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      • KCI등재

        부동산중개업법 제9차개정(안)의 이상과 현실

        서진형(Seo jin Hyoung) 한국부동산법학회 2005 不動産法學 Vol.12 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The essential features of the real estate brokerage law preliminary announced on September 26th, 2003, are to prohibit writing a double contract, which has been the reason of real estate speculation and tax evasion and to lead a real estate broker to report the contents of a transaction contract to the authorities concerned on the basis of the actual transaction price. Although the government has an understandable purpose for the revision, there are several aspects resulted from not considering the reality in the excess of ideal opinions. Therefore, this thesis aims at identifying the issues and problems cased by the revision and presenting solutions. First, it cannot become a fundamental solution to impose the obligation to file the actual transaction price only upon a broker. In other words, a relying party to a transaction should be bound in duty to give notification. Second, when holding auction and public auction, everyone is allowed to stand proxy for requesting purchase in principle. Therefore, bidding proxy, which has been given only to judicial scriveners and lawyers in an attempt to bring an auction service into the open and to increase people's benefits, also has to be granted to a broker. Third, when a broker conducts transactions with relying parties such as a seller and a lessor, he should be obliged to put their registered seal to a document. Since confirming authenticity or possibility of forgery with a seal impression certificate is an impracticable proposition, it should not become institutionalized. Finally, in order to settle these issues and problems and to realize the government's objective on the plan, it is required to establish an environment where a real estate broker can lead a property market to boost and the transaction system to become transparent. Moreover, people's burdens should become minimized through the tax rate adjustment of real estate taxes and the unification of an assessment standard.

      • KCI등재

        학령기 경도지적장애아동의 단어의미제시조건에 따른 보통명사와 추상명사 단어 의미 추론

        서진경(Seo, Jin-Kyung), 황민지(Hwang, Min-Ji), 이은주(Lee, Eun-Ju) 단국대학교 특수교육연구소 2017 특수교육논총 Vol.33 No.1

        연구목적: 본 연구는 단어의미제시조건 및 명사유형에 따라 학령기 경도지적장애아동과 언어연령일치아동, 생활연령일치아동의 단어의미추론 능력에 어떤 차이가 있는지 살펴보는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 연구방법: 경도지적장애아동 10명, 언어연령일치아동 10명, 생활연령일치아동 10명을 대상으로 아동에게 새로운 단어를 정의제시조건과 문맥제시조건으로 제시하여 단어의 의미를 추론하도록 하였으며, 오반응을 보인 경우 오류 유형 별로 빈도 및 오류율을 살펴보았다. 연구결과: 첫째, 경도지적장애아동은 단어의미제시조건 및 명사유형에 따른 단어의미추론에서 생활연령일치아동과 언어연령일치아동에 비해 수행점수가 낮았다. 둘째, 보통명사의 경우 경도지적장애아동과 언어연령일치아동은 정의제시조건에서 더 높은 수행점수가 나타났으며, 추상명사의 경우에는 문맥제시조건에서 더 높은 수행점수를 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 오류 유형을 분석한 결과 경도지적장애아동이 일반아동 집단에 비해 오답 보기 중 관련 없는 문장을 선택한 비율이 높다는 결과가 도출되었다. 결론: 위의 결과를 종합해볼 때, 경도지적장애아동에게 명사의 종류에 따라 정의제시조건과 문맥제시조건을 제시하여 새로운 단어의 의미를 추론하도록 중재하는 것이 도움이 될 것이다. Purpose: In this research, based on the word meaning presentation conditions and the type of noun, the school-age children with mild intellectual disabilities(MI), typically developing children with the same linguistic age(LA), typically developing children with the same chronological age(CA) We aimed to investigate if we can see some differences in the ability of word meaning inferencing. Method: The participants were 10 MI, 10 LA, 10 CA. The task of the experiment is to have the children infer the meanings of new vocabulary presented in terms of definition and context. The study also analyzes the children"s error responses: how frequently the children have made errors according to whether they chose relevant or irrelevant sentences. Result: Following are the results of the study. First, MI have underperformed the other two groups of children when inferring meanings of vocabulary under the conditions of presenting definitions and classes of vocabulary. Second, For a concrete nouns, those with MI and LA were better at doing the task in terms of presenting definition. For a abstract nouns, those showed better performance when presented with the context. Last, as a result of the frequency error analyses, Compared with normal group, MI are more likely to choose the example of irrelevant sentence over other incorrect examples. Conclusion: It is necessary to encourage the MI to infer meanings of new words by harnessing ways of language acquisition such as definition presentation and context presentation according to the type of noun.

