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      • KCI등재

        김억의 번역론 연구 : 근대문학의 장(場)과 번역자의 과제

        김진희(Kim Jin-hee) 한국시학회 2010 한국시학연구 Vol.- No.28

        In the beginning of the Korean modern literature since 1910's, Kim Eok played a crucial role as a translator for foreign literature and theory. During the acceptance of foreign literature, Kim realized the importance of translation and he is considered an intellectual who, as opposed to other contemporary translators, performed a bulk of translations from various countries. He was in the lead of balancing content and form, reforming he literary circles of translation in which there was abundance of arbitrary interpretations and content-concentrated translations. However, Kim Eok's translated works have been devalued by reason of erroneous and liberal translation of original works and inapt understanding. Researchers generally examine original and translated texts in tandem, after which they point out problems of the translations and attribute them to the translators' lack of capacity. The study of this paper presupposes that in-depth understanding of translated texts can be carried out only when the theory and practice of translation go in parallel. It argues that the negative evaluation for Kim's translations can be reconsidered through the study of theory. Kim argued for 'creative liberal translation,' and this paper investigates the formation and characteristics of this standpoint. This paper particularly looks into how symbolism, which Kim embraced, influenced Kim's view on translation. The acceptance of symbolism and the theory of translation are discussed in regard to the theory of translation maintained by Bejamin, a German literary critic who lived around the same time, in his book The Task of the Translator. The paper also examines Kim Eok's theory of translation in the sense that the act of translating foreign languages expands and deepens a mother tongue, which provides an opportunity to form and develop the self-identity. Kim's viewpoint on translation, which searches for the nature of poems, found modern poetic language for the Korean poetry, which was possible due to his exploration into language that represents this nature. Translating the western poems in the initial stage of modern literature implies admission and conveyance of heterogeneous culture, beyond simple written text, and creation of new culture. Kim Eok's translated works shows the creativity of cultural translation that is generated at the intersection of internal and external cultures. The literary world after 1920's, via translations, could realize the identity of modern literature by means of dialogue with others, i.e. dialogue between tradition and the West. Furthermore, it could have a foundation in creation of new culture. Along these lines of modern literature, Kim Eok's theory of translation presented ‘creative liberal translation' and ‘creative translation' as the task and direction for those who do the translation, including himself. It was an aspect of cultural action that Kim's theory evidently showed through translation.

