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      • KCI등재

        Corrosion Behavior of Hastelloy C-276 for Carbon-anode-based Oxide Reduction Applications

        Jeon,,Min,Ku,Kim,,Sung-Wook,Choi,,Eun-Young Korean Radioactive Waste Society 2020 방사성폐기물학회지 Vol.18 No.3

        The corrosion behavior of Hastelloy C-276 was investigated to identify its applicability for carbon-anode-based oxide reduction (OR), in which Cl<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>2</sub> are simultaneously evolved at the anode. Under a 30 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub> + 170 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Ar flow, the corrosion rate was less than 1 g·m<sup>-2</sup>·h<sup>-1</sup> up to 500℃, whereas the rate increased exponentially from 500 to 700℃. The effects of the Cl<sub>2</sub>-O<sub>2</sub> composition on the corrosion rate at flow rates of 30 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub>, 20 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub> + 10 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> O<sub>2</sub>, and 10 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub> + 20 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> O<sub>2</sub> with a constant 170 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Ar flow rate at 600℃ was analyzed. Based on the data from an 8 h reaction, the fastest corrosion rate was observed for the 20 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub> + 10 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> O<sub>2</sub> case, followed by 30 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub> and 10 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> Cl<sub>2</sub> + 20 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> O<sub>2</sub>. The effects of the chlorine flow rate on the corrosion rate were negligible within the 5-30 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> range. A surface morphology analysis revealed the formation of vertical scratches in specimens that reacted under the Cl<sub>2</sub>-O<sub>2</sub> mixed gas condition.

      • 분산 및 병렬처리 : Relaxed min-max 힙을 병합하는 병렬 알고리즘

        민용식(Min Yong Sik) 한국정보처리학회 1998 정보처리학회논문지 Vol.5 No.5

        본 논문에서는 relaxed min-max heap을 병합시키기 위하여 새로운 자료구조인 개선된 relaxed min-max-pair 힙을 제시함과 동시에, 두개의 relaxed min-max 힙, 즉 크기가 n인 relaxed min-max nheap과 크기가 k인 relaxed min-max kheap으로 구성된 우선 순위 큐를 병합시키기 위한 병렬 알고리즘을 제시하고자 한다. 본 논문에서는 [9]의 방법으로부터 relaxed min-max 힙을 병합 시키기 위해서 이용된 blossomed tree와 lazying 방법을 제거하여도 병합되는 새로운 방법을 제시하였다. 결과적으로 본 논문에 제시된 방법은 max(2^i-1,[(m+1/4)])개의 프로세서를 이용할 경우, 시간 복잡도가 O(log(log(n/k))?og(k))임을 볼 수가 있다. 그리고 크기가 서로 다른 두 개의 relaxed min-max heap으로 구성된 8백만개의 데이터를 병합시키기 위해서, MasPar 머쉰에서 64개의 프로세서를 이용하여 실행시킨 결과 35.205의 Speedup을 얻었다. This paper presents a data structure that implements a mergable double-ended priority queue : namely an improved relaxed min-max-pair heap. By means of this new data structure, we suggest a parallel algorithm to merge priority queues organized in two relaxed heaps of different sizes, n and k, respectively. This new data-structure eliminates the blossomed tree and the lazying method used to merge the relaxed min-max heaps in [9]. As a result, employing max(2^i-1,[(m 1/4)]) processors, this algorithm requires O(log(log(n/k))?log(k)) time. Also, on the MarPar machine, this method achieves a 35.205-fold speedup with 64 processors to merge 8 million data items which consist of two relaxed min-max heaps of different sizes.

