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Omega-3 fatty acids are the collective term of polyunsaturated fatty acids obtained from marine mammals as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and also from some nuts, and oils as a-linoleic acid (ALA). Although the full function of omega-3's has not been known, the discovered metabolism may explain the cardioprotective effects at least. This document is planned to digest an short review on omega-3 fatty acids with a focus on their sources, metabolism, safety and potential cardiovascular protection.
There has been of concern in the ability of animals to sense or to predict the earthquakes in various disciplines of science. It is reviewed the abnormal behavior responding to earthquakes by various animals. The empirical conclusion might be drawn in reviewing many literatures recording such foresensing capability of some animals in wild and captivity. Discussed are the electromagnetic response by some animals against volcanic eruption and earthquakes. 동물이 지진을 감지하는 능력은 오랫동안 여러 학문 분야에서 관심의 대상이었다. 세계 여러 곳에서 다양한 동물들이 지진에 반응하여 이상행동을 보이는 것을 정리하고, 정황적으로나 실험적으로 이상행동들은 동물이 사실상 지진을 미리 감지하는 전기자장적 반응으로 볼 수 있으며, 이에 대해 생물학적 가능성을 논의하였다.
This study is designed to shed light on the relationship between the communication satisfaction of sports groups on collective cohesion. With this in mind, the researcher looked into the communications and collective cohesion of sports group. The researcher conducted frequency, percentage, t-test and correlation, etc. The subjects were composed of a total of 392 out of 420(the population) belonging to 34 teams participating in a nationwide volleyball game for middle and high school boys and girls. The questionnaire was supposed to be self-administered. 28 copies were excluded from the population by thinking that their response were poor. The following are the findings. First, the subjects were highly satisfied with communications. The subjects with a high standard of living, middle school students, and subjects to participate in a lot of games turned out to be highly satisfied with communication. Second, the subjects had a high degree of social cohesion and assignment-based cohesion, and girls and players with less than two-to-three-year career had a higher degree of social cohesion. Third, the survey on the correlation between the communication satisfaction of sports groups and their collective cohesion shows that the more highly satisfied they are, the higher social cohesion and collective cohesion they had.
The purpose of this study is to examine closely the relation of absorption experience and self efficacy for a participant in the adventurous sports. For the purpose of attaining this aim, it surveyed absorption experience, self efficacy and the like as to the participation in adventurous sports. In terms of the statistical methods used aiming to analyze data, it carried out frequency and percentage, t-test and one-way ANOVA, correlation, depending on the purpose of analysis. As for collecting data, it carried out self-administrated questionnaire targeting 250 women who did take part in the adventurous sports, while conducting the survey from November 2002 to August 2003, but the conclusions, which were unveiled, utilizing the gathered data of total 232 persons except those whose response contents were decided to be insufficient, are as follows. First, in light of absorption experience as to demographic change factors, participants in the adventurous sports had high degree of absorption experience, and the higher level of the absorption experience was shown at a man than a woman, at an older person and at a participant than non-participant. Second, in terms of physical self efficacy as to demographic change factors, the participants in the adventurous sports did not show such a high physical self efficacy, and the higher level of the physical self efficacy was shown at a man than a woman, at an older person and at a participant than non-participant, and as for the general self efficacy, participants had high self efficacy, and the higher level of the general self efficacy was shown at an older person and at a participant than non-participant. Third, in the relation of absorption experience and self efficacy, it was shown to be high in the absorption experience, physical self efficacy and general self efficacy of participants in the adventurous sports.