      • KCI등재

        김북원(金北原)의 문학사적 복원과 해방기 활동 연구

        김진희 ( Kim Jin-hee ) 한국문학연구학회 2019 현대문학의 연구 Vol.0 No.68

        남북한 문학사에서 김북원에 대한 소개 및 평가는 해방 전 문학성과를 봉인한 채, 한국 전쟁기 이후의 성과에 집중되어 왔다. 이는 해당 작가의 자료를 남한과 북한이 비교 논의하지 않았기 때문이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 김북원의 해방 전 문단 활동이 비교적 일찍부터 시작되었음을 필명을 찾아 밝히고 창작의 영역이나 경향 역시 다양했음을 자료 발굴 및 제시를 통해 논의함으로써 김북원에 관한 전체적 연구의 토대 마련을 시도했다. 그간 남한의 아동문학사에서 『별나라』에 실린 아동소설 및 동시의 작가로 알려진 필명 ‘북원초인'이 김북원임을 북한의 아동문학사와 비교하고, 1930년대 김북원의 농업학교 재직 경험 등을 통해 밝혔다. 그리고 소설로 알려진 「완구」가 꽁트임을 밝혔고, 『삼천리』에 추천된 「유랑민」이라는 소설을 통해 김북원이 당대 노동자로 전락하는 농민의 삶을 핍진하게 그림으로써 이후 북한문단에서 농촌작가라는 평가의 단초를 읽을 수 있었다. 『신인문학』이나 『시인춘추』 등에 발표한 김북원의 시를 최초로 소개했고 1930년대 후반 『맥』과 1940년대 『시현실동인』으로서 초현실주의와 포르말리즘의 작품 창작 및 이론을 고찰함으로써 1930년대 초반 초현실주의 및 모더니즘을 이론적, 지역적으로 확장하여 만주모더니즘을 선도한 작가임을 밝혔다. 1943년까지 초현실주의 시의 창작방법론을 시도했던 김북원은 해방기에는 북한 문단의 정책과 변화하는 현실의 요구에 맞는 작품들을 창작했다. 김일성에 대한 찬양을 기본 골자로 하면서, 농촌의 토지개혁, 빨치산 전투에 참여한 영웅적 주인공, 노동 현장의 변화, 소련과의 친선 등 북한의 중요한 이슈들을 시화했다. 이상과 같은 논의를 통해 식민지 시기와 해방기 이후 김북원의 문학 활동의 연속성을 확보함으로써 남북한 문학사에서 김북원에 관한 전체적인 평가의 토대가 구축될 수 있었다. In the history of North and South Korean literature, the introduction and evaluation of Kim Buk-won has focused on the achievements after the Korean War, sealing the literary achievements before liberation. This is because both South Korea and North Korea did not discuss comparative resources of the author. In this study, research on Kim Buk-won was attempted for the first time by unveiling that Kim Buk-won's preliberation literary activities had started relatively early by finding his pen name, and by discussing that his creative territory or tendency were also diverse through data supplement. This study uncovers that the author of children's stories and poetry published in The Land of Stars (별나라 Byeolnara) in the history of children's literature in South Korea, under the pen name “Buk-won-cho-in” was in fact Kim Buk-won by comparing Kim's identity with the history of children's literature in North Korea, and through Kim's experience working in agricultural school in the 1930s. Moreover, I uncover that the work, Toy (Wan-gu) that was known as a novel, was in fact a conte (short story), and was able to read the start of the assessment of Kim Buk-won as an agricultural writer in the North Korean literary circle after depicting the lives of farmers turning into laborers in the novel Nomads (Yurangmin), which was nominated in The Land of Korea (삼천리 Samcheolli).Kim Buk-won's poetry, which was published in New Face of Literature (신인문학 Sininmunhak) or Spring and Fall of Poets (시인춘추 Siin chunchu), was first introduced and discussed in this study. By reviewing the creation and theories of Maek in the late 1930s and ‘Poetry Reality Coterie' in the 1940s, it became possible to evaluate that Kim was a writer led Manchurian Modernism, by theoretically and geographically expanding surrealism and modernism in the 1930s. Kim Buk-won, who tried to create surrealistic poetry creative methodology by 1943, created works that fit the policies of North Korean literary circles and the demands of changing reality. With the praise of Kim Il Sung as the basic framework, he has poeticized North Korea's major issues such as land reform in rural areas, the heroic protagonist who participated in the battle of partizan, changes in the workplace, and goodwill with the Soviet Union. Through these discussions, I believe that securing of the continuity of Kim's literary activities after the colonial period and the liberation period, and the complete description of the history of literature in North and South Korea became possible.

