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      • KCI등재

        Soil Environment's Impact on Tree Vitality by Season in Urban Park and Open Space

        남정칠,박승범,김석규 한국자료분석학회 2009 Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society Vol.11 No.3

        The research illuminated the relationship between soil environment and tree vitality within urban green park areas and analyzed the soil environment's impact on tree vitality in each space, designating soil hardness, soil moisture degree, soil PH, K, Na, Ma, Ca quantity as independent factors after performing Pearson relation analysis. Multiple return analysis was practiced in using the analysis data. The findings were as following. As the result of Pearson correlation analysis among the variants, the meaningful variants at significance probability of 5% were shown as tree vitality, soil hardness, K, Na, Mg and Ca. While the correlation figure of 0.415 of tree vitality and Mg was measured as the highest, that of K and Mg of -0.235 was measured lowest. As the result of multiple return analysis to analyze the soil environment`s impact on tree vitality by season, the soil environment of Spring was measured as pH, soil hardness, that of Summer did not impact on the plant growth, that of Autumn was measured as soil hardness, and that of Winter was measured as soil hardness, Mg, pH, Ca in order. Therefore soil hardness was proved to have an impact on all the seasons but Summer. The research illuminated the relationship between soil environment and tree vitality within urban green park areas and analyzed the soil environment's impact on tree vitality in each space, designating soil hardness, soil moisture degree, soil PH, K, Na, Ma, Ca quantity as independent factors after performing Pearson relation analysis. Multiple return analysis was practiced in using the analysis data. The findings were as following. As the result of Pearson correlation analysis among the variants, the meaningful variants at significance probability of 5% were shown as tree vitality, soil hardness, K, Na, Mg and Ca. While the correlation figure of 0.415 of tree vitality and Mg was measured as the highest, that of K and Mg of -0.235 was measured lowest. As the result of multiple return analysis to analyze the soil environment`s impact on tree vitality by season, the soil environment of Spring was measured as pH, soil hardness, that of Summer did not impact on the plant growth, that of Autumn was measured as soil hardness, and that of Winter was measured as soil hardness, Mg, pH, Ca in order. Therefore soil hardness was proved to have an impact on all the seasons but Summer.

