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Purpose: The objectives of this study were to explore the relationships between the fear of falling and daily activities, and physical functioning of older people in community. Method: A descriptive study design was used in this study. 295 people aged over 65 and living in community participated. Data of demographic characteristics, fear of falling, activity daily living, physical functioning were collected. Result: 13.2% of the participants reported that they have falling accident last one year. 75.6% of participants reported fear of falling. 67.7% of them expressed restricting activity because of fear of falling. There were no significant relationship between fear of falling and BADL(Basic Activity Daily Living) but fear of falling and IADL(Instrumental Activity Daily Living) were related. It was also found that older people with higher fear of falling expressed more pain and uncomfortable feelings especially on their lower body and had higher scores of morbidity of neurologic diseases such as neuralgia and cerebrovascular diseases. Conclusion: There were significant relationships between fear of falling and IADL, and physical functioning on lower body, and morbidity of neurologic diseases such as neuralgia and cerebrovascular diseases.
Purpose: Home health nurses could affect patients' choice of alternative therapy. This study was carried out to investigate home health nurses' attitudes and cognition toward alternative therapy. Method: The subjects were 92 nurses who preparing the home health nurses at 2 university in Seoul and Suwon. Using the questionnaire. we measured the subjects' attitudes and cognition toward alternative therapy. Result: The mean score of attitudes about application was 3.14. and the score of attitudes about therapeutic effect was 2.57. The score of attitudes about therapeutic effect were significantly positive correlation to the score of cognition about alternative therapy. The attitudes about therapeutic effect were different significantly according to number of working years. But they commonly wanted to apply the soojichim. aroma-therapy. massage. danjon breathing. music therapy. plant therapy. and foot reflexology to their home health care subjects. Conclusion: Alternative therapies became a popular source of health care in Korea. This study showed pre-home health nurses had positive attitudes toward alternative therapies and they had wide variations of knowledge in how to use each therapy. But they acknowledge the value of alternative therapies as useful nursing interventions. so we all nurses should pay attention to develope the nursing intervention using alternative therapy.
Purpose: This study was done to identify the preferences for learning style and the degree of self-directed learning and influencing factors on it among nursing students working on a Bachelor of Science in a nursing program at Suwon. Methods: The study sample included 156 nursing students. A self-report questionnaire was used to assess the data. The data was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN program for descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Most of the students preferred lectures rather than discussion or team projects as a teaching method. Students preferred deliberating, sensing, and the use of visuals for their learning style. In addition, they favored sequential learning over comprehensive learning. Self directed learning had better outcomes in 3rd and 4th year students than 1st or 2nd year students. Additionally, active learners and high achievers who had a good GPA showed higher self directed learning than the others. Conclusion: In order to maximize students` self-directed learning, study guidance will be necessary for freshmen and for some who experience difficulties in studying nursing courses. Nursing faculty members should pay close attention to facilitate student`s self directed learning, and encourage more discussions in the classes.
목적: 국내 가와사키병 환아의 장기 예후에 대해 알아보고 장기 추적 관찰의 필요성에 대해 논의하고자하는 것이다. 방법: 가와사키병으로 입원한 354명에서 심초음파 검사와 운동부하검사에 동의한 환아 48명을 대상으로 하였다. 발병 후부터 재내원하여 추적검사를 받기까지 평균 11.6년(8.2-17.0년) 경과하였다. 발병당시 관상동맥류가 없었던 환자군을 1군, 소동맥류가 있었던 환자군을 2군으로 구분하여 장기추적검사상 두 군의 차이와 이상소견여부를 분석하였다. 결과: 장기 추적목적의 초음파와 운동부하검사에서 대부분 이상 소견을 보이지 않았으나 2군에서 9세남아 1명이 관상동맥 확장소견을 보였다. 운동부하검사는 두 군 모두 정상 소견을 보였고 심초음파 검사상 1군에서 100%, 2군에서 93.3%에서 이상이 없었다. 결론: 소동맥류가 있었던 환자군 중 일부에서 관상동맥 확장을 보였으므로 관상동맥 합병증이 발생한환자에서 선택적으로 장기적인 추적검사가 필요할 것으로 보인다. Purpose: To investigate the long-term prognosis of patients with Kawasaki disease in Korea, and discuss the need for long-term follow-up. Methods: The subjects were 48 patients among 354 who had been hospitalized due to Kawasaki disease, and who consented to echocardiography and exercise challenge testing. The mean duration from the onset of disease to follow-up testing after rehospitalization was 11.6 years (8.2-17.0). Patients without coronary artery aneurysms at the initial presentation of the disease were classified in group 1, and patients with small aneurysms were in group 2. Test abnormalities and differences between the two groups were analyzed. Result: There were no significant differences in the results of follow-up echocardiography and exercise challenge testing between the two groups. Although no abnormal findings were noted at follow-up in most patients, a 9-year-old boy in group 2 showed coronary artery dilation. The exercise test indicated normal results in both groups, and echocardiography results were also normal in 100% of cases in group 1 and 93.3% of cases in group 2. Conclusions: As some patients with coronary aneurysms showed coronary artery dilation, we believe that long-term follow-up may be selectively required in patients with coronary artery complications.
