RISS 학술연구정보서비스

검색
다국어 입력

http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.

변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.

예시)
  • 中文 을 입력하시려면 zhongwen을 입력하시고 space를누르시면됩니다.
  • 北京 을 입력하시려면 beijing을 입력하시고 space를 누르시면 됩니다.
닫기
    인기검색어 순위 펼치기

    RISS 인기검색어

      검색결과 좁혀 보기

      선택해제
      • 좁혀본 항목 보기순서

        • 원문유무
        • 원문제공처
          펼치기
        • 등재정보
        • 학술지명
          펼치기
        • 주제분류
        • 발행연도
          펼치기
        • 작성언어
        • 저자
          펼치기

      오늘 본 자료

      • 오늘 본 자료가 없습니다.
      더보기
      • 무료
      • 기관 내 무료
      • 유료
      • KCI등재

        중등 “역사”ㆍ고등 “한국사” 교과서 국정화에 대한 반론

        서인원(Seo, In-won) 역사실학회 2015 역사와실학 Vol.58 No.-

        2015년 11월 3일, 박근혜 정부가 중등 역사와 고등 한국사 교과서 국정화를 확정고시하였다. 2015년 10월 12일, 황우여 사회부총리 겸 교육부 장관은 중학교 “역사”와 고등학교 “한국사” 교과서를 국정으로 발행하는 내용의 "중ㆍ고등학교 교과용도서 국ㆍ검ㆍ인정 구분(안)"을 행정 예고하였으며, 11월 5일의 확정 고시 기일을 기다리지도 않고 2일이나 빨리 발표한 것이다. 진보ㆍ보수 이념과는 상관없이 여론은 반대쪽으로 확연히 기울어졌지만, ‘청소년들을 위해서’라는 명분을 내세워 국정화를 단행하였다. 교육부가 현행 고등 한국사 교과서에서도 충분히 구현되고 있는 내용들을 ‘사실 오류ㆍ편향성 수정’, ‘다양성의 확보’, ‘질 관리 체계 구축’, ‘헌법 가치 수호’ 등의 왜곡되고 편향적인 방향으로 몰고 가고 있는 것이다. 역사는 결코 하나의 시각으로만 기술할 수는 없다. 붕당 정치로 정쟁이 무척 심했던 조선 시대의 〈조선왕조실록〉 저술 과정을 보아도 알 수 있다. 남인이 작성한 〈현종실록〉을 마땅치 않게 생각한 서인은 경신환국으로 다시 권력을 잡고 〈현종개수실록〉을 썼다. 그러나 정쟁이 심했던 이 시기에도 서인들은 후대가 참고하고 판단하라고 원래의 〈현종실록〉은 파기하지 않았다. 결국 “역사”와 “한국사” 교과서 국정화는 학문적 차원의 문제가 아니라, 정치공학적인 차원에서 결정된 잘못된 사례이다. 비록 현재에는 역사교과서의 국정화가 실시되고는 있지만, 앞으로의 역사교육은 다양한 가치관과 창의력이 개발되는 방향으로 전환될 것임을 믿어 의심하지 않는다. November 3, 2015, Park Geun-hye government confirmed government-designated textbook system, which is for middle and high school education. It was 2 days earlier than the official day which was clearly stated on the previous notice of Oct 12, which was issued by Woo-yeo Hwang, the minister of education. Although the major public opinion was opposed to the new government-designated textbook. regardless of political stance, it has been enforced ‘for the sake of our students.’ The mistry of education is arguing that current textbooks are biased, proposing ‘modification of factual errors and bias’, ‘more diversity’, ‘establishing quality management system’, ‘conservation of constitutional values’, etc. History cannot be recorded by only one view, which seems obvious if you look through the process that “Choseon Wangjo Sillok” was written. Since Seo-in(one of parties in Choseon politic) was not in favor of the way “Hyeon-jong silok” written by Nam-in, the opposite party, they rewrite “Hyeon-jong gae-su silok” after they took the power back through Gyeong-sin Hwan-guk. However, Those days when political power game was far more severe, than these days, Seo-in didn’ t abandon “Hyeon-jong silok,” the original record. After all, government-designated textbook system debate is not the academic issue, Rather, it’s quite the problem of political manipulation. Despite the fact that government-designated textbook system is confirmed to be implemented, there’s no need to doubt that further history education have to be changed to the way diverse values and creativities can be developed.