      • KCI등재

        한국 야서류(野鼠類)의 개체군 생태에 관한 연구 : 지리산을 중심으로

        남정칠 한국임학회 1987 한국산림과학회지 Vol.76 No.1

        本 硏究는 森林動物에 依한 森林被害中 野鼠類의 被害를 防止하기 위한 基礎的 資料로서 個體群 生態調査를 智異山 地域을 中心으로 1984年 3月부터 1985年 2月까지 6次에 걸쳐 實施한 바 다음과 같은 結論을 얻었다. 1. 採集된 野鼠類의 種類는 쥐科의 붉은쥐屬인 등줄쥐(Apodemus agarius coreae), 흰넓적다리붉은쥐(Apodemus specio년 peninsulae), 대륙밭쥐屬인 대륙밭쥐(Clethrionomys rufocanus regulus), 집쥐屬인 시궁쥐(Rattus norve gicus) 等 4種類와 食蟲類인 땃쥐科의 땃쥐屬인 땃쥐(Crocidura suaveolens shantun gensis), 뒤쥐屬인 뒤쥐(Sorex caecutiens annexus) 等 2種類였다. 2. 種構成率은 總採集 531 個體中 대륙밭쥐 63.1%(335個體), 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 22.2%(118個體), 등줄쥐 13.7%(73個體), 땃쥐, 뒤쥐 各 0.4% (各 2個體), 시궁쥐 0.2% (1個體) 順이었다. 3. 智異山 地域에 있어서 野鼠類의 總採集率은 設置 Trap 2,541個中 531個體의 野鼠類가 採集되어 20.9%였다. 4. 各 採集地點別 採集率은 Ⅰ地點 19.6%, Ⅱ地點 18.7%, Ⅲ地點 14.3%, Ⅳ地點 26.1%, Ⅴ地點 28.9%로서 Ⅴ地點의 採集率이 가장 높았으며 Ⅲ地點의 採集率이 제일 낮았다. 5. 採集 Ⅴ地點(海拔高 : 1,850 m)에서는 등줄쥐가 採集하지 않았다. 따라서 등줄쥐는 智異山의 頂上 部近에는 棲息하지 않음이 밝혀졌다. 6. 採集된 主要 野鼠類의 體重組成 範圍는 등줄쥐 11.5∼50g, 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 9.5∼50g, 대륙밭쥐 15∼62g 이었으며 平均 體重은 대륙밭쥐 31.3g, 휜넓적다리붉은쥐 30.7g, 등줄쥐 30.0g 順이였다. 7. 採集된 野鼠類의 雌雄의 性比는 등줄쥐 41.4 : 58.6, 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 40.2 : 59.8, 대륙밭쥐 51.2 : 48.8으로서 붉은쥐屬에 있어서는 雄鼠가, 대륙밭쥐屬에 있어서는 雌鼠가 더 많았다. 8. 採集된 野鼠類의 平均 頭胴長은 등줄쥐 102.64㎜, 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 103.25㎜, 대륙밭쥐 106.20㎜로서 대륙밭쥐가 가장 길었다. 9. 採集된 野鼠類의 平均 尾長은 등줄쥐 85.61㎜, 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 101.55㎜, 대륙밭쥐 44.23㎜로서 흰넓적다리붉은쥐가 가장 길었으며 대륙밭쥐가 제일 짧았다. 10. 採集된 野鼠類의 平均 耳長은 등줄쥐 14.33㎜, 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 16.79㎜, 대륙밭쥐 13.87㎜로서 흰넓적다리붉은쥐가 가장 길었으며 대륙밭쥐가 제일 짧았다. 11. 智異山 地域에 있어서 野鼠類의 繁殖時期는 3月 下旬경에 始作하여 10月경에 끝나며 繁殖 最盛期는 8月경이었다. 12. 採集된 雄鼠類의 精巢長徑은 繁殖期 동안에는 커졌다가 繁殖期가 끝나면 작아짐이 밝혀졌다. 13. 採集된 野鼠類의 平均 胎仔數는 흰넓적다리 붉은쥐 5.4마리, 대륙밭쥐 5.2마리, 등줄쥐 3.9마리 順이었으며 全體 平均 胎仔數는 5.0마리였다. 14. 野鼠類의 胃內容物 分析 結果 植細質 細胞를 가장 많이 섭취하고 있는 種은 대륙밭쥐로서 胃內容物 全體의 40.0%였으며 등줄쥐 23.9%, 흰넓적다리붉은쥐 17.5% 順이였다. 15. 野鼠類가 가장 많이 섭취하고 있는 食物은 植物質 細胞 및 澱粉類였으며 動物質, 昆蟲類 및 果實類 等도 섭취되고 있는 雜食性이였다.

