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      • KCI등재

        열린 敎育의 歷史的 發展에 관한 硏究

        박영희 한국교육사학회 1998 한국교육사학 Vol.20 No.-

        In this paper 1 grasped the historical development and conception of open education. Besides 1 mentioned the introduction of open education. The school management on the basis of open education made a start in England toward the end of the 1960's. To have put emphasis on this education at that time was to adapt the pupils to the changeful society and democratize the school management. This open education that originated in England spread gradually to its surrounding nations, including America, Japan, and Korea. In this study, the characteristics of open education were classified into 'Individuation of guidance', 'personality in learning'. All these characteristics were directly associated with the object of open education. If we solved the problems raised in running the open education system, we could find an ideal model, which would certainly appears as an eclectic method. This model adds the merits of traditional education to the open curriculum System and especially will emphasize the restriction of the pupils' participating in curriculum and school. The nations to change the tradiditional curriculum system to the open curriculum system like Korea will have to enforce the model in a long-term vision, not a short-term one.

      • KCI등재

        고소설에 형상화된 모성(母性)의 변이와 시모(媤母)

        박영희 이화여자대학교 한국문화연구원 2006 한국문화연구 Vol.10 No.-

        본 연구는 고소설에서 시모로서의 어머니 모습이 어떻게 형상화되어 나타나고 있는지 양상을 살펴 그 의미를 분석하는데 연구목적을 둔다. 시모는 이제 출산력과 양육력을 상실한 노년의 어머니에게 주어지는 자리이며 며느리와의 상호관계에 의해 그 성격이 드러난다. 설화를 비롯한 각종 노래에 등장하는 시모의 전통적 이미지는 며느리를 바른 도리로 이끄는 선량한 역할보다는 며느리를 일방적으로 학대하는 압박자의 이미지가 더 강하다. 가부장인 시부가 생존해 있는 대부분 고소설에서 시모는 시부의 그늘에 가려져 있는 존재이다. 시부가 생존해 있는 경우, 시모는 시부가 혼암하더라도 적극적으로 대처하기 보다는 소극적으로 지아비를 따라가는 태도를 취한다. 시부가 생존해 있더라도 시모가 자신의 목소리를 내는 경우는 여성영웅소설이다. 이들 작품들에서 시모는 아들보다 사회적 성취를 달성하거나 뛰어난 도덕성을 갖춘 며느리를 용납하지 못하는 편협한 인물이다. 하지만 이들 시모의 며느리 박대는 아들에 대한 애정에서 비롯되었기 때문에 어떠한 처벌도 받지 않으며 모성이 폄하되지도 않는다. 시모가 여가장으로 등장하는 작품을 보먼 상반된 이미지의 시모가 등장한다. 이들 시모는 형상화된 모습은 다르지만 시모의 권위가 결국 아들에 의해 뒷받침된다는 점에서 조선조 가족질서 속에서 어머니의 실상을 보여 준다.본 연구는 고소설에서 시모로서의 어머니 모습이 어떻게 형상화되어 나타나고 있는지 양상을 살펴 그 의미를 분석하는데 연구목적을 둔다. 시모는 이제 출산력과 양육력을 상실한 노년의 어머니에게 주어지는 자리이며 며느리와의 상호관계에 의해 그 성격이 드러난다. 설화를 비롯한 각종 노래에 등장하는 시모의 전통적 이미지는 며느리를 바른 도리로 이끄는 선량한 역할보다는 며느리를 일방적으로 학대하는 압박자의 이미지가 더 강하다. 가부장인 시부가 생존해 있는 대부분 고소설에서 시모는 시부의 그늘에 가려져 있는 존재이다. 시부가 생존해 있는 경우, 시모는 시부가 혼암하더라도 적극적으로 대처하기 보다는 소극적으로 지아비를 따라가는 태도를 취한다. 시부가 생존해 있더라도 시모가 자신의 목소리를 내는 경우는 여성영웅소설이다. 이들 작품들에서 시모는 아들보다 사회적 성취를 달성하거나 뛰어난 도덕성을 갖춘 며느리를 용납하지 못하는 편협한 인물이다. 하지만 이들 시모의 며느리 박대는 아들에 대한 애정에서 비롯되었기 때문에 어떠한 처벌도 받지 않으며 모성이 폄하되지도 않는다. 시모가 여가장으로 등장하는 작품을 보면 상반된 이미지의 시모가 등장한다. 이들 시모는 형상화된 모습은 다르지만 시모의 권위가 결국 아들에 의해 뒷받침된다는 점에서 조선조 가족질서 속에서 어머니의 실상을 보여준다. This paper discusses variation of motherhood and aspects of mother-in-law revealed in classical novels. When mother receives a daughter-in-law by her son's marriage, she becomes to get the position and the role as a mother-in-law for the first time. In folktales, a mother-in-law becomes to recognize as a target of filial piety who is related with son and daughter-in-law. In literary works traditionally, the mother-in-law shows the cruel attitude to the daughter-in-law. But the daughter-in-law endures pain silently hard marriage life by mother-in-law. Traditionally mother-in-law has negative image of social stronger than daughter-in-law. First, mother-in-law records the most frequent appearance in novel that father-in-law exists. It is hard to find any work in which mother-in-law is entitled to the role of a main character. She exited as a minor character obeying to father-in-law. Second, The novel of female hero depict the image of mother-in-law as a negative and passive being. Mother-in-law is contradictory person who treat daughter-in-law. Because female hero/daughter-in-law try to be in a superior position to her husband/son. Third, If the patriarch of family is absent, the role of mother-in-law is represented as aggressive and active. Mother-in-law showed a woman patriarch through education of her daughter-in-law. To her daughter-in-law she emphasized the harmony of family. The authority of woman patriarch is based on filial piety of sons. Finally, mother-in-law in classical novel has always the image of a mother as a sacred and precious being.

