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National Health Insurance has began in July 1989. It has been twelve years since Health Insurance system was executed. But actually it has many difficult problems to solve. We have to solve this problems by continuous research and improvement. Among of them, A priority problems are stability of the financial Health Insurance, efficiency of the union management, improvement of the publicity technique and activity of preventive medicine. At the same time, the present health system has to make an effort fot the efficient utilization. On the other hand, it has to improvement that Health Insurance of the Traditional Korean Medicine and Health Insurance of durgstore are in force the formality. Therefore it should be manage to combined system through more deeply research and effort. And all the people should be more cooperate and understand on the National Health Insurance for them.
The primary medical care is the most important part in the Medical Delivery System. So this study was to survey the average of treatment amount among the kind of specialty through the medical insurance claims concerning 963 clinics during the period of one year, 1997, in Taegu. The average revenue of medical treatment amount was 187,950,000won, the average case of medical treatment amount was 9,255cases and the charges per case was 21,596won. The result of survey about the internists, general surgeons, family physicians, general practitioners and pediatricians was as follows : Upon the treatment cases, significant variables of the internists were the number of practitioners of clinic, employed numbers and the number of equipments. Significant variables of the general surgeons were the age of practitioners, the opening year, the number of practitioners, employed numbers and the number of beds. Significant variables of the family physicians were the age of practitioners, the opening year and the number of equipments. Significant variables of the general practitioners were the number of practitioners of clinic and number of beds. Significant variables of pediatricians were the number of practitioners and employed numbers. In view of the tendency for the park of medical insurance to enlarge more and more in revenue of the whole treatment amount, and through the analysis of factors influencing upon treatment amount of medical insurance, we will anticipate the expenditure of treatment amount of insurance and need to establish efficient medical insurance policy to reduce the differences between the distributions of treatment amount of insurance among special departments. Therefore the health manpower policy about the private medical practitioners will be continuously study.
This study was to survey for provide to institutional method about publicity of smoking dangerousness by 210 students of a college in Daegu city. As the result of this study, the gender smoking were significant difference between men(55%) and women(13%). A large majority(77%) in smoking group wanted to education of quit smoking. And starting age of smoking were a middle school(34%), a college(33%), a high school(25%), an elementary school(8%). Smoking amount per a day were less than a half(49%), less than a pack(35%), over than a pack(16%). The reason of continuous smoking were habituation(66%), to slove the stress(17%), to look smart(9%). So it is necessary to early education for quit smoking from elementary school. And a systematic program for college students must be established to solution the smoking at the government authorities, official quarters of school and citizens' groups, etc.
The Purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between life environment and dissatisfactions from 10 elementary schools' students randomly chosen in Daegu City : 1,217 students in total with the upper grades 4, 5, 6. They are composed of 688 boys and 529 girls. As the results of this study, the general characteristics of the participants showed that the dissatisfaction levels were higher in females, upper grades, lower social-economic status, and lower family concord. In the parents' and school life's characteristics, the dissatisfaction levels of the students were higher in lower parents' care for their children. Lower parents' conjugal harmony, lower school records, and more discontented students in their school life.
This study was to survey the influences upon the income of medical insurance treatment amount and to analyze revenue distribution and determinants of medical practitioners' revenue by medical insurance scheme concerning 1,268 clinics (767 in Taegu, 501 in Kyungpook Province in 1993)over one year of the opening-years in Taegu and Kyungpook Province and selected the characteristic of the patients and those of the regional population and medical system as valuables with center in the practitioners' individual characteristic. The average revenue of medical treatment amount was 136,510,000won, 137,7000,000won of-the man-practitioner was more than. 124,030,000won of the woman practitioner. In the ages, the group of forties appeared highest by 172,320,000won. The group of over-sixties was reduced to 84,480, 000won. And the revenue was the highest by the practitioners of opening year of 6-10years and tended to be lower. The more the number of the practitioners of clinic, of the employed, and of the possessed equipments were, the more revenue of medical treatment amount were. The clinics of city regions had the average revenue by medical treatment amount of 166,160,000won, but the clinics of county regions had 108,360,000won and the clinics of the big city had the revenue of 129,210,000won. To know revenue concentration rate by medical insurance, the result of calculating decile distribution rate in contrast with lower 40% of revenue occupied-rate and upper 20% of revenue occupied-rate was that decile distribution rate was 0.265 and Gini index was 0.438. The degree of inequality among the clinics was deep. In special departments, obstetrics (Gini index 0.568), general practitioners (Gini index 0.469) were deep in inequality degree of revenue of treatment amount in the same departments in comparison to other departments. Gini index of pediatrics was the lowest by 0.284. The big city in regions, the practitioners over sixties in ages were deeper in inequality distribution. The unbalanced distribution was deep like this. There were problems because of no use of higher man powers produced through the many hours and investments, and were patients disposition to limited clinics and the longer waiting hours. The phase of economic inefficiency and the quality phase of medical services were questioned, and so we need proper national measures limiting the number of daily patients and applying to reduction rate of treatment amount over the excess. To know the determinants of revenue of treatment amount by medical insurance, the results by the analysis of multi-regression were as follows : in view of the standard of practitioners, the characteristic of clinics and medical system, and population characteristic, the explanation power about revenue of treatment amount by medical insurance was 41.7%. Special departments, the age of practitioners, employed numbers and the numbers of possessed equipments had heavy influenced upon revenue of treatment amount. So the use of the device to reduce the difference of distribution of treatment amount by insurance treatment amount among treatment departments by the enlargement of insurance allowance, employed numbers, and the numbers of possessed equipments as estimated factors of insurance treatment amount must be put to as efficient management standard. The result by the analysis of regression was similar to treatment amount, and cases had influences upon the decision of treatment amount. The significant variables about treatment amount per case were true of the ages of practitioners, special departments, employed numbers, the number of beds, the numbers of possessed equipments, the big city and the variables of the patients' characteristics, In view of the tendency for the part of medical insurance to enlarge more and more in revenue of the whole treatment amount, and through the analysis of factors influencing upon treatment amount of medical insurance, we will anticipate the expenditure of treatment amount of insurance and need to establish efficient medical insurance policy to reduce the differences between the distributions of treatment amount of insurance among special departments. In the study, among the characteristics of practitioners, the special departments, and the employed numbers had more influenced upon in other treatment amount than other factors, the age of the practitioners and the number of equipment possession were factors. Expecting the expenditure of insurance treatment amount afterwards, the device and the number of the employed and equipment possession to reduce the difference of the distribution of insurance treatment among the special department, the practitioner and the efficient medical insurance policy expecting the expenditure of insurance treatment to characteristic of clinic must be established.
Because of a radical change in demographic profile, Korean higher education system confronts an unprecedented challenge, the reduction of college applicants. To achieve a moderate shift as well as to enhance global competitiveness of higher education, Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology(KMEST) is implementing a structural reform by selective financial support to each college. One of important evaluation criteria is Student Faculty Ratio (Chung-One-Ryul). This research aims at studying the latest situation in faculty recruitment to provide with the basic data for national educational policy development. One data set was collected from recruitment advertisements loaded on hibrain.net, and the other was obtained by conducting a survey on the newly appointed faculty members at each college nation-widely. The non-tenure tract positions are shown to be rapidly increasing, presumably due to indiscriminate weight of tenure/non-tenure track positions on KMEST college evaluation. Based on our results we hereby present four suggestions to governmental authorities to help them develop reasonable college reform policies and protocols.