      • KCI등재

        금정산 북사면지역 식생의 생태적 특성

        남정칠,서정범,김종갑 경상대학교 농업생명과학연구원 2013 농업생명과학연구 Vol.47 No.3

        This study was conducted to analyze the vegetation of the northern part of Mt. Gumjung by evaluating its ecological characteristics. For the site 1, results showed that there was no dominant species on the tree layer. For the sub-tree layer of site 1, Pinus densiflora and Quercus mongolica were considered as the dominant species based on the importance value. These two species are expected to be as the dominant species in the tree layer in the future. For the site 2, 3, 4, 8, 9 and 10, the dominant species were Q. mongolica, Q. acutissima and Lindera erythrocarpa for the tree layer. For nthe site 5 and 6, the P. densiflora is the dominant species however it is expected that the Q. mongolica species will be the most dominant species in the future for this two sites. For the herb later, plots with a size of 400㎡ were established for the herb layer species diversity analysis. The species Disporum smilacinum and Dryopteris bissetiana were the most dominant for the herb layer in most sites. Results also showed that the site 10 had the most number of species with 24 species while the site 2 had the lowest with 10 species. Due to a higher number of visitors in the study sites and the disturbance on the vegetational succession because of artificial forestation, it was observed that the ecological condition of the study sites are unstable. The result of this study is very important in the management of the vegetation. It is also recommended to conduct more studies on the vegetation structure changes because this is very helpful in the vegetation reformation. 본 연구는 탐방객의 이용밀도가 높은 금정산 북쪽사면의 생태적 특성을 평가하여 식생 관리방안의 기초자료로 제시하고자 하였으며, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 본 조사지역의 생태적 특성을 보면, 조사구1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8은 산능선으로 해발고는 637m에서 749m이며, 경사는 5°에서 15°의 신갈나무 군락으로 이루어져 있으며, 조사구4는 산능선으로 해발고 605m, 경사 5°의 상수리-떡갈나무 군락, 조사구5는 산능선으로 해발고 645m, 경사 5°의 졸참나무 군락, 조사구9는 사면으로 해발고 623m, 경사 15°의 신갈나무 군락, 조사구10은 사면으로 해발고 380m, 경사 20°의 비목나무 군락을 이루고 있었다. 교목층의 수고는 8-15m, 아교목층의 수고 2-7m, 관목층의 수고 0.8-1.5m, 초본층의 수고 0.1-0.7m으로 조사되었다. 상대우점치를 분석한 결과, 조사구1은 아교목층에서 소나무와 신갈나무가 우점하여 앞으로 이들 수종이 교목층을 구성할 것으로 생각되며, 조사구2, 조사구3, 조사구4, 조사구8, 조사구9, 조사구10은 교목층에 신갈나무, 상수리나무, 비목나무 등이 우점하고 있으며, 당분간 현재의 식생군락이 유지될 것으로 분석되었다. 조사구5와 조사구6은 현재 소나무가 우점되어 있으나 장기적으로 신갈나무 군락으로 천이될 것으로 평가되었다. 초본의 우점도 및 군도를 분석한 결과, 애기나리와 족제비고사리가 대부분의 조사구에서 다수 우점하고 있었다. 단위면적(400㎡)당 출현종수는 조사구10에서 24종으로 가장 많이 나타났으며, 조사구2에서 10종으로 가장 적게 나타났다. 이와 더불어 등산객의 이용밀도가 높은 조사지역의 식생은 천이가 진행되지 않을 뿐만 아니라 인공조림수종은 천이를 방해하고, 다층구조 식생을 이루지 못하게 하여 산림을 생태적으로 불안정상태가 되게 한다. 따라서 식생관리방안으로는 본 조사 자료가 기초자료로 마련될 것으로 예상되며, 식생구조의 변화를 정량적으로 분석하여 식생 관리방안을 제시한다면, 탐방객에 의하여 훼손된 도시림의 식생을 합리적으로 관리하는데 기여할 것이다.

      • 태종대 등대 주변의 식생현황 및 식생복원 방안

        남정칠,이기철,김석규 東亞大學校 建設技術硏究所 2006 硏究論文集 Vol.29 No.2

        This study is to survey and analyze the vegetation status around a Lighthouse area in Taejongdae for suggesting a revegetation method. 8 field surveys were conducted from Sept. to Oct., 2005, then representative sites were classified for further analysis. The results of the study are as follows. 1. Total of 100 plant species consisting 43 woody plants and 57 herbaceous plants were identified from the field survey. 2. 4 woody plants and 17 herbaceous plants were found in site A. Dominant woody plant were Pinus thunbergii & Eurya japonica. Trachelospermum asiaticum, Hedera rhombea, Oplismenus undulatifolius were mainly covered as the ground cover plants. 3. 4 woody plants were found in B-1 site and dominant species were Boehmeria pannosa, Pittosporum tobira, Elaeagnus macrophylla, etc. 4. 14 herbaceous plants were found in B-2 site and dominant species were Lysimachia mauritiana, Crepidiastrum lanceolatum, Setaria viridis, etc. 5. B-3 site is concrete wall. Thus it's concluded that such herbaceous plants as Parthenocissus tricuspidata, Hedera rhombea are suggested for rapid revegetation. 6. B-3 site is a flower bed area covered by Rhododendron indicum, Liriope platyphylla. Thus, it's recommended that such native plants as Aster spathulifolius, Farfugium japonicum etc. need to be placed. 7. 5 woody plants and 22 herbaceous plants were found in 8-5 site and dominant species were Pinus thunbergii, Boehmeria pannosa, etc. 8. Seed-spray and SF, CODRA, PEC landscape engineering techniques are suitable for revegetation in 8-2 and 8-5 sites. 9. It's also concluded that native plants and their seed were most suitable for the recovery of the original vegetation of 8-2 and 8-5 sites were when considering the factors of natural succession, landscape ecology and surrounding landscape.