      • KCI등재

        신기능과 혈색소의 관계

        우학 ( Hak Woo ), 신민호 ( Min Ho Shin ), 김옥기 ( Ok Ki Kim ), 배우균 ( Woo Kyun Bae ), 조영욱 ( Young Wook Cho ), 이연경 ( Youn Kyoung Lee ), 마성권 ( Seong Kwon Ma ), 김수완 ( Soo Wan Kim ), 김남호 ( Nam Ho Kim ), 최기철 ( Ki Chul Choi) 대한내과학회 2007 대한내과학회지 Vol.72 No.2

        목적: 빈혈은 만성신질환 환자들에서 좌심실비대 등 건강에 여러 가지 악영향을 미치는 중요한 합병증 중의 하나이다. 기저질환에 관계없이 신기능의 악화에 따른 빈혈의 발생빈도, 혈색소 농도와 적혈구용적률의 변화 및 성별에 따른 차이를 알아보기 위해 이 연구를 시행하였다. 방법: 전남대학교병원 내과에서 치료하고 있는 환자들 중 남성 157명, 여성 132명의 의무기록을 후향적으로 분석하였다. MDRD 등식에 따라 추정 사구체여과율을 측정하고, 사구체여과율(GFR)이 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 이상을 기준(정상)으로 하여, 추정 사구체여과율이 10 mL/min/1.73 m2씩 감소함에 따라 9개 군으로 분류하여 기준과 비교하여 평균 혈색소 농도와 적혈구용적률이 통계학적으로 유의하게 감소하는 신기능의 범위를 찾아서 남성과 여성을 각각 비교하였다. 결과: 모든 대상 환자들은 기준치(추정 사구체여과율≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2)에 비해 추정 사구체여과율 50≤GFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2에서 평균 혈색소 농도는 0.8 g/dL(p=0.021), 적혈구용적률은 2.6%(p=0.011)가 감소하였고, 신기능이 감소함에 따라 평균 혈색소 농도와 적혈구용적률은 더욱 유의하게 감소하였다(Hgb.: r=0.635, Hct.: r=0.640, p<0.001). 남성은 기준치에 비해 추정 사구체여과율 40≤GFR<50 mL/min/1.73 m2에서 평균 혈색소 농도는 1.7 g/dL(p<0.01), 적혈구용적률은 4.4%(p<0.01)가 감소하였고, 신기능이 감소함에 따라 평균 혈색소 농도와 적혈구용적률은 더욱 유의하게 감소하였다(Hgb.: r=0.69 8, Hct.: r=0.689, p<0.001). 여성은 기준치에 비해 추정 사구체여과율 60≤GFR<70 mL/min/1.73 m2에서 평균 혈색소 농도는 0.9 g/dL(p<0.01), 적혈구용적률은 2.8%(p<0.01)가 감소하였고, 신기능이 감소함에 따라 평균 혈색소 농도와 적혈구용적률은 더욱 유의하게 감소하였다(Hgb.: r=0.672, Hct.: r=0.687, p<0.001). 결론: 만성신질환 환자들에서 혈색소 농도와 적혈구용적률은 신기능이 감소함에 따라 점차 감소하였고 이것은 경증 내지 중등도 신기능 감소부터 관찰되었다. Background: The goal of this study is to define the relationship between the decreased renal function and anemia, and also to determine whether this relationship is different in male and female patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 289 patients (male:female=157:132) who were followed at the department of internal medicine at Chonnam National University Hospital. General linear models were used to analyze the relationship between the hemoglobin concentration and Modification of Diet in the Renal Disease formula estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (mL/min/1.73 m2). Results: Among all patients, the mean hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit of the men with a Glomerular Filtration Rate of 50~59 mL/min/1.73 m2 was an absolute change of 0.8 g/dL (p=0.021) and it was 2.6% (p=0.011) lower than those of the patients with a Glomerular Filtration Rate≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2 and continued to decrease further as the Glomerular Filtration Rate decreased, respectively (Hgb.: r=0.635, Hct.: r=0.640, all p<0.001). Among the male patients, the mean hemoglobin concentration and the hematocrit of men with a Glomerular Filtration Rate of 40~49 mL/min/1.73 m2 was an absolute change of 1.7 g/dL (p<0.01) and it was 4.4% (p<0.01) lower than those of the male patients with a Glomerular Filtration Rate≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2 and continued decrease as the Glomerular Filtration Rate decreased, respectively (Hgb.: r=0.698, Hct.: r=0.689, all p<0.001). Among the female patients, the mean hemoglobin concentration with a Glomerular Filtration Rate of 60~69 mL/min/1.73 m2 was an absolute change of 0.9 g/dL (p<0.01) and the mean hematocrit was 2.8% (p<0.01) lower than those of the female patients with a Glomerular Filtration Rate ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2 and continued to decrease further as the Glomerular Filtration Rate decreased, respectively (Hgb.: r=0.672, Hct.: r=0.687, all p<0.001). Conclusions: A decrease in the hemoglobin concentration was statistically significant in the patients of both genders, along with a moderately decreased Glomerular Filtration Rate (≤60 mL/min/1.73 m2). (Korean J Med 72:191-199, 2007)

