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In America and Europe from the latter part of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the planning ideologies of park system and greenbelts were made and these planning ideologies are called Green Network System. They are different in terms of the purpose, type and method, but they have common characteristics of encouraging order and amenity in cities based on the consecutive connection of green space, and of coping with the problems happening in cities. Just as the park system was made, centering around new America and greenbelts were developed to meet with the problems happening in large cities, the structural arrangement and the roles of greens should be different. However, this connection system of greens was oriented in the circumstances of America and Europe at that time so it has not been confirmed what sizes of cities it would be useful for. On the other hand, separately from the Green Network System, the theory of park arrangement is being developed. It intends to cope with deterioration of the living environment caused by overcrowded cities and with increase in the demands of public parks. It is based on the neighborhood unit and the science of human settlement. In addition, the theory of park arrangement is based on the effects of greens in use, rather than, in decoration so it encourages dispersion and hierarchical system of parks, having the human settlement as base. Consequently, the theory of park arrangement is influenced by the characteristics and the type of households, and it has a required area and planning unit. However, this theory has the right for walking and human scale as the basic unit so for the large parks that are beyond the human scale, the planning criteria are not clear. The theory of park arrangement, which is based on the neighborhood unit, may be useful for the cities with tens of thousands of residents, but it is partially applied for the cities with 500,000~1,000,000 residents. And further, in organizing the green system for the whole city, the theory of park arrangement can be ignored. As seen in the above, the existing arrangement theory has some problems: it is just for partial application; and it is not suitable for the size and the growing speed of cities. The greens in cities should be operated as the comprehensive system, but greenbelts and park arrangement have been studied separately so far. That`s why it is necessary to review again the existing arrangement theory.
In case of the Gochang green barley field, it is found that if the region`s specialized farm recourses are utilized, landscape agriculture farm makes it possible to sell various specialties and insure substantiality in tourism by connecting it with farm households that manage crops. As well as it, if landscape agriculture farm is successful through festivals and other events, it will continue into the confidence of farmers and the expansion of similar agricultures, possibly resulting in taking the root of new emotions such as <native crop> and <native industry>. Therefore, to push ahead with landscape agriculture farm effectively, it is necessary to secure specialized materials which have such a regional history and to have thorough management and operation of them by the locals. Only, landscape agriculture farm is based on particular crops so that there it has relatively simple objects to enjoy sightseeing with and is also largely influenced by seasons. Thus, it is urgently required to develop products and programs that help landscape agriculture farm be able to overcome such simplicity in tourism and seasonal limitation. In addition, for users, it is expected that tourism effects will be greatly affected by a wide and open space with unique landscapes made from the combination of crops and lands. Therefore, it is considered to be necessary to consist of areas that can gain these emotional landscapes and visual openness. Following the introduction of the system of direct payment for landscape agriculture farm in earnest from 2005, many self-governing communities are pushing forward with or prepared for landscape agriculture farm. Thus, the eagerness for landscape agriculture farm is expectedly be accelerated. For landscape agriculture farm to go beyond this state of "boom" and start firmly taking its root as a competitive industry, it is required to form not a function as a simple event place but the main body for the local tourism or industry. Based on this premise and the characteristic of the use as mentioned above, this thesis presented development requirements and the seven-step development model that make it possible for landscape agriculture farm to grow effectively.
This study set out to investigate an institution to form a tourism and recreation system and examine the institutional characteristics and outcomes of Japan`s national government parks. As a result, the national government parks were characterized in two significant ways in terms of institutional operations: first, they dealt with the large-scale natural features and resources of the nation and her regions. They also grew to represent their own regions as natural features and resources of certain themes by preserving and developing the resources in a specialized manner through powerful zoning. And secondly, such efforts of developing the resources were made as part of local making through exchange networks and experiential learning, which made the parks themselves bases for exchange promotions. In addition, there were multifaceted efforts including the private sector`s operating certain facilities and institutions to identify specialized attractions and efforts to facilitate those operations. As such a developmental approach worked as a new base of attraction, the national government parks served as essential bases for the citizens` recreational and tourist activities.
Tourist attraction power is an important barometer in assessing tourist resorts, but there has been little researches on the current state of tourist attraction and the factors of tourist attraction power. Considering the trend of previous researches, this problem is mainly caused by lack of tourism statistics. Thus, the present study purposed to make an empirical analysis of the relation between the size of population and tourist attraction power using the cases of Japanese local self-governing bodies. According to the results, tourist attraction power in terms of the total number of tourists was higher in areas with a large population. However, actual tourist attraction power varied among localities, and it was found that small areas show a rather high efficiency of tourist attraction. This means that the size of population of a locality becomes the basic container for tourist attraction and large cities have higher potential for the development of tourism. On the other hand, even in small and medium cities and mountainous areas where tourist resources or tourist activities are relatively less diverse, the efficiency of tourist attraction can be enhanced sufficiently through characteristic development and the efficiency can be even higher through connection with a nearly major city. Thus, for future development of tourism, it is proposed to develop bases in local major cities and to promote specialized development of localities connected to the major cities. In addition, ‘the establishment of Northeast Asian base lines’ centering on local major cities in each country is proposed as a method of promoting the tourism of the Northeast Asian region.