      • KCI등재후보

        1950년대 일본 고유영토설의 정치적 분쟁화 모순점에 대한 고찰

        서인원(SEO, In won) 동북아역사재단 2018 영토해양연구 Vol.15 No.-

        고유영토설은 일본 정부가 만들어낸 정치적 용어로 타국과의 영토 분쟁을 나타내는 용어이며 역사적 권원을 부정하는 주장이다. 그래서 1950년대 전후 일본의 영토 처리 문제를 중심으로 고유 영토의 개념에 대해 고찰하면서 고유영토설의 모순점을 분석하였다. 1950년대 이후 일본 정부가 쿠릴열도, 센카쿠제도, 독도를 고유 영토라고 주장하는 것은 이 섬들이 역사의 어느 시점에서 획득되었던 토지임에 지나지 않고 그 이전에는 일본의 영토가 아니었다는 사실을 나타내는 것이다. 최근에 일본 정부는 다른 나라가 점령하지 않은 영토는 고유 영토에 해당하기 때문에 무주지 선점론은 고유영토설이 성립된다고 주장하고 있다 . 이런 논리는 1950년대 일본 외무성 영토 연구에서 나왔고, 1959년 1월 일본 정부 견해(4)에서 처음으로 ‘일본 고유 영토(日本固有の領土)’라는 말을 사용하였다. 이때부터 일본 외무성은 고유영토설과 무주지 선점론을 양립하는 논리 전개 양상을 보였고1 960년대부터 본격적으로 고유 영토를 사용하기 시작하였다. 일본의 영토 개념은 동양의 화이질서에서 나온 것이고 이를 유럽식 국제법 논리에 적용하다보니 상반되는 모순점이 드러났다. 또한 독도 영토 편입을 영유권 재확인이라고 표현하는 것은 일본 고유 영토라는 의미를 부정하는 것이다. 전후 일본 외무성의 영토 문제에 대한 연구는 내셔널리즘적 측면에서 일본 고유 영토라는 논리를 개발하는 데 주력하였고 이 연구가 나중에 발전해서 외무성의 「다케시마를 이해하기 위한 10포인트」로 정리되었다. 이런 일본 정부의 논리는 1946~1954년 대장성 고시 등의 일본 법령들로 고유영토설을 반박할 수 있다. 이 법령들은 일본 국내법으로 만들어진 것이고 강화조약 체결 전후에도 SCAPIN 677호를 계승하면서 쿠릴열도와 독도를 일본의 부속 섬에서 제외하고 있다. 이것은 쿠릴열도와 독도가 일본영토가 아님을 증명하는 것이며 이런 법령들을 통해서 독도가 국제법적으로 일본에서 한국으로 완전히 반환되었음을 증명하고 있다. 또한 독도에 대한 일본의 고유영토설은 1959년 이후 개발된 정치적 용어로 1950년대 러시아와의 쿠릴열도 분쟁에서 함께 만들어졌다. 이 논리는 일본의 우경화와 국내 여론을 통일하기 위해 만들어진 전략이었고 고유영토설은 정치 · 외교상의 필요에 의해 만들어낸 용어에 지나지 않는다. The inherent territory theory is a political term created by the Japanese government. This is a term referring to territorial disputes with other countries and is a claim to deny historical authority. Therefore, we analyzed the contrariety of the inherent territory theory by focusing on the problem of territorial disputes in Japan in the 1950s. Since the 1950s, the Japanese government has claimed that the Kuril Islands, the Senkaku Islands, and Dokdo are inherent territories, indicating that these islands are not Japanese territory that was acquired at any point in history, but were not previously Japanese territory. Recently, the Japanese government claims that territories that have not been occupied by other nations belong to their own territory, so that the terra nullius theory establishes the inherent territory. This logic came from the study of Japanese foreign ministry in the 1950s and the Japanese government used the first Japanese territory in the Japanese Government Views(4) in January 1959. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Japan combined the inherent territory theory and the terra nullius theory from this time, and began to use the inherent territory from the 1960s. The concept of the territory of Japan comes from the Sinocentrism and there are contrarieties when applied to the logic of European international law, and the expression ‘reaffirming the sovereignty of Dokdo’ is a denial of the meaning of Japan’s own territory. This logic of the Japanese government can refute the inherent territory with the Japanese ordinances such as the legislations of the finance ministry’s notice of 1946~1954. These laws also exclude the Kuril Islands and Dokdo from Japan’s attached islands, succeeding SCAPIN 677 before and after the San francisco Peace Treaty. This proves that the Kuril Islands and Dokdo are not Japanese territories, and these laws prove that Dokdo was fully returned from Japan to Korea under international law. In addition, Japan’s inherent territory theory on Dokdo is a political term developed after 1959, and it is a logic created together in the Kuril Islands dispute with Russia in the 1950s. This logic is created by Japan’s right-wing and political and diplomatic needs.