      • KCI등재

        중국어 교실 수업의 총괄평가 문항에 대한 문제점과 개선 방안

        朴英姬(박영희) 한국중어중문학회 2014 中語中文學 Vol.59 No.-

        This thesis draws attention for the connection between summative assessment and inducement of learning motivation which has been overlooked, while is seeking a strategy for motivation inducement and learning effect by a creative itemization. Above all, Instructors should be aware that they enable learners to be interested in the learning by enlightening learners" interests more than they just evaluate learners" performances. The creative type of learning items is needed to stimulate learners" interests and confidences rather than cliche and typical one in order learners to improve their Chinese language competency. Because the enduring motivation for learner in class is essential. This presents an actionable plan for non-dichotomization between formative assessment and summative assessment, away from the research on the level of difficulty and scalable assessment regarding evaluation items. The evaluation item of various application within basic or mediocre words should be developed, as well as of listening ability. In this respect, the record pile of diverse native speakers is also necessary. The practical reading and conversation skill should be guided by designing questions types in action to generate multi answers. This creative type of questions should be adequately combined with the traditional methods of questions, such as multiple-alternative question, short answer question or narrative question. The creative type of questions should be partially incorporated to the existing methods, not replacing it.

      • KCI등재

        논문 : 기록에 대한 명대(明代)지식층 여성들의 작은 "반란"

        박영희 중국어문학회 2013 中國語文學誌 Vol.45 No.-

        Ming Dynasty`s intellectual women wish to raise ‘Gender Issue' by addressing their gender during their writing activity and publication, thereby desires to freely demonstrate their own existential space, experience and imagination. They did not hesitate even to offer their opinions and reviews on the traditional man`s domain such as politics, economy and history as well as writings regarding their own spaces and roles. It was recognized as a certain remarkable opinion about the then political, social and economic conditions, not just an imaginary work. They wanted inwardly to express daily-life`s minors beyond authoritative books even if they ostensibly admire the books in their writings. They attempted to seek new lives and attach meaningful significance to their lives. Meanwhile, their own writing strategy was demanded to resolve their minor status in those days of reality. Accordingly, they created eventually their own argumentative writing style, while they appeared to concede main discourses by citing the phrases of authoritative books. This enabled them to evade men intellectuals` criticism and further to be paid more attentions. Therefore, these above efforts are anticipated to reverse the existing preconceived opinions or prejudice.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        대장에 발생한 낭성 림프관종 1예