      • KCI등재

        1930년대 중ㆍ후반 김광균 시의 낭만과 모던

        김진희(Kim, Jin-Hee) 한국시학회 2014 한국시학연구 Vol.- No.41

        1930년대 중ㆍ후반 김광균의 시는 시문학사에서 이미지즘을 중심으로 회화성과 조형성이 논의, 평가되어 왔다. 그러나 한편으로 시에서 보이는 주관적 감상성은 낭만성과 맞닿아 있는 특성으로 반낭만주의적 태도를 강조했던 영미 이미지즘의 구현에는 한계로 작용한 것으로 평가되어 왔다. 본고는 김광균 시의 이미지즘을 다시 논의하기 위해서 1930년대 중ㆍ후반 시단의 상황과 함께 작품 자체가 갖고 있는 특성을 다시 검토해 봄으로써 그간 문제적으로 지적되어 오던 낭만주의나 낭만성, 그리고 회화성과 애상성의 함의와 그 효과 등을 재고함으로써 김광균 시에서 모던과 낭만의 문제를 탐구하고 있다. 김광균 시에서의 회화성은 영미 이미지즘에서 추구한 세계와의 단절, 의미의 배제, 주관의 삭제를 위한 이미지의 구현이 아니다. 회화적 재현을 이끌어 가는 시인의 의식은 낭만주의와 맞닿아 있다. 김광균은 자신의 시선으로 풍경을 묘사하고, 자신의 정서를 그 풍경에 부여하는 인상주의적 재현 화법(畵法)을 시에 사용한다. 한편 슬픔과 고독, 우울을 기조로 하는 멜랑콜리는 식민지하 근대도시의 삶에 반응하는 김광균의 근대적 감수성이다. 이러한 멜랑콜리 의식을 통해 사회적 모더니티를 이끌었던 제국-일본과는 달리 식민지 근대 조선의 어둡고 우울하지만 심오한 정신적 역설을 읽게 된다. 근대란 우울한 것이다. 이런 명제는 당대 사회의 중심 이념―진보, 제국, 일본, 문명 등에 도전한다. 그러므로 멜랑콜리의 이면을 들여다보면 잘못 진행되고 있는 식민지 근대성에 대한 비판과 전복의 가능성을 읽어 낼 수 있다. 이는 1930년대 중ㆍ후반 김광균과 모더니즘의 한 성과이다. In the history of poetry, works of Kim Gwang-gyun from the mid- to the late-1930s have been a topic of discussion and assessments for its descriptiveness and formativeness centered on imagism. Subjective sentimentality of the poems is characterized by its closeness to romanticism, and they were often considered to be mere partial adaptation to English-American imagism. Rather than paying attention to the relationship with English imagism, therefore, it is crucial to shed light on both the atmosphere of the contemporary poetry world as well as the features of poems themselves in the reevaluation of Kim Gwang-gyun's poems, which points to the issues of romanticism and romance as well as the sense of descriptiveness and melancholy. The descriptiveness of Kim Gwang-gyun's poems lacks the embodiment of imagery which would endow the disconnection from the world of English-American imagism, exclusion of meanings, and elimination of subjectivity. The consciousness of the poet that induces pictorial reconstruction is linked to romanticism. Kim Gwang-gyun depicts the scene from his own perspective, and, at the same time, adopts impressionistic replicative methods that imprint his own emotion to the scenery. On the other hand, such melancholy founded upon grief, loneliness, and misery is Kim Gwang-gyun's modern sensibility that echoes through modern city life under the colonial rule. These features lay underneath modern sensibility which, as Kim Girim once said, brought tears to the readers, who were not as much touched by the poems written by Park Yong-cheol or Kim So-weol. Differing from social modernity fronted by Imperial Japan, within this melancholy it is possible to find spiritual paradox of modern colonial Joseon that were bleak, dreary, and yet profound. It is the melancholy in the name of modernity. Such proposition challenged the central ideology of the contemporary society, such as progress, empire, Japan, and civilization. By looking at what lies underneath such melancholy, can one find the possibility of criticizing and overthrowing misdirected understanding of colonial modernity. This is one of the legacies of Kim Gwang-gyun's poetry and Modernism in the mid-to the late 1930s.

