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This descriptive research study identified the factors affecting the nursing process confidence of nursing students. The study's data was collected from June 13th 2017 to June 30th, 2017. Informed consent was received from 129 students who were in their second year of nursing college. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS WIN 18.0 program. The score for self-directed learning ability was 3.45, the score for a critical thinking disposition was 3.55, and the score for nursing process confidence was 3.68. There was significant positive correlation between nursing process confidence and self-directed learning ability (r=.572, p<.001) and critical thinking disposition (r=.488, p<.001). The factor affecting the confidence in the nursing process was self-directed learning ability(32.2%). Educational methods based on building the self-directed learning ability are needed to enhance the nursing process. There are limitations in discussing the results of this study due to the lack of prior research. Further study is needed to confirm the results of this research and the relationships it revealed. 본 연구는 간호대학생의 자기주도적 학습능력, 비판적 사고성향 및 간호과정 자신감과의 관계를 파악하고, 간호과정 자신감에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사 연구이다. 연구의 자료는 2017년 6월 13일부터 2017년 6월 30일까지 수집되었다. 연구대상자는 간호대학 2학년 학생 129명이며, 서면 동의를 받은 후 이루어졌다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS WIN 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과 간호 대학생의 자기 주도적 학습능력은 3.45점, 비판적 사고성향은 3.55점, 간호과정 자신감은 3.68점이었다. 간호과정 자신감과 자기 주도적 학습능력(r=.572, p<.001), 비판적 사고성향(r=.488, p<.001)은 유의한 정적 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 간호과정 자신감에 영향을 미치는 요인은 자기주도적 학습능력이었으며, 설명력은 32.2%로 나타났다. 따라서 간호과정 자신감을 증진시키기 위해서는 자기주도적 학습능력을 높일 수 있는 교육방법이 필요하다. 또한, 간호과정 자신감에 대한 선행연구가 부족하여 본 연구 결과를 논의하는데 한계가 있으므로 효과성을 확인하기 위한 후속연구가 필요하며 간호과정 자신감에 영향을 미치는 추가적인 변인을 규명하고 추후 변수들 간의 관계를 밝히는 연구를 제언한다.
본 연구는 간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향, 셀프리더십, 그릿과 대학생활 적응과의 관계를 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사 연구이다. 연구의 대상자는 간호학과 2학년 176명을 대상으로 하였다. 자료 수집 기간은 2019년 6월 20일부터 2019년 6월 30일까지 진행되었다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS WIN 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과 간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향은 3.47점, 셀프리더십은 3.47점, 그릿은 3.81점, 대학생활 적응은 3.26점이었다. 대학생활 적응과 비판적 사고성향(r=.41, p <.001), 셀프리더십(r=.56, p <.001), 그릿(r=.72, p <.001)은 유의한 정적 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 대학생활 적응에 영향을 미치는 요인은 전공만족도, 학업수준, 비판적 사고성향, 그릿이었으며 설명력은 58.0%로 나타났다. 따라서 간호대학생의 대학생활 적응을 돕기 위해 본연구결과를 반영한 프로그램 개발이 필요하다. This is a descriptive study to investigate the relationship between critical thinking disposition, self-leadership, grit, and college life adjustment of nursing college students. The participants were 176 sophomore nursing students. The data for this study were collected from June 20th to 30th, 2019. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. The score of critical thinking disposition was 3.47, self-leadership was 3.47, grit was 3.81, college life adjustment was 3.26. There was a significant positive correlation between college life adjustment and critical thinking disposition (r=.41, p <.001), self-leadership (r=.56, p <.001), and grit (r=.72, p <.001). Factors influencing the nursing students" college life adjustment included satisfaction of major, academic achievement, critical thinking disposition, and grit. This model explained 58.0% of the college life adjustment of nursing students. Therefore, in enhancing the college life adjustment of nursing college students, it is necessary to develop a program that reflects the results of this study.
Correlations among Meta Cognition, Critical Thinking and Self-efficacy of Nursing Students Studying through Problem Based Learning(PBL) Hwang, Yoon-Young․.Park, Chang-Seung Chu, Min-Sun Purpose: This study was performed to examine the degree of meta cognition, critical thinking and self-efficacy and to identify correlations among the meta cognition, critical thinking, and self-efficacy of nursing students studying through PBL. Method: The subjects were 140 nursing students who had studied through PBL over three terms at C College. Data were collected from August to September, 2005 using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS 10.0. Results: The mean score of meta cognition was 40.14 (SD=6.02), critical thinking was 181.46 (SD=14.49), and self-efficacy was 942.93 (SD=167.05). There was a statistically significant positive correlation between meta cognition and self-efficacy and age. Also, meta cognition had a positive correlation with appropriateness to nursing and interest in nursing knowledge, and critical thinking had a positive correlation with appropriateness to nursing, interest in nursing knowledge, interest in lab on campus and interest in clinical practicum. There were statistically significant positive correlations among meta cognition, critical thinking and self-efficacy. Conclusion: Based on above results, further research should be done about many factors influencing nursing students' problem solving abilities for the development and application of many teaching methods for improving nursing students' meta cognition, critical thinking and self-efficacy.
