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      • KCI등재

        총의치 환자의 만족도에 대한 연구

        김형우,김정희,김영수,Kim, Hyung-Woo,Kim, Chang-Whe,Kim, Yung-Soo 대한치과보철학회 1995 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.33 No.3

        A success of complete denture prosthesis can be determined by the satisfaction degree of the dentist and the patient. There are many factors influencing on the satisfaction of the complete denture patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between the masticatory satisfaction and clinical evaluation, and the speech satisfaction and clinical evaluation in complete denture patients. 79 patients(total 119 complete dentures) were examined in this study who were treated in Seoul National University Dental Hospital. Through clinical evaluation, 2 examiners evaluated sex, age, edentulous period, the years of having used present complete denture, the number of the previous dentures, the state of the opposite arch, retention, stability, support, occlusion, vertical dimension of the complete denture and the condition of the residual alveolar ridge. Through questionnaires concerned with mastication and speech, examiners evaluate the satisfaction degree of the patients. This study led to the conclusion that : 1. The satisfaction degree of the mastication was lower in older patients(p<0.001) and in patients whose present complete denture period was shorter(p<0.05). The satisfaction degree of the mastication in male was higher than in female patients(p<0.01). 2. The satisfaction degree of the mastication was high when the retention of the complete denture was good(p<0.05), and when the condition of the residual alveolar ridge was good(p<0.05). 3. The satisfacion degree of the speech was high when the retention of the complete denture was good(p<0.01). 4. The satisfaction degree of the mastication was higher in patients with upper and lower complete denture than in patients with single complete denture whose oppsite arch was unilateral partial denture(p<0.05).

      • KCI등재

        박막증착시 티타늄 표면의 마손저항도와 세포독성에 관한 연구

        김형우,김창회,김영수,Kim Hyung-Woo,Kim Chang-Whe,Kim Yung-Soo 대한치과보철학회 2001 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.39 No.1

        Titanium is widely used in dentistry for its low density, high strength, fatigue resistance, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. But it has a tendency of surface damage under circumstance of friction and impact for its low hardness of the surface. Coating is one of methods fir increasing surface hardness. Its effect is to improve surface physical characteristics without change of titanium. Diamond-like carbon and titanium nitride are known for its high hardness of the surface. So that this study was aimed at the wear test and the cytotoxicity test of the commercially pure titanium and Ti-6Al-4V alloy which were deposited by diamond-like carbon film or titanium nitride film to acertain improvement of the surface hardness and the biocompatibility. A disk (25mm diameter, 2mm thickness) was made of commercially pure titanium and Ti-6Al-4V alloy and these substrates were deposited by diamond-like carbon film or titanium nitride film. Diamond-like carbon film was deposited by the method of radiofrequency plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition and titanium nitride film was deposited by the method of reactive arc ion plating. Then these substrates were tested about wear characteristics by the pin-on-disk type wear tester in which ruby ball was used as a wear causer under the load of 32N, The fracture cycles were measured by rotating the substrates until their films were fractured. The wear volume was measured after 150 cycles and 3,000 cycles using surface profiler. The cytotoxicity test was peformed by the method of the MTT assay. The results were as follows : 1. In the results of the wear volume test, commercially pure titanium and titanium alloy which were coated by diamond-like carbon film or titanium nitride aim had higher resistance against wear than the substrates which were not coated by any films (P<0.05). 2. In the results of the fracture cycle test and the wear volume test, diamond-like carbon film had higher resistance against wear than titanium nitride film (P<0.05). 3. In both coatings of diamond-like carbon aim and titanium nitride film, Ti-6Al-4V alloy had higher resistance against wear than commercially pure titanium (P<0.05) 4. In the results of the cytotoxicity test, diamond-like carbon film and titanium nitride film had little cytotoxicity as like commercially pure titanium or Ti-6Al-4V alloy (P>0.05).

