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This study was done to examine the relationship between family support and self-care performance. Data were collected from 139 patients who had chronic renal failure and regular hemodialysis from August 7th to 28th. 2000. The questionnaire used in this study was composed of three dimensions: general characteristics of the hemodialysis patient, family support, and self-care performance. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation using SAS. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score of family support perceived by subjects was 3.77 ± 0.98 2. The mean score of self-care performance was 3.50 ± 0.69. 3. The difference between family support and self-care performance according to general characteristics of subjects was as follows. 1) In family support, there were significant difference in marriage(F=9.32, p=.0001), the presence of assistance(F=5.31, p=.0005), medical insurance(F=18.50, p=.0001), families' monthly income(F=10.95, p=.0001), and number of people in the home(F=4.00, p=.0006). 2) In self-care performance, there were significant difference in marriage(F=3.88, p=.0052), medical insurance(F=15.51, p=.0001), families' monthly income(F=4.0l, p=.0091), and period of dialysis(F=4.04, p=.0087). 4. The correlation between family support and self-care performance was statistically significant(r=O.64, p=.001). Therefore the hypothesis of this study "There was the relationship between family support and self-care performance." was supported. As a result, family support brings increase of self-care performance.