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      • KCI등재

        칼 융의 사상과 다석 류영모 사상의 비교분석

        박정환(Jung-hwan Park) 한국종교학회 2017 宗敎硏究 Vol.77 No.1

        This paper aims to compare and contrast the ideas of C.G. Jung, a Western psychologist with Dasuk Ryu Youngmo who known as the spiritual man of Korea. In contrast to Freud, who had neglected unconsciousness as a repository of sexual desires, Jung found unconsciousness as an important research area by discovering the creativity and possibility of unconsciousness. For this reason, Jung, unlike other psychologists, has not only been much easier to compare with people with religiosity, but also the contents that can be revealed through comparison can be much richer. Therefore, by comparing two thinkers in the East and the West, I would like to find common points of their ideas and to reveal their ideas more deeply. The composition of this paper is as follows. First, keeping in mind the common sense of unconsciousness and nothingness(無), I want to compare Jung "s unconsciousness with Dasuk"s nothingness(無) and void(虛空). They saw the unconsciousness and nothingness(無) as the basic foundation for forming human beings. Second, the questions about the center of nothingness(無) and unconsciousness, which can be seen as the innermost nucleus of human being as "Selbst" and "Ölna", respectively, were raised. Jung"s "Selbst" is the center of consciousness and unconsciousness, and Dasuk"s Ölna is an immanent self(selbst) given by God. Jung and Dasuk insisted that we should go back to these two centers of humanity. Third, we reviewed Jung and Dasuk"s Christology, paying attention to the fact that one of Jung"s prototypes was Christ. Their Christology has a lot in common in that it emphasizes the possibility of human beings distinct from orthodox Christianity. Finally, We compared ‘the individualization’ and ‘the Bataltagi(바탈타기)’ perceived by two people as the process of self–actualization. Given the life they have lived in, the two process are likely to be recognized as important goals for them. Through the comparative analysis of the above two people, I tried to show that the two people made their way towards their goal of self-life, and that they lived for the completion of their own life and tried to inform others about it.

      • KCI등재

        침(鍼) 및 전침(電鍼)이 SHR 대뇌(大腦)에서 Doublecortin, PSA-NCAM, pCREB 양성 신경세포에 미치는 영향

        박정환,이재동,김창환,Park, Jung-hwan,Lee, Jae-dong,Kim, Chang-hwan 대한침구의학회 2004 대한침구의학회지 Vol.21 No.3

        Background and Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acupuncture and electroacupuncture on the DCX, PSA-NCAM, and pCREB expression in the brain of spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR). Materials and Methods : SHR were divided into five groups: control group, acupuncture group, 2Hz electroacupuncture(EA) group and 100Hz EA group. We evaluated the changes of the DCX, PSA-NCAM, and pCREB positive cells using immunohistochemical method. In the olfactory bulb, we investigate the optical densities of the immunoactive cells. In the dentate gyrus and the piriform cortex, we count the immunoactive cells under the $100{\times}$ visual field optical microscope. Results : 1. The optical densities of DCX-positive cells in the subependymal zone were significantly decreased in all groups, compared to the control group. 2. The counts of DCX-positive cells in the dentate gyrus were significantly increased in all groups, compared to the control group. The counts of DCX-positive cells in the piriform cortex were significantly increased in the acupuncture and 100Hz EA group, compared to the control group. 3. The optical densities of PSA-NCAM-positive cells in the subependymal zone were significantly decreased in the acupuncture and 2Hz EA group, compared to the control group. 4. The counts of PSA-NCAM-positive cells in the dentate gyrus and the piriform cortex were significantly increased in all group, compared to the control group. 5. The counts of pCREB-positive cells in the dentate gyrus were significantly increased in all groups, compared to the control group. The counts of pCREB-positive cells in the piriform cortex were significantly increased in the acupuncture and 100Hz EA group, compared to the control group. Conclusion : We conclude that acupuncture and EA may affect neuronal cell proliferation, differentiation and plasticity in the brain.

