this paper is to compare and analyze TOEIC scores of two kinds of courses opened at a university and the distribution of TOEIC scores of two groups. In addition, this paper will examine the ability of participants and the used instructional materials and equipment. The university has two kinds of TOEIC courses; one is a four-week intensive course opened in summer and winter vacations, where students participate in the classes from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. The other is a regular TOEIC course, offering one-hour class every day from Monday to Friday during the university semester (15 weeks). This paper points out how important, the EFL/ESL teacher education, teaching materials, teaching methods and e-learning in operating more effective classes. The intensive TOEIC course and the regular TOEIC course include 120 hours and 75 hours a semester, respectively. Unfortunately, both courses have such a limited amount of time that students cannot achieve their fluent and perfect command of English. For Korean student to master English in a limited amount of both time and resources, the development of effective and qualitative EFL/ESL Intensive courses is essential.
The government has recently been proposing a model for the development of universities in order to strengthen the capacity of humanities colleges, and saying that each university will voluntarily develop plans for the development of humanities according to individual circumstances through financial support. The drastic change in the industrial structure along with the decrease in the number of school-age population due to the falling birth rate has highlighted the drop in the employment rate of humanities students. In response, the government has implemented a college grading system based on the evaluation results of university restructuring and is pressuring low-level universities to reduce their quota and reduce support. In the course of this change, universities designated humanities colleges as primary targets for consolidation. This study focuses on the direction of change in the liberal arts college that the government is pushing in the 4th Industrial Revolution Era, the age of low birth, and the height of employment, and examines problems that can arise in integrating humanities colleges with practical sciences such as management, design, IT, CT, and engineering as part of the liberal arts reform. In addition, one example of a local private university shows that the process of liberal arts integration can be educational and harmful. 정부는 시대의 흐름에 발맞추어 대학구조조정 정책의 일환으로 인문대의 역량 강화를 위해 대학의 발전모델을 제시하고 각 대학들은 개별 여건에 따라 자율적으로 인문학 발전계획 수립을 재정 지원을 통해 유도할 것임을 밝히고 있다. 출산율 저하에 따른 학령인구 감소와 함께 산업구조의 급격한 변화는 인문대 학생들의 취업률 저하를 외면적으로 부각시켰다. 이에 정부는 대학 구조개혁 평가결과에 따른 대학 등급화를 시행하고, 낮은 등급의 대학들에게 정원감축, 지원축소 등을 압박하고 있다. 이런 변화의 과정에서 대학들은 인문대를 일차적 통폐합 대상으로 지명했다. 본 연구는 4차 산업혁명시대, 저출산의 시대, 취업란이 고조되는 시대에서 정부가 추진하고 있는 인문대 변화의 방향성을 살펴보고, 인문대 개혁의 일환으로 인문대를 경영, 디자인, IT, CT, 공대와 같은 실용학문과 융합시키는 과정에서 파생될 수 있는 문제점을 검토하고 이와 함께 융합의 바람직한 방향성에 대한 논의에 초점을 둔다. 또한 지방사립대학의 한 예를 통해 성급한 인문대의 통폐합 과정이 오히려 교육적으로 여러 가지 폐해를 가져올 수 있다는 점을 살펴본다.
Previous studies have considered that the Korean verb ´cwuta´should be divided into three types : a lexical verb ´cwuta´, (as a participant of a compound verb): and an auxiliary verb ´cwuta´. The former cannot be used independdently in a sentence as a 3-place predicate. The second combines with other lexical verbs to form the compound verb. The latter serves as a helping verb (or an auxiliary verb), which adds the implication of ´service´or ´way´to the main verb. However, the second seems to assing the theta-role of ´goal´to dative NP´, while the latter doesn´t. We claim that the dative NP should be assumed to be an adverbial phrase which means ´for NP´or ´instead of NP´, since the existence of the dative NP is optional like that of other adverbial phrases. In this sense, the second is claimed to be an auxiliary verb like the latter. Finally, the structure of ´cwuta´constructions is analyzed.
This article assumes, following the assumptions of Oosten (1986) and Iwata (1999), that English middle constructions can be divided into two types: generic middle constructions and non-generic middle constructions. The former are interpreted as generic as well as take present tense and an implicit agent subject which is interpreted generically, whereas the latter are interpreted as specific and take past tense and progressive aspect with its implicit agent subject interpreted non- generically. The two types of middle constructions can be distinguished as follows: First, subjects of middle constructions possess theme, patient, instrument, location, experiencer, etc., that is, the other theta roles than agent. Subjects of English middle constructions are assumed to be an amalgam. Thus, theta roles in thematic hierarchy are combined with cause role in aspectual hierarchy under the assumptions of Grimshaw (1990). In generically interpreted middle constructions, the property of subject assumes the primary responsibility for the event denoted by middle verb and plays the part of cause; in non-generically interpreted middle constructions, a specific event or situation plays the part of cause. Second, middle verbs are lexically derived from transitive activity or accomplishment verbs, including [-state, +process] aspect features. After derivations, the verbs of generically interpreted middle constructions possess [+state, +process, +repetition] aspect feature, and those of non-generically interpreted middle constructions, [-state, +process, -repetition]. Third, the subjects of generically interpreted middle constructions are indefinite/generic, and those of non-generically interpreted middle constructions are definite/non-generic. The presence or absence of genericity in the subjects of middle constructions is closely related to the aspect features of middle verbs.