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      • KCI등재

        15세기 조선에서 바라 본 근대중국어 음운체계

        김태성 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 2001 언어와 언어학 Vol.28 No.-

        在我國歷史上, 早刻就設立了專門的譯官機構, 負責培養擔當外交事務的飜譯人才. 由於和中國的特殊關係, 培養漢語飜譯人才受到格外重視. 因沈, 朝廷和譯官뗘作出了堅持不構的努力, 留下了 多寶貴的歷史經驗. 首先他例爲掌握實用的漢語口語, 編努了 (老信大) 』朴通事』等會話敎材, 同時也爲掌握當時的標準語音, 曾派朝臣赴華多次,一心觀奈當時的漢語音韻. 但在韓中外交關係上譯官所負的重要責任相比, 譯官培養事業其效果井不十分理想, 尤其譯官的漢語水平往往令朝廷 憂. 世宗大王創側了"訓民正音", 特別重視 的標音效能, 下令朝臣編努漢語韻書, 諸如 」洪武正韻譯訓> t四聲通考) 等, 以助司譯院的譯官쪘學習漢語語音. 申叔舟是當時負責此事業的, 他3己曾多次步踏中國燕京, 遼東各地,對當時的標準漢語非常地了解. 好在他留下了不少言論, 說明當時漢語的音韻特徵, 讀對我刊推論當時15世紀漢語的性質和音韻系練, 具有非常重要的參考意義. 本文就此等觀點, 特以討論他的 』洪武正韻譯訓 ·序) 和 (四聲通考 ·凡側』 兩篇文章中有關漢語音韻的幾條言論, 導出一트比較有質量的結論如下: 1.舌上音已正齒音化了, 2.敷母已歸倂于非母. 3.濁音聲母的淸音化尙未完成. 4.肯定入聲韻尾的存在.

      • 렉싱의 戱曲<賢者 나탄>에 있어서 반지 比喩

        金泰成 부산대학교 1981 論文集 Vol.31 No.1

        "Nathan der Weise" gilt als das am meisten gewu¨rdigte Werk Lessings. Die meisten Interpretationen haben sich auf die Forschung der Ringparabel konzentriert. Lessing selbst hat brieflich die Ringparabel sogar als "Schu¨ssel" zu seinem Drama bezeichnet. Ziel dieses Referats war zuerst die Bedeutung der Ringparabel fu¨r das Stueck zu beschreiben. Unsere naechste Leigrage heisst: Wie laesst sich die strukturelle Einordnung der Ringparabel in das Stueck beschreiben? Mit dieser Wendung des Problems ist ein Zusammenhang der Ringparabel mit der Handlung des Dramas entstanden. Parabel und dramatische Fabel steht in einer wechselbeziehung. In Nathans Erza¨hlung von den drei Ringen besitze der Stein des Ringes die magische Kraft, seine Besitzer vor Gott und den Menschen agnenehm zu machen. Die drei So¨hne streiten sich nach dem Tod des Vaters um die Echtheit ihres Erbes. Der echte Ring kann nicht mehr ermittelt werden. Bei Boccaccio bleibt die Frage nach der Wahrheit der Religionen bleibt unbeantwortet. Aber Lessing geht ueber Boccaccio hinaus. Er laesst die ratlosen Soehne einen Richter aufsuchen. Der Rat des Richters lautet: "Es eifre jeder seiner unbestochenen/Von Vorurteilen freien Liebe nach!" Wer diese Liebe hat, der hat Sanftmut und Ergebenheit in Gott. Jeder der Soehne sollte seinen Ring fuer den wahren erachten und diese Wahrheit in der Praxis sittlichen Handelns zu erweisen suchen. Die Ringe sind fuer Nathan zugleich echt und unecht. Sie sind echt, wenn sie die Echtheit in ihrer Wirkung erweisen. Die Echtheit des Ringes ist nur aus der sittlichen Bewaehrung seines Traegers zu erkennen. Von den Ringen deutet die Fabel auf die Religionen. Die Ring sind Sinnbilder fuer die drei geschichtlichen Offenbarungsreligionen. Die echte Religion ist an der sittlichen Tat iher Glaeubigen zu erkennen. In der Ringparabel eroertert Lessing das Verhaeltnis der drei positiven Religionen zueinander nicht auf dem Boden der theoretischen, sondern auf dem Boden der praktischen Vernunft. Lessing stellt das Suchen der Wahrheit hoeher als den Besitz der Wahrheit. Die Figuren dieses Dramas sind die Vertreter der drei Hauptreligionen (des Judentums, des Christentums und des Islams). In Nathan dem Weisen koennen wir die Gestalt der vollendeten Humanitaet sehen. So vermag er zum Lehrer und Erzieher fuer adnere werden. In dieser Hinsicht steht er an der Spitze der Figuren. Die Taetgkeit Nathans wird zum Symbol fuer das tolerante und humane Handeln. Erhat den goettlichen Willen in seinen eigenen Willen aufgenommen. Seine Verhaltenswise gruendet auf seiner Ansicht, dass die goettliche Vorsehung den Verlauf des menschlichen Schicksals lenke. Am Ende des "Nathan" wird sich die Familienbeziehung von Recha, Tempelherr und Saladin wiedererkannt. Dieser Gedanke von der utopischen Zukunft wird schon im Zentrum der Ringparabel sichtbar. Die Parabel ist nicht bloss die poetische Form, sondern ein notwendiges Bestandteil des dramatischen Vorgangs. Wir koennen bestaetigen, dass die Parabel entstehungsgeschichtlich als Keim, strukturell als Hoehepunkt, thematisch als Kern des Dramas anzusehen ist. Die dramatische Leistung in "Nathan" ist das Ergebnis der Integration von Fabel und Parabel.