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        열수 침지 처리가 치콘 절단면의 적변 억제에 미치는 영향

        정현진(Hyun Jin Jung), 강호민(Ho-Min Kang) 한국원예학회 2014 원예과학기술지 Vol.32 No.3

        치콘의 판매 중 상품성 저하의 원인이 되는 치콘 절단면 적변 현상을 억제하기 위해 열수 침지 실험을 실시하였다. 열수침지처리로는 대조구(20℃ 1분)과 38℃에서의 4분, 8분, 42℃에서의 2분, 4분, 그리고 45℃에서의 1분, 2분을 두었다. 색차계로 측정한 △a<SUP>*</SUP>과 △h값은 42℃ 2분 처리에서는 가장 낮게 유지되었으며, 42℃의 2분과 45℃의 1분 처리구에서는 대조구보다 유의 있는 낮은 값을 나타내었다. 10℃에 저장 6일째 관능 평가한 절단면의 적변지수는 42℃의 2분과 4분 처리 그리고 45℃의 1분 처리에서 낮았다. 적변의 원인 물질이 되는 총페놀함량을 저장 6일째 조사하였는데, 이 또한 절단면의 색변화가 적었던 42℃의 2분과 4분 처리 그리고 45℃의 1분 처리에서 낮았다. 페놀물질 합성에 관여하는 PAL 활성은 42℃ 2분 처리에서는 가장 낮은 값을 보였으며, 42℃의 2분와 45℃의 1분 처리구에서는 대조구보다 유의 있는 낮은 수치를 보였다. 그러나 가장 강한 열처리였던 45℃의 2분 처리에서는 절단면의 적변이 대조구와 유사한 수준으로 진행되었으며, 페놀함량과 PAL 활성도 대조구와 차이가 없었다. 공기에 노출된 절단조직에서 페놀물질을 산화시켜 적변을 일으키는 PPO의 활성은 42℃와 45℃의 모든 처리구에서 낮았는데, 특히 다른 조사항목에서는 모두 대조구와 유사한 수준을 보였던 45℃의 2분 처리구가 가장 낮은 수치를 보였다. 또한 각 조사항목간 상관관계에서, PPO를 제외한 모든 조사항목간에서는 대부분 고도의 상관관계를 보였으며, 특히 관능평가한 적변지수와 △h값은 r = 0.927<SUP>***</SUP>를, PAL 활성과 총 페놀물질 함량과는 r = 0.942<SUP>***</SUP>의 고도의 상관관계를 보였다. Hot water dipping test was conducted for chicon to restrict red discoloration of its basal part which impairs the product value during sales. Hot water dipping treatment was given to chicon for 4 min and for 8 min at 38℃ and for 2 min and 4 min at 42℃, and for 1 min and 2 min at 45℃, along with control (for one min at 20℃). The red discoloration indices of basal part of chicon during sensory evaluation on the sixth day of storage under the storage temperature at 10℃ was lower at 42℃ for 2 min, 42℃ for 4 min and 45℃ for 1 min treatments. The color change value of the basal part in chicon measured by colorimeter showed that the lowest △a<SUP>*</SUP> and △h were maintained in the basal part of chicon treated at 42℃ for 2 min. Whereas, color changes in 42℃ for 2 min and 45℃ for 1 min treatments were significantly low as compared with that of control. The contents of total phenolic compounds which are the substances that cause red discoloration of basal part in chicon were lowest at 42℃ for 2 min, 42℃ for 4 min and 45℃ for 1 min treatments. The activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) resposible for in the synthesis of phenolic substances was the least in 42℃ for 2 min treatment. Whereas, PAL activity of the chicons treated a t 42℃ for 2 min and at 4 5℃ for 1 min were significantly lower than t hat of c ontrol. However, r ed d iscoloration was progressed as similar level with that of control in the basal part of chicon at 45℃ for 2 min. The contents of total phenolic compounds and PAL activity in this treatment were not significantly different from those in control. The polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity which causes red discoloration of cut tissues was low in all the treatments including 42℃ and 45℃ treatment at which no inhibition effects of the red discoloration of basal part of chicon were observed. When the correlation coefficient between each investigated index was tested, most of them showed high correlation except the PPO activity and particularly and the red discoloration index and sensory evaluation △h values, and PAL activity and total phenolic compounds content were r = 0.927<SUP>**</SUP>, and r = 0.942<SUP>**</SUP>, respectively.