      • KCI등재

        소엽(蘇葉) 추출물이 백서(白鼠)의 뇌허혈에 미치는 효과

        김형우,김부여,조수진,정현우,조수인,Kim, Hyung-Woo,Kim, Bu-Yeo,Cho, Su-Jin,Jeong, Hyun-Woo,Cho, Su-In 대한한방내과학회 2007 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.28 No.3

        Objectives : Folium perillae (FP) can relieve superficial pathogenic factors to dissipate cold and promote the circulation of qi and regulate the function of the stomach and is often used for interior qi-stagnation. We hypothesized that FP could rescue cerebral ischemia in rats. Methods : The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of FP on cerebral ischemia in terms of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) in rats. Finally, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release was investigated, too. Results : In this study, treatment with FP elevated rCBF and MABP levels in dose-dependent manner. Pre-treatment with indomethacin, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, inhibited rCBF increase induced by FP effectively. However, FP did not affect stability during cerebral reperfusion. Finally, FP significantly inhibited LD H activity in vitro Conclusions : These results suggest that FP is useful to treat patient with diseases related to cerebral ischemia, because FP can increase rCBF and MABP.

      • 도시하천방재를 위한 지능형 모니터링에 관한 연구

        김형우,이범교,Kim. Hyung-Woo,Lee. Bum-Gyo 한국방재학회 2008 한국방재학회 학술발표대회논문집 Vol.2008 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Up to now, a lot of houses, roads and other urban facilities have been damaged by natural disasters such as flash floods and landslides. It is reported that the size and frequency of disasters are growing greatly due to global warming. In order to mitigate such disaster, flood forecasting and alerting systems have been developed for the Han river, Geum river, Nak-dong river and Young-san river. These systems, however, do not help small municipal departments cope with the threat of flood. In this study, a real-time urban flood forecasting service (U-FFS) is developed for ubiquitous computing city which includes small river basins. A test bed is deployed at Tan-cheon in Gyeonggido to verify U-FFS. It is found that U-FFS can forecast the water level of outlet of river basin and provide real-time data through internet during heavy rain. Furthermore, it is expected that U-FFS presented in this study can be applied to ubiquitous computing city (u-City) and/or other cities which have suffered from flood damage for a long time.

      • 사면방재를 위한 무선센서 네트워크 기술연구

        김형우,이범교,Kim. Hyung-Woo,Lee. Bum-Gyo 한국방재학회 2008 한국방재학회 학술발표대회논문집 Vol.2008 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Recently, landslides have frequently occurred on natural slopes during periods of intense rainfall. With a rapidly increasing population on or near steep terrain in Korea, landslides have become one of the most significant natural hazards. Thus, it is necessary to protect people from landslides and to minimize the damage of houses, roads and other facilities. To accomplish this goal, many landslide prediction methods have been developed in the world. In this study, a simple landslide prediction system that enables people to escape the endangered area is introduced. The system is focused to debris flows which happen frequently during periods of intense rainfall. The system is based on the wireless sensor network (WSN) that is composed of sensor nodes, gateway, and server system. Sensor nodes comprising a sensing part and a communication part are developed to detect ground movement. Sensing part is designed to measure inclination angle and acceleration accurately, and communication part is deployed with Bluetooth (IEEE 802.15.1) module to transmit the data to the gateway. To verify the feasibility of this landslide prediction system, a series of experimental studies was performed at a small-scale earth slope equipped with an artificial rainfall dropping device. It is found that sensing nodes installed at slope can detect the ground motion when the slope starts to move. It is expected that the landslide prediction system by wireless senor network can provide early warnings when landslides such as debris flow occurs.

