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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the trends in physiological variables in CAT research in nursing in Korea. Method: Of studies published in Korea between January, 2000 and December, 2005, 227 studies were analyzed according to the criteria of type, theme, and patterns in physiological variables related to CAT. Results: There were 72 articles on CAT research in which physiological variables were examined. The most frequently researched type of CAT was massage and in particular, foot massage. The most frequently used physiological variables in CAT research were blood pressure, pulse, and body temperature. Patients with high blood pressure were the most frequent subjects for CAT research. As to the effect of physiological variable by CAT type, foot massage showed a decline in blood pressure in all six research studies involving patients with high blood pressure. Conclusion: There is a need to describe accurately the mechanism by which CAT affects physiological variables. There is also a need for repetitive analysis to verify the effect, and meta-analysis for the effect on physiological variables according to type of CAT.
Purpose: This research was conducted, targeting to nurses working in clinical institutions to understand the difficulties and conflicts that they experience in the interpersonal relations. Methods: Ten nurses working in the tertiary hospitals participated in the study. Data collection took place between April 18, 2009 and June 20, 2009, via unstructured interviews. Data collection and analysis were conducted simultaneously, and Colaizzi's phenomenological method (1978) was applied for the analysis. Results: The fundamental structure of nurses' experiences caused by interpersonal relations were shown in five categories: 'the difficulties occurring when they learn new things', 'the invisible connection', 'verbal and attitudinal rudeness', ' indifference of colleagues' and 'getting matured with the conflict'. Conclusion: The result shows that the interpersonal conflicts experienced by nurses have not only negative effects such as confusion, discrimination, depersonalization and indifferences but also positive effect such as becoming matured. In this regard, it is necessary for the nursing community to pay more attention and efforts to discover the effect of interpersonal relations.
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of family function, self-efficacy and self-leadership, and to identify factors affecting self-leadership in adolescents. Method: Sampling was done using a convenience sampling method and 779 adolescents were recruited between June 4 and 15, 2012. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires which included general characteristics, family function, self-efficacy and self-leadership. Data were analyzed using descriptive, t-test, one way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 19.0. Results: The major findings of this study were as follow; 1) There were significant relationships between self-leadership and family function (r=.36, p<.001), and self-efficacy (r=.51, p<.001). 2) Self-leadership was significantly associated with self-efficacy (β=.42, p<.001), family function (β=.20, p<.001), satisfactory relationships with teachers (β=.12, p<.001), experience as a leader (β=.10, p=.001), higher school records (β=.17, p<.001), and medium school records (β=.11, p=.001). These variables explained 40.4% of variance in adolescents" self-leadership. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between family function, self-efficacy and self-leadership in adolescents and that in developing intervention programs to promote self-leadership, in adolescents, these variables should be considered.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate bone density and risk factors related to osteopenia to unmarried young adult women. Methods: The subjects consisted of 125 female college students. SPSS 12.0 program was used for the data analysis with t-test, χ²-test. The BMD of the calcaneus and body mass index (BMI) were measured with peripheral dual energy X-ray absorptionmetry. Other physical characteristics were measured with a scale and questionnaires. Results: The general characteristics of these people showed that the average age was 22.1 years old and that the average BMI was 20.8. The mean of BMD was normal, but 24.8% were osteopenia, 75.2% were normal. In the normal and osteopenia groups, there were significant differences in the status of the BMD according to age, height, weight, BMI, regular exercise, house chores, and the experiences of being on a diet. Conclusion: Women in their twenties had some osteoporosis risk, but they can change their BMD by doing regular exercise and by eating food to peak bone mass. For building peak bone mass, they need take exercise programs and education programs to prevent osteoporosis and follow-up care.