      • KCI등재

        김기림 기행시의 인식과 유형

        김진희(Kim Jin-hee) 한국현대문학회 2008 한국현대문학연구 Vol.0 No.24

        기행시는 여행 체험에 의해 형성된 화자의 인식 변화를 주제나 제재로 한다. 이때의 체험이 개인과 사회의 변화와 유기적 관계를 구축한다는 측면에서 기행시의 의미는 다양한 관점으로 논의될 수 있다. 본 연구는 김기림의 기행시를 시간의식에 의해 의미구조를 유형화함으로써, 시적 인식과 형식적 특성을 고찰하고 나아가 시적 성과와 문제점까지 파악하는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 김기림이 시 창작활동을 하던 1930-1940년대는 식민지 현실과 근대화의 상충에 의해 인식적 주체가 모순과 혼란을 감당할 수밖에 없던 시기였다. 그런 점에서 김기림 기행시의 ‘시적 자아' 역시 식민지의 억압적 현실과 근대화의 시간 속에서 양산된 모순적 통일체라고 할 수 있다. 때문에 김기림 기행시의 시적 자아를 해체하고 분류함으로써 시적 경험과 시간과 자아의 상관관계를 밝힐 수 있는 것이다. 이러한 측면은 본고가 시간의식을 도입한 의도와 부합한다. 즉 시적 자아의 인식 변화는 곧 시간의 양상으로 나타나기 때문에, 시간의식을 통해 ‘근대적 주체와 객체'를 파악할 수 있는 것이다. 김기림의 기행시는 미래지향적 기대와 변화를 표방한 시, 가상 여행의 낭만성을 현전화한 시, 만주 유랑민 이야기를 중심으로 하는 식민지 현실의 시, 이방의식을 단절된 공간으로 형상화한 시, 공간적인 객체를 주관적 인식과 상응시킨 즉물시 등으로 유형화할 수 있다. 이러한 과정에서 김기림의 기행시에 창세신화가 배경이 된다는 점이나, 이방의식의 소외감이 근대 개인의 본질로 연결된다는 점, 연작 기행시의 시편들을 유기적으로 읽을 때 비로소 서사적 의미가 구축된다는 점 등을 발견한 것은, 김기림의 기행시에 대한 연구 관점을 달리하여 얻은 새로운 결과라고 할 수 있다. 본고에서 시간의식을 연구방법으로 도입한 것은 근대 기행시 연구의 한 방편일 뿐이다. 이처럼 각 시인들의 기행시를 독립적으로 맥락화하는 작업도 필요하지만, 기행시에 대한 이론적 구축 아래 여러 시인들의 기행시를 공시적으로 비교 연구하는 작업 또한 한국 시사 연구에 의미 있는 과제가 될 것이라고 생각한다. Travel poetry is based on change of cognition of poetic ego which is formed by space movement. It is based on organism between individual and society, and from this point of view, the modern meaning of travel poetry can be discussed in various views. But so far, the study which has been researched independently by using original methods of forms for travel poetry seems a bit neglected. This study is about to consider poetic cognition and formal characteristics and find out poetic results as well as problems, by embodying meaning structure of travel poems written by Kim Ki-rim through time cognition. In the 1930s and 1940s when Kim Ki-rim was actively writing poems, it had to be confused to establish independence since its present and modernization of colony was building its consistent world views. Like the other poets, Kim Ki-rim's 'poetic ego' can be said as a unity with his conflicted independence in modern times accompanied by colonial present. Therefore, we can find out his poetic experience and relation between time and ego, by taking apart poetic ego from Kim Ki-rim's poems. This point of view corresponds to intent of this study that it introduces time cognition. That means through time cognition 'modern subject and object' can be considered as well because cognitional change of poetic ego appears as time aspect. Travel poetry by Kim Ki-rim can be embodied as poems professing future-oriented expectations and changes, thinking and acting by real objects, forming foreign cognition in broken time space, and of colonial present based on stories by Manchurian roamers. In these times, the background in the travel poetry by Kim Ki-rim is based on the myth of the world's creation, his alienation of foreign cognition connects to modern individual substance, and the descriptive meaning is built when reading the series of travel poems organically, and those things are the results by changing study view about Kim Ki-rim's travel poetry. Introducing time cognition in this study and researching travel poetry by Kim Ki-rim is only a means to study modern travel poetry. I think comparing other poets' travel poetry poetically under theoretical establishment of travel poetry, as well as coherence of travel poetry independently by each poets, would be giving a meaning to this study and also to the study of Korean research.