      • KCI등재

        홍화(紅花), 천궁(川芎), 황기 약침액(藥鍼液)의 뇌교세포주 보호 효과

        김형우,조수인,김일환,Kim, Hyung-Woo,Cho, Su-In,Kim, Il-Hwan 대한약침학회 2009 Journal of pharmacopuncture Vol.12 No.2

        Objective : This study was carried out to investigate protective effects of Pharmacopuncture Solutions (PSs) made by Carthmi Flos (CF), Cnidii Rhizoma (CR) and Astragali Radix (AR) on C6 glioma cells Methods : We investigated the effects of PSs on proliferation rates and types of C6 cells, and also investigated the effects on LDH release. In addition, protective effects of PSs on oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide and SOD-like activities were also investigated. Results : PSs made by CF, CR and AR did not show cytotoxicity in various concentrations. CF-PS and AR-PS elevated levels of proliferation rates significantly. Treatment with CF-PS lowered level of LDH release in C6 cells. In addition, CF-PS and CR-PS showed protective effects on cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide respectively. Finally, CF-PS group showed high level of SOD-like activity compared to that in CR-PS group. Conclusion : These results suggest that CF-PS can accelerate proliferation of neuroglial cells, and has protective action against oxidative stress, which was involved in anti-oxidative effects such as SODlike activities. In addition, CR has protective effects against oxidative stress, and AR can accelerate proliferation of neuroglial cells.

      • KCI등재

        해저연약지반 시험집광기의 동적거동 해석

        김형우,홍섭,최종수,여태경,Kim, Hyung-Woo,Hong, Sup,Choi, Jong-Su,Yeu, Tae-Yeong 한국해양학회 2008 바다 Vol.13 No.3

        본 논문은 해저 연약지반 위를 주행하는 시험집광기의 동적거동 해석을 다루고 있다. 시험집광기는 단괴채집장치, 무한궤도, 단괴파쇄기, 샤시프레임, 전기 전자 시스템으로 구성되어 있다. 시험집광기의 공기 중 무게는 8,600 kg이며, 수중에서의 시험집광기의 평균접지압은 6.0 kPa이다. 상용해석 프로그램인 RecurDyn-LM과 Visual Fortran 90을 이용하여 시험집광기의 동적거동 해석 모델 및 유체저항력 모델을 구축하였다. 상용해석 프로그램(RecurDyn-LM)에서 제공되는 사용자 정의 서브루틴을 이용하여 연약지반역학 모델 및 유체저항력 모델을 구축하였으며, 이를 통하여 해저 시험집광기의 동적거동 해석을 수행하였다. 궤도속도, 지반조건, 항력계수 및 추가질량 계수의 변화에 따른 시험집광기의 동적응답을 분석하였다. We conducted a dynamic analysis of an underwater test collector, which operates on extremely soft soil of deep-seafloor. The underwater test collector consists of nodule pick-up device, vehicle tracks, nodule crusher, loading frame and electric-electronic system. The weight of underwater test collector is about 8600 kg. The average normal pressure, that the underwater test collector supports, is about 6.0 kPa. The dynamic analysis model of underwater test collector is developed using commercial software RecurDyn-LM and Visual Fortran 90. A terramechanics model of extremely soft soil is implemented to the software based on user-written subroutine and applied to the dynamic analysis of the underwater test collector model. The dynamic responses of test collector are studied with respect to track velocities, terrain conditions, and coefficients of added mass and drag.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        지모(知母) 추출물이 MCF-7 세포의 생존율에 미치는 영향

        김형우,김부여,조수진,조수인,Kim, Hyung-Woo,Kim, Bu-Yeo,Cho, Su-Jin,Cho, Su-In 대한한방내과학회 2007 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.28 No.3

        Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate anti-proliferative effects on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma (AR) extract. Breast cancer is the most common disease in Korean women. Despite remarkable improvements in treatment strategies against various cancers during the past 40 years. breast cancer still remains as one of the main causes of cancer mortality among women the whole world over. Methods : Be investigated the effects of AR on cytotoxicity of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in various extract conditions (n-hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water fraction). Results : The extract of Anemarrhenae Rhjzoma inhibits the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a dose dependent manner. Especially. the ethyl acetate fraction of Anemarrhenae Rhizoma showed specific Cytotoxicity on MCF-7 cells. Conclusions : In conclusion. it can be concluded that Anemarrhenae Rhizoma extract has an anti-proliferative effect on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Especially. the ethyl acetate fraction is most effective to inhibit proliferation of MCF-7 cells.

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