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        • KCI등재

          간판 상호 언어의 변천 양상과 특징 - 마산지역을 중심으로 -

          김형철 배달말학회 2009 배달말 Vol.45 No.-

          Comparing with Kim Hyung-chul(2002a,b), We researched the aspects of change and properties about signboard-store name(total item is 2174) in terms of regional part, business part, language class part and character part at three districts of Masan city. The result is as follows. 1. The aspect of change 1) Region part. In the region of around Kyungnam university, the signboard-store name of food shop is increased(+10.1%), but they are decreased in sports·amusement center(-6.3%). At Chang-dong, the signboard-store name of clothing shop is decreased(-4.2%). On the other hand, the names of food shop at Hapseong-dong are increased(7.5%). 2) part of business type. The sino-Chinese words used in educational facilities and cultural facilities and medical center are more used than any other words. But its percentage is decreased individually. Educational·Cultural facilities(-2.3%), Medical center(-16.5%). In three districts, the loan words are overwhelming. Tea house(+13.8%), Barber·Beauty shop(+23%), Hotel·Motel(+37.3%) and accessories shop(+27.1%). The percentage of those are sharply increased as compared with the 2002 year. As a whole, the mixed words are used frequently in food shop(+4.6%) and sports·amusement center(+19.2%) and especially the percentage of sports·amusement center are sharply increased. 3) part of word class The native tongue is used mainly in food shop(+10.6%) and clothing shop(-5.1%). Chinese letter is used in medical center(+7.4%), food shop(+7.8%). Foreign language, in clothing shop(-3.4%), drinking house(-3.2%). The mixed words are used in sports·amusement center(+2.7%), food shop(+8.3%), professional terms in clothing shop mostly. 4) part of letter type Hangeul(-7.2%) is decreased sharply while Roman letter(+7.3%) is increasing predominantly. And though the Chinese letter(-0.5%) decreased a little bit, but it is used Scarcely. 2. Traits. 1) Transcription (1) Many signboard-store names are used in the wrong way. (2) The Roman letter is sharply increasing, especially substituted native Korean words for Roman alphabet. 2) Vocabulary (1) The native Korean words and regional dialect are increased gradually. (2) Various kind of mixed words are used. (3) Acronym and abbreviated words are used frequently. 3) Meaning (1) Words that we scarcely know the meaning are increased. (2) The distinction of business type is much more difficult generally. 마산의 3개 지역 간판상호(2,174개)를 대상으로 지역별, 업종별, 어종별, 문자별로 나누어, 김형철(2002a,b)과의 비교를 통해 그 변천 양상과 특징을 살펴보았다. 먼저, 변천 양상을 살펴본 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 지역별 변천 양상으로는 경남대 지역의 식당(+10.1%), 운동·오락(-6.3%)의 증가와 감소가, 창동지역의 의류(-4.2%)의 감소와 합성동 지역의 식당(+7.5%)의 증가가 두드러진다. 둘째, 업종별 변천 양상으로는 교육·문화(-2.3%), 의료(-16.5%)는 한자어가 주종을 이루나, 그 비율은 감소하였고, 다방(+13.8%), 이·미용(+23%), 숙박(37.3%), 장신구(+27.1%)는 외래어가 주종을 이루며 그 비율도 큰 폭으로 증가하였다. 식당(+4.6%), 운동·오락(+19.2%)은 혼용어가 주종을 이루며, 특히 운동·오락은 그 비율도 큰 폭으로 증가하였다. 셋째, 어종별 변천 양상으로는 한자어(-6.8%)가 큰 폭으로 감소하고, 고유어(+1.5%)와 외래어(+1.8%)가 소폭 증가하고, 혼용어(+4.3%)가 증가했음을 알 수 있다. 넷째, 문자별 변천 양상으로는 한글(-7.2%)이 큰 폭으로 감소하고, 로마자(+7.3%)는 큰 폭으로 증가한 반면, 한자(-0.5%)는 소폭 감소에 그쳤으나 거의 사용되지 않은 셈이다. 혼용자의 경우 전체적으로 증감은 되지 않았으나, ‘한글+로마자' 유형이 대세를 이루고 있다. 다음으로 간판 상호의 표기, 어휘, 의미 측면에서의 특징을 살펴보았는데, 첫째, 표기의 경우 잘못된 표기가 많으며(오까게, 행님아), 로마자 표기의 증가가 두드러지는데, 특히 고유어의 로마자 표기가 많아졌다(Agabang, Hansot, Poodadak). 둘째, 어휘의 경우 고유어와 방언의 사용이 많아졌으며(꽃보다밥, 무봤나촌닭), 다양한 형태의 혼용어가 사용되고(한샘웰빙고시텔, JAEM놀이미술), 약어가 많이 사용되며(옷찾사, 김파사), 상호의 길이가 길어졌다(쫌주이소쫌마이주이소, 손톱과발톱사이). 셋째, 의미의 경우 업종이나 그 뜻을 알기 힘든 어휘가 많아졌다(검은고양이, 얌전한고양이, 바람난고양이, 껌씹는아이, 곰세마리).