본 연구의 목적은 창작동화를 활용한 토의활동이 일반아동의 장애수용태도에 어떤 효과를 미치는가를 알아보는데 있다. 이를 위해 B시의 Y초등학교에서 장애아동이 없는 3학년 중 2개의 일반학급(실험집단 N=31명, 통제집단 N=31명)을 선정하였다. 실험집단은 8주, 16회기에 걸쳐 장애관련 창작동화를 활용한 토의활동을 실시하였으며 통제집단은 학급 교육계획에 따라 창작동화 독서 및 독후활동을 실시하였다. 장애수용태도는 설문지를 통해 인지적·정의적·행동적 장애수용태도로 나누어 사전·사후·추후 검사를 실시하여 그 효과를 알아보았다. 그 결과 세 영역에서 모두 실험집단의 아동들이 통제집단의 아동들과 비교했을 때 사후와 추 후에서 유의미한 차이를 보이면서 높은 점수를 보였다. 또한 집단 내에서의 변화과정을 보면 통제집단은 모든 영역에서의 장애수용태도에서 사전, 사후, 추후 검사 간에 차이를 보이지 않은 반면, 실험집단은 인지적과 정의적 장애수용태도에서 유의미한 차이가 나타났고 행동적 장애수용태도에서는 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 이러한 결과를 통하여 전반적으로 장애관련 창작 동화를 활용한 토의활동이 일반아동들의 장애수용태도를 긍정적으로 변화시키는데 효과적인 교수전략임을 확인할 수 있다. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of discussion activities by using the created tales related to the disabilities on the disabilities acceptance attitudes of general children. In order to achieve this purpose, the followings were set as research tasks; Are discussion activities using the created tales related to the disabilities effective to cognitive, affective and behavioral acceptance attitudes of children without disabilities? The participants in this study were 62 children without disabilities who are in the third grade of Y elementary school in Busan. They were spilt into two groups, an experimental group and a control group. The children of the experimental group were offered experiments. As experiments for this study, discussion activities by using the created tales related to the disabilities were conducted 16 times for 8 weeks, about 30 minutes each. To investigate the change in children`s disabilities acceptance attitudes, before and after experiment, pre-and post-experiments were conducted. To investigate the durability of children`s attitudes, 2nd post-experiment was conducted 2 weeks later. The result of this study are as follows. First, discussion activities by using the created tales related to the disabilities had a positive effect on the cognitive acceptance attitudes of children. Second, discussion activities by using the created tales related to the disabilities had a positive effect on the affective acceptance attitudes of children. Third, discussion activities by using the created tales related to the disabilities were not clear on the behavioral acceptance attitudes of children.
This article discusses the agricultural policy of Chos?n Ch’ongdokpu(朝鮮總督府) and the conditions of education conducted in Chos?n by examining the establishment, operation, and graduate employment patterns of agricultural schools in the early Japanese colonial period. Two characteristics of Chos?n agricultural schools were examined in this article. First, it was based on a low-leveled, simple education school system, including only the knowledge and skills directly related to the riceimprovement policy. Second, it was the highest secondary school in most of the Chos?n provinces, resulting from the government’s strict control over the installation of other non-vocational secondary educational institutions. The second factor led to mass employment of Chos?n agricultural school graduates in various low-level positions inside the government. This pattern, conflicting with the school’s purpose as an elite farmer (篤農家) training institution, was caused by the poor educational environment itself, which made the status of Chos?n agricultural schools naturally elevated, and the graduates’ insufficient possession of farmlands to succeed in farming. Yet, the Japanese imperial government and school blamed the students’ defiant attitude towards vocation and consistently saw it as a sign of Chos?n’s inferiority.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of nursing students preceptorship and to compare the perception on the readiness of clinical competence between nurse preceptors and senior-level nursing students. Method: Data was collected with self-administered questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-test. Study participants were 65 preceptors in one university hospital and 59 nursing students in the same university. Result: The knowledge and satisfaction about preceptorship in the nurse preceptor was 2.66 and 2.70 out of 5. Most of the preceptors (70%) agreed to the students preceptorship program even though the intention to be a preceptor was very low (14.1%). They responded that the merits of student preceptorship were self-development (29.7%) and knowledge acquisition (29.7%), whereas the disadvantages were increased workload (67.2%) and increased stress (23.4%). Requested rewards were monetary reward (44.4%) and promotion (33.3%). In all areas of clinical competence readiness, students perception score was higher than preceptors. Conclusion: Nursing education must reexamine current approaches to clinical teaching and seek methods to better prepare future nurses. These findings may serve as a guide to create an ideal students preceptorship program to place a greater emphasis on the competencies desired for providing high quality nursing services.
We present a simple solvent-assisted capillary molding method to fabricate zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures using an ultraviolet (UV) curable polyurethane acrylate (PUA) mold. A thin film of the ZnO sol-gel precursor solution in methyl alcohol was prepared by spin coating on a solid substrate and subsequently a nanopatterned PUA mold was brought in conformal contact with the substrate under a slight physical pressure (~ 3.5 bar). After annealing at 230 ℃ for 4 hrs, well-defined ZnO nanostructures formed with feature size down to ~ 50 ㎚ aided by capillary rise and solvent evaporation. It was found that the height of capillary rise highly depended on the applied pressure. A simple experimental setup was devised to examine the effects of pressure, revealing that the optimum pressure ranged from 3.5 to 5 bars. Also, ZnO nanorods could be selectively grown on the patterned regions using the seed layer as a pseudocatalyst when the width of seed layer was larger than ~ 200 ㎚.