http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
It 's well known that total colonoscopy is one of the essential procedure to make diagnosis of colonic and termiaal ileal diseases, to detect early stage of colonic cancer and to do prophylactic removal of premalignant polyp. Previously commonly used longer colonoscope has been reached to ileocecal area with patient's much discomfort arising from excessive loop formation at sigmoid or transverse colon because of no limitation of the length. As the loop formation of coloaoscope must be straigH,tened to reach ileobecal area' when medium length colonope is usad, which caused less discomfort to the patients with great facilities to the ileoceum, more easier to handle and perform biopsy. Fluoroscopic guide is already thought to be importapt part of total colonoscopy to be success, but radiation harards to the personels and scope bundle are major undesirable effects. Total colonoscopy was performed under fluoroscopic cuide with longer colonoscope previously, but many author used medium length scope without the help of fluoroscope with excellant result, recently. Here, we report our result of experiences of medium length(127 cm) colonoscope without the help of fluoroscope on the 93 cases in the period of 15 months from hay 82 to Aug. 83 on the colonic disease beyond the reach of rigid sigmoidoscope. I) Ve successfully reached to ileocecal area with medium length colonoscope without loop formation, except on aigmoid colon but straightened when reached to splenic flexure. 2) The success rate reach to the cecum was 94.6% and the insertion rate to terminal ileum was 90. 7I. 3) Among of the 47 cases of abnormal colonoscopic findings, inflammatory coloeic disease was seen in 23 casea(48.9%), cancer in 13 cases(27), polyps in 7 cases(14.9) and others. 4) Among 21 cases of abnormal finding on the right colon, cancer was seen in g cases, tuberculosis in 8 cases and others. 5) The time comsumption to reach to ileocecal area was average 45 minutes on first 50 cases, but improved to 18 minutes thereafter. 6) Colonoscopic polypectomy was done in 6 cases without complication.
Differences in concentration of five major oak volatiles including eugenol, cis-oak lactone, trans-oak lactone, vanillin, syringaldehyde were analyzed by gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer from the oak staves which were aged by two different methods such as open-air (air seasoning) and warehouse (non-air-seasoned). Samples for the analysis were obtained by shaving from the different surfaces and depth of the aged staves. The highest levels of major volatiles, particularly cis-oak lactone were observed from the samples taken in the second layer from the bottom side of the air-seasoned staves. Samples from the side of the staves, both air-seasoned and non-air-seasoned showed the lowest levels of the major volatiles. trans-Oak lactone was absent in the surface of the top layer irrespective of the seasoning methods. Interestingly, the oak staves seasoned in warehouse (non-air-seasoned) also showed a relatively high levels of the major volatiles. This study indicates that seasoning methods can have a significant effect on the concentration of the major oak volatiles.