      • KCI등재

        근대 문학의 장(場)과 김억의 상징주의 수용

        김진희 ( Kim Jin-hee ) 한국문학이론과 비평학회 2004 한국문학이론과 비평 Vol.22 No.-

        It was in 1910s of the history of Korean modern poetic literature that new contents and forms of poetry had begun to be explored and practiced, though traditional poems and songs had been yet enjoyed in those days. In this history of literature it is enough to be remarkable that Earck Kim had provided the symbolic poetics for a found of the Korean modern poetry in 1910s. Earck Kim's literary activities whose had received and created the symbolic poetics were particularly to be remarkable in the early new-literature. But with these fruits his literature has debated as limits about how he had preponderately received poetry of P. M. Verlaine, and had tended to a senumentality and an musicality. Contrary, his literature also has appraised that he had suggested rules of set-form so called the ‘rhythmical poetics' in 1930s against a superficial understanding about the receiving symbolism. This study has seen these characters of Earck Kim not as a limit or a fault of the receiving it but as a speciality and a personality of it, and even has illuminated objective and subjective elements which had these characters of him. For this study has laid a comparative literary view by using a framework(or methodology) that those elements have determinated a character of the receiving it according as D. Durisin had suggested the progressive study of the receiving. If the objective elements are to be a whole literary situation of one state receiving it, then the subjective elements are to be personality, individuality, creativity, and like of the literator in the state. By the way theories of Pierre Bourdieu's the ‘literature champ' and the ‘habitus' have been used as scientific epistemology and methodology in order that this study has explained stricter and more dynamic relationships how the subjective elements of literary subjects have been involved in the objective situations, and how they have determinated a character of the receiving it. For it has been to be thought effective how the ‘litterature champ' has been used to explain the objective elements of the receiver contacting them, and how the 'habitus' to explain the subjective elements of the receiver-self. With these methodologies this study has first examine on building up the ‘litterature champ' in 1910s and its characters as the objective elements of the receiving. And this study has concretely inquired Earck Kim's poetic tendency which had regarded importantly sentimentality and emotion of ones as the subjective elements, his experiences of learning in and out Korea, and contents of learning about symbolism in Japan. Second, this study has tried to rethink a bout Earck Kim's the receiving symbolism based on above results. Anyway, his preponderantly receiving Verlaine could have been issued not from the lack of his power of the receiving symbolism, but from that symbolism had been harmonized with Earck Kim's personal poetic taste. His groping for a modern from of poetry also has been generated in a reflective thought against the utility litterature champ in which had been fixed the literary topical consciousness. And the rhythmic poetics which had tried to seek for rules of our language in 1930s has been turned out to be an inheritance from his inquiry of poetic farms before. Finally, Earck Kim had opened the individuals eyes into their self-consciousness through stimulating their emotions when the utility ideology had been emphasized. Consequently, Earck Kim in 1910s had obviously shown a direction of future lyrics through his reflection on the literature of the day in terms that he had made a fixed directive point toward the excluding thoughts and meanings from his poetry and the seeking for musicality in it, and that he had enlightened new poets on lyricism as their poetic defect.

