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People cannot but rely on others for physical and mental care in the aging society where the period of senescence lengthens out. The society should support senior citizens with independent decision making on their daily living and respect them as individuals, so that they can maintain dignity. Also, aged care service should be provided in a way that the elderly can receive physical and mental support in daily life, maintain the status quo and keep individual dignity. In addition, contracts should be signed based on an equal relationship between users and service providers. In the same vein, information should be provided from the perspective of users so as to help them with service choice. Taken together, information provision about aged care facilities" service need be standardized, given care insurance users including the elderly are hard to be on an equal footing with service providers on account of invisibility and difficulties in advance acknowledgement as well as irreversibility of care service. Hence, users should choose care service or service providers independently, for which not abstract, subjective and ambiguous information but factual, practical and objective information should be provided by care service providers.
Both Korea and Japan are preparing the proper set of political measures of the aged welfare which fits their own society and culture to solve an aging society and low birthrates. Japan, country which is about to reach a super-aged society had already started Care Insurance in 2000 and had begun disclosing the information of nursing home in 2005, and now in 2014, the total 52 services of Care Insurance had already been provided. Providing these variety of services, since 2005, it started to provide the information about each services. Information disclosure of nursing home by Care Insurance presents the possibility of using high quality of caring services. And also, disclosing the information of nursing home worked as an improving the quality of caring services. The reason for this is because from the side of licensee, if internal information of cooperation has revealed to the public, it could be used as the chance for the consumer to compare, analyze, choose and judge the facility. This research is about analyzing and comparing about disclosing information of private nursing home currently operated between two countries. As a result of investigation of analysis, many problems has been found in the disclosing the information of nursing home in Korea and the systematization of the information disclosure shall be needed. For systematizing the standardized information disclosure, it needs to expand the existing information services. The questionnaire for disclosing the information primarily was prepared to verify this research used as non-standardized tools through welfare researchers.
Itaconic acid is an important organic acid and a major component of various polymers. It is used in resins, superabsorbent polymers, and substitutes for petrochemicalbased monomers such as acrylic and methacrylic acids. Itaconic acid is primarily produced by the fungus Aspergillus terreus, which yields a high titer with albeit long fermentation period and by-products. In our previous study, Escherichia coli JY001 was reported to produce itaconic acid using citric acid in whole-cell reaction resulting in higher itaconic acid productivity with less by-products formation. The present study aimed to increase whole-cell enzyme stability and reusability, via immobilization of E. coli JY001 using barium-alginate beads. We optimized the cations, temperature, pH, alginate, BaCl2 concentration, cell density per bead, and CTAB content to improve transfer rate of substrates and products. Under the optimized conditions, immobilized whole cells were stable for four repeated cycles of itaconic acid production. The present results would strengthen the basis for a continuous itaconic acid production.
This article classified the auxiliary verbs from the angle of the modality and analyzed the distributional characteristics of the co-occurrence. Based on the existing discussion of modalities, this article selected 10 representative auxiliary verbs indicating epistemic modality, deontic modality, and dynamic modality, and analyzed how they are actually co-occurred in terms of corpus. In doing this, an approximate distribution of the actually co-occurred auxiliary verb combinations could be identified. The significance of this study ultimately lies in the fact that compared to previous studies relying on intuition to discuss the same issue, it could definitely present the actual possibility of co-occurrence of auxiliary verbs by demonstrating empirical figures and their distribution patterns through a large-scale illustrative analysis. These figures are expected to be also useful in the future regarding pedagogy. 본고에서는 양태의 관점에서 조동사를 분류하고 이들의 연용 양상에 대해 살펴보았다. 양태에 관한 기존의 논의를 바탕으로 인식양태, 의무양태, 동적양태를 나타내는 대표적인 양태 조동사 10개를 선별하고, 이들의 실질적 연용 양상을 CCL 코퍼스 분석을 통해 분석하였다. 이를 통해 양태 조동사가 실제 연용되는 전반적인 분포 양상을 파악할 수 있었으며, 연용에 활용되는 조동사별 빈도 차이 및 전후 위치에 대한 선호도 등에 대해서도 확인할 수 있었다. 그간 주로 직관에 의지해 조동사 연용의 가능성에 대해 논의한 기존의 연구에 비해, 본고는 대량의 예문 분석을 통한 실증적 수치와 그 분포 양상을 바탕으로 조동사의 실제 연용 가능 여부를 명쾌히 제시할 수 있었으며, 이러한 수치는 향후 심화 연구 진행은 물론 교학적 측면에서도 유용하게 활용될 수 있을 것이다.