        • KCI등재후보

          충청도 지역 관광호텔에서의 성희롱 실태 및 예방연구

          김형철,이성우 한국호텔리조트학회 2012 호텔리조트연구 Vol.11 No.3

          This study focuses on the employer reliability and the defense policies for the legal actions associated with sexual harassment. Under the Korean Equal Employment Opportunity Law, employers are liable when either their immediate supervisors or agents create a hostile environment for the employees. The employer is responsible when he knew the sexual harassment cases and fail to rectify the situation. It is the best policy to prevent sexual harassment in Choong-Cheong-Do tourist hotel. It is essential that the employers should handle employee's grievance effectively and suggest an appropriate solution when an employee makes any complaints. The goal of this study is to provide the prevention methods of sexual harassment in the Choong-Cheong-Do tourist hotel. To achieve this goal, this study reviewed the definition,types, relevant laws, and previous studies on sexual harassment in the Choong-Cheong-Do tourist hotel.

        • KCI등재

          전자빔 물리증착을 이용한 고체 산화물 연료전지의 제조 : I. YSZ 박막 전해질의 제조

          김형철,박종구,김주선,이해원,이종호,구명서,정화영 한국세라믹학회 2006 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.43 No.2

          Electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) was applied to fabricate a thin film YSZ electrolyte with large area on the porous NiO-YSZ anode substrate. Microstructural and thermal stability of the as-deposited electrolyte film was investigated via SEM and XRD analysis. In order to obtain an optimized YSZ film with high stability, both temperature and surface roughness of substrate were varied. A structurally homogeneous YSZ film with large area of 1212㎠ and high thermal stability up to 900℃ was fabricated at the substrate temperature of Ts/Tm higher than 0.4. The smoother surface was proved to give the better film quality. Precise control of heating and cooling rate of the anode substrate was necessary to obtain a very dense YSZ electrolyte with high thermal stability, which affords to survive after post heat treatment for fabrication a cathode layer on it as well as after long time operation of solid oxide fuel cell at high temperature.

        • KCI등재

          압축 공기에 의한 대장 및 직장 손상

          김형철,이문수,김도훈,조무식,백무준,송목평 대한외상학회 1996 大韓外傷學會誌 Vol.9 No.1

          Colon and rectal injury is usually caused by penetrating injury, especially gun shot injury. It's incidence is increasing like other abdominal injury due to the development of vehicles, increasing population, and violence. Compressed air has a variety of usage as a source of power for tool and cleaning of machines and fabrics. But the colorectal injury with compressed air in modern life. After the first report of pneumatic rupture of the colon by Stone in 1904, about 100 colorectal injuries with compressed air were reported. The mechanism of injury is the increased intraluminal pressure by compressed air applied to the anus. The most common postoperative complications was wound infection. In this paper, we report three colorectal trauma patients who had a compressed air injury to their anus while they were dusting his clothing with a current of compressed air, usually just before leaving work. One patient was expired after operation. The other two patients were treated by primary repair and transverse loop colostomy in the Flint grade Ⅰand sigmoid loop colostomy in the Flint grade Ⅱ without serious complications.