      • KCI우수등재

        옥외 레크레이션 만족도분석을 통한 도시공원녹지의 개발방향에 관 한 연구 -부산시 어린이대공원을 사례로-

        남정칠,박승범,권상수,김승환,강영조 한국조경학회 1992 韓國造景學會誌 Vol.20 No.1

        The primary objective of this study is to investigate factors and variables which have significant effects on user satisfaction with recreational facilities in Children's Grand Park in Pusan City, theregby to establish the developmental way of urban park and open space. To test the causal models of this research, the data were gathered by self-administered questionnaires from 1085 households in Pusan City which were selected by the multi-stage probability sampling method. The analysis of the data primarily consists of two phase : The fist analysis dealt exploratory factor analysis which identified major factors involved in satisfaction with recreational facilities in Children's Grand Park and the second analysis tested the fit of the causal models of this research by employing LISREL methodology. The factor analysis identified that five factors are involved in satisfaction with recreational facilities. The five factors of satisfaction with recreational facilities are convenience and maintanance facilities, learnded recreational facilities, spaces for repose and relaxation, spaces for active recreation failities, and facilities for health and physical facilities. The second phase analysis tested the fit of the causal models for satisfaction with recreational facilities to the data and identified statistically significant causal linkage among overall satisfaction with Children's Grand Park, other endogenous factors and exogenous variables. Overall fits of both causal models were very good. Among endogenous factors, facilities for repose and relaxation, facilities for convenience and maintenance, learnded recreational facilities were identified as having significant effects on overall satisfaction. Exogenous variables which have significant effects on endogenous variables were also identified. These significant relationships indicate important factors and variables that should be considered in planning and development of urban park and open space. On the basis of these significant causal relationships, way for delovepment of urban park and open space were suggested.

      • KCI등재

        취서산 들쥐유의 생태에 관한 연구

        남정칠 한국임학회 2001 한국산림과학회지 Vol.90 No.6

        This study was conducted four ecological survey of field mice of Mt. Chuisuh in Yangsan City, Kyungnam from June, 2000 to March, 2001 for the understanding of field mice damage to forest. The results are obtained as follows. 1. The species of field mice collected were Apodemus agrarius, Apodemus peninsulae and Eothenomys regulus, and Crocidura suaveolens of insectvore. 2. The total collecting rate were 8.1% collected 61 individuals of field mice from 758 trap. 3. The rate among the 61 field mice collected were 45.9% in Apodemus agrarius, 29.5% in Eothenomys regulus, 19.7% in Apodemus peninsulae, and 4.9% in Crocidura suaveolens. 4. The constitution of weight of field mice was 16-51.9g in Apodemus agrarius, 12-25.9g in Apodemus peninsulae, 16-45.9g in Eothenomys regulus, and 12-15.9g in Crocidura suaveolens. 5. The sex ratio of field mice was 48.0% : 52.0% in Apodemus agrarius, 50.0% : 50.0% in Apodemus peninsulae, 55.6% : 44.4% in Eothenomys regulus, and 66.7% : 33.3% in Crocidura suaveolens. 6. The average body lengh was 104.33㎜ in Eothenomys regulus, 96.04㎜ in Apodemus agrarius, 94.50㎜ in Apodemus peninsulae, and 76.33㎜ in Crocidura suaveolens. 7. The average tail lengh was 92.75㎜ in Apodemus peninsulae, 80.65㎜ in Apodemus agrarius, 41.0㎜ in Crocidura suaveolens, and 40.33㎜ in Eothenomys regulus. 8. The breeding period of field mice in Mt. Chuisuh presumes from about the early of March to end of October. Specially, The Eothenomys regulus was ascertained the breeding period in December, discovered first time in korea through this experimental study. 9. The average litter size of field mice was 4.5 in Apodemus agrarius, 4.7 in Apodemus peninsulae, and 3.4 in Eothenomys regulus.