      • 무용전공학생의 호흡순환기능 및 혈중젖산농도에 관한 비교연구

        이종희,김말애,손흥기,김민정 경희대학교 체육과학연구소 1996 體育學論文集 Vol.24 No.-

        The purpose of this study is to investigate the cardiovascular function and blood lactate in female by part of dance major in university. For this purpose a total of 32 female students, attending university K in Seoul participated in the study. The subjects were selected randomly 24 female students majored in dance in university(Korean dance: 8, Modern dance: 8, Ballet: 8), and 8 regular female students, who did not have any dance experience. The results of the study were as follows; 1.Cardiovascular function 1)In factors of rest HR showed in Control group 76.50±3.74 beats/min, Korean dance group 72.13±4.85 beats/min, Modern dance group 71.50±4.93 beats/min, Ballet dance group 68.8±4.19beats/min. Among these group there was significantly(p〈.05). 2)In factors of HRmax showed in Korean dance group 200.63土4.78 beats/min, , Ballet dance group 198.00±6.28beats/min, Modern dance group 197.63±6.65beats/min Control group 189.75±10.51beats/min. Among these group there was significantly(p〈.05). 3)In factors of VO2/kg showed in Ballet dance group 44.46±4.09㎖/min, Korean dance group 43.95±2.95㎖/min, Modern dance group 40.73±3.26㎖/min, Control group 34.33±2.28㎖/min. Among these group there was significantly(p〈.001). 4)In factors of VCO2 showed in Korean dance group 84.31ℓ/min, Modern dance group 2.60±0.44ℓ/min, Ballet dance group 2.52±0.23ℓ/min, Control group 2.23±0.34ℓ/min. Among these group there was not significantly. 5)In factors of art-out time showed in Korean dance group 931±52.92sec, Modern dance group 916.75±40.96sec, Ballet dance group 908.88±28.44sec, Control group 809.38±70.02sec. Among these group there was significantly(p〈.001). 2.Blood lactate 1)In factors of rest time blood lactate showed in Ballet dance group 1.17±0.26.mM/ℓ, Control group 1.11±0.21mM/ℓ , Korean dance group 1.09±0.28mM/ℓ , Modern dance group 1.06±0.33mM/ℓ Among these group there was not significantly. 2)In factors of all-out time blood lactate showed in Control group 9.14±0.92mM/ℓ, Ballet dance Broup 7.79±1.14mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 7.67±1.51mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 7.42±1.18mM/ℓ, Among these group there was not significantly. 3)In factors of recovery 3 minute blood lactate showed in Control group 9.52±0.94mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 7.68±1.73mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 7,61±0.89mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 7.52±1.78mM/ℓ. Among these group there was significantly(p〈.05). 4) In factors of recovery 5 minute blood lactate showed in Control group 9.91±1.22mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 7.97±2.38mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 7.86±1.86mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 7.51±1.10mM/ℓ, Among these group there was significantly(p〈.05). 5)In factors of recovery 10 minute Control group 8.99±0.97mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 6.98±1.65mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 6.96±2.08mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 6.78±1.38mM/ℓ, Among these group there was significantly(p〈.05).

