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      • KCI등재

        대퇴골 내고정술 후 발생된 가성 동맥류에 의한 소모성 혈액 응고 장애

        박현주,임창무,전영수,정덕환,박현주 대한골절학회 1998 대한골절학회지 Vol.11 No.1

        A case of consumptive coagulopathy due to pseudoaneurysm, which occured as a complication of intramedullary nailing, was rarely reported. Pseudoaneurysm of peripheral artery is presented with pulsating mass and may show extrinsic indentations of the adjacent bone. The coagulopathy and bleeding responded to surgical elimination of the fistula and aneurysm. Diffuse intravascular coagulopathy or consumptive coagulopathy is infrequently associated with pseudoaneurysm of deep femoral artery. Laceration of major arteries are more common in open than in closed fractures. They usually occur only when a major artery is in close proximity to bone as complications to fracture. Diffuse intravascular coagulopathy or consumptive coagulopathy is characterized clinically by excessive bleeding, ecchymosis and petechiae and by laboratory evidence of a disease in the numbers of platelets and amount of fibrinogen and an increase of fibrin degradation products with prolonged prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times. When the two coexist, they create a difficult clinical problem that requires optimal medical and surgical treatments. If the appropriate treatment was delayed, serious complication such as sepsis or death could be occured. Prompt recongnition through appropriate laboratory tests and early surgical intervention was indicated essentially, We are reporting one case of coagulopathy associated with pseudoaneurysm of deep femoral artery that presented to the broad clinical picture.