      • KCI등재

        『東國輿地勝覽』에 반영된 自主意識

        徐仁源(Seo, In-Won) 한국역사민속학회 2009 역사민속학 Vol.- No.29

        『동국여지승람』은 세종 조에 편찬된 지리지 이후, 변경된 사항을 바로잡기 위하여세조 조부터 시작하여 1477년에 양성지 등이 완성한?『팔도지리지』에 우리나라 문사들의 시문을 첨가하여 1481년(성종 12)에 50권으로 완성되었다. 이 책은 1485년(성종 16) 김종직 등에 의해, 1499년(연산군 5) 임사홍·성현(成俔) 등에 의해 2차에 걸쳐 교정과 보충이 이루어졌으며, 중종 조에는 새로운 보충 작업이 시도되어 『신증동국여지승람』으로 전해지고 있다. 『동국여지승람』의 편찬을 주도했던 인물은 조선 초기 세종·문종·단종·세조·예종·成宗의 6대 왕조를 거치면서 군주의 신임을 두터이 받은 양성지였다. 그는 조선 초기 훈구파들 중에서도 변계량과 함께 가장 강력한 자주주의자였다. 따라서 그는 민족주의적 역사인식과 지리인식을 바탕으로 天祭에 대한 거행을 주장하는 등 자주인식을 보여주고 있다. 양성지는 단군을 신화 상의 인물로 파악하지 않고, 실제 인물로 파악하면서 중국과 대등한 역사의 시작을 강조하고 있다. 또한 우리도 중국처럼 제천 행사를 단독적으로 치루자고 함으로써 중국에 예속되지 않은 자주 독립 국가임을 강조하였다. 지리에서는 요동에 이루는 광활한 영토가 우리의 땅임을 강조하면서 언젠가는 수복할 지역으로 강조하였던 것이다. 이와 같은 양성지의 역사·지리·문화의 자주적 의식이 그대로 반영된 것이『동국여지승람』이라고 할 수 있다. 그러나 두 차례에 걸친 수찬과 한 차례에 걸친 신증으로 인하여 양성지의 자주의식을 부분적으로 밖에는 파악하지 못하는 한계가 있다. Adding poetry and prose of our country"s literary men to Paldojiriji commencing from King Sejo to correct changed matters since Jiriji compiled at the reign of Sejong and completed by Yang Seong Ji in 1477, Donggukyeojiseungram(『東國輿地勝覽』) was completed as 50 volumes in 1481(the 12th year of Seongjong"s rule). This book was proofed and complemented over two times by Kim Jong Jik in 1485 (the 16th year of Seong"s rule) and by Yim Sa Hong, Seong Hyeon in 1499(the 5th year of Yeonsangun"s rule), and supplemented anew at the reign of Joongjong, and handed down as ShinjeungDonggukyeojiseungram(『新增東國輿地勝覽』). The figure taking lead of compiling Donggukyeojiseungram was Yang Seong Ji trusted by the kings through Sejong, Moonjong, Danjong, Sejo, Yejong, and Seongjong early Joseon Dynasty. He was the foremost independence proponent along with Byeon Gye Ryang among meritorious retainers early Joseon Dynasty. Thus he shows awareness of independence by arguing performance for the ritual for the heaven based on nationalistic perception of history and geography. Not understanding Dangun as a mystical character, but as an actual character, Yang Seong Ji stresses the start of history corresponding to China. Also he insisted we should independently perform a ritual event for the heaven like China, by which he emphasized that we are an independent nation not subordinated to China. Geographically, pointing out that the spacious territory reaching Liad?ng is our earth, he underscored that it should be restored whenever. Likewise, it is the very Donggukyeojiseungram that reflects Yang Seong Ji"s awareness of independence about history, geography, and culture. However, due to editing twice and addition once, it has limitations of being understood only partially.

