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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the demand and supply of visiting nursing services provided by health centers inurban area, aiming at strengthening infrastructure, which may improved the quality of life and health status of vulnerable population in the community. Methods: This study was conducted through nominal group discussion, focus group study. The demand and supply of visiting nursing were estimated by health economists based on the secondary analysis data from 25 health centers in Seoul. Result: Primary targets for the visiting nursing must be people who are homebound in the community. They can be classified into: a group of Level I: chronic patients who need visiting nursing care at least once a week; and a group of Level II: vulnerable families that need management periodically e. g. twice a month. Based on the estimation of demand for visiting nursing services in the community, the estimated supply required was 651~770 visiting nurses including home health nurses in visiting nursing programs based on health centers in Seoul. Conclusions: The estimated demand and supply of visiting nursing are expected to provide basic data for establishing alternative policies on visiting nursing infrastructure that might be accomplished through demand-based visiting nursing programs by districts.
This study was done to examine the relationship between family support and self-care performance. Data were collected from 139 patients who had chronic renal failure and regular hemodialysis from August 7th to 28th. 2000. The questionnaire used in this study was composed of three dimensions: general characteristics of the hemodialysis patient, family support, and self-care performance. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation using SAS. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score of family support perceived by subjects was 3.77 ± 0.98 2. The mean score of self-care performance was 3.50 ± 0.69. 3. The difference between family support and self-care performance according to general characteristics of subjects was as follows. 1) In family support, there were significant difference in marriage(F=9.32, p=.0001), the presence of assistance(F=5.31, p=.0005), medical insurance(F=18.50, p=.0001), families' monthly income(F=10.95, p=.0001), and number of people in the home(F=4.00, p=.0006). 2) In self-care performance, there were significant difference in marriage(F=3.88, p=.0052), medical insurance(F=15.51, p=.0001), families' monthly income(F=4.0l, p=.0091), and period of dialysis(F=4.04, p=.0087). 4. The correlation between family support and self-care performance was statistically significant(r=O.64, p=.001). Therefore the hypothesis of this study "There was the relationship between family support and self-care performance." was supported. As a result, family support brings increase of self-care performance.
Bakground and Objective : This study was to identify the relationship between primiparas’ degree of knowledge and self-confidence for caring the baby during puerperium. Materials and Method : The subjects were 115 primiparas’ 4 weeks after birth in Kwangju. The data was collected through the use of questionnaire from Aug 16th to Sept. 10th, 1999. The instruments used for this study were knowledge for caring the baby revised by Kim and primiparas’ self-confidence by Pharis’ self-confidence scale translated by Lee. The data was analyzed by percentage, means, SD, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient with the SAS program. Results : 1. The mean score of degree for the knowledge for caring the baby was 39.07(SD±6.01). 2. The degree of self-confidence score for caring the baby ranged from 32 to 61 and the mean was 43.87. 3. There was significant correlation between knowledge and self-confidence for caring the baby(r=0.27, P=0.00). Conclulsion : There was significant correlation between knowledge and self-confidence for caring the baby. So, suggest that developed educational program for primipara’s infant caregiving needs.
This study was following study on the relationship between behavior pattern and perceived stress. This study tried to identify some dimensions about the behavior pattern and stress coping method of 127 clerical workers on a manufacturing firm. The data were collected from Oct, 4 to Oct 11,1991. Two instruments were used in this study. The first one to measure behavior pattern, was Jenkins Activity Survey consisted of 59 items. The second one was for evaluating coping methods. It consisted of 36 items on the basis of Bell's 18-items Questionnaire. Analysis of data was done by frequency, ANOVA, factor, score, corr procedure. The results were as follows; 1. The stress coping method was identified and named as positive coping pattern, alternative coping pattern, emotional expression pattern and avoidant response pattern. 2. Positive coping pattern(F=7.09, p=.01) and emotional expression pattern(F=9.58, P=.00) showed significant difference in sex. Alternative coping pattern showed significant difference in education level(F=4.03, p=.02). 3. There were significant positive correlation between tensioned behavioral pattern and emotional expression pattern(r=.3537, p=.00), between active behavioral pattern and positive coping pattern(r=.3876, p=.00). There was negative significant correlation between job-attached behavioral pattern and emotional expression coping pattern(r=.1956, p=.05).
The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the knowledge of hemodialysis and the compliance of patient role behavior in hemodialysis patients. This study was descriptive correlational study. Data were collected by questionnaire from 122 hemodialysis patients. Data were collected by questionnaire from 122 hemodialysis patients. In knowledge about hemodialysis, there were significant difference in age, education level, marital status, paying for the treatment and number of oral medication. In compliance of patient role behavior, there were significant difference in age, education level and paying for the treatment. The correlation between knowledge about hemodialysis and compliance of patient role behavior was statistically significant (r=.354, p=0.000). It is proved the research hypothesis, that is, 'statistically difference in the knowledge of hemodialysis and the compliance of patient role behaviour'. Based upon these findings, it was relevant that the knowledge of hemodialysis itself can promote the compliance of patient role behaviour in hemodialysis patients who are characterized by long time period treatment. As a result, it is very important to increase patients' knowledge of hemodialysis by learning in order to get a great treatment efficiency in case of hemodialysis patients.
This study was done in order to identify the relationship between one's perceived stress and behavioral pattern for nursing intervention. The subjects of the study were 127 clerical workers of a manufacturing firm. Data were collected by structured questionaire. Analysis of the data was done by frequency, ANOVA, factor analysis, factor score, correlation coefficients. The results were as follows; 1. The scores of type A behavior showed significant differences in department(F=2.88, P=.03), relegion(F=3.84, P=.05) among general characteristics. 2. The scores of one's perceived stress showed significant differences in sex(F=4.08, P=.04), job satisfaction(F=2.64, P=.04). 3. Type A behavior was classified and named as tensioned factor, active factor, job-attached factor. 1) Tensioned factor showed significant differences in department, job satisfaction. 2) Active factor showed significant difference in rnamtal status. 3) Job-attached factor showed significant differences in sex, age, religion, education level, marrital status, length of service. 4. There was significant correlation between score of perceived stress and tensioned factor(r=.2001, p=.04) among 3 type A behavior patterns.
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Recent studies on children's ability of social cognition revealed that it develops earlier than expected in the previous studies. Accordingly, perspective-taking ability which enables children to infer the other's viewpoint is regarded to develop rather earlier than thought to be. In this study, the authors designed to find out the relationship between children's age and the development of both the affective perspective and cognitive one with the method modified from the study by Tae-Lyon Kim and Jung-Oh Kim. Six pictures with relevant stories were presented respectively to seventy five male and seventy five female who were kindergartenens, first and third graders respectively, and the responses were analyzed. The results were as follows : 1. Younger the age, more affective perspective was taken, and older the age, more cognitive perspective was taken. 2. Especially, regarding affective perspective, the child who takes more affective perspective upon one figure usually tends to take more affective perspectives upon the others. 3. The differences between male and female children in these perspective taking were not apparent in this study.