      • KCI등재후보

        조선후기 철화백자와 회화에 나타난 화조문양의 조형성 연구

        박현주 한국도자학회 2019 한국도자학연구 Vol.16 No.2

        White porcelains are a kind of ceramics that existed and prevailed through the early part of the Joseon Dynasty to its later part since its initial production in the 10th Century during the Goryeo Dynasty. In the 15th Century, hard porcelains were produced by the influence of white and blue porcelains of the Ming Dynasty of China. However, in the 17th Century, historic events of Japanese Invasion of Korea and Second Manchu Invasion made the purchase of expensive Chinese white and blue pigments no further available and, as a result, iron oxide porcelains (鐵 畵白磁porcelain made using iron oxide pigment) became hugely popular owing to their good accessibility of pigments everywhere in the country. Along the way, in step with wide distribution of porcelains to the countryside, local porcelain kilns were actively operated. The origin of iron oxide porcelains was from the 11th Century during the Goryeo Dynasty, and the 17th Century when iron oxide porcelains started to get popular in full fashion was their heydays. Iron oxide technique was a decoration method using pigment of ruddle mostly composed of iron oxide. This pigment tends to spread so quickly on the surface once contacting the water that producers must draw the picture in an extremely fast way, but they can express it freely. Iron oxide porcelains, in particular, expressed a diverse range of patterns such as birds and flowers, flowering plants, clouds & dragons and four gracious plants with a bold and picturesque stroke. This study, which conducted comparative research with bird-and-flower paintings during the Joseon Dynasty drawn in a similar period with bird-and-flower patterns out of a number of patterns of ceramics, sought to introduce unique pictorial expressions of iron oxide porcelains as shown at bird-and-flower patterns. For this, Chapter Ⅰ discussed the purpose and methodology of the study, while Chapter Ⅱ examined background of emergence of iron oxide porcelains and characteristics by each period to introduce iron oxide porcelains that expressed the sentiments of the Joseon society in a unique way. Chapter Ⅲ analyzed classification of bird-and-flower paintings and symbolism as appeared in paintings during the Joseon period and examined examples of work connected to the latter part of the Joseon period. Chapter Ⅳconducted comparative research with bird-and-flower paintings shown at folk paintings which were drawn in the similar period with bird-and-flower patterns of iron oxide porcelains that attempted diverse pictorial expressions out of diverse porcelains. And it found bird-and-flower patterns were drawn frequently not only in paintings but on ceramics because of their symbolism of good auspice. Along the way, Chapter Ⅴ attempted to vividly represent the feelings of patterns by linking old patterns of ceramics with today's 3D technique. This treatise was a follow-up of the researcher's previous comparative research with paintings regarding iron oxide patterns in grayish-blue-powdered celadon at A Study on Pictorial Expression Shown at Patterns of Grayish-blue-powdered Celadon: Focused on fish patterns at Gyeryongsan celadon. And it sought a comparative research between the patterns on paintings and those on porcelains. And the study suggested two works of 3D as an example in search for a fresh and unique method and the researcher would like to use them in ceramic creation and treatises in a path towards extending ceramics in the pictorial point of view in the future studies. 백자는 고려시대 10세기 이후 제작되기 시작하여 조선 전기에 걸쳐 말기까지 지속된 자기의일종이다. 15세기에는 중국 명대의 청화백자의 영향으로 경질백자가 제작되었고 17세기에는 임진왜란과 병자호란으로 인해 중국에 의존하여 구입했던 값비싼 청화안료가 더 이상 수급이 어려워지자 국내 어디서나 안료를 쉽게 구할 수 있는 철화백자가 크게 유행하였다. 또한 백자의보급이 지방으로까지 널리 확대되어 지방 백자 가마들이 활발하게 운영되었다. 철화백자의 기원은 고려시대 11세기경부터이며 본격적으로 유행하기 시작하는 17세기는 철화백자의 전성기이다. 철화기법은 석간주(石間硃)라는 산화철이 주성분인 안료를 이용하여 그림을 그린 장식기법을 말한다. 이 안료는 물에 닿으면 빨리 퍼지므로 아주 빠른 필치로 그려야하므로 그림을 자유롭게 그려 표현할 수 있다. 특히 철화백자는 대담하고 회화적 느낌의 선으로화조(花鳥)·화훼(花卉)를 비롯해 운룡(雲龍), 사군자류 등 다양한 문양을 표현했다. 본 연구는 백자의 여러 문양 중 화조문양과 비슷한 시기에 그려진 조선시대 화조도(花鳥圖)를 비교 연구함으로서 화조 문양을 통해 나타난 철화백자만의 특별한 회화적 표현을 소개하고자한다. 이를 위해 Ⅰ장에서는 연구의 목적과 방법을 논하고, Ⅱ장에서는 철화백자의 발생배경과시기별 특징을 고찰하여 조선사회의 감성을 특유의 방법으로 보이고 있는 철화백자를 소개한다. Ⅲ장에서는 조선시대 회화에서 등장하고 있는 화조도의 분류와 상징성에 대해 분석하고 조선시대 후기로 이어진 작품사례를 살펴보았다. Ⅳ장에서는 백자 중에서도 회화적 표현이 다채롭게 시도된 철화백자의 화조문양과 비슷한 시기의 그려진 민화에 나타난 화조도를 비교연구하였으며 화조문양은 길상적 의미의 상징성 때문에 회화뿐 아니라 도자기에서도 많이 그려진것으로 분석하였다. 또한 Ⅴ장에서는 도자기의 옛 문양을 오늘 날의 기술인 3D와 접목하여 문양의 느낌을 실감나게 재현하고자 하였다. 본 논문은 앞서 본인이 연구했던 박현주(2018).「분청사기 문양에 나타난 회화적 표현 연구: 계룡산 철화분청사기의 물고기문양을 중심으로」『한국도자학연구』Vol.15 No.2 2018. 에서 분청사기에서의 철화문양에 대해서 회화와 함께 비교연구 하였던 사례에 이어 후속으로 백자에서의 철화문양에 대해서 회화와 함께 비교연구 하고자 하였다. 아울러 본 논문에 좀 더 색다른방법을 모색하기위해 시범적으로 3D 두 작품을 제시하였고 이를 바탕으로 향후 이어지는 본인의 연구에서 도자기를 회화적 관점으로 확장하는 도자작품 창출과 대논문에 활용하고자 한다.