      • KCI등재

        국가 중요시설경비종사자들의 직무스트레스가 조직몰입에 미치는 영향

        서진석(Seo Jin Seok), 윤두섭(Youn Doo Sup), 이의호(Lee Eui Ho) 한국공안행정학회 2005 한국공안행정학회보 Vol.19 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        본 연구는 국가중요시설 종사자의 조직몰입도에 영향을 주는 직무스트레스 요인을 탐색ㆍ분석하여 궁극적으로 그 요인을 감소시킬 수 있는 정책방향을 제시하는 데 있다. 본래 국가중요시설 조직은 일반 조직과는 구별되는 특성들을 지니고 있다. 그 중 대표적인 특성은 직무의 위험성을 들 수 있다. 국가중요시설 경비업무는 시설이 지니는 목적상 국가안보에 관련된 각종의 위해(危害) 가능성을 항상 내포하고 있다. 이들 위해에는 무장간첩에 의한 직접적인 파괴공작, 국내좌경분자에 의한 위해, 일반 범죄자에 의한 위해 등이 포함된다. 따라서 국가중요시설조직은 일반조직과는 다른 구조적인 특성을 지니고 있으므로 국가중요시설 경비조직에서의 직무스트레스나 조직몰입의 요인들을 탐색ㆍ분석하는데 대한 연구의의를 찾을 수 있을 것이다. 본 연구는 국가중요시설경비종사자들의 직무스트레스가 조직몰입에 어느 정도로 영향을 미치는가에 대한 연구로서 직무스트레스의 수준과 원인을 심층적으로 분석해 보고 그 결과가 조직의 효율성에 영향을 미친다고 일반적으로 알려져 있는 조직몰입과의 관계를 고찰함으로써 궁극적으로는 치안서비스의 질을 제고시키는데 그 목적이 있다. 이러한 관점에서 본 연구의 구체적인 목적을 두 가지로 나누어 제시하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 국가중요시설 경비 종사자의 직무스트레스가 조직몰입에 영향을 미치는 요인 및 이들 간의 인과관계를 실증적으로 분석한다. 둘째, 중요시설 경비 종사자의 조직몰입도에 영향을 주는 직무스트레스 요인들에 대한 실증분석결과를 바탕으로 그 경감방안을 도출함으로서 직무스트레스 요인을 감소시키기 위한 방안을 제시한다. The purpose of this study is to suggest ways for reducing stress-causing elements which can influence the organizational commitments of workers who guard national important facilities. The organizations defending national utilities are basically different from general ones. Now, keeping an eye on national utilities is done mainly by security and special guarders. The security guarders have been transformed in the process of pursuing national security and economic logic in the 1970's. The special ones, as pure civil guardians, are characterized to be influenced by guard-law which is different from the security guardians in the aspect of the application-ground law. Therefore, the study centers on analyzing stressful factors and the organizational consolidation. Besides, it tries to explain the relation of stress and group-commitments having impacts on those who watch national facilities. The category of the study falls into two sides: security and special guardians who engage in patrolling national facilities. In addition, it referred to the relation of work-related pressure and commitments in government organizations, especially the department of police. The category of context in the study is limited to group commitments and work-related strains among various organizational phenomena of national important facilities guard. Details of the study have been collected through documents' records, domestic and international theses, and periodicals. Using these materials, it was able to get useful details such like theoretical grounds and analysis of stress and organizational commitments of guardians who patrol national important equipments.