        박영희,김화영,김재일,박석준,이창후,최동환,유인환,어중건,전동하,박주일,강정협,한성민 대한소화기내시경학회 1996 Clinical Endoscopy Vol.16 No.5

        Lymphangioma is a benign tumor of lymphatic origin. Lymphangioma can occur anywhere in the body and only rarely affects the intestinal tract. Most intestinal lymphangiomas are asymptomatic and detected incidentally at autopsy or surgery. Occasionally, they may be large enough to present as a mass to cause obstruction or intussusception. Recently, we examined a case of a 27-year-old woman who complained right upper quadrant abdominal pain, increased bowel sound and weight loss. By surgical resection after the double contrast barium enema and colonoscopy, we could confirm cystic lymphangioma of the transverse colon. So we report this case with brief review of relevant literature.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        대학생의 우울, 자존감, 사회적 지지가 자살생각에 미치는 영향

        박영희 한국아동간호학회 2017 Child Health Nursing Research Vol.23 No.1

        Purpose: This study was done to examine whether depression, self-esteem, and social support influence suicidal ideation among college students. Methods: Using a correlation study design, participants were recruited from two universities selected by convenience sampling. Data were collected from June 1, to August 31, 2014 from the 206 participants included in the study. The data were analyzed using SPSS / Win 18.0. Results: There was a significant correlation between depression, self esteem, social support, and suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was negatively correlated with self-esteem (r=-.64, p<.001) and social support (r=-.45, p<.001), while, suicidal ideation showed a positive correlation with depression (r=.69, p<.001). The significant predictors related to suicidal ideation were depression, self-esteem, and social support. Conclusion: Findings indicate that sensitively assessing depression in college students and efforts to reduce depression can reduce the risk of suicide. Self-esteem and social support of college students are also important resources for suicide prevention.

      • KCI등재

        《說苑》에서 “孔子曰”로 기록된 “報怨以德”의 인용과 해석의 문제

        박영희 중국어문논역학회 2019 中國語文論譯叢刊 Vol.0 No.45

        This thesis is written based on extensive researches for the authenticity of “Revenge by Virtue” citation which was regarded as mis-record and the contextual meaning of a relevant different copy. “Revenge by Virtue” of Confucius Sayings in the Shuoyuan(說苑) cited Saint's words and actions, and meant a blessing brought by a misfortune. “Revenge by Virtue” recorded in “Confucius Sayings” was initiated from Liuxiang's effort of preserving the review of a different copy. This established the basis of reinterpreting Confucius Sayings in the text of Shuoyuan(說苑) beyond the context of the Confucius classics by recording different copy from the Lunyu(論語). It is confirmed that the thoughts of Confucius is not quite opposite that of Laozi(老子) and there is Taoism's bit portion in the Confusions. However, the posterities misinterpret the records of Shuoyuan(說苑) as mis-record in view of “Revenge by Virtue” uttered by Laozi(老子) and “Virtuous Revenge” reviewed by Confucius since they had been accustomed to the texts of Laozi(老子) and Lunyu(論語). 본고는 그동안 誤記로 치부되었던 《說苑》의 “孔子曰” “報怨以德” 인용문의 진위 여부와 이와 관련된 異本의 의미 작용에 대해 다각도로 고찰하였다. 《說苑》에서 “孔子曰”로 된 “報怨以德”은 聖人의 언행을 인용한 것으로, 轉禍爲福이라는 의미이다. “孔子曰”로 “報怨以德”을 기록한 것은 劉向이 異本에서의 평론을 보존하려 했던 의도에서 비롯된 것이다. 이는 결국 《論語》와는 다른 판본의 孔子 말씀을 기록한 것이 되어 儒家 經書의 맥락을 벗어나 새로운 《說苑》이라는 텍스트 속에서 孔子의 말씀을 재해석할 수 있는 터전을 마련한 셈이 된다. 여기서 老子와 孔子의 사상이 정반대가 아니며, 孔子에게서 道家의 흔적이 있다는 점을 재확인할 수 있었다. 그러나 후대인들은 이미 《老子》와 《論語》라는 텍스트에 익숙해져 있기에 老子가 말한 “報怨以德”과 《論語》에서 孔子가 비평한 “以德報怨”에 입각하여 《說苑》의 기록을 誤記라고 판단했던 것이다.

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