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Ultrasonic Degradation of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Seawater and Brackish Water

        Park,,So-Young,Park,,Jong-Sung,Lee,,Ha-Yoon,Heo,,Ji-Yong,Yoon,,Yeo-Min,Choi,,Kyung-Ho,Her,,Nam-Guk Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 2011 Environmental Engineering Research Vol.16 No.3

        In this study, a series of experiments was conducted on the relative degradation of commonly known endocrine-disrupting compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA) and $17{\alpha}$-ethinyl estradiol (EE2) in a single-component aqueous solution using 28 and 580 kHz ultrasonic reactors. The experiments were conducted with three different types of model water: deionized water (DI), synthetic brackish water (SBW), and synthetic seawater (SSW) at pH 4, 7.5, and 11 in the presence of inert glass beads and humic acids. Significantly higher sonochemical degradation (93-97% for BPA) occurred at 580 kHz than at 28 kHz (43-61% for BPA), regardless of water type. A slightly higher degradation was observed for EE2 compared to that of BPA. The degradation rate of BPA and EE2 in DI water, SBW, and SSW after 30 min of ultrasound irradiation at 580 kHz increased slightly with the increase in pH from 4 (0.073-0.091 $min^{-1}$ for BPA and 0.081-0.094 $min^{-1}$ for EE2) to 7.5 (0.087-0.114 $min^{-1}$ for BPA and 0.092-0.124 $min^{-1}$ for EE2). In contrast, significant degradation was observed at pH 11 (0.149-0.221 $min^{-1}$ for BPA and 0.147-0.228 $min^{-1}$ for EE2). For the given frequencies of 28 and 580 kHz, the degradation rate increased in the presence of glass beads (0.1 mm and 25 g) for both BPA and EE2: 0.018-0.107 $min^{-1}$ without beads and 0.052-0.142 $min^{-1}$ with beads for BPA; 0.021-0.111 $min^{-1}$ without beads and 0.054-0.136 $min^{-1}$ with beads for EE2. A slight increase in degradation of both BPA and EE2 was found as the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC, humic acids) increased in both SBW and SSW: 0.107-0.115 $min^{-1}$ in SBW and 0.087-0.101 $min^{-1}$ in SSW for BPA; 0.111-0.111 $min^{-1}$ in SWB and 0.092-0.105 $min^{-1}$ in SSW for EE2. After 30 min of sonicating the humic acid solution, DOC removal varied depending on the water type: 27% (3 mg $L^{-1}$) and 7% (10 mg $L^{-1}$) in SBW and 7% (3 mg $L^{-1}$) and 4% (10 mg $L^{-1}$) in SSW.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Ultrasonic Degradation of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Seawater and Brackish Water

        So,Young,Park,Jong,Sung,Park,Ha,Yoon,Lee,Ji,Yong,Heo,Yeo,Min,Yoon,Kyung,Ho,Choi,Nam,Guk,Her 대한환경공학회 2011 Environmental Engineering Research Vol.16 No.3