      • KCI등재

        반복발생 가정폭력에 대한 경찰개입 연구

        서인원(In Won Seo),허만형(Mann Hyung Hur) 한국정책분석평가학회 2015 政策分析評價學會報 Vol.25 No.3

        본 연구에서는 반복발생 가정폭력에 대한 경찰개입이 피해자의 성별, 연령, 주거생활수준, 가정폭력유형, 가족구성원의 피해 여부 등 상황변수에 따라 차이가 있는지에 대해 분석을 실시하였다. 가정폭력 반복발생 자료는 서울시의 한 자치구의 경찰서에서 관리하는 데이터베이스에서 수집하였으며, 경찰개입의 일관성 분석을 위해 경찰개입 프로그램과 상황변수 간의 교차분석을 실시하였다. 분석결과 가해자에 대한 경찰개입뿐만 아니라 피해자에 대한 경찰개입도 몇몇 상황변수에 영향을 받는다는 사실이 발견되었다. 예컨대, 가해자에 대한 현장체포나 입건과 같은 경찰개입은 가정폭력 반복회수, 가구원의 피해, 그리고 성별로부터 영향을 받지만, 피해자에 대한 경찰개입은 폭력유형과 연령으로부터 영향을 받는다는 결과가 나왔다. This study explored whether or not police interventions for the repeat domestic violence are consistent in such situational variables as victims' gender, age, types of domestic violence, forms of habitation, and multiple victimization. Data for repeat domestic violence were collected from a police station's database located in an autonomous local district in Seoul. A set of crosstabs with X2 tests between police intervention programs and was employed to analyze the consistency of police interventions and situational variables. This study showed that treatment programs for offenders as well as protection programs for victims were affected by some situational variables. For instance, police arrests and bookings were associated with the number of repeat domestic violence, multiple victimization, and gender, whereas protection program for victims such as the placement of shelter were affected by the term of the recurrence of domestic violence and age.

      • KCI등재

        朝鮮初期 歷史認識과 領域認識 : 『東國輿地勝覽』을 중심으로

        서인원(Seo In-Won) 역사실학회 2008 역사와실학 Vol.35 No.-

        A number of books were issued in many fields as a part of maintenance of new ruling system in the early Chosun Dynasty. A good number of books which were written by many officials who were also scholars were published about history and geography. Books which were published by individuals were supported by the government. Most of history books and geography books which were issued at those times reflected real contents needed in setting up a new dynasty. Those books were made use of as ways to gather revenue needed in governing the dynasty. Those books reflected efforts used to expand confucian culture which was prevailing governing ideology at that time. At that atmosphere a book named'DongKukYeoJiSeungRam' - generally perceived as a geography book- considerably reflected history perception and territory perception which is based on the former history perception. In the Korean ancient history the Chosun Dynasty raised its pride as a civilized ration by promoting understanding the level about GiJa Chosun and DanKun Chosun. The Chosun Dynasty had a characteristic viewpoint thinking Goguryeo followed Mahan in terms of the proceeding Dynastys' orthodoxy. In its territory perception superficially it declared its territory at north River Duman and River Amnok at south JeJu Island and Mara Island and at east Ulleung Island and Dokdo Island. Actually taking into consideration diplomatic conflict on Yodong region with Myeong Dynasty in the early Chosun Dynasty Chosun had not revealed its doubting about the region between Yodong and Soonchunryeong(Gonghumjin) and had missed the regions thinking that the regions had been its own territory including Daemado Island. Therefore a book named'Dongkukyeojiseungram' reflected the history and geography perception of the early Chosun Dynasty. The book showed its value as the most important basic reference which gave birth to history-geography in the late Chosun.