      • KCI등재

        하드웨어와 소프트웨어의 역할 분담을 통해 칩 면적을 크게 줄인 Image Signal Processor의 설계

        박정환,박종식,이성수,Park, Jung-Hwan,Park, Jong-Sik,Lee, Seong-Soo 한국정보통신학회 2010 한국정보통신학회논문지 Vol.14 No.8

        이미지 센서에서 획득된 영상에는 화질 개선을 위해 다양한 이미지 처리 과정이 필요하다. 이러한 이미지를 처리해 주는 역할을 하는 것을 ISP(Image Signal Processor)라고 한다. 기존의 비전 카메라는 상용 ISP 칩을 사용하는 대신에 자체적으로 ISP 기능을 소프트웨어로 구현하여 PC등에서 수행하는 방식을 택해왔다. 그러나 이러한 방식은 ISP 기능을 수행하는데 많은 연산을 필요로 함에 따라 고성능 PC를 필요로 하는 문제가 있다. 본 논문에서는 하드웨어와 소프트웨어의 효율적인 분담을 통해 칩 면적을 크게 줄인 ISP를 제안한다. 연산을 빠르게 처리하기 위하여 연산이 많은 블록은 하드웨어로 설계하였고, 하드웨어의 면적을 고려하여 하드웨어와 소프트웨어를 동시에 이용하도록 설계하였다. 구현된 ISP는 VGA(640*480)급의 영상을 처리할 수 있으며 0.35um 공정에서 91450 게이트의 크기를 가진다. The Image sensor needs various image processing to improve image quality. ISP(Image Signal Processor) performs various image processing. Conventional vision cameras have own software ISP functions and perform in PC instead of using commercial ISP chips. However these methods have problems such as large computation for image processing. In this paper, we proposed ISP that significantly reduced chip area by efficient sharing of hardware and software. Large operation blocks are designed to hardware for high performances, and we used hardware simultaneously with software considering the size of the hardware. The implemented ISP can process VGA(640*4800) images and has 91450 gate sizes in 0.35um process.

      • KCI등재

        ET 중력계에 의한 기조력 변화 연구

        박정환,한욱,Park, Jung Hwan,Han, Uk 대한자원환경지질학회 1998 자원환경지질 Vol.31 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Earth tide observations were taken at AMIST observatory in Seoul by LaCoste-Romberg ET gravimeter from September 2 to 16, 1997 for determining the gravimetric factor ($\delta$) and analyzing the tidal components. Meter drifts were corrected by regression and then denoised by threshholding wavelet, a data processing tool. The mean value of $\delta$ is 1.2 and the mean phase lag of & ($M_2$, $S_2$) and & $K_1$, $O_1$) is $0.07{\pm}0.03^{\circ}$ and $0.08{\pm}0.07^{\circ}$ by analyzing the observed earth tides. For yielding measurements of gravity accurate to about 0.01 mgal, the Earth tide observations are required by ET meter. The tidal variations are due to the planet's distance and zenith angle. With the exception of Earth-Moon and Earth-Sun mechanism, the possible causes of tidal variations are tectonical, meterological and hydrological perturbations. The long period and broad observations are required for determining the state of art gravimetric factor in Korea.

      • KCI등재

        사상의학적(四象醫學的)으로 접근한 노인성 입얼굴 이상운동증 환자 치험 2례

        박정환,김윤하,고가연,안택원,Park, Jung-Hwan,Kim, Yoon-Ha,Go, Ga-Yeon,Ahn, Taek-Won 사상체질의학회 2015 사상체질의학회지 Vol.27 No.3

        Objectives This study was designed to report diagnosis and treatment by Sasang Constitutional Medicine to the patients with Oro-facial Dyskinesia. Methods These two patients were diagnosed as Soyangin and Taeeumin according to the result of Sasang constitutional diagnosis, and treated by Sasang constitutional medications and acupuncture. The progress was evaluated with the Global Assessment Scale (GAS). Result Oro-facial Dyskinesia was almost disappeared in each patients. the one patient was cured with Chongshimyeonja-tang and Yuldahanso-tang, and the other was cured with Hyeungbangjihwang-tang. Conclusion We can treat Oro-facial Dyskinesia whose cause is mostly idiopathic with the diagnosis and treatment of Sasang Constitutional Medicine.

