http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the prime factors that affect user satisfaction of management and conservation area of and facilities in urban park and open spaces, to classify those factore, to find out factorial structure of user satisfaction about them, and then to suggest important indicators in the urban park and open space’s planning, design, and development. The survey research was done using the self-administered questionnaire method by the people in the city of the Pusan who participated in recreational activities in the Mt.Kum-Jung. Factor analysis was used to extract the prime factors related to the recreationalsatisfaction concerning the area and factilities of the urban park and open spaces by the SPSS(Ver. 6.0) program, and then prime factors were used to investigated the factorial structure of user recreational satisfaction in the urban park and open spaces by the LInear Structure RELation(LISREL Ver 7.0) program. According to the factor analysis concerning the 12 variables, 3 prime factors by the statistical values were considered as effective, indicating, ‘conservation of convenient managemental facilities and surrounding vegetations’, ‘conservation of historical and cultural areas and surrounding vegetations’, ‘conservation of healthy recreational facilities and surrounding vegetations’. The results of the causal structure analysis were identified as having significant effects mutually on endogenous variables, ‘overall recreational satisfaction of the conservation of areas and facilities in the Mt. Kum-Jung’, ‘conservation of convenient managemental facilities and surrounding vegetations’, ‘conservation of historical and cultural areas and surrounding vegetations’, ‘conservation of healthy recreational facilities and surrounding vegetations’. But exogenous variables which have significant effects on endogenous variables were also indentified. The exogenous variables which were analyzed commonly were ‘education’, ‘cleaning away the refuses’ and also were ‘car owenership’, ‘marital status’, ‘income’, ‘gender’, ‘frequency’, ‘access transportation’, ‘time of access’, ‘period(weekday)’, ‘length of the visit’, and ‘expenses of transportation’. Overall fits of both causal model were very good. The hypothetical causal structural equation models based on the results found partially significant correlation among endogenous variables, endogenous and exogenous variables. These significant relationships indicate important factors and variables that should be considered in planning, design, and development of the urban forests. Therefore, development direction of the Mt. Kum-Jung has to be analyzed as significant factors concerning user recreational satisfaction in a systematic way, recognized as important variables for planning process. Open space has to be fully designed and established in the planning process not by the decision-maker’s, subjective evaluation but by the user recreational activity and satisfaction. Moreover, the historical review, first, has to be done to develop the urban park and open spaces. The plan for development and management also should reflect the natural conservation policy from the environmental conservation movement like natural conservation advertisement and environmental education.
Herpes zoster, resulting from reactivation of the dormant zoster virus in the dorsal root ganglion, occasionally causes the peripheral motor weakness. The mechanism of herpes zoster-related radiculopathy is not clear yet. The herpes zoster-related radiculopathy could be diagnosed by the appearance of the motor weakness or radicular pain at the same dermatomal distrubution of vesicular eruptions. But, segmental zoster paresis always does not coincide with the location of the cutaneous eruptions, electrodiagnostic study could be helpful to diagnose atypical heres zoster-related radiculopathies. We report clinical symptoms, signs and electrodiagnostic findings of such atypical radiculopathy related to varicella zoster viral infection, including separation of affected muscles and skin segments.
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of bobsleigh shoes on the lower extremity range of motion and start speed lap time and to develop bobsleigh shoes suitable for winter environments and Korean players based on sports science and optimized biomechanical performance. Background: The bobsleigh shoes used in the start section of the sport are one of the most important equipment for improving athletes' performances. Despite the importance of the start section, there are no shoes that are specifically designed for Korean bobsleigh athletes. Thus, Korean athletes have to wear sprint spike shoes instead of bobsleigh shoes to practice the start. Method: The subjects included four bobsleigh athletes from the Gangwon Province Bobsleigh Skeleton Federation. The study selected the bobsleigh shoe type A (company A) and type B (company B). We analyzed the lower extremity range of motion and sprint time (start line to 10 m) using a Motion Analysis System (USA). Results: In the measurement of the time required for the bobsleigh start section (10 m), the type A shoes demonstrated the fastest section record by 2.765±0.086 sec and yielded more efficient movements, hip and knee flexion, hip extension, ankle dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, and inversion than the type B shoes. Conclusion: Type A shoes can yield a better performance via effective lower extremity movements in the bobsleigh start section. Application: In the future, functional analysis should be conducted by comparing the upper material properties, comfort, and muscle fatigue of bobsleigh shoes based on the Type A shoes to develop such shoes suitable for Koreans.