      • 岩南公園 들쥐類의 生態에 관한 硏究

        南廷七,朴承範,張原翊 동아대학교 건설기술연구소 2002 硏究報告 Vol.26 No.1

        This study was conducted four ecological survey of field mice of Amnam Park in Busan city from June, 2001 to March, 2002 for the understanding of field mice damage to forest. The results are obtained as follows. 1. The species of field mice collected were Apodemus agrarius, and Crocidura suaveolens of insectvore. 2. The total collecting rate were 2.8% collected 26 individuals of field mice from 918 trap. 3. The rate among the 26 field mice collected were 92.3% in Apodemus agrarius, and 7.7% in Crocidura suaveolens. 4. The constitution of weight of field mice was 18-45.9g in Apodemus agrarius, and 4-5.9g in Crocidura suaveolens. 5. The sex ratio of mice was 54.2% : 45.8% in Apodumus agrarius, and 0% : 100% in Crocidura suaveolens. 6. The average body, tail, hind foot, ear lengh was 102.38㎜, 81.12㎜, 19.5㎜, 13.83㎜ in Apodumus agrarius, and 57.5㎜, 42.5㎜, 11.0㎜, 8.0㎜ in Crocidura suaveolens. 7. The breeding period of field mice in Amnam Park presumes from about the early of March to end of September. 9. The average litter size of field mice was 4.8 in Apodemus agrarius.

      • 몰운대유원지 땃쥐의 生態에 관한 硏究

        남정칠,박승범,김석규 東亞大學校 建設技術硏究所 2005 硏究論文集 Vol.28 No.2

        This study was conducted four ecological survey of Crocidura suaveolens Molundae Park in Busan City from September, 2003 to June, 2004 for the understanding of Crocidura suaveolens infuence to forest. The results are obtained as follows; 1. The species of a small mammal collected were Crocidura suaveolens of insectvore and not collected field mice. 2. The total collecting rate were 1.7% collected 8 individuals of Crocidura suaveolens from 476 traps. 3. The constitution of weight of Crocidura suaveolens was 4 - 8.9g 4. The sex ratio of Crocidura suaveolens was 37.5% : 62.5% 5. The average body, tail, hind foot and ear lengh was 62.25mm, 39.50mm, 11.38mm, 7.63mm in Crocidura suaveolens. 6. The breeding period of Crocidura suaveolens in Molundae Park presumes from about June. 7. The average litter size of Crocidura suaveolens was three head.

      • 乘鹤山 들쥐類의 生態에 관한 硏究

        南廷七,朴承節,金承煥,李其哲 東亞大學校 建設技術硏究所 2006 硏究論文集 Vol.29 No.2

        This study was conducted four ecological survey of field mice of in Mt. Sunghak Busan City from October, 2004 to July, 2005 for the understanding of field mice damage to forest. The results are obtained as follows. 1. The species of field mice collected were Apodemus agrarills, and Eofhenomys regulus. 2. The total collecting rate were 2.5% collected 13 individuals of field mice from 510 trap. 3. The rate among the 13 field mice collected were 69.2% in Apodemlls agrarills, and 30.8% in Eothenomys regulus. 4. The constitution of weight of field mice was 18-4 1.9g in Apodemus agrarius and Eothenomys regulus. 5. The sex ratio of field mice was 55.6% 44.4% in Apodemus agrarills, and 25.0% 75.0% in Eothenomys regulus. 6. The average body, tail, hind foot, ear lengh was 9 1.0mm, 77.22mm, 20.22mm, 13.33mm in Apodemus agrarius, and 93 .5mm, 39.0mm, 18.25mm, 13 .0mm in Eothenomys regltllls. 7. The breeding period of field mice in Mt. Sunghak presumes from about April. 8. The average litter size of field mice was 5.0 in Eothenomys regulus.