      • KCI등재후보

        만성 바이러스성 간염 환자에서 후각 기능의 변화

        박현주,이승신,변성완,배정호 대한비과학회 2009 Journal of rhinology Vol.16 No.2

        Background and Objectives:Alterations of olfactory function among patients with cirrhosis of the liver, acute viral hepatitis or alcoholic liver disease have been reported. The goal of this study is to evaluate the alteration of olfactory function among chronic viral hepatitis patients. Materials and Methods:The study group consisted of 21 patients with chronic active viral hepatitis and 32 normal subjects. Between December 2006 and January 2008, olfactory function among the study groups was evaluated using the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center and the Cross Cultural Smell Identification Test. Then, correlations between the olfactory function test scores and serological data were analyzed. Results:Hepatitis patients had significantly lower smell identification test scores. Only serum total bilirubin level had negative correlation with smell identification test scores. Conclusion:Chronic viral hepatitis appears to influence olfactory function. Background and Objectives:Alterations of olfactory function among patients with cirrhosis of the liver, acute viral hepatitis or alcoholic liver disease have been reported. The goal of this study is to evaluate the alteration of olfactory function among chronic viral hepatitis patients. Materials and Methods:The study group consisted of 21 patients with chronic active viral hepatitis and 32 normal subjects. Between December 2006 and January 2008, olfactory function among the study groups was evaluated using the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center and the Cross Cultural Smell Identification Test. Then, correlations between the olfactory function test scores and serological data were analyzed. Results:Hepatitis patients had significantly lower smell identification test scores. Only serum total bilirubin level had negative correlation with smell identification test scores. Conclusion:Chronic viral hepatitis appears to influence olfactory function.

      • KCI등재

        양안시 이상의 임상 사례 연구

        박현주 대한시과학회 2005 대한시과학회지 Vol.7 No.1

        양안시 이상의 문제륜 연구하기 위하여 팔절 검사와 양안시 검사룹 실시하였다- 편 안한 양안시틀 위해서 조절과 폭주의 균형이 중요한데, 조절과 양안 λl 에 문제가 있는 대상자들은 굴절 이상 교정 외에도 다른 추가적인 처방이 필요하였다. 그 증 폭주 파 다와 폭주 부족의 문제플 가지고 있는 2 명을 대상자륜 정하여 완전 교정된 안경을 처방하고 4주간 시기능 훈련을 실시하였다 4주 후 근업시 환자뜰의 불편감은 많이 해소되었으며 타각적 검사값들도 개선되었 다 시기능 훈련이 폭주 여력뿐만 아니라 개산 여력을 증가시키는 데또 효과가 있었 으므로, 임상에서도 양얀시 이상의 치료에 적극적으로 적용하고, 향후 연구플 동해 다양한 양얀시 이상 치료에 시도해도 좋온 결과가 있을 것으로 판단된다. To study binocular dysfunction, 1 performed several tests to diagnose any form of refractive, accommodative or binocular dysfunction. For comfort fusion the balance of accommodation and convergence was important, patients examined had some form of accommodative or binocular dysfunction and required not just the correction of the refractive eπor but a specific treatment for each of the problems diagnosed. Of two chosen patients, one had convergence insufficiency the othcr had convergence excess. Full corrections were prescribed to subjects and trained for 4 weeks. 4 wecks later V1Slon therapy(vision training) was quite effective in convcrgence excess and convergence insufficiency. Therefore continuous research of vlsion training in binocular dysfunction was necessary

      • KCI등재

        Gastrin-releasing peptide promotes the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells through upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9

        박현주,김미경,김연,배순식,김형준,배수경,배문경 생화학분자생물학회 2017 BMB Reports Vol.50 No.12

        Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) has been reported to be implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders. The migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are key components of vascular inflammation that leads to the development of atherosclerosis. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular effect of GRP on VSMC proliferation and migration. We report that GRP significantly enhanced the proliferation and migration of rat VSMCs. GRP increased mRNA and protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase- 2 and -9 (MMP-2/9) in VSMCs. The induction of MMP-2/9 by GRP was regulated by the activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3). In addition, STAT3-knockdown of VSMCs by siRNA or blockade of the GRP receptor inhibited GRP-induced migration of VSMCs. Taken together, our findings indicate that GRP promotes the migration of VSMCs through upregulation of MMP-2/9 via STAT3 activation.

