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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the radiation dose reduction and the image quality during CT scanning by using a new dose reduction fiber sheet (DRFS) with commercially available bismuth shields. These DRFS, were composed of nano-barium sulfate (BaSO4) filling the gaps left by the large bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) particles. The radiation dose was measured five times at a direction of 12 o'clock from the center of the polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) head phantom by using a CT ionization chamber to calculate an average value. The image quality of measured CT transverse images of the PMMA head phantom depended on the X-ray tube voltage and the type of shielding. Two regions of interest in the CT transverse images were chosen, one from the right area and the other from the left area under the surface of the PMMA head phantom and at a distance of ion chamber holes located in a direction of 12 o'clock from the center of the PMMA head phantom. The results of this study showed that the new DRFS shields could reduce the dosages by 15.61%, 23.05%, and 22.71% at 90 kVp, 120 kVp, and 140 kVp, respectively, than with these of a conventional bismuth shield of the same thickness while maintaining image quality. In addition, the DRFSs produced were about 25% thinness than conventional bismuth. We conclude, therefore, that a DRFS can replace conventional bismuth as a new shield.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between radiation information sources and major selection satisfaction in radiologic science students of Korean and American. The subjects of this study were first-grade and second-grade at one university in Chungbuk, Korea and one university in Texas, USA. The survey study investigated from May 7, 2019 to May 28, 2019. As a result, first, these college students in both countries used the internet the most as them, but the percentage of information collected through textbooks was significantly higher among American college students. Second, Korean college students had a higher level of reliability in information sources than American college students in the order of internet, newspapers, and social network service (SNS), except government prints. Third, American college students had significantly higher satisfaction in major selection than Korean college students. Fourth, Korean college students were helped to select majors through various information sources, especially, the correlation coefficient between SNS was significantly higher. 본 연구에서는 한국과 미국 방사선학과 대학생들을 대상으로 방사선 정보원과 전공 선택 만족도의 상관관계를 분석하고자 하였다. 본 연구의 대상자는 한국의 충북 소재의 일개 4년제 대학교와 미국의 텍사스 주 소재의 일개 4년제 대학교의 방사선학과 1, 2 학년을 대상으로 하였다. 설문조사는 2019년 5월 7일부터 5월 28일까지 방사선 정보원과 정보원 신뢰도 그리고 방사선학과 선택 만족도에 대해 자기기입방식으로 조사하였다. 그 결과 첫째, 양국 대학생 모두 인터넷을 가장 많이 사용하는 정보원이지만 교과서를 통한 정보 수집 비중은 미국 대학생들이 유의하게 높았다. 둘째, 한국 대학생들은 미국 대학생들보다 정보원에 대한 신뢰도가 정부의 인쇄물을 제외한 인터넷, 신문, 소셜 네트워크 순으로 유의하게 높았다. 셋째, 미국의 대학생들은 한국 대학생들보다 방사선학과 선택 만족도가 유의하게 높았다. 넷째, 한국 대학생들은 다양한 정보원을 통해 전공 선택에 도움을 받고 있었으며 특히, 소셜 네트워크간의 상관계수가 유의하게 높은 상관관계를 나타냈다.
The purpose of this study was to evaluation of performance in educational multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). We analyzed of AAPM(american association of physicists in medicine) CT performance phantom in the CT accreditation program. The modular phantom offered the CT system with nine performance parameters. The parameters are listed of CT attenuation coefficient of water, noise, uniformity, linearity, spatial resolution, contrast resolution, slice thickness, artifacts and alignment, real distance and angle measurement. And then we measured absorbed dose evaluation by using ion chamber with head phantom and body phantom. The results obtained were as follows; CT number was 3.7±2 HU, noise was 3.5±3 HU, uniformity was 0.9±3 HU, linearity was < ±10 HU, spatial resolution was 0.6 mm, contrast resolution was 6.4 mm, slice thickness was 4.4±6 mm, artifacts and alignment was no sign and 1.2±5 mm, the measurement of distance and angle were 138±8 mm and 139±7°. For absorbed dose, the central part and the peripheral part of head phantom were 26.5±0.3 mGy and 27.7±1.1 mGy, respectively. For body phantom, the central part and the peripheral part were 9.5±0.4 mGy and 19.0±0.5 mGy. Finally educational MDCT were showed excellently in all equipments.