      • KCI등재

        소아 이염백질이영양증의 자기공명영상

        김태성 대한영상의학회 1995 대한영상의학회지 Vol.33 No.3

        Purpose : The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristic MR findings of childhood metachromaticleukodystrophy. Materials and Methods : Five female patients (10-29 months old; mean age, 21.8 months) ofbiochemically confirmed metachromatic leukodystrophy were included in this study. We evaluated the extent of whitematter degeneration which was shown as high signal intensity on T2-weighted image, and the presence or absence ofthe enhancement. Result : All 5 cases showed high signal intensity in periventricular deep white matter andcentrum semiovale which were bilateral, symmetric and confluent. Posterior predominace, sparing of subcortical Ufibers and immediate periventricular white matter, and the involvement of splenium of corpus callosum were alsonoted in all cases. There were the other manifestations, such as 'tigroid pattern' in centrum semiovale (n=4), theinvolvement of genu of corpus callosum(n=4), posterior limb of internal capsule(n=4), descending pyramidaltracts(n=3), deep cerebellar white matter(n=1), claustrum(n=2), and diffuse brain atrophy(n=1). In three caseswith Gd-infusion, contrast enhancement of the lesion was not seen. Conclusion : In childhood metachromaticleukodystrophy, MRI can clearly demonstrate the chracteristic extent of the white matter lesion and the otherassociated findings, facilitating the differential diagnosis from other similar leukodystrophies.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        Complete moment convergence of moving average processes with dependent innovations

        김태성,고미화,최용갑 대한수학회 2008 대한수학회지 Vol.45 No.2

        Let {Yi;-∞<i<∞} be a doubly infinite sequence of identically distributed and Φ-mixing random variables with zero means and finite variances and {ai;-∞< i < ∞} an absolutely summable sequence of real numbers. In this paper, we prove the complete moment convergence of [수식] under some suitable conditions. Let {Yi;-∞<i<∞} be a doubly infinite sequence of identically distributed and Φ-mixing random variables with zero means and finite variances and {ai;-∞< i < ∞} an absolutely summable sequence of real numbers. In this paper, we prove the complete moment convergence of [수식] under some suitable conditions.

      • KCI등재

        고용보험이 실업률에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

        김태성 한국사회복지연구회(서울대학교 사회복지연구소) 1999 사회복지연구 Vol.14 No.1

        The object of this study is to find the effects of unemployment insurance and active labor market policies on the unemployment rates. In order to do this, this study analyzes both all countries with unemployment insurance and OECD countries, using the statistical method of multiple regression analysis. Major findings of this study are as follows: First, In case of all countries with unemployment insurance, this study finds that both the liberalness of qualifying conditions for unemployment benefit and the benefit duration have statistically significant positive effect on unemployment rate. However, the effect of benefit level - benefit replacement rate - on unemployment rate is not statistically significant. Second, focusing on countries excluding OECD countries, the liberalness of qualifying condition has significant positive effect on unemployment rate. Third, in terms of OECD countries, benefit duration has a significant positive effect on unemployment rate, while the liberalness qualifying condition and benefit replacement rate are not. Fourth, in general, unemployment insurance and active labor market expenditures per GDP have no significant effect on unemployment rate, but active labor market expenditure per the unemployed has a significant negative effect on unemployment rate. Fifth, among specific programs of active labor market policy, job creation programs including employer subsidy program in the private sector has no significant effect on unemployment rate, but both job training and employment service program have a statistical significant negative effect on unemployment rate.

