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This study was carried out to examine splitting, developmental capacity and rapid freezing of blastomeres separated from 2-, 4-, 8-cell and morula from porcine embryos. The results obtained in this study were summerized as follows : 1. The successful splitting rate by pronase was 85.7% in 2-cell embryos(average splitting rate, 68.0%), and by manipulator was 76.6% and 74.3% in 2- and 4-cell embryos. 2. The developmental capacity rates of splitted embryos by the pronase treatment were 24.1%, 20.4%. 25.5% and 26.6% in 2-, 4-, 8-cell and morula, and by manipulator were 36.4%, 39.5%, 36.1% and 41.9%, respectively. 3. The successful results of in vitro culture after frozen-thawed of splitted embryos were 16.1%(glycerol) in 2-cell, 16.7%(DMSO) in 4-cell and 27.6%(ethyleneglycol) in morula, respectively.
This study carried out to investigate the effect of cutting stimulation on time of cutting, yield and length of antler in Sika deer. There was no significance between surgical stimulation and length of antler, but length was the longest in one side cutting group and the shortest in both side cutting group. Development of point was increased as the number of wounds in the second year (P<0.05). Time of casting was 2 weeks earlier in one side cutting group (P<0.05) than in both sides cutting group. Yields of antler were 148±23g when pedicle was not cut, and 126±61g, 179±63g, 170g, and 48±25g when pedicle was cut by 0.3cm, 0.4cm, 0.5cm and 0.6cm, respectively. The most desirable thickness of pedicle cut was 0.4-0.5mm. Yield of antler was increased as the size of wound in the first year, and 588, 790 and 657g in control, one-cut and both-cut, respectively. Yields of antler in one-cut is significantly high (P<0.05).
The study was carried out to elucidate the effects of ovarian function on the thyroid gland, adrenal gland and uterus in female rats. One hundred and forty-four mature female rats were allotted into the three groups ; ovariectomized group, estradiol treated group and intact control group. The ovaries of 48 heads of rats were completely removed, Forty eight heads of rats were administered with 200㎍ of estradiol benzoate every 48 hours. Serum estradiol-17β and progesterone levels were determined with radioimmunoassay method at 3, 6, 12, 24 hours and 5, 10, 15 days after treatment. The rats were necropsied to measure weights of thyroid gland, adrenal gland and uterus and to examine the histological changes in the organs. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Serum estradiol-17β levels were rapidly decreased below 27.2Upg/ml 18 hours after ovariectomy. In estradiol treated rats the levels were rapidly increased 18 hours after treatment, but thereafter slowly decreased. The significant differences in the estradiol level were found between the group at every observation time. 2. Serum progesterone levels were significantly decreased after ovariectomy and estradiol injection. The lowest level was found in the group of ovariectomized rats. 3. The weights of thyroid glands decreased in ovariectormized rats rather than in intact rats 5 days after treatment. The weights tended to increase after estradiol injection but significant differences between the groups were seen on 10th and 15th days. 4. In the histological findings of thyroid glands, follicular epithelial cells were changed to be squamous 5 days after ovariectomy and accompanied pyknosis 10 days and karyorrhexis 15 days after ovariectomy. On the contrary follicular epithelial cells were changed to be columnar with hypertrophy 10 days after estradiol injection, 5. The significant differences in adrenal gland weights were recognized between all the groups 5 and 15 days after treatment in ovariectomized rats were lighter than intact rats and the adrenal gland weights were rather heavier in estradiol treated rats. 6. The clays after ovariectomy the adrenal glands were atrophied accompanying with pyknosis in the cortical cells of zona fasciculata. The cells in zona fasciculata and zona reticularis started to hypertrophy 5 days after estradiol injection, but no changes were found in the zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex and in the adrenal medulla. 7. The significant differences in uterus weights were recognized between the groups as. each observation time. After ovariectomy the uterus weights decreased rapidly but after estradiol injection they increased rapidly. 8. Through histological examination of uterus, the atrophy and degeneration started to occur in endometrium and lamina propria 12 hours after ovariectomy, and in myometrium one day after ovariectomy, and the changes progressed rapidly after that. On the contrary, the myometrium was proliferated and hypertrophied from 12 hours after estradiol-17β injection.