      • KCI등재

        승학산 식생의 생태적 특성 및 관리방안

        남정칠,박승범,김석규,윤상복 한국자료분석학회 2008 Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society Vol.10 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study are analyzed Importance Value, dominance, species diversity, similarity index to propose vegetation management device through analyzing vegetation structure in Mt. SeungHak. The results of this study are as fallows;In order to revitalize the unstable vegetation structure in Mt. SeungHak. (1) Robinia pseudo-acacia and Pinus rigida has to be well maintained in the shrub tree layer, and vines, such as Smilax china, Paederia scandens, Pueraria thungergiana should be removed. (2) To recover natural vegetation, dead leaf layer should be protected, and more shrub trees need to be planted. In the understory and shrub tree layer, multi layer tree planting is highly recommended to recover natural vegetation and increase tree diversity. (3) The park entry area should be divided into areas that can be used and should be protected, and to each area, different maintenance system should be given. In the facility area, buffering plants should be planted between usable area and natural vegetation area to protect the natural vegetation. (4) To improve the soil acidity due to acid rain, soil buffering ability should be improved from activating microorganisms in the soil by using lime and organic material, Since it takes a long time to make a change in the soil structure, well planed maintenance system is required by mid-term or long-term plans. 본 연구는 승학산의 식생구조를 파악하고 식생의 관리방안을 제시하기 위하여 상대우점치, 우점도, 종다양도, 유사도를 분석하였다. 연구의 결과, 조사지역의 식생은 비교적 양호한 것으로 나타났으나, 일부지역에서 리기다소나무, 아까시나무로의 천이가 예상되었고, 관목층에서 덩굴성 식물이 우점하고 있어 이에 대한 식생관리가 필요한 것으로 나타났다. 초본층에서 산성토양에 내성이 강한 주름조개풀이 우점하고 있어 토양산성화에 대한 관리방안이 요구되었다. 승학산 식생의 생태적인 관리와 보전을 위해서는 첫째, 주변의 자연경관과 이질적이고, 산림을 생태적으로 불안정상태로 만드는 리기다소나무와 아까시나무 등의 인공조림 수종을 벌목을 통하여 도태시키야 하며, 자연적인 식생천이의 저해요인이 되고 있는 청미래덩굴, 계요등, 칡 등의 덩굴성식물을 제거해야 할 것이다. 둘째, 낙엽층의 보호와 관목층의 보식을 통하여 식생을 회복시켜야 할 것이며, 아교목층과 관목층에 주변 자연녹지의 다층구조의 자연림을 모방한 다층구조 식재를 실시하여 식생의 회복과 종다양성을 증진시켜야 할 것이다. 셋째, 이용자의 이용밀도가 높은 지역은 부분적으로 구획을 지어 이용제한지역과 이용허용지역을 나누어 식생을 관리해야 할 것이다. 넷째, 산성토양을 개량하기 위하여 석회의 시용으로 토양반응을 교정하여 중금속의 용출을 억제하거나 퇴비 등의 유기물을 시용하여 토양미생물을 활성화시켜 토양을 개량해야 하며, 토양환경과 주변 식생을 고려한 적합한 양의 석회 시비, 유기물 투여, 토양오염원을 차단하거나 정화시킬 수 있는 수종선정 등을 통하여 토양산도를 개선시켜 나가야 할 것이다. 또한 토양의 개량효과는 짧은 기간 내에 나타나기 어렵기 때문에 중·장기 계획에 의한 토양의 종합관리시스템을 구축해야 할 것이다.

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