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김희숙. 2004. 10. 30. 한국어 세계화 전략과 한글의 세계화 전략. 이중언어학 26. 69-89. 이 논문은 한국어(Korean)의 이식보다 한글(Hangul)의 전파가 우리문화를 세계화시키는데 있어 더 유리할 것이라는 것을 주장하고자 의도된 것이다. 그 동기는 라후(Lahu)족 에서의 한글이식(2001, 2003)실험이 성공적으로 이루어졌다는 언론의 보도 때문이다. 과연 이것이 우연에 기인한 것인지 아니면, 논리적인 이유가 있는지의 문제(puzzle)를 푸는 것을 논의의 출발점으로 하였다. 언어나 글자는 문화를 구성하는 중요한 요소들이다. 어떤 사회의 문자나 언어가 다른 사회로 퍼져 나가는 것은 문화전파의 일종이고 이런 면에서 기존의 문화전파 모델을 어느 정도 충족시키는지에 따라 그 결과가 달라질 것이라고 가정 하였다. 이를 라후(Lahu)족의 경우에 적용한 결과, 우리는 이 시도가 비교적 일반적인 문화전파 형태를 충분히 따랐음을 알 수 있었다. 동시에 한국어를 세계화 시키고자 하는 최근까지의 여러 시도들은 문화전파의 일반적인 형태와는 상대적으로 거리가 있음을 발견할 수 있었다. 이로부터 본고는 우리문화를 세계화 하는데 있어 한글의 세계화가 한국어의 세계화보다 더 현실적이지 않을 까하는 주장을 이끌어 낼 수 있었다. 이에 더해 한글의 세계화를 촉진시킬 현실적인 몇 가지 전술(tactics)도 제안하고 있다.
Clothing comfort is a very important factor in the hot environment. It is affected by physical and chemical properties of textile materials and clothing combination. Especially fire fighter's clothing exposed to radiant heat condition requires thermal protective properties of clothing materials. Thermal protective properties of clothing are affected by properties of textile materials (antiflammability, thermal properties of textile materials (antiflammability, thermal resistance to the hot surface, water and oil resistance, durablility, heat and moisture dissipation into the environment, and easy-care), clothing design, and wearing method or clothing ensembles. And there are heat flux meter and infrared(IR) thermometer methods in order to assess the effect of thermal protective clothing on heat tolerance and comfort in the radiant heat condition.
In order to investigate basic resources for nutritional properties in Magnolia denudata seed which belongs to Magnoliacea. Proximate composition, minerals, oil characteristics, lipid components and amino acid compositions were studied, respectively. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The Magnolia denudate seed contained 46.5% of crude lipid, 18.6% of crude protein respectively and determined calorie of seed was 587 Cal per 100g. 2. The seeds were found to have valuable amounts of essential minerals. Especially the contents of phosphorus, magnesium to be 607㎎, 915㎎ per 100g respectively and which values were higher contents than other food resources. 3. Of the oil characteristics, acid value, iodine value and saponification value were 4.8, 136 1, 169.4 respectively. 4. Total lipids were shown to consist of 87.2 % neutral lipids, 8.9% glycolipids, and 3.9 % phospholipids. Among the neutral lipids, triglycerides were predominant (84.2 %). Of the glycolipids, esterified steryl glycosides (28.1 %) was the most abundant and other 5 Components were identified Among the phospholipid, phosphatidyl cholines and serines, phosphatidyl ethanol amines were the major components. 5. The major fatty acids in total lipids, free lipids and bound lipids of Magnolia denudate seed were oleic acid, Iinoleic acid, palmitic acid. However, neutral mipids of the total lipids in content order were found oleic > linoleic > palmitic, and among the glycolipids were linoleic > oleic > palmitic. Of the phospholipids, palmitic > linoleic > oleic, observed. 6. The major amino acids of proteins in Magnolia denudata seed were glutamic, aspartic, glycine, isoleucine. arginine. Especially the content of lysine which is the lack of grain cereals was 7.3 %.
The definite objects of this study are as follows; 1.The study presents the methods of the designing collar pattern and bodice pattern by each concrete object after comparing and analyzing the factors among the features which are in need of clothes designing. 2.The object of this study is to make body-suitable ready-made clothes by comparing and analyzing the methods of designing collar pattern and bodices pattern presented by each concrete objects and Bunka Pattern. The results of this study are as follows; 1.The results of this study developed the body-suitable bodice pattern of bend-forward type, straight type and lean-back type. Compared with the Bunka pattern by physical function test, this study was rated high in the aspects of the shape of neck and shoulder. 2.The collar pattern was designed according to each type. The front center rising point of straight type is 2.5cm, lean-back type is 3.0cm and bend-forward type is 1.5cm. Compared with the Bunka pattern by physical function test, this study is rated high in the aspects of the shape. To confirm the increase and change of the measure definitely, the complete examination of each subject is necessary. This developed and investigated pattern must be supplemented more by comparing and analyzing with other pattern and body types. Key words: straight type, lean-back type, bend-forward type, bodice pattern, collar pattern
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the contributing factors to the insulating property of clothing and the proper clothing systems under cold environment. The conclusion was as follows: In textile materials, the factors such as fiber type, diameter, surface area, moisture regain of fiber and air content, thickness, vapor barrier structure, orientation of surface fiber, color and texture of surface, porosity and stiffness of fabric affect insulating property. In construction method and design of clothing, the factors such as clothed area, ensemble method, design of clothing and opened area of clothing affect insulation of clothing.