        • KCI등재

          10 wt%, 20 wt%Li-TiO<sub>2</sub> 복합분말의 합성과 광촉매 활성평가

          김형철,한재길,Kim,,Hyeong-Chul,Han,,Jae-Kil 한국분말야금학회 2016 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.23 No.1

          10 wt.% and 20 wt.%$Li-TiO_2$ composite powders are synthesized by a sol-gel method using titanium isopropoxide and $Li_2CO_3$ as precursors. The as-received amorphous 10 wt.%$Li-TiO_2$ composite powders crystallize into the anatase-type crystal structure upon calcination at $450^{\circ}C$, which then changes to the rutile phase at $750^{\circ}C$. The asreceived 20 wt%$Li-TiO_2$ composite powders, on the other hand, crystallize into the anatase-type structure. As the calcination temperature increases, the anatase $TiO_2$ phase gets transformed to the $LiTiO_2$ phase. The peaks for the samples obtained after calcination at $900^{\circ}C$ mainly exhibit the $LiTiO_2$ and $Li_2TiO_3$ phases. For a comparison of the photocatalytic activity, 10 wt.% and 20 wt.% $Li-TiO_2$ composite powders calcined at $450^{\circ}C$, $600^{\circ}C$, and $750^{\circ}C$ are used. The 20 wt.%$Li-TiO_2$ composite powders calcined at $600^{\circ}C$ show excellent efficiency for the removal of methylorange.

        • KCI등재후보

          청년의 개인적인 특성이 기회발견과 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 : 청년창업스쿨 교육생을 대상으로

          김형철,송충환,안병린 한국경영컨설팅학회 2016 경영컨설팅연구 Vol.16 No.3

          본 연구는 청년창업스쿨 교육생을 대상으로 창업개념 설정에 있어서 창업자의 사업기회 발견과 창업의도의 중요성을 강조하고자 창업의 기회를 탐색하고 인식하는 과정에서 청년의 개인적 특성이 창업을 구상하고 실행에 옮기는 초기창업자 행동 단계에서 사업기회발견 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향을 분석하고, 이를 통하여 청년 창업 활성화에 기여하고 창업성과를 제고할 수 있는 실질적 방안을 마련하고자 하고자 하였다 연구결과 첫째 기회발견은 사업기회를 발견하고 이를 통해 창업을 실행하는 과정을 이해하는데 청년의 개인적인 특성이 중요한 역할을 하였으며 청년의 창업에 있어 첫 단계라 할 수 있는 사업기회 발견을 위해서는 청년의 개인적인 특성에 대한 세심한 관심과 특성을 고려한 기회창출에 대한 접근이 필요할 것으로 사료된다. 둘째, 기회발견은 개인적인 특성과 창업의도를 매개하는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 검증결과는 청년 창업가가 성공적인 창업을 하고 창업성과를 높이기 위해서는 사업기회발견을 통해 창업의도로 이여 지며 이러한 과정을 통해 청년 창업가의 성공적인 창업이 이루어진다는 사실을 알 수 있으며 그 과정을 실증적으로 밝혔다는데 큰 의미가 있다고 보여 진다. 창업교육에 따른 차이를 검증한 결과 기회발견이 창업의도에 미치는 영향력은 창업교육에 대한 만족도가 높은 집단이 낮은 집단에 비해 더 큰 것으로 해석할 수 있다. 따라서 창업교육에 대한 만족도를 높임으로서 기회발견으로 그치지 않고 실질적인 창업으로 이여질 수 있는 중요성을 인식할 수 있는 결과라 할 수 있다. Many of previous researches have focused on investigating the factors of Start-up Opportunity but it is rare that what is the mechanism of bringing the successful outcome of venture, especially young people. In order to collect data, a questionnaire survey of 178 young entrepreneurs who did the registration of entrepreneur was carried out, and responses were collected. The reliability and validity of variables were examined with all independent and dependent variables. This study investigates how youth entrepreneurs' competence can affect on the entrepreneurial performance through entrepreneurial behavior. In other words, we investigate the intial stage in which characteristics of competence influence on the discovering the opportunity and on launching the new business, and provide an insightful implication of how young entrepreneur successfully accomplish the new business. Enterpreneurial Intention of characteristic of young people on the discovering business opportunity and practicing startup in the behavioral stage. This suggests that properties of entrepreneurs capability does not affect directly to the performance but through the discovering an opportunity and implementing business. Implementing the new business is linked with the success of the business but both should be regarded separately and we verify the distinction in our empirical result. Entrepreneurial activity should be implemented through discovering opportunities and serious searching for business value to become a successful business. The government should focus on our result to boost economic and to encourage young people to build a sound enterprise.

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