        In this study, a series of experiments was conducted on the relative degradation of commonly known endocrine-disrupting compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA) and 17α-ethinyl estradiol (Ee₂) in a single-component aqueous solution using 28 and 580 kHz ultrasonic reactors. The experiments were conducted with three different types of model water: deionized water (DI), synthetic brackish water (SBW), and synthetic seawater (SSW) at pH 4, 7.5, and 11 in the presence of inert glass beads and humic acids. Significantly higher sonochemical degradation (93-97% for BPA) occurred at 580 kHz than at 28 kHz (43-61% for BPA), regardless of water type. A slightly higher degradation was observed for Ee₂ compared to that of BPA. The degradation rate of BPA and Ee₂ in DI water, SBW, and SSW after 30 min of ultrasound irradiation at 580 kHz increased slightly with the increase in pH from 4 (0.073-0.091 min-1 for BPA and 0.081-0.094 min-1 for Ee₂) to 7.5 (0.087-0.114 min-1 for BPA and 0.092?0.124 min-1 for Ee₂). In contrast, significant degradation was observed at pH 11 (0.149-0.221 min-1 for BPA and 0.147-0.228 min-1 for Ee₂). For the given frequencies of 28 and 580 kHz, the degradation rate increased in the presence of glass beads (0.1 mm and 25 g) for both BPA and Ee₂: 0.018-0.107 min-1 without beads and 0.052-0.142 min-1 with beads for BPA; 0.021-0.111 min-1 without beads and 0.054-0.136 min-1 with beads for Ee₂. A slight increase in degradation of both BPA and Ee₂ was found as the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC, humic acids) increased in both SBW and SSW: 0.107-0.115 min-1 in SBW and 0.087-0.101 min-1 in SSW for BPA; 0.111-0.111 min-1 in SWB and 0.092-0.105 min-1 in SSW for Ee₂. After 30 min of sonicating the humic acid solution, DOC removal varied depending on the water type: 27% (3 mg L-1) and 7% (10 mg L-1) in SBW and 7% (3 mg L-1) and 4% (10 mg L-1) in SSW.

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        가압가열 및 Microwave 처리가 생면의 품질에 미치는 영향

        박시우,김꽃봉우리,김민지,강보경,박원민,김보람,박홍민,최정수,최호덕,안동현,Bark,,Si-Woo,Kim,,Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri,Kim,,Min-Ji,Kang,,Bo-Kyeong,Pak,,Won-Min,Kim,,Bo-Ram,Park,,Hong-Min,Choi,,Jung-Su,Choi,,Ho-Duk,Ahn,,Dong-Hyun 한국식품영양학회 2013 韓國食品營養學會誌 Vol.26 No.4

        중력분을 이용하여 제면한 후 가압가열, microwave 및 가압가열과 microwave 병행 처리한 후, 생면 및 삶은 면의 품질에 미치는 영향에 대하여 알아보았다. 생면의 pH는 microwave 1 min 처리구에서 무처리구와 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았으며, 수분 함량은 autoclave 50 min 처리구에서 무처리구와 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았고, 그 외의 처리구에서는 모두 수분 함량이 감소함을 확인하였다. 면의 색도 측정 결과는 명도는 무처리구에 비해 모든 처리구에서 감소하였으며, 적색도는 microwave 1 min 처리구는 감소한 반면, 나머지 처리구는 증가하였다. 황색도는 autoclave 50 min 처리구와 autoclave 50 min/microwave 1 min 병행 처리구에서 증가한 반면, 나머지 물리적 처리구에서는 감소하였다. 삶은 면의 색도에서는 명도, 적색도, 황색도 모두에서 무처리구에 비하여 물리적 처리구에서 증가한 값을 나타내었다. 물성 측정 결과는 경도, 부착성, 응집성, 검성, 복원성에서 무처리구와 비교시 microwave 1 min 처리구는 유의적으로 감소하였으며, 그 외 처리구에서는 유의적으로 증가한 값을 나타내었다. 탄력성과 전단력은 모든 처리구에서 유의적으로 증가하였으며, 인장력은 가압가열 30 min 처리구와 무처리구가 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았으나, 나머지 물리적 처리구에서는 유의적으로 증가하였다. 관능 평가 결과는 생면의 경우 색 항목에서 물리적 처리구들이 유의적으로 낮은 점수를 받았다. 맛, 질감, 향 항목에서는 무처리구와 물리적 처리구간 유의적 차이를 보이지 않았다. 전체적인 기호도에서는 microwave 1 min 처리구가 가장 높은 점수를 얻었으며, 가압가열(50 min)과 microwave(1 min) 병행 처리구는 무처리구와 비슷한 점수를 얻었다. 따라서 제면 후 가압가열 및 microwave 처리가 생면 및 삶은 면에 있어서 색과 질감 항목을 보완, 개선시킨다면 알러겐성이 저감화된 면을 제품화하는데 적합할 것으로 사료되어진다. This study was conducted to determine the effects of physical treatments for quality of wet noodles. Noodles were being tried with a microwave (for 1 min), an autoclave (for 30 or 50 min), and both autoclave and microwave (for 30/1 min or 50/1 min). The results showed that the pH levels were slightly decreased after treatments of autoclave and autoclave/microwave. The moisture contents were considerably decreased as compared to the control except autoclave (50 min). After all treatments, the lightness was decreased in all samples, but, redness was increased (except microwave) and the yellowness was increased after autoclave (50 min) and autoclave/microwave (50/1 min). Texture was increased as compared to the control except microwave. In the sensory evaluation, the noodles treated with microwave, autoclave (50 min), and autoclave/ microwave (50/1 min) showed a high score in overall preference. From these results, both the autoclave and microwave methods can be applied to the wet noodles without diminishing its quality to a great extent.

