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        • 殺蟲性 O,O-Diethylphenylphosphate 誘導體들에 의한 Acetylcholinesterase의 Phosphorylation에 關한 量子藥理學的 硏究

          明平根,成洛道,柳柄泰,李天培 충남대학교 약학대학 의약품개발연구소 1986 藥學論文集 Vol.2 No.-

          Quantum pharmacological study has been carried out for the phosphorylation process of acetylcholinesterase (Ach E) and hydrolysis reaction of O,O-diethylphenylphosphate (DPP) derivatives. Quantum variables of DPp molecule were calculated by extended Hu¨ckel theory (EHT) molecular orbital calculation method and linear free energy relationship(LFER) parameters were applied to the Hamett, Taft & Swain-Luption's simple and dual substituents parameter equation. The results shows that the field effect (F) was larger than resonance effect (R) and the values of percent field (%F) and percent resonance (%R) were about %F=34 and %R=66, respectively, yielding the ratio of F to R of 2:1. From the regression analysis, the various quantum chemical parameters, the net charge of phosphorus atom and that of meta carbon atom, the LUMO energy and the electrophilic superdelocalizability were influenced significantly on the phosphorylation of Ach E. The charge-controlled and orbital-controlled reactions proceed via trigonal bypyramidal penta-coordinated intermediate with pseudorotation.

        • 항암항생제인 CC-1065 유사체들의 지연된 죽음과 DNA 염기서열특이성과의 상관성(I)

          明平根 충남대학교 약학대학 의약품개발연구소 1988 藥學論文集 Vol.4 No.-

          Subtle changes in analog structure sometimes lead to dramatic changes in biological activity. By examining how changes in CC-1065 structure effect DNA sequence specificity, and local DNA structure the author will search for correlations between these effects and biological endpoints such as delayed death, cytotoxic potency and antitumor efficacy. The results of these experiments will guide us in designing new CC-1065 analogs, and choosing select compounds and DNA sequences for further structural and biochemical studies. While (+)-CC-1065 and (+)-AB'C' produce delayed death in mice at less than therapeutic doses, (+)-ABC and (+)-ABC'' do not. Since (+)-CC-1065 and (+)-AB'C' have identical DNA sequence specificity, it is expected that compounds that mimic the inside edge substituents of these compounds might also produce delayed death in moce. In order to evaluate this proposal, the author has compared the sequence specificity of various different CC-1065 analogs in ^32P labeled restriction enzyme fragments from SV 40 DNA. Correlation between delayed death and DNA sequence specificity suggests that synthetic analogs which mimic concave edge substituents of (+)-CC-1065 might bind to certain DNA sequences, result in specific biochemical and biological consequences, which ultimately lead to delayed death in mice.

        • 항암항생제인 CC-1065 유사체들의 지연된 죽음과 DNA 염기서열 특이성과의 상관성(Ⅱ)

          明平根 충남대학교 약학대학 의약품개발연구소 1988 藥學論文集 Vol.4 No.-

          The long range objective of this study is to relate the potent bilolgical effects of the antitumor antibiotic CC-1065 to the structural modification of DNA which occurs upon covalent binding. CC-1065 is a potent antiumor agent produced by Streptomyces zelensis which was isolated by scientists of the Upjohn Company. Although the lead compound CC-1065 is too toxic for clinical use as an antitumor agent, various synthetic analogs have been prepared which have improved antitumor efficacy in mice, and lacks the delayed death effects produced by CC-1065. Two sets of closely structurally related synthetic analogs of (+)-CC-1065, which show large variations in biological effects between individual members have been selected from several available synthetic analogs. This result shows a potentially exciting correlation between delayed death in mice and DNA sequence specificity. The author therefore tentaively conclude that the binding of (+)-CC-1065, and synthetic analogs which mimic its concave edge substituents to certain DNA sequences, results in specific biological and biochemical consequences, which ultimately lead to delayed death in mice.

        • Basma 잎담배의 Vacuum Tobacco Conditioning (VTC)와 Compressed Tobacco Conditioning(CTC)처리에 따른 향기성분분석

          명평근,김천석 충남대학교 약학대학 의약품개발연구소 1989 藥學論文集 Vol.5 No.-

          Volatile flavors of Basma tobacco by Vacuum Tobacco Conditioning (VTC) and Compressed Tobacco Conditioning (CTC) treatments were analyzed by Gas Chromatogaphy. The Results obtained from this experiment are as following: 1. As Basma tobacco leaves were processed by VTC treatment, the amounts of volatile components of benzyl alcohol, phenyl acetaldehyde and dibutyl phthalate were reduced, while that of damascone was increased. 2. After CTC treatment the reduced volatile flavors of Basma tobacco leaves were benzyl alcohol, 7-undecane+Linalool, 2-phenylethyl alcohol, thymol, dibutyl phthalate, n-pentacosane and n-hexacosane, while the increasing components were furfural, phenyl acetate and n-eicosane. 3. In order to minimize the change of flavoring components of Basma tobacco leaves during the preconditioning, we should plan to improve the working method to minimize the heating and steam flow and to treat at the lower temperature and within short time.

