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      • KCI등재

        개념과 역사적 실제

        나인호 한국국어교육학회 2014 새국어교육 Vol.0 No.98

        The conceptual history recently grows fashionable in the Korean academic world. Premising an interaction between the concept and the historical reality, this new discipline studies how these are intertwined. This paper discusses six theoretical axioms of conceptual history for analyzing such a complex relationship between them as follows:1. A history is not possible without language, but the former can’t be reduced as the latter. 2. A concept should not be regarded as an idea but a linguistic construction. Therefor, the research object of conceptual history is not a history of concept itself but of how the concept was used. 3. The relationship between the concept and the historical reality is unstable. Thus, a concept is not the object of definition but of interpretation. 4. The concept is not only an indicator, but also a factor of reality. 5. Those who control the concept rule the reality. 6. The historical reality means a tense relationship between the ‘past present’ and the ‘present past’. 최근 국내학계에서 개념사 연구가 활발하게 진행되고 있다. 개념사는 개념과 역사적 실제 사이의 상호영향을 전제한 채 이 둘이 서로 어떻게 얽혀있는가를 탐구한다. 이 글은 개념과 역사적 실제의 얽힘을 풀기위한 개념사의 이론적 공리 여섯 개를 상론한다. 그 주요 내용은 다음과 같다. 1. 언어 없이 역사는 불가능하지만 역사는 결코 언어로 환원될 수 없다. 2. 개념은 관념(이념)이 아니라 언어적 구성물이다. 따라서 개념의 역사가 아니라, 개념 사용의 역사가 중요하다. 3. 개념과 역사적 실제의 관계는 불안정하다. 따라서 개념은 정의의 대상이 아니라 해석의 대상이다. 4. 개념은 실제의 지표이자 동시에 그 요소이다. 5. 개념을 통제하는 자가 현실을 지배한다. 6. 역사적 실제란 ‘과거의 현재’와 ‘현재화된 과거’ 사이의 긴장관계이다.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        QoS를 이용한 동적 멀티미디어 전송 및 프리젠테이션 동기화 기법

        나인호,양해권,고남영 한국정보통신학회 1997 한국정보통신학회논문지 Vol.1 No.2

        멀티미디어 동기화는 분산 멀티미디어 환경에서 주어진 시간내에 멀티미디어 데이터를 네트워크를 통해 동기식으로 전송하여 연속적인 멀티미디어 프리젠테이션을 보장하는데 필요한 기법이다. 본 논문은 멀티미디어 응용의 서비스 품질 및 특성을 이용하여 지연에 민감한 멀티미디어 데이터를 서비스 품질의 저하없이 동기식으로 전송 및 출력할 수 있도록 하는 미디어 간 및 미디어 내 동기화 기법을 제안한다. 제안된 기법에서는 네트워크 지연 변동으로 인하여 미디어 데이터의 전송 시간을 예측할 수 없고 지역 및 원격 시스템 사이에 동기화를 위한 전역 클럭을 이용할 수 없는 환경에서 스큐와 지터로 인한 비동기 현상을 방지하기 위해 논리 시간 시스템, 동적 버퍼 관리 기법, 동기화 구간의 조정 기법을 적용하였다. 특히, 최대 전송 지연허용 시간, 최대 패킷 손실률 등과 같은 프리젠테이션 품질을 이용하여 네트워크 지연 변동을 흡수할 수 있고 동기화에 필요한 버퍼 요구량을 줄일 수 있는 방안을 제시하였다. Method for synchronizing multimedia data is needed to support continuous transmission of multimedia data through a network in a bounded time and it also required for supporting continuous presentation of multimedia data with the required norminal playout rate in distributed network environments. This paper describes a new synchronization method for supporting delay-sensitive multimedia Presentation without degration of Quality of services of multimedia application. It mainly aims to support both intermedia and intermedia synchronization by absorbing network variations which may cause skew or jitter. In order to remove asynchonization problems, we make use of logical time system, dynamic buffer control method, and adjusting synchronization intervals based on the quality of services of a multimedia. It might be more suitable for working on distribute[1 multimedia systems where the network delay variation is changed from time to time and no global clock is supported. And it also can effectively reduce the amount of buffer requirements needed for transfering multimedia data between source and destination system by adjusting synchronization intervals with acceptable packet delay limits and packet loss rates.

      • KCI등재
      • 나치 기억을 둘러싼 언어의 정치, 개념의 투쟁

        나인호 문화사학회 2011 역사와 문화 Vol.21 No.-

        Linguistic Politics and Conceptual Struggle over the Nazi Memories Inho Na(Daegu University) How the Germans have made efforts to overcome the Nazi past is well introduced by many Korean historians who try to make a comparison between Korean and German historical processes of past conquest. But the German linguistic politics over the Nazi criminal past receives no attention, even though it has been continuously an important element in the history of the Nazi past conquest. This paper tried to fill such vacuum. The linguistic politics over the Nazi criminal past, which has been always controversial, means the normative control of ‘historically correct speech’ related to the Nazi past as well as the criticism of the Nazi vocabulary and concepts. The German controversy over the linguistic politics related to the Nazi past began immediately after 1945 and continued to be intensified through the late 1980s. It can be divided into two phases: 1. The first is characterized by the criticism of the Nazi language and the anti-criticism of this in the context of denazification. The critics of the Nazi words like Viktor Klemperer and a group of philologists tried to build a warning monument which should serve to memorize the ‘corrupted language’ of the Nazism. Through this, they wanted to exclude the Nazi vocabulary and concepts from the public discourses in the German society. 2. During the Conservatives and Progressives competed for the preoccupation of the meanings of important concepts in the 1970s, the linguistic politics was magnified. In such situation, since the mid-1980s appeared the second phase in which the positive linguistic politics for establishing the ‘correct memory’ proceeded. The progressives called as ‘left’ in Germany made an effort to draw a normative boundary between what is ‘sayable’ and not ‘sayable’, that is, to establish a strict linguistic norm related to the Nazi past. On the contrary, the conservatives tried to extend the limit of what is ‘sayable’, criticizing the linguistic politics of the ‘left’ which they denunciated as ‘political correctness’.

      • KCI우수등재
      • KCI등재

        제1차 세계대전과 독일 우파의 평화사상:에른스트 헤켈(Ernst Haeckel)의 사례

        나인호 한국독일사학회 2013 독일연구 Vol.- No.26

        This paper aims to find a clue about the pacific ideas of political Right in the German Empire. For this, it made a case study about pacifism of Ernst Haeckel who was a representative figure of German Social Darwinism and one of cofounder of Pan-German League(Alldeutscher Verband). It asked how he accepted the ideas of pacifist movement in the nationalistic imperialistic network of meanings, and converted these in his own way. His pacific thought was characterized by following features:1. Haeckel accepted several key words of German pacific movement before the First World War, combining them with the language of Social Darwinism. According to him, the ‘continuous peace’ means the peaceful competition as a evolved form of struggle for existence, and in this sense, the pacifism is to avoid the degeneration of peaceful competition into the hostile struggle for existence. 2. As a continuous pacific system, Haeckel formulated a great alliance of Germanic races consisted of German, British and North American nations. Such a conception of Germanic alliance based upon military partnership shows a grotesque combination of pacifism and internationalism with imperialism, racism, and militarism. 3. After the outbreak of the First World War, Haeckel reformulated his pacific ideas. He argued the aggressive annexion policy just like most of his comrades in the Pan-German League. For him, the unrestricted annexion and the development of Germany as established colonial empire were a essential prerequisite for the future ‘continuous peace’. In this sense, Haeckel’s pacifism was chauvinistic.

      • KCI우수등재

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