      • 원저(原著) : 국내거주 여성결혼이민자의 결혼행복감에 영향을 미치는 요인

        서진현 ( Seo Jin Hyun ), 서부일 ( Seo Bu Il ) 대구한의대학교 제한동의학술원 2011 東西醫學 Vol.36 No.4

        Objective The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of family stress to mental health and marital happiness among female marriage immigrants in Korea. Method: The survey in the study targeted 243 people using institutions as female marriage immigrants who reside in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. Questionnaires were returned from July 3, 2010 to July 31, 2010. Analysis of the data from the questionnaires was as follows. Result & Conclusion : The family stress according to the general characteristics of female marriage immigrants is as follows. First, the husband related stress is higher with higher age, lower economic status, and lower health status. Second, the child related stress is higher with longer marriage duration, lower economic status, more children, and lower health status. Third, the spouse`s parents related stress is higher with more members living together, and lower health status. Fourth, the health related stress is higher with lower economic status, less children, and lower health status. Fifth, the economy related stress is higher with lower economic status, and lower health status. By contrast, the mental health according to the general characteristics of female marriage immigrants is higher with higher economic status, less children, and higher health status. The marital happiness according to the general characteristics of female marriage immigrants is higher with lower age, shorter marriage duration, higher economic status, and higher health status. In the factors related marital happiness, the mental health is the most significant factor. The husband related stress is the second significant factor, and the spouse`s parents related stress is the third significant factor.

      • KCI등재

        신규 아파트 초기 분양률 결정요인 분석에 관한 연구

        서진호(Seo, Jin-Ho), 강정규(Kang, Jeong-Gyu) 한국주거환경학회 2014 주거환경(한국주거환경학회논문집) Vol.12 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study was conducted to examine the factors affecting the initial sales of new apartment units considering various variables in the distribution market, which had not been employed in existing studies with 252,281 households from a total of 361 sites from 2001 through 2013. The factors affecting the initial sales of apartment units were divided broadly into internal factors and external factors, and the initial sales within three months after the start of the distribution was set up as a dependent variable. The internal factors were divided into individual complex variable, parcel price variable and location environment variable while the external factors were divided into investment value variable, distribution environment variable and temporal variable. In addition to the overall factors affecting the sales, those depending on timing for sale and activity of the market were also examined. As a result, in the overall analysis, as internal factors, the number of households, business type (reconstruction/general), complex type (flat type+tower type), main pyeong scale, community facilities, deposit ratio, middle payment method, parcel price by area and educational environment (elementary school) were adopted while as external factors, all factors set up by hypotheses, brand value, real estate market state by area, existing apartment price by area, organizational distribution, rate of competition of subscription, realtors (temporary brokers), real estate policy and distribution plan of other companies were adopted. This study analyzed characteristics of the areas including Busan, Gyeongsangnam-do, Ulsan and Daegu to analyze the initial sales of apartment units taking the distinctiveness of the area into consideration, centered around Busan. This study drew out factors determining the sales suitable for the area considering the distinctiveness through an empirical analysis on the factors affecting the initial sales of apartment units, and has a significance in that it suggested an alternative for the distribution policy suitable for the status of the area and specifically analyzed the differences in the factors determining the sales depending on the timing for sale and the activity of the market.