Japan`s earlier green zone system which has been based mainly on the Western planning theories has developed in two forms of parks system and greenbelts, but such a system failed due to high pressure and high costs regarding population development, administrative matters and lack of residents` understanding. Since the mid-1970s, Japan has been developing its own unique system by forming a consolidated structure of green zones. Characteristics emerging during such a developmental process, or characteristics of green zone planning which appear until formation of green zones, are short experience in connection with green zone planning, green zones having been arranged based on a ring-shaped green belts, the green zone system of urban districts having developed in closely connected with urban disaster prevention, special parks having been developed using landmarks and structure of green zones having been formed based on maintenance and preservation of green zones. An earlier plan, or a master plan for the green, appearing at the beginning of a formative period of green structure has characteristics that it promotes consolidation of parks and green zones and conformity with urban development and pursues systematic arrangement based on functions of green zones. However, many people have raised planning-related problems of how the results integrating functions of the green will form a system, as well as a practical problem of how to substantially securitize the green zones. To overcome these problems, basic plans for green zones which are now being promoted have prepared specific tools to implement the plans and pushed for conformity with related plans through rewriting and linking related laws. Considering above mentioned contents, history of Japan`s green zone planning development suggest three things. First, to promote green zone plans needs agreement and cooperation of residents. Second, we need special policies to realize them and to securitize the green. Third, clear ideologies and principles about green zone plans are necessary to successfully execute the plans.
This research is a basic study to construct the guideline to the development of birdwatching tours, for the purpose of coping with the demand of birdwatching tours that are on steady increase. Based on the characteristics and the case studies of birdwatching tours, this paper examined the overall designing elements of birdwatching tours. For the efficient operation of birdwatching tours, it was found that (1) the function of ecological habitation, (2) the function of birdwatching activities, and (3) the function of learning and support would be necessary, and that the spatial structure that these functions are integrated would be necessary. Especially, the function of learning and support or the space supports effective birdwatching activities and induce consumption in an area so it is expected to play an important role in the development of birdwatching tours in migratory bird visiting areas. On the other hand, in the operation of birdwatching tours, it was found that the network with the relevant organizations and the system of eco ranger would play a big role.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Traditional children songs are said to play an important function in cultivating children`s nature, and these days, cultivating children`s emotions and creativity becomes an important part of school education. Under this circumstance, using case traditional children songs as tourism resources is being increased. Therefore, this paper examined the scope of using traditional children songs as tourism resources and the development problems through the theoretical studies of traditional children songs and the development cases. And it obtained the following results: 1. In terms of three values that traditional children songs have, the key words of culture and learning, experience and treatment, and society and play are the important materials in using traditional children songs as tourism resources. 2. In terms of the characteristics of traditional children songs, how to properly connect "sociality and play" with "play and nature" and how to give "fun and imagination" to the process of a play will be important in using traditional children songs as tourism resources. 3. How to connect the intrinsic characteristic (openness) and values (sensitivity) of children songs with education, and how to develop the experience and the musical life on the basis of a community or regional special products will be important problems in making children songs into tourism resources.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
“MICHINOEKI” Regional Tourist Center in Japan is different from other tourist information desks which provide just tourist information. It has a feature of seeking interactive benefits and interests between tourists and local residents. It provides information of the region and refreshment to tourists and enables the local residents to make known the region and promote the regional development via mutual exchanges with the tourists, namely, it performs the function of an integral information center for the region with the functions of providing information, refreshment and community. “MICHINOEKI” Tourist Information Centers is shown to be, though its operation type is different depending upon localities, very effective in the advertisement of regional culture and in the promotion of regional development by enabling as many road users as possible to access the culture and products of the region. And this study showed that it is necessary for such regional total information centers to be operated by a body of regional community and to have a function of connecting it with the residents of the region for exchanges. To that end, this study also showed that it is very important for the centers to set a theme, to establish characterized facilities and to have a systematical frame to make the profit from the centers go to the residents. “MICHINOEKI” Tourist Information Center in Japan is not only for tourism but can be developed with the proper combination of such functions as a new type of tourism. Especially, this study has come up with a conclusion that the adoption of a integral regional tourist information center by the regions which have no special tourist resources will be very useful to the promotion of regional development.