新羅 四海 祭場은 東海 阿等邊의 경우 현재 포항시 영일읍에 소재했던 魚龍臺 로, 南海 兄邊은 부산시 남구 용당동 일대로, 西海 未陵邊은 군산시 경암동 북쪽 해변으로, 北海 非禮山은 지금의 삼척시 葛夜山 지역으로 추정된다. 이들 제장의 성립시기는 동해는 신라가 영일지역을 확보한 사로국 초기에, 남해는 5세기 중반 이후, 서해는 죽막동 제사유적과의 연관성을 고려하여 7세기 이전으로, 북해 비례산은 6세기 중반 신라가 동해안로를 따라 함경도 방면으로 진출하던 시기로 여겨진다. 북해 제장이 다른 4해와 달리 산에 마련된 것은 悉直州를 포함한 강원도 일대 동해안과 그 주변 해상력 확보과정에서 전통적 산악숭배, 그리고 고구려의 침입대비 및 우산국 정벌 등을 고려한 결과였다. 삼국통일 후 북방으로의 영역 확대에 불구하고 북해는 실직에 소재하였다. 실직의 지역토착 해양세력을 국가사전편제를 통해 흡수하려는 목적에서 과거 신라 해상력의 상징이었던 실직에 계속 유지할 필요성이 있었기 때문이다. 북해를 포함한 4해의 제사 형식은 대체로 중국의 예제를 참고하였을 것이지만, 신라의 전통적인 산천숭배 관념에 따라 제례의 순서와 내용도 포함된 것으로 이해 된다. 그 제일은 신라의 독자적 산천숭배 전통에 따라 결정되었을 가능성이 높지만 왕도에서 행하는 경우 당의 그것과 마찬가지로 1년에 한차례씩 5郊에서 迎氣日에 행했을 가능성도 있다. 4해의 신격은 각 방면의 해신으로 神像을 조성하여 제사 때 모셨다. 4해에 대한 봉작은 성덕왕 34년(735) 시기까지는 행해지지 않은 것으로 보았다. 4해 제사의 절차는 ..三國遺事.. 水路夫人조와 高麗 李齊賢의 시를 통해 재구성할 수 있다. 구체적 단계는 첫째 제장을 물로 정화하기, 둘째 신이성을 부여한 ‘杖’을 두드리며 용을 불러내기, 셋째 높은 바위에 핀 꽃을 꺾어 술잔과 함께 봉헌하기, 넷째 기우와 풍년 기원 등의 순서로 추정된다. 이러한 절차는 북해 제장에 적용되었다가 점차 다른 4해의 제장에도 확대되었을 것으로 여겨진다. The detailed steps are presumed to be as follows: 1) purify the ritual site with water; 2) summon the dragon by knocking the cane to which divine characteristic has been accorded; 3) pick a flower from a lofty rock and offer it with a glass of alcohol; and 4) wish for rain and good harvest. Such procedures were applied to the ritual sites of North Sea and expanded to other areas of the four seas as well. The places of ancestral rites in the four seas of Silla are presumed to be Eochondae that used to be located in Yeongil-eup of today s Pohang-si for Donghae (East Sea) Okdeung Byeon, Yondang-dong area of Namgu in Busan for Namhae (Southern Sea), northern seashore of Gyeongam-dong in Gunsan for Seohae Mireungbyeon (Western Sea), and Galyasan (Mountain Galya) area of today s Samcheok-si for Bukhae Biryesan (North Sea). The period during which these sites of ancestral rites were established are estimated to be in the beginning of Saroguk when Silla secured the area of Yeongil for the site in the East Sea, after the mid-5th century for the Southern Sea, before the 7th century for the Western Sea considering the relation to the ritual remains of Jukmakdong, the mid-6th century when Silla advanced toward Hamgyeongdo following the eastern sea route for Bukhae Biryesan (Northern Sea). Different from other seas, the site of ancestral rites in the Northern Sea was established in the mountain as a result of taking into consideration traditional mountain worship in the eastern coast of Gangwon-do area including Siljikju, and of preparing for the invasion of Goguryeo and the conquest of Usanguk. After the unification of the three nations, the North Sea was included in Siljik despite the territorial expansion toward the north. In order to absorb the maritime power of Siljik s indigenous region through national organization, it was necessary to remain in Siljik, which was the symbol of Silla s maritime power. Although the formality of the ancestral rites in the four seas including the North Sea seem to have referred to the examples of China, it can be understood that the order and the content of ancestral rituals follow Silla s tradition of worshiping mountains and streams. It is highly probable that the day of the ritual was determined following Silla s unique tradition of worshiping mountains and streams. However, it is also possible that it was performed once a year on Yeonggi day when it was performed on the royal road. The divinity of the four seas is the god of the sea of each side and it was built into a pagod and subserved during the