      • KCI등재

        A Case of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adolescent Presenting with Bell's Palsy

        김태성,조원경,조경순,박소현,한승훈,정민호,서병규 대한소아내분비학회 2012 Annals of Pediatirc Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol.17 No.4

        Bell's palsy is manifested by unilateral facial paralysis, but its cause is not clearly elucidated yet. Though the relationship between Bell's palsy and diabetes mellitus (DM) has been well established in adults, the relationship is not obvious in children and adolescents. Here, we report a case of adolescent Bell's palsy accompanied by DM. In this case, steroids were used for the treatment of Bell's palsy, and the blood glucose level in the patients was well controlled by metformin alone without additional use of insulin. We suggest that the presence of diabetes should be determined by blood test in the childhood and adolescent patients with facial paralysis, especially who are obese. As the use of steroids, however, is associated with the elevated blood glucose levels, it should be used with caution.

      • KCI등재

        人氣와 小說觀 : W.S. Maugham의 경우

        金泰星 연세대학교 인문과학연구소 1969 人文科學 Vol.22 No.-

        W.S Maugham, with his merits and demerits, has occupied a peculiar position in the world of letters, giving rise to various, often conflicting criticisms. Meanwhile, his popularity as manifested by the continued asle of his books has never shown any sign of decline for the past several generations. This article is a study of Maugham's view of the novel, especially in its relation to his popularity and in his concern about the reading public. He claims that the novel is a form of art, though not a very exalted one, and that it therefore should be so designed as to please. An eminent story-teller, he asserts that entertainment is the essential quality, without which no other quality avails, for readers, whose delight in listening to stories is as old as the human race, have no obligation to read a novel. His assertion, however, has been too often misunderstood or taken too lightly, since the word “entertainment” has a good many meanings. The more intelligent entertainment a novel offers the better it is, he insists, and thus the novelist has the right to claim that the reader should give something of himself, should have a sufficient imagination, so as to get from the novel the best it has to give. On the whole, he has contented himself by following the tradition of the novel. Such an attitude of his toward the novel and the reading public may be said to be responsible for his continued hold on the lowbrow and the high-brow alike.

      • KCI등재

        逆說의 論理 : Conrad의 작품에 나타난 "fidelity"에 대하여 A Study on "Fidelity" as Expressed in Works of Joseph Conrad

        金泰星 연세대학교 인문과학연구소 1977 人文科學 Vol.38 No.-

        The work of Conrad is generally characterized by his profound exploration of human psychology, his insistence on ethical values, and his distinguished technique in composition. His study of psychology and elaborate compositional devices, however, derive from his tenacious search for ethical values. For the former is an attempt to base his ethical values upon a deeper understanding of human nature, and the latter is nothing but an artistic means to convey properly his ethical message. The ethical discovery Conrad has attained may be summed up in a word-"fidelity." For him it means to remain in "the ranks" of men. If betrayal is only too easy, is a man capable of sticking to his fellow human beings under any circumstances? Is there in human nature the inner ability for fidelity? Two of his major novels, The Heart of Darkness, and Lord Jim, are both a study of the validity and feasibilty of the pivotal moral value of fidelity. To that end, each of the protagonists has been put in an extreme situation to throw the questions into sharp relief. This paper is intended to examine the answers Conrad has presented to the questions in the two novels. In The Heart of Darkness, Kurtz goes over to Africa as an emissary of sympathy and civilization. The dark continent, however, turns him into a primitive being. Thus Kurtz encounters with a stranger, a dark power within him. He commits himself to the dark power and comes to indulge in "unspeakable" rites. At last, he cries out, "Exterminate all the brutes!" This is a form of absolute negation of fidelity. Marlow, the narrator, identifies himself with Kurtz through vicarious experiences, and understand the meaning of Kurtz's adventure. Marlow, however, fails to present a way out of the essential inhumanity of humanity on the practical level. He only implies a possibility of transcendental leap. Jim also discovers the stranger within him as it is manifested when he has jumped from Patna. The ship was carrying some 800 Arabs on a pilgrimage. Jim's desertion constitutes a breach of fidelity to mankind. Jim, however, does not admit it, but insists that it was not he that jumped from the ship. Indeed, it was not his conscious personality, but the dark power within him that escaped from the ship he believed was sinking. In this way, he challenges the dark power and struggles to tide over it. In the meantime, he waits for another chance to prove his inner courage to overcome the dark power. The long-awaited opportunity finally comes to him and he walks to certain death-in order to demonstrate his fidelity to his fellow human beings. For Jim, fidelity meant self-destruction. To gain life, he has to lose it. This is a paradox, indeed, but there is "a sort of profound and terrifying logic" in it, as Marlow puts it.

      • 21세기를 지향한 수학교육의 방향탐색

        김태성 충북대학교 과학교육연구소 1995 과학교육연구논총 Vol.11 No.1

        In order to reach the desirable education in 21-st century, mathematics education will go toward the following three direction: 1. Mathematics curriculum should be composed to extend the linguistic functions of mathematics. 2. Mathematics should be taught that students will understand the beauty of mathematics 3. Mathematics education should be developed that students will find the creativity of mathematics

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