      • KCI등재

        불안정 애착과 심리적 고통의 관계에서 완벽주의와 자존감의 매개효과: 성차 검증

        박현주,정대용 한국여성심리학회 2010 한국심리학회지 여성 Vol.15 No.3

        This study aimed at testing mediating effects of maladaptive perfectionism and self-esteem in the link between insecure attachment and psychological distress. Another purpose of the study was to examine if the mediational model would differ by gender. Data were collected from 226 college students across two universities (138 females and 88 males). The results from structural equation modeling concerning all participants preferred a partially-mediated model (i.e., a direct effect from insecure attachment to psychological distress along with mediation effects) over a fully-mediated model. A multi-group analysis was conducted to test gender differences for the final structure model. However, at the configural invariance level, it was found that females and males differ in the structure model; a partially-mediated model fit better for the female data, whereas a fully-mediated model explained the male data better. The examination of the path coefficients suggested that the influence of insecure attachment over the other study variables deemed stronger for the female students. The study results were discussed in light of existing theories and previous findings. Implications for considering gender as a significant variable in the treatment interventions were suggested. 본 연구에서는 이론 및 선행 연구에 근거하여 불안정 애착과 심리적 고통의 관계에서 완벽주의와 자존감의 매개효과를 검증하고, 구조 모형에서 남녀 차이를 알아보고자 하였다. 대학생 226명(여학생 138명, 남학생 88명)이 연구에 참여하였으며 AMOS 7.0 프로그램을 사용하여 모형 검증을 실시하였다. 전체 집단을 대상으로 모형 검증을 실시한 결과, 불안정 애착이 심리적 고통에 미치는 직접적인 영향을 같이 고려한 부분매개모형이 직접적인 영향을 배제한 완전매개모형보다 더 우수한 모형으로 나타났다. 구조 모형에 대한 성차를 검증하기 위해 다집단 분석(multi-group analysis)을 실시하였으나, 형태동일성 검증 단계에서 여학생과 남학생에 대한 구조 모형이 다른 것으로 나타났다. 여학생의 경우 부분매개모형이 자료를 더 잘 설명하였으며, 남학생의 경우 완전매개모형이 더 우수한 모형으로 나타났다. 따라서 각각의 모형에 대한 경로계수를 탐색하였으며, 여학생 집단의 경우 불안정 애착이 모형의 다른 변인들에 미치는 영향이 강한 반면, 남학생 집단에서는 이러한 영향이 상대적으로 약한 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구 결과의 이론적 함의를 논의하였으며, 심리적 개입에 있어서 성차를 고려한 함의점을 제안하였다.

      • KCI등재

        대학생을 위한 리더십향상 집단상담 구안 및 효과 연구

        박현주,김민정,임진,엄혜련 西江大學校 學生生活相談硏究所 2005 人間理解 Vol.26 No.-

        현대사회에서의 리더십은 크게 셀프리더십, 팔로워십, 능력부여리더십, 서번트리더십으로 분류될 수 있다. 한국의 대학생은 향후 인생의 목표를 설정하고 계획하여 추진하고 더불어 공동체의 일원으로 서로 교류하고 성장 한다는 발달적 과제를 가지고 있다. 따라서 대학생의 리더십은 셀프리더십을 바탕으로 한 자기관리, 대인관계 관리, 공동체 참여로 구성된다. 본 연구에서는 대학생의 리더십을 향상시키기 위한 집단상담을 구안하였으며 구조화된 대학생 리더십향상 집단상담을 2005년 1월에 실시하였다. 참여한 총 10명의 집단원들을 대상으로 집단상담 전 후에 각 구성요소를 측정하는 설문조사를 실시하였으며, 통계적으로 유의미한 차이는 아니었으나 자기관리, 대인관계관리, 공동체참여 각 영역 모두에서 향상된 양상을 보였다. 또한 집단원들의 회기별 피드백을 토대로 본 프로그램의 효과를 검증하였으며 본 프로그램의 보다 효과적인 적용을 위한 논의를 덧붙였다. Leadership, nowadays, can be classified into four different kinds: self-leadership, followership, empowering-leadership, and servant leadership. Korean university students have developmental tasks as members of group such as setting a life goal, making a plan, making an action, associating with others, and being advanced. Therefore, the elements of leadership program for university students based on self-leadership are self management, interpersonal relationship management, and participating in a group. In this study, a structured program for developing leadership of university students was designed, and operated on Jan, 2005. Surveys which measured each elements of the program were given to ten students who were participated in a group before and after the program. A statistical result was not significant. However, each elements, self management, interpersonal relationship management, and participating in a group, showed a progress. Session reviews by students were also used to verify the effect of the program. Further suggestions and studies for more effective application of the program were discussed.

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