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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dancesport program on physical fitness and blood C-reactive protein in obese elderly women. Subjects were composed of training group(12) and control group(7). Training group was assigned to practice Rumba, Cha Cha Cha and Jive(40-80%HRmax intensity in beginner level and amateur level) for 1 hour a day, 3 days per a week for 12 weeks. After 12-week dancesport program, cardiovascular endurance(p<.05), muscle strength and balance(p<.01) was significant difference statistically between two groups. After exercising dancesport program in the training group, Cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and balance(p<.05) were improved significantly within the groups, but no differences in control groups. There was no difference between two groups on % body fat and significant difference was not observed within the groups. There was no significant difference in blood C-reactive protein between two groups and within the groups respectively. In conclusion, with a long duration of exercise and dietary treatment, positive influences are expected to improve the factors of physical fitness and blood C-reactive protein of the obese elderly people.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the annual performance of the higher group(1-50) and the lower group(51-100) based on the data of 800 people provided by KLPGA from 2010 to 2017, analyzing the tendency of change of performance according to the year and analyzing the differences among groups of performance were as follows. First, the prize money average increased from KRW 92,000,000 in 2010 to KRW 191,000,000 in 2017, but it is necessary to consider the low ranking players in a way that 61% of the total prize money is concentrated in the top(1-10). Second, the higher group players(1-50) showed statistically significant improvement in performance from all items as the year progressed. Third, the lower players(51-100) showed a statistically significant improvement in performance from all items as the year progressed. Fourth, the difference between the higher and lower group showed statistically significant superiority among all measures and their performance was consistent. In conclusion, The higher group(1-50) players belonging to the Korea Ladies Professional Golf Association(KLPGA) seem to be preparing for the birth of the second ‘Park In-Bee’ as the years progressively improved greatly in all the measurement items.
연령의 증가에 따른 생리학적 기능의 감소는 일상 스트레스에 저항할 수 있는 능력을 감소시키고, 이는 노쇠함이란 개념으로 특징 지워진다. 노쇠함이란 노인병학과 깊은 연관이 있으며, 이는 일상생활도 감소, 낙상, 체력저하, 의기소침, 및 사망률 증가와도 관련이 있는 것으로 보고되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 연령증가에 따른 근감소증 비만인에게 나타나는 면역력의 감소기전 제시와 운동활동의 예방 및 치료효과에 관한 최근 10여년간 이 분야에서 수행된 최신 선행연구결과들을 펍메드 데이터 베이스를 활용하여 많은 자료를 수집한 후 연구주제에 맞게 저자의 실험연구 등을 바탕으로 비교 및 분석하고자 하였다. 본 연구의 목적을 이루기 위하여 본론에서는 주제1에서 연령증가에 따라 근 감소증 비만인에게 나타나는 면역력의 저하와 주제2에서는 근감소증 비만인의 운동효과에 대해 분석하기로 하였다. 본 연구결과 연령의 증가에 따른 근감소증 비만은 골밀도를 감소시켜, 골다공증을 유발하게 되고 이는 악액질, 당뇨병, 심장질환, 만성 폐질환 등과 같은 만성질환과 연관이 있으며, 특히 골다공증과 깊은 연관이 있다고 보고하였다. 아울러 면역세포의 노화를 야기하며 면역노화는 노년기에 있어서 염증반응과 항염증반응의 균형이 깨어지므로 나타난다고 보고되고 있으며, 최근 인플라메이징 이라는 개념으로 불리운다. 이는 노화기에 나타나는 만성적인 항원의 자극으로 발생되며, 활성산소나 독성물질 등으로 야기되는 산화적 스트레스를 포함하는 개념이다. 최근, 면역노화가 운동을 통하여 T 세포의 노쇠화를 회복한다고 밝히고 있으며, 규칙적인 운동은 감소되고 있는 T 아형 세포수의 증가를 일으키고, T 세포의 유사분열촉진 반응에서 분열반응의 회복을 확인 하였다. 아울러 면역력의 척도인 CD4: CD8의 비율을 1이하로 유지하는데 큰 역할을 하였으며, 림프구의 면역 감시력의 증가를 통하여 바이러스, 박테리아, 및 악성종양의 변형을 잘 처리하는 것으로 확인했다. 