This study develops a traditional green fabric pattern design through an apparel CAD system. The method used simulated stage costumes and evaluated the consumer satisfaction connected with a 3D fitting system. The results are as follows. Computerization of the pattern making process can provide higher accuracy and efficiency in apparel pattern making and marking for green fabrics. A Stage costumes design was developed; subsequently, the developed dress patterns are automatically depicted to the input of the body size of the consumer and marked using marking program. This results show that it has an effect on narrow and expensive green fabrics. Stage costumes design can make a simulation by a 3D Fitting system. The results of this study can provide higher consumer satisfaction through a survey of 30 consumers. Stage costumes should attract the sympathy of the spectators. The Acceptance of Andong region's traditional beauty is required. We found that a relationship of performance and clothes, physical functionality and beauty of costumes, possibility of commercialization,and the possible use of a 3D Fitting system use are evaluated. A continuous study of regional culture resources is required since there is a significant possibility for the long-term development of stage clothes.
It is agreed upon that among all the living things that have existed and exist on the earth, only humans can speak. Asking us to guard against attaching specific meaning to this distinctiveness, Pinker (2000) claimed that language is as unique to human just as sound‐detecting or navigating capacity is respectively unique to bats or migratory birds. This reasoning allows us to deal with language as something of scientific origin. However, we are uncertain about when humans began to speak. Generally speaking, regarding the evolution of language, there are three contending theories―monogenesis, gestural and self‐domesticated ape theory. Among those theories, the last two are obliged little to present when human‐beings developed the linguistic ability, because they are concerned with adaptive and accumulative evolutionary processes. However, for the idea of monogenesis presuming that a long time ago, there was a Proto‐Human Language, defined as the most recent common ancestor of all the languages in the world, the puzzle is critical. Yet, the monogenesis theory fails to show any improvement beyond the original conjecture of dating back the emergence of Proto‐Human Language to the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. We find that Nietzsche left distinctive ideas on the origin of language in several of his writings. Especially, his remarks made between 1869 and 1870 appear to prop up the idea of monogenesis. On top of it, reflecting on “eternal recurrence” and “overmen”, the concepts that Nietzsche made popular, we found out that he would agree on dating the origin of language from some 70,000 years ago when the human population shrank drastically to as low as 2,000 in the wake of the super‐volcanic eruption at Lake Toba. Therefore, we could hypothesize as follows: Nietzsche would answer that human‐beings acquired the linguistic capability just after the Toba catastrophe, because at that time the eternal recurrence that had shackled human ancestors for a long time suddenly disappeared and the small band of surviving members could not help becoming “overmen” or supermen of entire human species. We ascertained the conjecture with the latest developments in evolution theory, archaeology and anatomical analysis on human fossil. This proof apparently works to support the monogenesis theory. Nonetheless, we see that reflecting Nietzsche on the aftermath of the Toba volcanic eruption narrow the gap among the three hypotheses on the origin of language.
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The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of understanding of traditional Korean music in the music curriculum and conduct critical analysis of the curriculum. This study investigates the correlation between both and uses the outcome to revise the music educational curriculum and also has future uses for preliminary data. The results related to the understanding of the concept found a higher understanding of Goodgari Jandan and Sigimsae, but a lower understanding of Kinjajin Hyungsik and Hanbae. The significant differences found with the Sigimsae lay in gender comparison. There are also significant differences in age comparison with the Sigimsa and Hanbae. Results from critical analysis show that teachers consider Goodgari Jandan, Sigimsa, and Jungjung Mori Jandan as important concepts. In contrast, Kinjajin Hyungsik and Hanbae are not considered as important. In gender as well as age analysis, the majority of concepts showed significantly different. The relationship between teachers' higher understanding of the concept of Korean traditional music and perceived importance of the concepts shows that it is correlated based on the results of the whole mean comparison. The test results from male participants show that except for Hanbae all the concepts are highly correlated. However, research shows there is a lower correlation for female participants. The study shows that there is a lower correlation for teachers who have under 10 years of teaching experience, but higher correlation for teachers who have more than 10 years of teaching experience. In short, the level of understanding the concepts of Korean traditional music is directly related to the perceived importance of each concept. Therefore, this study states that improvements must be made in the levels of teachers' understanding of the concepts of traditional Korean music. 본 연구는 교사들의 음악과 교육과정 국악개념 이해 수준과 중요도 분석 및 양자의 상관관계를 분석하여 음악과 교육과정 편성의 기초 자료로 활용하는 데 목적이 있다. 개념 이해도 분석 결과 굿거리 장단과 시김새 이해도는 높으며, 긴자진형식과 한배의 이해도는 낮았다. 남녀별 비교에서는 시김새가, 연령별 비교에서는 시김새와 한배가 유의미한 차이를 나타냈다. 중요도 분석결과 교사들은 굿거리장단, 시김새, 중중모리장단을 중요하게 생각하였으며, 긴자진형식과 한배의 개념을 중요하지 않다고 생각하였다. 남녀별 분석 및 연령별 분석에서 대부분의 개념이 유의미한 차이를 보였다. 개념 이해가 높은 교사가 개념을 중요하게 생각하고 있느냐에 대한 상관관계 분석 결과 전체 평균 비교에서 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 남자의 경우 한배를 제외하고는 모든 개념의 상관관계가 높았으며, 여자는 낮았다. 10년 미만 교사는 상관관계가 낮았으며, 10년 이상의 교사는 상관관계가 높았다. 그러므로 교사의 이해 수준에 따라 개념을 중요하게 생각하고 있는 정도가 달랐으므로 국악 개념에 대한 교사의 이해 수준을 높일 수 있는 방안이 강구되어야겠다.