      • KCI등재

        고등학교 국정 국사 교과서의 비교 분석

        서인원(Seo In-won) 역사실학회 2004 역사와실학 Vol.26 No.-

        Although many people simply regard the textbook as one of the many reference books, it is an important study tool of the public education which was skillfully designed by the Korean education authority ; All chapters of the textbook has a certain process and degree to achieve educational goals suggested by the authority. Moreover the textbook is an essential reference book for the college entrance exam The students who consider taking the entrance exam cannot ignore the textbook This textbook has been revised by the educational authority several times and is going to face the eighth revision so soon. This research deals with the high school history textbook and compares the sixth and seventh revision. Corning eighth revision has special meaning in the history education because it should confront the East Asian History Project of China I expect this research becomes groundwork of the eighth revision of the history textbook. The major change from the sixth to the seventh revision in the history textbook is change of its structure. While the sixth revision categorized chapters by chronicle, the seventh limits the chronicle explanation and categorizes its chapters by themes : politics, society, economy, and culture. Not only categorizing, the seventh revision includes several materials for students' self-study. The seventh revision increased its volume to enrich further study section at the end of the small chapters and enriched illustrations, maps, primary sources, and glossary, These changes look positive to fulfill students who want diverse explanations and to improve students' understanding. In terms of the contents, the seventh revision eliminated uncertain facts of the Koryo politics and changed its position on the merchant activities, however, the history teachers, does not feel the major change from the seventh revision at their class. Moreover, the teachers express their complaints on the seventh revision. According to them, they have to struggle with increased volume of the textbook in the decreased class time and new explanation by theme causes confusion at the class. Therefore some teachers confess that they use both the sixth and seventh textbook at their work These things should be corrected at the eighth revision, and this research suggests five things for the next revision. First, surplus and overlapped explanations should be eliminated. Especially, the parts of the political and cultural history have too much explanation Second, the next textbook must include more diverse themes and give more discretion to the teachers. Third, dividing modern history and contemporary history should be change because it disturbs students to understand a big picture of whole Korean history. Forth, uncertain facts must be removed. Fifth, the explanation way of the textbook should intrigue students' interests.

      • KCI등재

        統一과 國史敎育

        서인원(Seo In-won) 역사실학회 2002 역사와실학 Vol.22 No.-

        After the summit talk between North and South Korea, social atmosphere which has a hallucination that reunification of two Korea can solve all can cause some danger. Like our divided long tine, in order to solve suddenly changes consciousnesses and values and to regain same quality we should exert ourselves. Education is a exact way among the mentioned methods. But, if the education tried to find fault with the others and to attack the other side in order to take sides with specific side, it would bring about another division as well as ruin the reunification itself. Therefore, we should first understand the North Korea and prepare integration of education through active interchanges, then subject name 'Korean history' is the best effective subject to the last stage of the integration of education which can educate both South and North people. So first we South people should catch hold of North's history, in order to prepare history education interchange with North, we establish basis. That is, through strengthening history education we should build basis to unify the Korean peninsula and should surmount extraneous natures of the two.

      • KCI등재

        고등학교 과정에서 한국 근현대사 수업의 현황과 전개

        서인원(Seo In-won) 역사실학회 2006 역사와실학 Vol.30 No.-

        Korea's seventh national curriculum is trying to reconstruct knowledge in order to meet the need of the knowledge-based society in twenty-first century. In the past accumulation of knowledge led national power, in the present human resources which are equipped with creative knowledge become main factors which determine the national power, and the resources decide quality of life of a notion's people. therefore, we need highly-qualified education which is needed by recent years in order to train creative-minded intellectuals, and revolution of school education is essential to achieve the highly-qualified education. Among various tasks for revolution of school education, the seventh curriculum is trying to change from a rigid education which is based on "teachers to diversified education which is based on students' choices." So by the policy of user-centered curriculum or enlargement of autonomy, subject of history is divided into compulsory subject, Korean history which means 'before open port' and deepened choice subject, modern & contemporary history which means 'after open port'. The curriculum make public that the reason why Korean modern & contemporary history is separated from Korean history is to 'develop historical ability cope with impending work by knowing the exact near post of korean people'. This has something in common with the opinions between historians who insist that we study history to understand the present by studying the past, and the historians insist that we can teach live history using various materials which are found in our surroundings, and can train historical mind of students easily using the method. But in the process of the Korean curriculum change about the history, 'Korean modern & contemporary history' has been separated from Korean history, has become deepened choice subject, has compete with the other social studies subjects, and some questions can be arise form the process. There can be criticism that the idea which modern & contemporary history is very important and be a subject which gets many lessons from some officials and some historians. Some of history teachers think that history improves historical thinking facility and imaginative power through understanding the flow of the past, and that ancient & medieval history is as much important as modern & contemporary history and that we can fully understand the present through ancient & medieval history and can foretell the future. But Korean modern & contemporary history is chosen as the seventh national curriculum asks, is bring to operation as a class. A proposition which says 'class is operated like so and so, therefore it helps students improve historical thinking power and imaginative power and makes the present understood' rather than 'because of much nearer past' assertion should be prepared.