ancestral rites. The investiture of the four seas was considered to not have been performed until the 34th year of King Seongdeok(735). The procedure of the ancestral rites of the four seas can be reconstructed through Samgukusa Surobuin and the poem of Lee Je Hyeon from Goryeo. The detailed steps are presumed to be as follows: 1) purify the ritual site with water; 2) summon the dragon by knocking the cane to which divine characteristic has been accorded; 3) pick a flower from a lofty rock and offer it with a glass of alcohol; and 4) wish for rain and good harvest. Such procedures were applied to the ritual sites of North Sea and expanded to other areas of the four seas as well.
In existing educational systems, it is impossible to synchronize multimedia contents and it is required additional client applications. SMIL(Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language) is based on XML which allows to arrange multimedia objects temporally and spatially, and it can represent multimedia effectively on Web browsers. It is possible to serve the high-quality multimedia on Web browsers by applying SMIL to the previous Web-based educational contents without any client applications. In this paper, we propose the method of developing multimedia educational contents applied by SMIL, and design an authoring tool with a function of transforming SMIL documents to XHTML documents. The tool allows common users to use easily without any plug-ins or applications. 기존의 교육시스템에서는 멀티미디어 콘텐츠의 동기화표현이 불가능하거나 별도의 클라이언트 어플리케이션이 필요하였다. SMIL(Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language)은 멀티미디어 객체들의 시간적, 공간적 배열이 가능한 XML기반의 언어로서 웹브라우저 상에서 효과적인 멀티미디어 표현을 가능하게 한다. 기존의 웹기반 교육콘텐츠에 SMIL을 적용하게 되면 별도의 클라이언트 어플리케이션이 없이 웹브라우저만으로도 고품질의 멀티미디어 서비스가 가능하게 된다. 본 논문에서는 SMIL를 적용한 멀티미디어 교육 콘텐츠 개발 방법을 제안하고, XSLT를 이용하여 SMIL 문서에서 XHTML 문서로 변환시킴으로써 별도의 플러그인이나 어플리케이션을 이용하지 않고 일반 사용자들이 쉽게 사용할 수 있는 저작툴을 설계하였다.
Objective: To investigate the changes of shoulder proprioception in normal subjects, according to the direction of the evoked fatigue on the shoulder muscle group. Method: 20 healthy volunteers (14 males and 6 females, age 20∼35 years) with entirely normal shoulders participated in this study. Before fatigue exercises, the proprioception tests were performed during active reposition (ARP) and passive reposition (PRP) of dominant shoulder, using isokinetic dynamometer, System 3 Pro (Biodex medical system, New York, USA). Three trials each of active and passive repositioning (2°/sec) were recorded. We also estimated the results of the peak torque shoulder movements. The subjects performed maximal efforts with five repetitions on the direction of flexion, abduction, internal rotation and external rotation. The mean values of maximal concentric voluntary contraction (MVC: peak torque of each muscle group contraction) were recorded. We repeated fatigue exercises until the peak torque dropped to 30% three times consistently, then retested the proprioception of shoulder joints. We compared the proprioceptive changes of the shoulder with pre-fatigue test and post-fatigue test on the direction of shoulder movements. Results: There were significant differences of shoulder proprioception between pre-fatigue test and post-fatigue test of ARP in shoulder abduction and external rotation (p< 0.05). Conclusion: In our study, the proprioception of shoulder joint decreased more prominently on external rotation and abduction movements under severely provoked muscle fatigue around the shoulder joint. (J Korean Acad Rehab Med 2010; 34: 54-58)