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate differences in pain, pain interference, and fatigue, according to the level of physical activity in the elderly with chronic pain. Methods: Data were collected between January and March 2011 from 116 elders with chronic pain living in community settings. The data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program for descriptive statistics, X2 test, t-test, ANOVA and ANCOVA. The reliability of the instruments was tested with Cronbach's ⍺ coefficient, which ranged from .91 to .93. Results: The results were as follows. The mean total physical activity was 2287.4 MET-min/week, and 41.4% of the investigated subjects were classified into the low physical activity group. After adjusting for age and sex, the moderate and high physical activity groups were significantly lower in pain (F=6.33, p=.002), pain interference (F=11.57, p<.001), and fatigue (F=3.16, p=.046) than the low physical activity group. Conclusion: Results from this study suggest that the level of physical activity can influence pain, pain interference and fatigue. Therefore, incorporating more physical activities into daily routines, inactive elderly individuals may improve their pain, pain interference and fatigue.
본 연구는 여성 갑상선 암환자의 불안, 우울, 불확실성, 사회적 지지와 삶의 질의 정도를 파악하고, 불안, 우울, 불확실성, 사회적 지지가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향을 파악하고자 수행되었다. 본 연구는 서술적 조사연구로 2014년 4월부터 10월까지 불안, 우울, 불확실성, 사회적지지, 삶의 질 측정도구를 이용하여 설문조사를 시행하였다. 연구대상자는 갑상선암을 진단 또는 치료받고 일 병원 내분비외과 외래를 방문중인 갑상선암 환자를 편의 표출하였으며, 자료수집이 완료된 106명의 자료를 SPSS 22.0을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 삶의 질은 중간정도로 나타났으며, 불안은 신체기능과 정서기능, 사회기능에 유의하게 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났고, 불확실성은 신체기능과 인지기능에 유의하게 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구결과를 통해 드러난 여성 갑상선암 환자들의 삶의 질 향상을 위해 불안과 불확실성을 감소시키기 위한 중재방안의 모색이 필요하다. 또한 후속 연구들에서는 보다 다양한 환경과 다양한 치료시기의 대상자를 표집하여 삶의 질에 대한 영향요인을 융복합적인 측면에서 파악할 필요가 있다. The purpose of this study was to examine the anxiety, depression, uncertainty, social support, and QoL and to identify the factors influencing QoL in women with thyroid cancer. A descriptive survey was performed from April to October in 2014 with self-reporting questionnaires for depression, uncertainty, social support, and QoL. Participants were 106 women with thyroid cancer who visited a outpatient department of endocrine surgery in a hospital. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. As the results of this study, the mean scores of global QoL were moderate. Anxiety was significantly influenced physical functioning, emotional functioning, and social functioning. Uncertainty was significantly influenced physical functioning and cognitive functioning. Therefore, from the results of this study, nursing practice focused on anxiety and uncertainty relieving care for female thyroid cancer patients to improving QoL. And also, in order to understand the QoL of women with thyroid cancer, it is necessary to deeply understand the QoL through qualitative and quantitative research to determine the QoL by treatment period and treatment type.
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....................... ......................... This study was done to identify a typology of coping styles toward incivility in clinical sites among nursing students using Q methodology for providing data of nursing education program. Initially, 85 Q statements were extracted, and 36 state- ments were generated as the final Q sample. Considering the various clinical practice experience, 42 senior nursing students were selected by convenience sampling. Q sorting yielded in each case a systematic forced distribution of 36 Q samples ordered on a scale of 1–9. The collected data were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program by performing principle component analysis. The factor analyses revealed four types of coping style that together for 55.43% of variance: Type 1 (37.30%), Type 2 (9.02%), Type 3 (5.35%), and Type 4 (3.76%). The revealed four types of nursing students coping styles toward incivility in clinical sites: Type Ⅰ is "Active conversion type", type Ⅱ is "Passive evasion type", type Ⅲ is "Resignation endurance type", and type Ⅳ is "Rational immersion type." Further study needs to develop and apply effective nursing education program based on differentiated coping style types toward incivility in clinical sites among nursing students. In addition, it is necessary to establish a policy to create a sound clinical practice environment in order to reduce the incivility experienced by nursing students in clinical sites.