      • KCI등재

        일본 육지측량부 지도제작과 독도영유권 인식에 대한 고찰

        서인원(Seo, Inwon) 동북아역사재단 2017 영토해양연구 Vol.14 No.-

        육지측량부 발행 지도구역일람도는 공식지도로 독도를 한국 영토로 인정한 묵인 또는 승인의 효과, 금반언의 효과를 가지고 있어 국제사법재판소에서의 증명력 판단기준이 되는 중요한 자료다. 본고에서 일본 육지측량부 발행 지도구역일람도에 나타나는 독도 영유권 인식에 대해 분석하면 육지측량부 제작 지도는 지도의 영유권 묵인 또는 승인, 금반언 효과가 있어 국제법상 독도가 한국 영토임을 증명할 수 있다. 외방도 본질은 전쟁목적, 군사용 목적으로 작성한 국외영역 지도이고 육군참모본부 주도하에서 침략전쟁을 위해 제작되었다. 외방도는 본래 일본영토 이외의 외국지역에 대한 명칭이며 그 제작 경위를 보더라도 조선, 대만, 사할린 등의 일본 식민지국가와 점령지역의 지도를 외방도로 취급하였기 때문에 독도는 제2차 세계대전 종료 시까지 제국도(일본전도)에 포함시키지 않았고 제작되지도 않았다. 일본은 1888년 육군참모본부가 간행한 군사지지인 『조선지지략』에서 울릉도와 독도를 한국 영토로 인식하였고, 이것을 계승한 1899년 육지측량부 발행 ‘西鄕: 第5師管隱岐國周吉郡’ 지도는 오키제도 부분에서 독도가 일본 육군 관할이 아니기 때문에 일본 본토에 독도를 삽입하지 않았다. 육지측량부는 1887년 이후 각종 지도구역일람도를 발행하기 시작하면서 1935년까지는 일본 본토에 독도를 표기하지 않았고1 934년 일본 본토 측량을 완료한 후 1935년판 지도구역일람도를 발행하면서도 일본 본토 오키제도에 독도를 표기하지 않았고 조선전도에 독도를 표기하기 시작하였다. 1939년 육지측량부 발행 ‘울릉도 전도’에서 울릉도와 독도를 경상북도 관할로 표기하고 군사 극비문서로 육지측량부 내부문서로만 사용할 수 있도록 취급한 것은 독도가 한국 영토임을 증명해주는 좋은 자료다. 1944년 발행 5만분의 1 지형도 지도구역일람도는 주로 일본 영토만 제작한 지도로 육지측량부 지도 작성 성과의 총대성이라 할 수 있다. 이 지도구역일람도에서 독도를 일본 본토에 포함시키지 않고 한국 영토에 포함시킨 것은 독도가 일본 영토가 아닌 것을 증명해주고 있다. 그 이후19 46~1989년 간행 지도일람도 일본전도에서도 독도는 일본 혼슈 서부 오키제도에 포함되지 않았다. 이런 지도구역일람도는 일본 육군참모국 육지측량부라는 국가기관이 제작하였으므로 승인 주체가 국가라는 요건을 충족하고, 또한 지도구역일람도는 독도가 일본의 영토가 아님을 용인하고 독도가 일본의 영토라고 주장한 것이 아니므로 이는 영토주권 승인의 행위인 용인이라는 요건을 충족하고 있다. “Chizu kuiki ichiranzu” (地圖區域一覽圖) refers to district overview maps officially issued by the Japanese Land Survey Department that carries the effect of acquiescence, approval, and estoppel for Dokdo as a Korean territory. They are important sources that serve as a criterion for determining the probative power of maps in courts of international law. This paper therefore analyzes the perception of territorial sovereignty over Dokdo present mainly in the Japanese Land Survey Department"s district overview maps and proves that Dokdo is Korean territory under the international law because the maps carry the effects of acquiescence, approval, and estoppel. “Gaihozu” (外邦圖) essentially refers to maps of outer lands created for military and war purposes, and under the Japanese army’s General Staff Headquarters, they were made for wars of aggression. The term gaihozu originally referred to lands beyond Japanese territory, and considering that maps of territories Japan either colonized or occupied such as Korea, Taiwan, and Sakhalin were regarded as gaihozu, Dokdo was never included in complete maps of Imperial Japan until the end of the Second World War. Japan consistently labeled Ulleungdo and Dokdo as Korean territory in geographic publications such as “Chosen chishi ryaku” (朝鮮地誌略) issued by the General Staff Headquarters in 1888. Also, the Map of Saigo (西鄕) published by the Land Survey Department in 1899 did not include Dokdo as part of Oki Islands or mainland Japan because Dokdo was not under the jurisdiction of the Japanese Army. The Land Survey Department issued various district overview maps since 1887, but Dokdo did not appear within the boundaries of mainland Japan prior to 1935. And from 1935, Dokdo was marked and recognized as Korean territory. Especially in 1939, the “Complete Map of Ulleungdo” created by the Land Survey Department noted that Ulleungdo and Dokdo belonged to the North Gyeongsang Province of Korea, and the fact that map had been designated as a classified document for internal use only is evidence that Japan recognized Dokdo as Korean territory since 1935. The district overview map published at a 1:50,000 scale in 1944 can be considered the summation of achievements made by the Land Survey Department, which had primarily focused on mapping Japan’s territory. This 1944 edition included Dokdo as part of Korea and not mainland Japan, proving that Japan did not recognize the island as its territory at the time. Subsequent editions of the map published between 1946 and 1989 also did not include Dokdo as part of Japan’s Oki Islands. Since these district overview maps were made by a state agency called the Land Survey Department under the Japanese General Staff Headquarters, the state can be considered the agency of approval. Moreover, the maps admitted that Dokdo is Korean territory and did not claim that the island is Japanese territory, which satisfies the requirements for admission that the territorial sovereignty over Dokdo belongs to Korea.

