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Purpose: This study aimed to observe coping strategies and career identity in nursing students, and examine the influence of coping strategy on career identity. Methods: Data from 329 third- and fourth-year nursing students was collected using structured self-reports questionnaires for two months. Descriptive statistics were calculated and the data analyzed with independent t-tests, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: The nursing students scored highest on the passive coping style of hopeful thinking. Positive coping strategies were positively correlated with career identity. The final regression model showed that coping strategy and satisfaction with the participant’s major accounted for 37.6% of the variance in predictions of career identity, with problem-focused coping strategy as the single most influential factor. Conclusion: These findings suggest that a range of active efforts are needed to increase the use of problem-focused coping strategies to improve the career identity of nursing students.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of the nurse’s character on care and the sense of coherence (SOC) on the professional quality of life among oncology nurses. Methods: Data were collected from June 2 to July 1, 2020. The participants were 185 oncology nurses caring for cancer patients. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. Nurse’s Character Scale for Care in Clinical Settings (NCS_C) and SOC, Professional Quality Of Life (ProQOL), which is conceptualized with three sub-dimensions (compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress), along with demographic and work-related variables were measured. Results: The compassion satisfaction and burnout results had a significant correlation with the nurse’ s character for care and SOC. In multiple regression analysis, the meaningfulness of sub-dimension SOC (β=.58) accounted for 67.8% of compassion satisfaction and the meaningfulness of sub-dimension SOC (β=-.37) accounted for 55.4% of burnout. Conclusion: Meaningfulness of sub-dimension SOC was an important factor that could be used to improve the professional quality of life among oncology nurses. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and make available programs for oncology nurses to improve compassion satisfaction, and methods to decrease burnout needs to be developed.
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between self-efficacy in communication, flow, and nursing students’ competence in communication, and examined the effect of self-efficacy on communication, and the effect of flow on competence in communication. Method: Data of 123 fourth-year nursing students were collected using structured self-report questionnaires in simulation-based education. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Self-efficacy in communication, flow, and competence in communication were positively correlated. The final regression model showed that self-efficacy in communication and flow accounted for 31.4% of the variance in predictions of competence in communication. Additionally, self-efficacy in communication was the most influential factor. Conclusion: The study supports a strategy to improve self-efficacy in communication and flow by improving nursing students’ competence in communication in simulation-based education.
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The purpose of the study is to observe the degrees of perfectionism (both self-oriented (SP) and socially-prescribed perfectionism (SPP)), job search stress (JSS), and positive psychological capital (PPC) among nursing students and to identify the influence of perfectionism and PPC on JSS. Data from 105 third- and fourth-year undergraduate students were collected over a three-month period at three university sites by means of a structured self-report questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression using IBM SPSS Statistics. The results suggest that the level of JSS is significantly greater for third-year students than fourth-year students and students with a lower grade point average (GPA) (<3.0) than those with a higher GPA. The degree of JSS was positively correlated with SPP and negatively correlated with PPC. The final regression model showed that grade and self-efficacy related PPC accounted for 41.3% of the variance in predicting the level of JSS. Our results suggest that it is crucial to find a strategy that could enhance self-efficacy related PPC, especially designed for 3rd grade university students, to reduce the level of JSS. 본 연구의 목적은 완벽주의(자기지향, 사회부과적 완벽주의), 긍정심리자본, 취업스트레스의 수준과 관계를 파악하고 취업스트레스의 영향요인을 확인하고자 하는 것이다. 3개월 동안 4년제 간호대학 3곳에서 구조화된 자가보고형 설문지를 이용하여 자료수집이 진행되었으며, 3, 4학년에 재학 중인 105명의 자료를 분석하였다. 자료는 분석은 IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0으로 기술통계, 독립 t-검정(independent t-test), 일원분산분석(one way ANOVA), 피어슨 상관계수(Pearson correlation coefficient), 위계적 다중회귀분석(hierarchical multiple regression)을 이용하였다. 취업스트레스는 4학년에 비해 3학년인 경우와 이전학기 성적(학점)이 3.0 미만이었던 경우 더 높은 수준을 보였다. 취업스트레스는 사회부과적 완벽주의, 긍정심리자본과 유의한 상관관계를 보여, 사회부과적 완벽주의가 높을수록 그리고 긍정심리자본이 낮을수록 취업스트레스는 상승되는 것으로 나타났다. 긍정심리자본의 하위영역인 자기효능감이 취업스트레스를 낮추는 유의한 변수였으며, 학년과 함께 취업스트레스에 대해 41.3%의 설명력을 보였다. 본 연구의 결과는 간호대학생의 취업스트레스를 낮추기 위해서는 자기효능감 증진을 통한 긍정심리자본 향상전략이 필요함을 제시하고 있다.