      • 무용전공학생의 호흡순환기능 및 혈줄젖산농도에 관한 비교연구

        이종희(Lee Jong-Hee), 김말애(Kim Mal-Ae), 손흥기(Sohn Heung-Ki), 김민정(Kim Min-Jung) 경희대학교 스포츠과학연구원 1996 체육학논문집 Vol.24 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The purpose of this study is to investigate the cardiovascular function and blood lactate of female by part of dance major in university.<BR>  For this purpose a total of 32 female students, attending university K in Seoul participated in the study. The subjects were selected randomly 24 female students majored in dance in university(Korean dance: 8, Modern dance: 8, Ballet: 8), and 8 regular female students, who did not have any dance experience.<BR>  The results of the study were as follows;<BR>  1. Cardiovascular function<BR>   1) In factors of rest HR showed in Control group 76.50±3.74 beats/min, Korean dance group 72.13±4.85 beats/min, Modern dance group 71.50±4.93 beats/min, Ballet dance group 68.88±4.19beats/min. Among these group there was significantly(p<.05).<BR>   2) In factors of HRmax showed in Korean dance group 200.63±4.78 beats/min, Ballet dance group 198.00±6.28beats/min, Modern dance group 197.63±6.65beats/min Control group 189.75±10.51beats/min. Among these group there was significantly(p<.05).<BR>   3) In factors of ?O2㎏ showed in Ballet dance group 44.46±4.09㎖/min, Korean dance group 43.95±2.95㎖/min, Modern dance group 40.73±3.36㎖/min, Control group 34.33±2.28㎖/min. Among these group there was significantly(p<.001).<BR>   4) In factors of ?CO2 showed in Korean dance group 84.31 ℓ/min, Modern dance group 2.60±0.44 ℓ/min, Ballet dance group 2.52±0.23 ℓ/min, Control group 2.23±0.34 ℓ/min. Among these group there was not significantly.<BR>   5) In factors of all-out time showed in Korean dance group 931±52.92sec, Modern dance group 916.75±40.96sec, Ballet dance group 908.88±28.44sec, Control group 809.38±70.02sec. Among these group there was significantly(p<.001).<BR>  2. Blood lactate<BR>   1) In factors of rest time blood lactate showed in Ballet dance group 1.17±0.26mM/ℓ, Control group 1.11±0.21mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 1.09±0.28mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 1.06±0.33mM/ℓ. Among these group there was not significantly.<BR>   2) in factors of all-out time blood lactate showed in Control group 9.14±0.92mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 7.79±1.14mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 7.67±1.51mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 7.42±1.18mM/ℓ. Among these group there was not significantly.<BR>   3) In factors of recovery 3 minute blood lactate showed in Control group 9.52±0.94mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 7.68±1.73mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 7.61±0.89mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 7.52±1.78mM/ℓ. Among these group there was significantly(p<.05).<BR>   4) In factors of recovery 5 minute blood lactate showed in Control group 9.91±1.22mM/ℓ. Korean dance group 7.97±2.38mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 7.86±1.86mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 75.1±1.10mM/ℓ. Among these group there was significantly(p<.05).<BR>   5) In factors of recovery 10 minute Control group 8.99±0.97mM/ℓ, Ballet dance group 6.98±1.65mM/ℓ, Korean dance group 6.96±2.08mM/ℓ, Modern dance group 6.78±1.38mM/ℓ. Among these group there was significantly(p<.05).