      • KCI등재

        유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅 환경에서 디지털 포트폴리오 평가 시스템 설계

        박정환(Park, Jung-Hwan) 한국산학기술학회 2008 한국산학기술학회논문지 Vol.9 No.1

        본 연구는 유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅 환경에서 디지털 포트폴리오를 명가하기 위한 시스템을 설계하려는 데 그 목 적이 있다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위하여 포트폴리오에 관한 이론들을 고찰하고, 선행 프로그램들을 분석해서 시스템에 포함되어야 할 내용요소를 추출하였다 추출된 내용요소를 바탕으로 유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅 환경에서 디지털 포트폴리오 평가를 위한 교육평가 시나리오를 개발하였으며, 개발된 시나리오를 바탕으로 디지털 포트폴리오 평가 체제의 요소 즉, 학습활동, 포트폴리오 평가, 포트폴리오 활용, 유비쿼터스 기술, 데이터베이스 영역을 반영하여 시스템 설계를 수행하였다. 이러한 설계는 기존의 포트폴리오 평가 방법과 달리 우리 생활 속에 내재해 있는 컴퓨터 즉, 유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅 환경에서 평가가 어떠한 과정과 방법으로 이루어져야 하는지에 대한 안내를 제공할 것이다. 또한 새로운 시스템은 실제 교육평가에서 활용될 수 있는 유비쿼터스 기술이 무엇인지를 알고자 하는 이들에게 도움이 될 것이다. This study aims to design a digital portfolio assessment system in ubiquitous computing(DPASUbi). To achieve that goal, the following issues were worked: Review of various theoretical discussions on portfolio and an analysis of existing programs to select elements to be included in the DPASUbi. Educational evaluation scenarios for the DPASUbi were developed based on the elements. The system was designed on reflecting these elements, that is, learning activities, assessment and usage of portfolio, ubiquitous technology and database. This system will provide guidance on what methods and assessment procedures should be applied in the ubiquitous computing environment totally different from the conventional one. Also, The new system will be helpful in indicating what kind of techniques should be required in the real educational evaluation.

      • KCI등재

        유비쿼터스 시대의 교사양성체제에 대한 예비교사 요구 분석

        박정환(Park, Jung-Hwan),박형성(Park, Hyung-Sung),정동욱(Cheong, Dong-Uk),강순미(Kang, Soon-Mee),문창배(Moon, Chang-Bae),조정원(Cho, Jung-Won) 한국산학기술학회 2010 한국산학기술학회논문지 Vol.11 No.1

        본 연구의 목적은 교사교육의 중요성에 기초하여 교원양성 과정의 내실화와 u-러닝 시대의 교육 변화를 주 도할 수 있는 교사를 양성하는 새로운 교사양성체제에 대한 요구 분석에 있다. 이러한 현장의 다양한 요구를 기반으 로 u-러닝 시대 교사의 교육철학과 리더십, 교육내용에 대한 인식, 교사와 학생의 상호작용(의사소통) 방식의 이해와 실천이 바탕이 되는 측면에서 교사양성체제를 보완 할 수 있을 것이다. The purpose of this study is to analyze the needs for new teacher education systems. Through this needs analysis, teachers can evolve in the educational environment in a new learning era based on the substance of novice teacher educational systems. Based on the various pedagogical needs in the field of education, we have to supplement the current teacher education systems in the areas of educational philosophy, teachers’ teaching abilities, recognition and understanding for the importance of educational content (curriculum creation), and diversity about communication methods between teacher and student.

      • KCI등재

        다양한 색공간 정보를 이용한 눈 영역의 특징벡터 생성 기법

        박정환(Jung-Hwan Park),신판섭(Pan-Seop Shin),김국보(Guk-Boh Kim),정종진(Jong-Jin Jung) 대한전기학회 2015 전기학회논문지 Vol.64 No.1

        The researches of image recognition have been processed traditionally. Especially, face recognition technology has been received attractions with advance and applied to various areas according as camera sensor embedded into many devices such as smart phone. In this study, we design and develop a feature vector generation technique of face for making animation caricatures using methods for face detection which are previous stage of face recognition. At first, we detect both face region and detailed eye region of component element by Viola&Johns’s realtime detection method which are called as ROI(Region Of Interest). And then, we generate feature vectors of eye region by utilizing factors as opposed to the periphery and by using appearance information of eye. At this point, we focus on the embedded information in many color spaces to overcome the problems which can be occurred by using one color space. We propose a feature vector generation method using information from many color spaces. Finally, we experiment the test of feature vector generation by the proposed method with enough quantity of sample picture data and evaluate the proposed method for factors of estimating performance such as error rate, accuracy and generation time.

      • 시스템 검증을 위한 2D-CZP Pattern의 하드웨어 구현

        박정환(Jung-Hwan Park),장원우(Won-woo Jang),이성진(Sung-jin Lee),곽부동(Boo-dong Kwak),강봉순(Bong-soon Kang) 대한전자공학회 2007 대한전자공학회 학술대회 Vol.2007 No.11

        In this paper, we propose the 2D-CZP Pattern, one of the Test patterns for system. Because 2D-CZP Pattern has large dynamic range, proposal algorithm does not overflow. it has variable range of frequency, so it is useful to verificate the filter characteristic of system. We suggests the hardware structure by Rom Table and use the modulus operation to get the index of rom table.

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