그리고 이러한 면역력의 증가는 규칙적인 운동이 항염증작용을 일으킨 결과라고 주장하고 있으며, 면역력과 염증반응이 원인이 되는 질병율을 낮추기 때문이라는 이론이다. 더욱 중요한 사실은 노년에 맞게 운동강도를 높이는 것 보다는 꾸준한 운동지속력에 무게를 두고 있다. 추후 근감소증 노인 비만에 맞는 최적의 운동프로그램의 개발에 관한 연구와 노인 질환별 운동의 효과에 관한 기전적인 연구가 이루어져야 할 것으로 여겨진다. This paper analyzed the effects of regular physical activity on physiological, health related physical fitness, metabolic rate, bone and muscle function and immune response in elderly sarcopenic obesity. In this purpose, we searched Pubmed data base for the experimental papers include review papers having the terms ‘sarcopenic obesity’, ‘physical activity’, and ‘elderly’ in the title, published from 2005 until 2018. A total over 120 research papers displayed, out of which almost 30 research papers were exactly relevant to this research project. In this paper, we evaluated and analyzed two main topics such as sarcopenic obesity syndrome and the effects of physical activity and exercise. on sarcopenic obesity related diseases and immune responses. Apoptosis plays a central role in old age, a period in which the ability of can change. The increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines is associated with the neuronal function, dementia, sarcopenia, syndrome X disease and immune dysfunction. Osteosarcopenia is also associated with significant physical disability, meaning a threat to the loss of independence. Therefore, through moderate physical activity, the modulation of apoptosis process and immune function can be beneficial effects to reduce aging process as well as inflammation, immune dysfunction. From the results, regular physical activity might exerts an anti-immunosenescence effects, means delaying the immunological aging and increase the function of lymphocyte immune-surveillance, therefore lymphocytes search tissues for antigens from bacteria, virus or even cancers.
이한준(Han Jun Lee),서한교(Han Kyo Seo),전태원(Tae Won Jun),김경래(Kyeong Lae Kim),박익렬(Ik Ryeul Park),이광희(Kwang Hee Lee),박성태(Sung Tae Park),김기정(Ki Jeong Kim),서동일(Dong Il Seo),박은경(Eun Kyung Park) 한국사회체육학회 2007 한국사회체육학회지 Vol.0 No.31
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of regular exercise on cardiopulmonary function in patients with CHF during 12 weeks. 30 patients with CHF (EF<40) participated in this study. The subjects were randomly assigned to three groups; supervised exercise group(N=10), home-based exercise group(N=10), control group(N=10). Exercise testing by cycle ergometry was used as 10W ramp protocol. VO2peak, HRrest, HRpeak, BP, exercise tolerance and half time were analyzed. Exercise intensity was 60%HRR or 60%VO2R. The results of the study can be summarized as follows:1. There was significant difference of VO2peak among three groups. SG and HG wsignificant increased than control group(p<.05). 2. HRrest was decreased significantly after exercise in HG(p<.05). 3. HRpeak was not significant difference among three groups, but significant decreased after exercise in SG(p<.05). 4. SBPrest was no significant difference among three groups. But SG and HG were significant decreased than control group(p<.05). 5. DBPrest was no significant difference among three groups, but significant decreased after exercise in HG(p<.05). 6. Exercise tolerance(duration) was significant increased after exercise in SG and HG(p<.05). But control group was significant decreased after exercise(p<.05). 7. Half time was significant decrease after exercise in both exercise groups(p<.05).