        • Burley와 황색종 잎담배들의 Toast과정 중 Pyrazine의 생성

          명평근,김천석 충남대학교 약학대학 의약품개발연구소 1989 藥學論文集 Vol.5 No.-

          The change of volatile flavoring components and the formation of pyrazine during toasting condition of Burley and Flue-cured tobacco leaves in the manufacturing process were analyzed by Gas Chromatograph. The results are as following: 1. After the toasting treatment of Burley 21 and Flue-cured tobacco leaves, the amounts of pyrazine and its derivatives, furfural and its derivatives, benzaldehyde, maltol, beta-Ionone and beta-Ionone epoxide were reduced, while the increasing components were hexanol, terpineol and neophytadiene. 2. The optimum condition of Burley 21 tobacco leaves on the toasting treatment was that the addition of sucrose was 4~7% and that of the formation of pyrazine was 125℃ for the treatment temperature and 5 minutes for the treatment time.

        • KCI등재

          2D-QSAR and HQSAR of the Inhibition of Calcineurin-NFAT Signaling by Blocking Protein- Protein Interaction with N-(4-oxo-1(4H)-naphthalenylidene)benzenesulfonamide Analogues

          명평근,Nack-Do Sung 대한약학회 2007 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.30 No.8

          The inhibition of calcineurin-NFAT signaling by blocking protein-protein interaction with N-(4- oxo-1(4H)-naphthalenylidene)benzenesulfonamide analogues was studied in order to obtain mechanistic information about the effects of structural modification and molecular design of immunomodulation agents. The study was carried out by quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis using 2D-QSAR and hologram QSAR (HQSAR) methods. The statistical results of the two models showed the best prediction and fitness (r2>0.900) for the inhibition activities. The inhibitory activities from the 2D-QSAR models were dependent upon the electronic affinity of electron acceptor and optimum dipole moment (DMopt.=4.491 Debye). In addition, the HQSAR model provided information about which structural distinctions could be significant contributors the inhibition.

        • SCIEKCI등재
        • 항암항생제인 CC-1065 유사체들의 지연된 죽음과 DNA 염기서열특이성과의 상관성(Ⅰ)

          明平根 충남대학교부설 생명공학연구소 1991 생물공학연구지 Vol.1 No.-

          Subtle changes in analog structure sometimes lead to dramatic changes in biological activity. By examining how changes in CC-1065 structure effect DNA sequence specificity, and local DNA structure the author will search for correlations between these effects and biological endpoints such as delayed death, cytotoxic potency and antitumor efficacy. The results of these experiments will guide us in designing new CC-1065 analogs, and choosing select compounds and DNA sequences for further structural and biochemical studies. While (+)-CC-1065 and (+)-AB′C′ produce delayed death in mice at less than therapeutic doses, (+)-ABC and (+)-ABC″ do not. Since (+)-CC-1065 and (+)-AB′C′ have identical DNA sequence specificity, it is expected that compounds that mimic the inside edge substituents of these compounds might also produce delayed death in mice. In order to evaluate this proposal, the author has compared the sequence specificity of various different CC-1065 analogs in ^32P labeled restriction enzyme fragments from SV 40 DNA. Correlation between delayed death and DNA sequence specificity suggests that synthetic analogs which mimic concave edge substituents of (+)-CC-1065 might bind to certain DNA sequences, result in specific biochemical and biological consequences, which ultimately lead to delayed death in mice.

        • 향신료의 항산화 및 아세틸콜린에스터라제 저해작용

          명평근,엄선섭 충남대학교 약학대학 의약품개발연구소 2004 藥學論文集 Vol.19 No.-

          Alzheimer's disease(AD) involves a chronic CNS inflammatory response that is associated with both head injury and beta-amyloid pathology. It was reported that the curry spice curcumin reduced oxidative damage and amyloid pathology in an Alzheimer transgenic mouse. Methanol extracts of 18 spices were screened for inhibition of acetylcholinesterase and antioxdative activity in order to evaluate the antidementia activity. The results showed that DPPH radical scavenging activity(IC_(50)) of Origanus majorana, Salvia officinalis, and Pimenta dioicallis are 161, 179, 71 (㎍/㎖) respectively and the AChE inhibitor activity(% inhibition at 1 mg/㎖) were 53.8, 60.5, 54.6 %, respectively. Bioassay-guided fractionation of Pimenta dioicallis yielded 2-methoxy-4-(2-pro-penyl)phenol and 2-methoxy-4-(1-propenyl)phenol as antioixdative constituents. It suggest that Pimenta dioicallis(allspice) is a good source of antidementia agent for AD.

        • 향신료의 항산화 및 아세틸콜린에스터라제 저해작용

          명평근,엄선섭 충남대학교 형질전환복제돼지연구센터 2004 논문집 Vol. No.8

          Alzheimer's disease(AD) involves a chronic CNS inflammatory response that is associated with both head injury and beta-amyloid pathology. It was reported that the curry spice curcumin reduced oxidative damage and amyloid pathology in an Alzheimer transgenic mouse. Methanol extracts of 18 spices were screened for inhibition of acetylcholinesterase and antioxdative activity in order to evaluate the antidementia activity. The results showed that DPPH radical scavenging activity(IC_50) of Origanus majorana, Salvia officinalis, and Pimenta dioicallis are 161, 179, 71 (㎍/㎖), respectively and the AChE inhibitor activity(% inhibition at 1 mg/㎖) were 53.8, 60.5, 54.6 %, respectively. Bioassay-guided fractionation of Pimenta dioicallis yielded 2-methoxy-4- (2-propenyl)phenol and 2-methoxy-4-(1-propenyl)phenol as antioixdative constituents. It suggest that Pimenta dioicallis(allspice) is a good source of antidementia agent for AD.

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