This experiment was carried out to elucidate the effects of the thyroid function on lactation in female rats. One hundred and five female rats, whose body weight was approximately 250g with normal parturition, were divided into 3.5 THY, 35 PTU, and 35 CON. The 30㎍ L-thyroxine per rat was administered subcutaneously for the THY group with 3-days intervals arid 0.03% propylthiouracil solution was drunk for the PTU group. After the treatments body weight, thyroid weights and prolactin levels in serum, and histological changes in thyroid and mammary gland were investigated for 3 weeks with 3-days interval. The results obtained were as follows 1. The body weights of PTU group were lower than those of CON arid THY groups. The changes in body weights were significant between 3 and 6 days and between 15 and 18 days. 2. Differences in thyroid weight among the groups were significant after 9 days, The thyroid weights of PTU group were much higher than those of CON and THY group. 3. The follicular epithelia of PTU group after 6 days showed cuboidal phenomena which were accompanied by hypertrophy and hyperplasia, and this phenomena continued until post weaning period. Those of THY group after 9 days showed a squamous degeneration together with pyknosis. 4. The prolactin concentrations of THY group were higher than the other groups after 12 days. and those of CON group were higher than the others after 18 days. However, those of PTU group were lower all through the period. 5. The secretary epithelial cells of THY and CON groups became cuboidal after 12 days, but after 15 days the differentiation of mammary tissue was progressing in THY group faster than CON group. The degeneration of mammary tissue were observed in PTU group as time lapses, so after 15 days the exfoliation of secretory epithelium and atrophy of alveolus were recognized. 6. The body weights of offspring for all experimental groups were increasing as time lapses, but the values for PTU group were markedly lower than the others.
This study was conducted to find out the effect of thyroid function on Hypophysis, and serum FSH and LH concentrations in female rats. One hundred and forty-four female rats (wistar-imamichi albino rats) of 25 days old were divided into 4 groups; thyroidectorny (Thx.) propylthiouracil (FTU), thyroxine (Thyro.) and control (Cont.) groups. Thirty-six heads of rats were arranged to each group. The thyroid glands of the thyroidectomized groups were removed by surgery. The PTU treated groups were drunk the propylthiouracil solution of 0.05% and the thyroxine treated groups were administered subcutaneously with 30㎍ per 100g body weight on 3 days intervals. Every 6 heads of rats in each group were sacrificed at. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks after treatment with time elapse for investigating the weights and histological changes of hypophysis. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The weights of hypophysis at all treated groups were higher than control group, but significantly increased from 3 to 5 weeks. The significance was not recognized between Thyro. and control groups, and Thx. and PTU groups. 2. In the histological changes of hypophysis, eosinophils atrophied from 4 weeks after treatment in Thx. and PTU groups, and basophils showed hypertrophy and hyperplasia from 2 weeks after treatment and thereafter this tendency was more serious showing vacuolization from 4 weeks after treatment. In Thyro. treated group, eosinophils showed slight hypertrophy and basophils atrophied from 5 weeks after treatment but the group showed the similar histological changes in comparison with the control group. 3. The changes of the concentrations of serum FSH at all observation times were significantly recognized among all observation groups. The concentrations in Thx, and PTU groups were significantly lower than those in control group, but those in Tyro. group were significantly higher than those in control group. 4. The changes of the concentrations of serum LH in all treated groups were significantly lower than those in control group. The significance was not recognized between Thx, and PTU group, and Tyro. and control groups.