      • KCI등재

        한국현대문학과 김환기 예술의 상호 관련성 연구

        김진희 ( Kim Jin-hee ) 동국대학교 한국문학연구소 2020 한국문학연구 Vol.0 No.62

        한국 예술사에서 김환기는 1930년대 문인과 화가와의 예술적 교류를 해방기를 거쳐 한국전쟁 이후로 계승 확장한 가장 대표적인 예술인이라고 할 수 있다. 1930년대 이후 김환기와 문인들의 교류는 그 특성이나 수준에 있어서 현대문학 발전의 동력이 되었음을 보여주는 대표적인 사례이다. 김환기는 한국 현대문학사에서 『문장』, 『문예』, 『현대문학』 등 현대문학 발전의 주춧돌이 되었던 문예지에서 중요한 역할을 했던 화가이며, 서정주나 김광섭은 물론 1930년대 이후 현대시 작품과 시인들의 기억 속에 뚜렷하게 각인된 예술가이기도 하다. 본 연구는 비교문학적 관점에서, 그동안 조명되지 못했던 김환기와 문인들의 교류 상황에 주목하고 그 사상적, 문학적 근거와 문학사적 의의를 탐구했다. 『문장』과 김환기의 관련성 연구에서는 전통과 고전을 재해석 하려는 『문장』의 예술적 이념과 방향이 김환기의 예술과 맺는 관련성을 논의했다. 그리고 조연현과 김환기의 교류에 주목함으로써 『문예』와 『현대문학』이 김환기를 매개로 『문장』과의 문학사적 연속성을 실제로 계승할 수 있었음을 밝혔다. 다음으로 서정주와 김환기의 교류에 관한 논의로, 그간 다루어지지 않았던, 다수의 시화 분석을 통해 시와 그림의 상호 관련성을 볼 수 있었고, 두 예술가에게 조선 백자 항아리의 이념이 영원의 시학으로 정착되는 과정 역시 밝혔다. 김환기와 문인 및 문단 간의 교류 연구를 통해 현대문학에 영향을 미친 『문장』의 문학사적 위상을 다시 재고할 수 있었고, 서정주의 시학을 이해하는 또 하나의 관점, 그리고 현대문학 발전을 이해하는 방법론으로 예술 간의 교류의 중요성 역시 새롭게 인식할 수 있었다. This study, from a comparative literary point of view, focuses on the exchange situation between Kim Hwan-ki and the literary people who have not been illuminated, and explored the ideological, literary grounds, and literary history. In the study of the relationship between Moonjang and Kim Hwan-ki, the artistic ideology and direction of Moonjang, which attempts to reinterpret traditions and classics, was discussed. In addition, by paying attention to the exchange between Jo Yeon-hyun and Kim Hwan-ki, it was revealed that Literary Art and Modern Literature were able to actually succeed in literary historical continuity with Moonjang through the mediation of Kim Hwan-ki. Next, a discussion on the exchange of Seo Jeong-joo and Kim Hwan-ki. Through the analysis of a number of poems that have not been dealt with, we can see the interrelationship between poetry and painting. Through this, it was also possible to understand the process of transforming the ideology of eternity and aesthetics that appeared in the poems of Seo Jeong-joo. Through the exchange studies between Kim Hwan-ki and the literary people and the literary, it was possible to reconsider the status of literary history of Moonjang, and to recognize the importance of exchange between arts in another perspective of understanding the poetry o fSeo Jeong-joo and the development of modern literature.

      • KCI등재

        동아협동체(東亞協同體)의 논리와 조선문학의 과제

        김진희(Kim, Jin-hee) 가천대학교 아시아문화연구소 2015 아시아문화연구 Vol.37 No.-

        본 연구는 김기림을 통해 당대 일본-제국의 담론을 비껴가는 조선 지식인의 논리와 그 역사적 의의를 논의하고 있다. 1930년대 후반 동아협동체론의 주요 개념이었던 민족, 세계, 동양 등의 개념들이 당대 조선의 문학 장(場)과 지식인 김기림의 문학론 안에서 어떻게 재전유되고 있는가를 당대 역사철학자 서인식의 글과 함께 관련시켜서 연구하고 있다.서인식과의 비교 논의를 통해 제국의 담론이 동시대 조선의 역사철학계에서는 어떻게 수용, 이해되고 있었고 문학장의 지식인의 사유와는 어떤 점에서 관련성이 있었는지 논의되고 있다. 또한 이 연구는 일제 말기를 헤쳐가는 근대주의자들의 사유구조의 상동성을 보여주고 있다는 측면에서 주목할 필요가 있다. 1930년대 후반부터 김기림은 일련의 평문들을 통해 근대의 파국과 동아협동체의 논리에 직면한 조선문학의 과제를 제시했다. 구체적으로는 민족과 국민의 간극을 의식하면서 ‘국민'이라는 어휘를 사용하는 대신 ‘조선'혹은 ‘민족'을 사용함으로써 국민화 담론 안에서 빠져 나오는 한편 동아협동체에서 자민족을 강조하는 일본에 대한 비판적 시선을 드러낼 수 있었다. 그리고 ‘근대'에 대한 과학적 역사인식을 통해 일본이 제시하는 동양담론에 대한 비판을 수행했다. 한편 일본의 동아협동체론에서 제시하는 일국의 문화 원리를 비껴 각 민족문화의 고유성과 다원적 세계문화에 대한 세계사적 비전을 제시함으로써 다양한 민족의 창조적 의욕을 실현할 수 있는 보편적인 문화원리를 설정하기도 한다. 김기림은 이런 인식의 과정을 거쳐 당대 근대문학과 문학인에게 주어진 과제를 수행하고자 했다.그러나 더 이상 조선어로 발화할 수 없다는 사실은 김기림에게 절필을 가져왔다. 이런 상황 속에서 제국의 억압 아래서 조선어로 발화한다는 것과 침묵한다는 것의 역사성을 확인하게 된다. 김기림과 서인식은 이러한 일련의 과정과 선택을 통해 일본-제국 담론 장에서 구성되고 강요된 동아협동체의 논리에 저항하고자 했다. This study analyzes how the major concepts of East Asian Cooperative Community during the second half of the 1930s, such as nation, world, and the East, are re-used as metalepsis in Kim Girim's theory of literature, in relations with the works of the contemporary historical philosopher, Seo Insik. In a series of prose written since the second half of the 1930s, Kim Girim exposed the challenges of the Joseon literature which were facing to the catastrophe of modernism as well as the logic of East Asian Cooperative Community. Specifically, by using the terms such as ‘Joseon' and ‘ethnicity' in substitution for ‘the nation,' he was not only able to escape from assimilation discourse but also to present critical perspectives on Japan's emphasis on its ethnic superiority within the framework for East Asian Cooperative Community. And he also developed a criticism against Japan's ‘oriental' discourse through historical and scientific understanding of ‘modernity.' On the other hand, by thwarting East Asian Cooperative Community and its logics on cultural unilateralism and also by presenting an internationalist vision that pursued the establishment of multilateral and pluralistic world culture. However, unable to compose in Korean, Kim Girim finally put down his pen. Given the circumstances under the imperial oppressions, it is possible to assess the historical and political meanings imposed upon his silence and compositions in Korean.