To develop policies regarding fertility and pregnancy that will be effective in preventing further declines in fertility rates in the context present-day Korea, current policies in Japan were analyzed and compared with those now being implemented in Korea. This study was structured to involve (a) comparison of maternal health projects in Korea and Japan, and (b) comparison of infertility support policies based in regional cities in Korea and Japan. Korea’s Health Plan 2030 emphasizes strengthening healthcare for high-risk pregnant women, expanding investments to benefit vulnerable groups, and establishing a support system for infertile couples. In Japan, government programs involving treatment targeting infertility specifically were implemented nationwide in 2006. Wide dissemination of accurate knowledge related to pregnancy is emphasized. Also, counseling centers specializing in infertility were established by 67 local governments. We have confirmed that Korean policies include decentralization, while Japan is implementing the central government's infertility policy uniformly in all regions. Japan also adjusted its policy out of concern that problems related to infertility and childbirth will worsen due to the social disaster of COVID-19. The results indicate that providing additional support for psychological counseling may be preferable to increasing the number of in-vitro fertilization procedures. The physical burden on women may be minimized by benchmarking policies in Japan. Step-by-step application of these procedures should be systematically supported to achieve the best results.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze relationships between perfectionism, burnout, and emotional intelligence in APN and to identify the mediating effect of emotional intelligence on the relationship between perfectionism and burnout. Methods: A structured self-report questionnaire was used to measure perfectionism, burnout, and emotional intelligence. Data were collected from 121 APN working in five advanced general hospitals and two general hospitals. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson correlation and Hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. Results: Mean scores for each variable were: perfectionism 3.57 (on a 5-point scale), burnout 3.32 (on a 7-point scale), and emotional intelligence 5.00 (on a 7-point scale). Self-oriented perfectionism had a positive correlation with burnout, as did socially prescribed perfectionism. Emotional intelligence was a significant variable reducing burnout, as it also had a reverse buffering effect on the relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and burnout. Explanatory power of the final model based on variables was 34%. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest a mediating direction regarding burnout by demonstrating that emotional intelligence plays a direct and reverse buffering role to self-oriented perfectionism, which can be used to reduce burnout in APN.
Purpose: This study observes the degrees of perfectionism (both self-oriented and socially-prescribed perfectionism), academic resilience, and satisfaction with major in nursing students and identifies the influence of perfectionism and academic resilience on satisfaction with major. Methods: Data from 115 second or third-year students in a nursing were collected for two months at different three universities. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Satisfaction with major was higher for second year students compared to third year students. And the satisfaction was higher for those with a higher Grade point average (≧ 3.5) compared to those with a lower. Self-oriented perfectionism had a higher score than socially-prescribed perfectionism and academic resilience based on self-control was rated the highest score of the subcategories. The degree of satisfaction was positively correlated with Self-oriented perfectionism and academic resilience. The final regression model showed that grade and academic resilience accounted for 34.2% of the variance in predicting the level of satisfaction with major. Conclusion: The results suggest that it is crucial to find a strategy that could enhance academic resilience, especially designed for upper-year university students, to improve the level of satisfaction with major.
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effect of SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment, and Recommendation) education program on report clarity and confidence in nursing students based on a simulation practice. Methods: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used in this study. Participants were 105 students. They were assigned to an experimental group (n=56) or a control group (n=49). SBAR education program based on simulation practice consisted of pre-briefing, performance of scenario, and debriefing. The experimental group received SBAR education containing concept, component, example, and report of SBAR in pre-briefing time. After performance of scenario, students gave their reports before debriefing time. Outcome variables included report clarity and confidence. Results: Students in the experimental group showed significant increase in report clarity and confidence compared to those in the control group. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that SBAR education program based on simulation practice was an effective program to increase report clarity and confidence in nursing students.