The goal of this study is to figure out the effect which social education programs have on leisure satisfaction of program participants. To achieve the goal, this study surveyed their life, satisfaction with their leisure time and degree of participation in the social education programs for women. X²(chi-square) test, t-test, leisure statistical methods to analyze the data collected. The data were collected from August to September, 2003 and the study samples were 300 women of two Women's centers who had participated in the social programs for women over one year. The self-administrated questionnaires were distributed to them and 286 questionnaires among data collected were used for analysis, from which the insincere answers were excluded. Firstly, among the sociodemographic characteristics which were background variables, their age, educational level, family income and subjective health had effects on their participation in the programs, their leisure satisfaction and program satisfaction. In other words, according to their age, the younger they were, the more they participated in programs related to art and the older they were, the more they participated in programs related to music and sports. According to their educational level, the women with educational attainments under a high school graduate participated in the programs related to music more and the women with educational attainments over a college graduate participated in the programs related to art more. However, there were no significant differences in their average monthly participation and subjective health. Secondly, the women who participated in social education programs of the Women's Center showed a significant difference in their satisfaction. The women who participated in Samulnori program and a singing program showed higher satisfaction with leisure time. And the women who participated in programs for Samulnori, sports dance, singing, abdomen breathing exercise and living exercises showed higher physiological and educational satisfaction.
The Purpose of this study was to examine effects of organizational sport involvement on authoritarian attitudes among high school athletes. A fixed alternative questionnaire was administered to four hundred and seven high school athletes who enrolled in Korea Sport Council, 2000. 407 subject were included 217 male and 190 female athletes. Statistics employed this study were one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression. The conclusions of this study were as follows: first, athletes involved in dual sport were more conventional than those who involved in individual and team sports, while team sport athletes shows greater acceptance of authority, authoritarian aggression, power and toughness than individual and dual sport athletes. Second, the more involved in organizational sport, the higher conventionalism, acceptance of authority, authoritarian aggression, power and toughness showed, and the longer athletic career, the greater acceptance of authority, authoritarian aggression, sexual bise showed.
부산 영도 지역에서 실험토끼 사체에 모이는 하계 사체곤충상과 연속성 그리고 법의학적 유용성을 검토하였다. 3목 11과에 속한 27종이 채집 및 동정되었는데, 그중 기록된 4과 9속 12종이 기록된 파리목이 가장 높은 사체곤충상의 다양도를 나타냈고, 이어 딱정벌레목이 5과 10속 10종, 그리고 벌목이 2과 5속 5종으로 가장 낮은 종다양도를 보였다. 부패에 따른 종군의 연속성은 전형적인 양상을 보이는데, 즉 초기에는 낮에는 파리목과 개미과의 성충 그리고 밤에는 딱정벌레과의 성충이 사체에 서로 시간분할방식으로 신속하게 사체에 접근하고, 부패가 진행되면서 곤충상은 가장 풍부해지는데 파리목의 유충과 딱정벌레목의 성충이 현저히 증가되고, 그후 사체가 건조되면서 점차 곤충들이 떠나 종군의 다양성이 소멸되는 일련의 연속적 변화를 보인다. 기록된 사체곤충상 중에서는 Calliphora vicina (Robineau-Desvoidy), Lucilia illustris (Meigen), Phaenicia sericata (Meigen), C. megacephala (Fabricius), M. stabulans (Fallen) 등의 파리들이 영도 지역에서 법의지표로서의 가능성을 보였다. The saprophagous insects was investigated in association with the rabbit carrions at the Islet Youngdo in Pusan. It was focused to establish the local insect fauna on carrions in summer, to evaluate the species useful for forensic application, and to determine their succession. The insects found on rabbit carrions were identified into 27 species in 11 families belonging to 3 orders. The highest species diversity of carrion fauna was recorded in Diptera with 12 species of 9 genera and 4 families, and the second in Coleoptera with 10 species of 10 genera and 5 families. The lowest species diversity was found in Hymenoptera whose species were essentially usual but less important attendants for forensic application as wasps and ants. Succession was in the typical pattern ; the rapid invasion to carrions in sharing a time by flies and ants in day, and by beetles in dark, the notable presence of fly maggots and beetle adults during which insects diversity reaches its maximum, and then the distinct decline in insect richness and dispersal from carrions. The forensic values were insinuated largely among flies as Colliphora vicina (Robineau-Desvoidy), Lucilia illustris (Meigen), Phaenicia sericata (Meigen), Chrysomyia megacephala (Fabricius) and Muscina stabulans (Fallen).