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        NMP로부터 제조된 Melt-blown흑연섬유의 안정화조건에 따른 미세구조와 전기화학적 특성

        김찬,양갑승,고장면,박상희,박호철,김영민,Kim,Chan,Yang,Kap,Seung,Ko,Jang,Myoun,Park,Sang,Hee,Park,Ho,Chul,Kim,Young-Min 한국전기화학회 2001 한국전기화학회지 Vol.4 No.3

        용융분사법으로 나프탈렌계 메조페이스 피치(mP)를 방사하여 산화안정화 속도를 변화시켜 흑연화 섬유의 모폴러지를 제어하였으며, 흑연화 섬유를 이용하여 Li-ion 이차전지 부극을 제조하여 충$\cdot$방전 거동 및 용량을 측정하였다. 용융분사조건에 따라 제조된 피치섬유의 직경은 $4{\mu}m$로부터 $16{\mu}m$까지 다양하였다 이중에서 직경 $10{\mu}m$인 피치섬유를 선택하여 세가지 승온속도 조건 $2^{\circ}C/min,\;5^{\circ}C/min,\;10^{\circ}/min$에서 산화안정화 후 $1000^{\circ}C$에서 탄소화하여 $2650^{\circ}C$에서 흑연화 한 결과, 섬유 단면이 산화안정화 조건 $2^{\circ}C/min$의 경우는 라디알 구조, $5^{\circ}C/min$의 것은 라디알-랜덤 구조, $10^{\circ}C/min$의 경우는 skin-core 구조를 형성하였고, 승온속도가 큰 경우일수록 이흑연화성이 컷다. 이것은 큰 승온속도에서는 탄소화$\cdot$흑연화 과정에서 섬유표면에서만 산화안정화가 일어나고, 내부에서는 피치분자가 유동성이 커 승온과정에서 고결정성의 흑연구조가 발달한 것으로 추측된다. 따라서 이흑연화성이 큰 $10^{\circ}C/min$에서 산화안정화 한 것이 충전방전 용량이 $2^{\circ}C/min$의 경우에 비해서 1.3배로 약 400mAh/g, 충방전 효율도 $96.8\%$로 가장 우수한 특성을 나타냈다. Naphthalene derived mesophase pitch WP) was spun into short fibers by using melt-blown technology. The pitch fibers oxidative stabilization were carried out heating rates of $2^{\circ}C/min,\;5^{\circ}C/min\;and\; 10^{\circ}/min$. The heating rate was a key factor to maximate the capacity of the Li-ion secondary battery through controlling the morphology of the graphitized fiber. The diameters of the melt-blown fibers prepared were in the range of $4{\mu}m\~16{\mu}m$ with functions of air jet speed, air temperature and the temperature of the nozzle. The graphitized fibers of $10{\mu}m$ diameters showed various morphological structure with heating rate of the stabilization. Radial, radial-random and skin-core cross-sectional structure of the fibers were observed at the respective heating rate of $2^{\circ}C/min\;5^{\circ}C/min\;and\;10^{\circ}C/min$. Most crystalline structure of graphite was obtained from the fiber stabilized at heating rate of $10^{\circ}C/min$ exhibiting the best anode performance with 400 mAh/g of capacitance and $96.8\%$ of charge/discharge efficiency.

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