The purpose of this study is to testify the effectiveness of the approaching with exercise for ankle joint instability caused by repetitive ankle sprain, and to provide the essential data on rehabilitation exercise. Chronic ankle joint instability can cause the change of structure of the soft tissue around the ankle by repetitive ankle sprain, and it also brings out a lot of issue such as dysfunction on the safety of neuromuscular control and musculoskeletal system on the ankle joint. Therefore we have studied about what is the function of the ankle, and definition, classify, feature, treatment and rehabilitation exercise approach of injury mechanism and ankle joint instability. The outcome of this study tells us when programing the rehabilitation exercise program, not only the ankle joint, it also need to consider about the balance with the other part of the body, power of the muscular and neuromuscular control, and it is required to have effective guideline of rehabilitation exercise program for preventing from becoming chronic.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of lower body muscle strengthening exercises on middle-aged women during 10min/day, 5time/week, 8week Riding action(exercise), Taekwon action(exercise) and Lunge action(exercise). Also, in order to maintain awareness and awareness of exercise, we encouraged the volunteer to participate in the exercise voluntarily for 10minute once a day by using ‘exercise alert’ of SmartBand(Watch). The results were as follows. First, Body Composition showed significant changes in before and after exercise muscle mass, body fat mass and body fat percentage. Second, Blood Components showed significant changes in triglyceride(TG) and high density cholesterol(HDL) before and after exercise. Third, there was a significant difference in Basic Physical Fitness between right hand strength, back strength, flexibility and balance. In conclusion, the 10minute/day resistive lower body enhancement exercise showed a positive change in body composition, blood components, and basic physical fitness. Therefore 10minute daily exercise method for individual health management is considered to be an effective exercise method.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate isokinetic muscle strength, spasticity, and gait speed in adults with stroke following 6 weeks isokinetic muscle strength exercises. METHODS: 26 adults stroke patients were recruited, and divided 2 groups. The exercise training performed 6 weeks general exercise therapy with isokinetic exercise (n=13), and control group (n=13) a general exercise therapy only. The rate of change in isokinetic strength, gait speeds between groups, and spasticity between groups using Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) were compared before and after training. Paired and independent t-tests were used for statistic analysis (p<.05). RESULTS: The results were as follows: First, the hip flexor and extensor of the exercise group were significantly (p<.05) higher than control group at each velocity. However, the hip flexor of the control group was only significant at 30 °/sec and 120 °/sec, and the hip extensor of the control group was significant at 30 °/sec (p<.05). As a result of comparing the rate of change in isokinetic muscle strength at each velocity before and after treatment, the hip extensor was seen to best statistically significant at each velocity but the hip flexor was significant at 30 °/sec and 120 °/sec (p<.05). Secondly, gait speeds increased after 6 weeks training in both groups; but, there was no significant improvement (p>.05). The rate of changes in gait speeds was significant (p<.05). Thirdly, two adults with stroke at level 1+ in the Modified Ashward Scale of the control group decreased to 1 and there was no difference in the exercise group. However, one of nine adults with stroke in the control group and one of ten adults with stroke in the exercise group increased level from 1 to 1+ and three of four adults with stroke in control group and one of three adults with stroke decreased level from 1+ to 1. There was no significant difference in spasticity between groups (p>.05). CONCLUSIONS: Stroke with mild spastic hemiplegia patient``s isokinetic exercise for hip extensor and flexor is approximately six weeks in strength, therefore it helps to strengthen and improve walking speed, spasticity its impact on the big it can not.
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본 연구는 운동생리학과 관련된 초등체육 연구 동향을 살펴보고, 이를 토대로 초등체육에서 운동생리학 관련 연구 가 지향해야 할 방향을 제시하는데 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 2001년부터 2019년까지 한국체육학회지와 한국초등체 육학회에서 이루어진 연구 중 운동생리학과 관련된 120편의 연구 내용을 연구 주제를 중심으로 메타 분석하였다. 연구 결과, 선행연구들은 크게 건강과 비만, 체력분석 및 건강교육, 성장 및 기타의 세 가지로 범주화되었다. 범주 화된 연구들을 운동생리학의 교육적 관점에서 검토한 결과 정규 교육과정과 관련성이 적은 연구, 빅데이터를 활용 한 거시적 측면의 연구 부재, 건강교육의 이론적 기반이 될 연구 부족, 교육현장에 적용되기 어려운 용어 사용과 결 과 제시 형식의 문제점이 도출되었다. 발전 방향으로는 학교 현장에 실질적 도움을 주는 연구 제공, 건강․안전 영역 의 통합적 틀 제시, 빅데이터 활용 연구를 위한 학계와 현장의 노력을 제시하고자 한다. This study aims to examine the trends of elementary physical education related to exercise physiology and to suggest the future directions. To address these, contects of about 120 studies in the Korean Journal of Physical Education and the Korean Society of Elementary Physical Education were reviewed based on their topics, subjects. As results of reviewing the topics, the preceding studies were categorized into three categories: health and obesity, fitness analysis and health education, growth, and others. The categorized studies were reviewed from the educational point of view and the 4 problems, ‘not related to the formal curriculum’, ‘the absence of macroscopic research using big data’, ‘the lack of research to be the theoretical basis of health education’, and ‘the difficult terms and format applied to the educational field’ were derived. The direction of development is to ‘provide research that provides practical help to the elemantary school’, ‘suggest an integrated framework in the health and safety education’, and ‘present academic and field efforts for big data application research’.