      • KCI등재후보

        동아시아 교과서의 ‘실학’ 서술

        서인원(Seo, IN-Won) 역사실학회 2014 역사와실학 Vol.55 No.-

        Silhak has been significantly dealt with in the textbook of East Asian History. This study was intended to identify how ‘Silhak’ was suggested in the 2011 Revised National Curriculum course of study and how the suggestion was realized in the textbook of East Asian History. Many scholars of academia claim that the Silhak should not be interpreted from the view point of Anti-Neo-Confucianism nor Anti-feudal. Rather, Silhak should be discussed Neo-Confucianism. These scholars also claim that Silhak must not be considered as the scholars, academic traditions of out of power or one of the commercial-centered academic traditions and agriculture-centered academic traditions. This paper analyzes the East Asian History textbook of 2011 Revised National Curriculum. There were several issues in the structure of description and contents in the textbook of Sinhak. Describing too much content on the limited space of textbook, it only lists the rough facts and specifies Silhak as a reformism based on the agriculture and commerce(industry) resticting an understanding of Silhak by students. In addition, dividing the struture of Silhak was confused the understanding of student. In order to solve such issues, it is needed to re-examine a scope and degree of the Silhak covered in the East Asian textbook. In addition, it is also recommended to suggest a case of various academic propensity and characteristics of them. This paper just points out the faults of the textbook from the research achievement of History Academia. I hope this paper could be a stepping stone for improving the context of Silhak in the middle social studies textbook reflecting the research achievement of History Academia.

      연관 검색어 추천

      이 검색어로 많이 본 자료

      활용도 높은 자료

      해외이동버튼