본(本) 실험(實驗)은 thyroxine 및 propylthiouracil의 투여(投與)에 의(依)한 갑상선(甲狀腺)의 기능변화(機能變化)와 아울러 체성장(體成長)에 미치는 영향(影響)을 구명(究明)코저 실시(實施)하였는 바, 25일령(日齡)의 암 흰쥐를 갑상선척출군(甲狀腺剔出群), propylthiouracil 처리군(處理群), Thyroxine 처리군(處理群) 및 정상대조군(正常對照群)의 사개군(四個群)으로 나누어 배치(配置)하고 각군(各群)을 처리후(處理後) 시간경과(時間經過)에 따라 도살(屠殺)하여 갑상선(甲狀腺)의 중량측정(重量測定) 및 조직학적(組織學的) 검색(檢索)과 아울러 체중(體重)의 변화(變化)를 조사(調査)하였다. 1. 갑상선(甲狀腺)의 중량(重量)은 모든 관찰시간(觀察時間)에서 비교군간(比較群間)에 유의성(有意性)이 인정(認定)되었는데 PTU 처리군(處理群)은 정상대조군(正常對照群)에 비(比)하여 높은 중량(重量)을 나타냈고, Thyroxine 처리군(處理群)은 낮은 값을 나타냈다. 2. 갑상선(甲狀腺)의 조직상(組織像)은 PTU 처리군(處理群)에서는 처리(處理) 1주후(週後)부터 여포상피세포(濾胞上皮細胞)가 증식(增殖) 비대(肥大)를 동반(同伴)하는 원주화현상(圓柱化現象)을 나타내기 시작하여 실험기간(實驗期間)이 경과(經過)될 수록 더욱 진행(進行)되는 조직소견(組織所見)을 보였으며, Thyroxine 처리군(處理群)에서는 여포상피세포(濾胞上皮細胞)가 도평화(屠平化)되는 퇴행성(退行性) 변화(變化)가 인지(認知)되었다. 3. 체중(體重)은 처리(處理) 2주후(週後)부터 비교군간(比較群間)에 유의성(有意性)이 인정(認定)되는 변화(變化)를 보였는데 PTU 처리군(處理群)과 갑상선척출군(甲狀腺剔出群)은 정상대조군(正常對照群)에 비(比)하여 낮은 값을 나타냈고 Thyroxine 처리군(處理群)은 높은 체중치(體重値)를 보였다. 그러나, 다중검정결과(多重檢定結果) PTU 처리군(處理群)과 갑상선척출군(甲狀腺剔出群) 상호간(相互間)에는 유의성(有意性)이 인정(認定)되지 않았다. This study was conducted to find out the effects of propylthiouracil and thyroxine on thyroid function and body growth in female rats. One hundred and forty-four female rats (Wistar-imamichi albino rats) of 25 days old were divided into 4 groups; thyroidectomy (Thx), propylthiouracil (PTU), thyroxine (Thyro.)and control (Cont.) groups. Thirty-six rats were allotted to each group, and changes of body weights were weekly checked. In addition, 6 rats in each group were sacrificed at 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 weeks after treatments with time elapse for investigating changes of thyroid weights and tissues. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The weights of thyroid gland showed significant differences among all the compared groups at all observation times. The weights of thyroid glands in PTU group were higher than those in control group, but those in the Thyro. group were lower than those in control group. 2. In the histological changes of thyroid glands in the PTU group, the follicle epithelium showed columnar cells following hype trophy and hyperplasia from 1 week after treatment. The follicle epithelium in the Thyro. group were recognized inactive showing squamous cells. 3. The body weights showed significant differences among the compared groups from 2 weeks after treatment. The body weights decreased significantly in PTU and Thx. groups, while those in Thyro. group increased significantly in comparison with those in control group. No significant difference in body weight was noted between PTU and Thx. groups.
The study was carried out to elucidate the feedback mechanism on the hypothalamo-hypophyseal system from the functional changes of ovary in female rats. One hundred and forty-four mature female rats were alloted into the three groups; ovariectoimzed group, estradiol treated group and intact control group. The ovaries of 48 heads of rat were completely removed. Forty eight heads of rat were administered with 200㎍ of estradiol benzoate every 48 hours. Serum FSH, LH and prolactin levels were determined with radioimmunoassay method at 3,6,12,24 hours, and 5,10, and 15days after treatment. The rats were necropsied to measure the weights of hypophysis and to examin the histological changes in the organs. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The weights of hypophysis were increased after ovariectomy and decreased after estradiol injection. The differences in hypophysis weights were significant between the group from 5 days after treatment. 2. The histological changes in hypophysis were appeared from 5th day after ovariectomy. Proliferation and hypertrophy began to occur in basophilic from 10th day after ovariectomy, chromophobes were slightly hypertrophied and acidophilic cells were atrophied. In estradiol injected rats the histological findings were appeard to be contrary to those of ovariectomized rats. 3. Serum FSH levels significantly changed after ovariectomy and estradiol injection and were higher in both the treated groups than in the intact control group. Within 18 hours after treatment the level was the highest in ovariectomized group, and thereafter the highest level was found in estradiol treated group. In ovariectomized rats the levels were rapidly increased 3 hours after treatment and maximum levels were found 18 hours after treatment. In estradiol treated rats the levels started to increase 18 hours after treatment and reached maximum levels 24 hours treatment. 4. Serum Lh levels started to increase 3 hours after ovariectomy and estradiol injection and reached maximum levels 12 hours after ovariectomy and 24 hour after estradiol injection. There were significant differences in LH levels between the groups in each observation time. Up to 18 hours after treatment levels were higher in ovariectomized rats than in estradiol treated rats, but thereafter the levels were higher in estradiol treated rats than in ovariectomized rats. The multiple range test showed that a significant difference in LH levels was not found between ovariectomized group and estradiol treated group 18 hours and 5 days after treatment. 5. Serum prolactin levels were significantly changed after ovariectomy and radiol injection. The levels were lower in ovariectomized rats in intact control rats.