The purpose of this study was to perform an actual proof analysis on the effects of the image of radiological technologist by radiation awareness and general characteristics in the freshman of health-medical college. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires targeting the freshman students from 15 March to 10 April in 2014. The results showed that the radiation awareness had the highest explanatory power. Radiation majoring students, radiation relates education, risk of radiation, benefit of radiation, control of radiation were found to be the factors that mostly affect the image of radiological technologist. In conclusion, it is suggested that in order to improve of the image of radiological technologist are required promotion for benefit of radiation and a specific control strategy for radiation.
Recently, advance on various modalities of diagnosing, prostate volume estimation became possible not only by the existing two-dimension medical images data but also by the three-dimensional medical images data. In this study, magnetic resonance image (MRI), computer tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) were employed to evaluate prostate phantom volume measurements for estimation, comparison and analysis. For the prostate phantoms aimed at estimating the volume, total of 17 models were developed by using devils-tongue jelly and changing each of the 5ml of capacity from 20ml to 100ml. For the volume estimation through 2D US, the calculation of the diameter with C9-5Mhz transducer was conducted by ellipsoid formula. For the volume estimation through 3D US, the Qlab software (Philips Medical) was used to calculate the volume data estimated by 3D9-3Mhz transducer. Moreover, the images by 16 channels CT and 1.5 Tesla MRI were added by the method of continuous cross-section addition and each of imaginary prostate model's volume was yielded. In the statistical analysis for comparing the availability of volume estimation, the correlation coefficient (r) was more than 0.9 for all indicating that there were highly correlated, and there were not statistically significant difference between each of the correlation coefficient (p=0.001). Therefore, the estimation of prostate phantom volume using three-dimensional modalities of diagnosing was quite closed to the actual estimation.
The purpose of this study was to compensate of error in the cerebral vessels subtraction by using 3-dimension of automatic image fusion. The 20 patients who requested brain angiography were examined all the settings by 512 × 512 matrix size in order to get the same matrix size. The 3-dimension data sets of the pre scan data and the post data were obtained same as a field of view (FOV). We used the 16 multi-channel computed tomography (MDCT) that the scan parameters were the 0.5 seconds for the X-ray tube rotation time, the thickness of 2.0 mm, and increment of 1 mm. The obtained 3-dimension data sets extracted from the cerebral vessels by using automatic inter(=mono)-modality registration application. However the error was occurred by the patient's temporomandibular joint motion. So this study suggested the compensate method that the patient bit the bar. Finally the errors in the cerebral vessels subtraction by using 3-dimension of automatic image fusion were reduced.
The purpose of this study was to present simulation training model for general X-ray examinations and to analyze the errors that occur during the simulation training. From 2012 to 2018, a total of 183 students (77 men and 106 women) participated. The simulated X-ray system used computed radiography (CR) system. The contents of simulation training were patient's care, X-ray examinations accuracy, images stability, etc. As a result, it were found that the patient's position setting error, the accuracy error of the X-ray beam central ray, the image receptor's size and setting error, the error of the grid use, the marking error, and the error of X-ray exposure technical factors. It is expected that improved practical general X-ray examinations training of radiographer will be needed, focusing on these errors, so that we could contribute to the health care of the people by providing precise examinations and high quality medical service. 본 연구에서는 일반 X선 검사를 대상으로 시뮬레이션 교육 모델을 제시하고 실습 시 발생하는 오류를 분석하고자 하였다. 2012년부터 2018년까지 총 183명 (남자 77명, 여자 106명)의 학생이 참가하였다. 시뮬레이션 X선 시스템은 컴퓨터방사선영상(computed radiography, CR) 시스템을 이용하였다. 환자 보호, X선 검사의 정확성, 영상의 안정성 등의 검사 프로세스에 발생하는 오류 빈도수를 분석하였다. 그 결과 환자 자세 설정 오류, X선 중심선의 정확성 오류, 영상검출판의 크기 및 위치 설정 오류, 그리드 사용의 오류, 마킹의 오류, X선 조사조건 설정 오류, 조사야 설정의 오류, X선 입사각도의 오류, X선 조사거리의 오류 순으로 분석되었다. 이러한 오류를 중심으로 개선된 방사선사 실습 교육이 필요할 것이며 그로 인하여 정밀한 검사와 고품질의 의료서비스를 제공하여 국민들의 보건의료에 조금이나마 기여할 수 있기를 기대한다.