      • KCI등재

        부동산중개제도의 법적 과제 - 공인중개사법을 중심으로 : 부동산중개제도의 법적 과제

        徐鎭亨(Seo Jin Hyeong) 한국토지법학회 2008 土地法學 Vol.24 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        부동산중개제도는 산업 자체의 고도화와 여건변화에 부응할 수 있는 제도개선의 필요성이 매우 높은 실정이다. 본 연구는 공인중개사의업무및부동산거래신고에관한법률이 시행된 지 1년반이 지난 지금 부동산중개제도를 선진적으로 발전시키기 위한 방향을 모색하고자 한다. 이제 우리나라의 부동산중개제도는 국가경제규모보다 국민의 재산권 보호 측면에서 볼 때 부동산중개업을 전문서비스업으로 육성시키고 전문성과 윤리성을 갖춘 전문직업인으로 인식될 수 있도록 전환시키는 제도적 장치가 시급하다. 따라서 공인중개사법을 중심으로 부동산중개제도의 현황과 문제점, 법적과제가 무엇인지 살펴보았다. 공인중개사법을 중심으로 부동산중개제도의 법적과제를 종합하여 정리하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 거래당사자의 재산권보호를 위하여 손해배상책임제도의 업무보증금액을 상향하여야 하며, 중개대상물 확인ㆍ설명제도는 중개업자가 확인ㆍ설명할 수 있도록 조사권한을 대폭적으로 부여하여야 할 것이며, 계약금의 예탁제도가 정착될 수 있도록 의무화 또는 정착방안을 마련하여야 한다. 둘째, 부동산거래의 투명화를 위하여 실거래가 신고제도를 거래당사자에게 신고의무를 부여하는 방안으로 전환하여야 하며, 부동산중개계약의 서면화, 의무화, 또는 인센티브 부여를 통한 정착방안 마련 등의 제도개선이 이루어져야 하며, 부동산거래정보망의 단일화를 통한 관리방안이 마련되어야 할 것이다. 셋째, 부동산중개업 종사자제도 측면에서 공인중개사 제도를 전면적으로 재검토하여야 할 것이며, 사용인의 경우에 공인중개사만이 중개보조원이 될 수 있도록 하고 교육제도를 강화 하여 국민들에게 서비스할 수 있도록 제도개선이 이루어져야 할 것이다. 넷째, 기타 부동산중개제도와 관련하여 중개수수료 제도는 장기적으로 당사자 합의로 할 수 있도록 하고, 중개보수를 성공보수보다는 행위보수체로 전환하는 방안도 고려하여야 할 것이다. 그리고 교육제도를 실무교육중심에서 보수교육중심으로 전환하여 시대적 상황에 따라 변화하는 제도와 정책들을 제대로 습득하여 국민의 재산권 거래를 담당할 수 있도록 하여야 할 것이다. Now the current real estate brokerage system requires improvement in answer to the more sophisticated real estate industry and circumstantial changes. This study intends to guide how to advance the real estate brokerage system, especially a year after the law regarding the operations of licensed real estate agents and real estate transaction report went into effect. Now, considering protecting people"s property rights, rather than the national economic scale, Korea"s real estate brokerage system is in urgent need of a systematic mechanism which can develop real estate brokerage into professional services and elevate brokers to professionals with expertise and a sense of morality. Hence, this study investigates the current status, problems, and legal tasks of Korean real estate brokerage system, mainly focusing on the law for licensed real estate agents. Listed below is a summary of legal tasks in relation to the real estate brokerage system, centering on the licensed real estate agent law. First, in order to protect the property rights of the person engaged in a particular transaction, the amount of operational deposit related to the damage compensation system should be increased. As well, a system for verifying and describing brokerage objects ought to empower brokers with the right to investigation so that they can verify and describe their brokerage object. Furthermore, a plan to institute and stabilize the deposit system has to be prepared as well. Second, for transparency in real estate dealings, the current transaction report system should be improved to oblige the person engaged in dealings to report actual transactions. Besides, systematic improvement is required, such as documenting and enforcing real estate brokerage contracts, or providing incentives. Additionally, a managerial plan has to be drawn up by integrating the intelligence network of real estate transactions. Third, the current licensed real estate broker system should be thoroughly reexamined from the perspective of those participating in real estate brokerage. For users, a future system should guarantee that only licensed brokers can become brokerage assistants. Besides, the training system also has to be reinforced to provide quality services. Fourth, for other real estate brokerage systems, the brokerage commission system should be based upon long-term agreement between contracting parties. Also, a plan for changing the brokerage payment system from a contingent fee to conduct-oriented fee has to be considered. Then, by replacing the practice-based training system with the fee-based one, brokers must be encouraged to fully understand systems and policies, which vary according to circumstances, before undertaking the dealings about people"s property rights.

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