In changes of social environment, change of the use of land due to the change of residence type, industry and urban structure is an influential factor to safety vulnerable social group. From PTSD from disaster experience point of view, experience of disaster, damage from disaster, witness of disaster make people experience anxiety and confusion, increase the anxiety toward disaster and lead to difficulty in daily lives. As for the result of analyzing anxiety factors regarding disaster damage potential composed of 20 items of safety manager, damage potential of sink hole which recently rapidly increased was the highest, and followed by anxiety from safety damage potential of family, anxiety from phone call damage. Likewise, if the anxiety toward disaster damage potential is digitized, it contributes to setting safety management planning for disaster prevention as it visualizes the risk.
In this paper, a linguistic phenomenon that ‘N + de + V' appears in the place of subject and object within a sentence in modern Chinese is studied. Firstly, the stance of this paper toward the problem of ‘N + de + V' structure and the word class induction problem of ‘V' which are contentious in many ways until now in Chinese grammar academic circles, is indicated. Subsequently, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic characteristics of ‘N + de + V' that appears in the place of subject and object, are examined. Lastly, asymmetry of subject ‘N + de + V' and object ‘N + de + V' is studied in terms of syntactic, semantic and pragmatic aspects.
This paper diachronically considered the correlation among space-category adpositions and the differentiation of them, through the development of changes of common prepositions in relation to chronological word order changes of Chinese space-category adpositions. The findings are as follows: The word order of an adposition changed from ‘V+Pr+NP' in ancient Chinese to ‘Pr+NP+(Po)+V' in modern Chinese. In that change, the principle of relator (联繫项原则) and the principle of word-order ioconicity (语序相似性原则) served as functional mechanisms for the fronting (前置) of the verb of an adpositional phrase and for the formation of a postposition. Furthermore, from a chronological point of view the patterns of word order change of space-category adpositions were categorized by periods and types, with the use of a corpus, and the process of changes of space-category adpositions was seen in the frequency of each period and the word order change of each type.
본 연구의 목적은 동아시아 근로자의 스트레스와 직장심리 불안상태의 관계에서 사회적지지의 조절효과를 파악하여 동아시아 근로자의 스트레스를 관리하고 사회적 지지를 통해 산업안전에 기여하고자 하였다. 연구방법: 경기도 건설현장의 동아시아근로자 대상으로 149부를 SPSS IBM 2.5 프로그램을 활용하여 분석하였다. 다음으로 연속 형 더미변수의 조절효과를 분석하기 위해 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 결과: 사회적지지, 물리적 스트레스 더미변수, 상호작용(사회적지지*물리적 스트레스 더미변수)이 직장심리 불안상태의 관계에서 조절효과를 나타내는 것으로 확인되었다. 사회적지지 인지수준에 따른 피로, 오류경향성, 직장심리 불안상태와의 평균비교에서 오류경향성과 피로변인은 사회적지지 인식수준에 따라 유의미한 차이가 있는 것으로 분석되었다. 결과: 사회적 지지는 스트레스관리와 직장심리 불안상태를 저하시키는 요인으로 작용하였다. 이연구의 한계로 연구대상을 동아시아의 다양한 나라들을 포함하여 확장하는 연구가 필요하다. This study is aimed to figure out the control effect of social support in the relationships between the stress felt by East Asian workers and the psychological state of work instability and to control the stress felt by the workers and ultimately to contribute to the industrial safety through social support. Research Methodology: an analysis was conducted for East Asian 140 workers in a construction site in Gyeonggi-do Province by utilizing SPSS IBM 2.5 program. in the second place, a multiple regression analysis was conducted in order to analyze the control effect of continuous derby variables. Result: social support, physical stress derby variables and interaction (social support* physical stress derby variables) are confirmed to produce control effect in work psychological instability. In comparing the means for fatigue, error tendency, work psychological instability, error tendency and fatigue variable are analyzed to have significant differences according to the level of awareness of social support. Result: social support is possible to act as a factor to lower stress control and work psychological instability. the limit of this study requires to expand the subjects of study including various countries of East Asia.