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본 연구는 18세기 중후반 시기의 대역어휘집 『漢語抄』와 『方言類釋』을 대상으로 두 책의 어휘 분류체계의 특징과 기준을 고찰하였다. 우선, 부류 설정에 있어서 『漢語抄』는 36개의 상위 부류와 289개의 하위 부류로 세분하였고, 『方言類釋』는 상, 하위를 구분하지 않고 87개 부류를 설치하였다. 부류의 계층과 수로 볼 때, 의미범주에 따른 어휘의 분류가 『漢語抄』에서 『方言類釋』보다 세분되었음을 알 수 있었다. 부류의 배열 순서에서 『漢語抄』는 봉건 윤리관을 우선시한 데 비해 『方言類釋』은 인륜, 사람 관련 내용을 중요시하였다. 또한, 어휘의 분포에 있어서 부류 설정이 세분된 『漢語抄』에서 대체로 작고 구체적인 의미영역에 따라 분류하는 경향이 있고, 『方言類釋』에서 크고 포괄적인 의미영역에 따라 분류하는 경향이 있다. This study will focus on the similarities and differences between the vocabulary book <Haneocho> and <Bangeonyuseok> in the second half of the 18th century. The examination reveals that the standards of the lexical system of <Haneocho> are carefully divided into 36 superior categories and 289 subordinate categories, whereas <Bangeonyuseok> directly sets 87 categories and does not distinguish between superior and subordinate categories. By examining its level and number of categories, we can infer that <Haneocho> is more detailed than <Bangeonyuseok> in terms of their classification of words. Secondly, in terms of class purpose, <Haneocho> puts feudal ethics in the first place, while <Bangeonyuseok> pays more attention to human relations and other human-related content. Lastly, with respect to the distribution of vocabulary, the subdivided <Haneocho> is generally classified according to the small and specific semantic domain, whereas the <Bangeonyuseok> classified the vocabulary according to the large and general semantic domain.
Aerobic dance is a choreographed routine of movements from various type of dance combined with other rhythmic movements such as walking, running, skipping, jumping. It has become an extremely popular form of exercise in recent years and appealing particulary to women. To know the clinical contents and etiology of injuries in aerobic dance the authors gethered and analysed 153 cases of injuries of partcipants of aerobic dance who treated at the author's primary care sports clinic. The results of were as follows ; 1. The age of patients ranged from 18 to 52 years. And all patients were female. 2. The major anatomical sites of injuries were low back & pelvis(21.6%), ankle(16.3%), knee(14.4%), leg(12.4%) and foot(11.1%). 3. The major types of injuries were strain(39.8%), tendinitis/bursitis(26.8%) and sprain(11.8%). 4. The total number of diagnostic lists of inuries were 25, and the 10 most common injuries were comprised in about 3/4 of all injuries. 5. The main causes of injury was improper exercise program composed of high intensity, high-impact exercise or high risk exercises.
The phosphocreatine concentration ([PCr]) falls during exercise by forming an equimolar amount of inorganic phosphate ([Pi]) as described by the creatineinase reaction. Metabolic cycles employed during the exercise are governed by the level of oxygen supply. Therefore, depending the level of oxygen during the exercise, the exercise can be described by three major categories, which may be attributed from the intensity, frequency, and duration of the exercise : anaerobic, lactic acid, and aerobic exercises. In the present work, the time course of changes in [Pi/PCr] during the maximal intermittent isokinetic exercise of forearm muscle, which involves the three categories, were measured by in vivo ^31P MR spectroscopy. Compare the time course of changes in [Pi/PCr] between sedentaries and trained oarsman during the maximal intermittent isokinetic exercise. Characterise the aerobic and anaerobic exercises by observing different time course of changes in[Pi/PCr]. Forearm(nondominant side) muscle of each subject was placed in the center of RF coil, which was doubly tuned for the ^1H and ^32P resonance frequencies of 200.21 MH and 81.0 MH respectively (Bruker, Switzerland). Forearm flexion was performed with a fixed 0.5 P by a home made ergometer. In vivo 31P MR Spectroscopy was performed on a Bruker Biospec 4.7T lmaging and Spectroscopy System (Bruker, Fa¨allanden, Switzerland). Shimming was done on the ^1H signal, and the ^31P signal was obtained from M.Flex or Digitorum Superficialis. A series of spectrum was acquired before the initial exercise starts and during the time intervals, 1 minute between exercises. Peak areas were measured by integration. Subjects were ordered to do the forearm flexion exercises. For Group 1 (n=10), trained oarsmen were subjected to series of 30, 90 or 180 seconds of exercises intervaled by 1 minute of resting period until 20 minutes passed the all-out, and for Group 2, sedentaries (n=10) were employed, as a control group, to do the same exercise protocol as for the oarsmen. ^31P MR spectra of the forearm muscle before exercise, during exercise, at the end of the exercise(i.e.all-out). For the maximal intermittent 90 seconds isokinetic exercise, the ratio of[Pi/PCr] of the trained oarsmen has the value of 0.9±0.07 at the plateau during about 25 minutes of the exercise. In contrary, the value of the sedentaries is continuously rising until the all-out, during about 10 minutes of the exercise. For the maximal intermittent 180 seconds isokinetic exercise, the ratio of [Pi/PCr] of the trained oarsmen has the value of 0.65±0.07 at the plateau during about 20 minutes of the exercise. In contrary, the value of the sedentaries is continuously rising until the all-out, during about 8 minutes of the exercise. The plateau achieved in the time course of [Pi/PCr] during the exercise by the trained oarsmen may indicate that the exercise can be categrized as the aerobic exercise. The continuously rising [Pi/PCr] observed during the exercise by the sedentaries may indicate that the exercise can be categorized as the anaerobic exercise. We may deduce a conclusion from the above that the accumulation of the [Pi/PCr] may not be an indication of the fatigue