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        꽈배기 모자반 물 추출물의 항산화능과 물리적 특성에 대한 감마선 조사의 영향

        김아람(Ah-Ram Kim), 송유진(Eu-Jin Song), 김미정(Mi-Jung Kim), 이소영(So-Young Lee), 김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim), 김진희(Jin-Hee Kim), 김서진(Seo-Jin Kim), 홍용기(Yong-Ki Hong), 박진규(Jin-Gyu Park), 김재훈(Jae-Hun Kim), 이주운(Ju-Woon Lee), ) 한국식품영양과학회 2008 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.37 No.3

        본 연구에서는 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물에 식품산업에서 사용이 확대되고 있는 감마선 조사기술을 이용하여 항산화능의 변화를 알아보고, 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물의 높은 점성과 짙은 색상으로 인한 문제점을 개선하고자 하였다. 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물의 감마선 조사에 따른 항산화능의 변화를 알아보기 위해 총 페놀화합물 함량을 측정하고 DPPH radical 소거능을 측정하였다. 그 결과, 3~20 kGy의 감마선을 조사한 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물은 조사선량이 증가할수록 총 페놀화합물 함량이 증가하였고, DPPH radical 소거능도 증가하여 감마선 조사에 의해 항산화능이 증진되었다. 그리고 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물에 감마선 조사 시 물리적 특성 변화를 알아보기 위해 색상과 점도를 측정한 결과, 감마선 조사선량이 증가할수록 색이 옅어지고 점성이 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 이를 통해 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물에 감마선을 조사한 후 식품에 적용 시 가공특성을 개선시킬 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. 따라서 감마선 조사는 꽈배기모자반 물 추출물의 물리적 특성을 개선시키고 항산화능 또한 증진시키므로 식품산업에 적용 시 기존의 천연 항산화제의 단점을 개선시킬 수 있는 기술로서 사용이 확대될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. In this study, the antioxidant properties and physical characteristics of irradiated Sargassum siliquastrum water extract were evaluated. Samples were irradiated with Co<SUP>60</SUP> γ-ray at doses ranging from 3 to 20 kGy. They were then analyzed to investigate antioxidant properties, including total phenolic compound content and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity. In addition, physical properties such as viscosity and color were evaluated. The results demonstrated that total phenolic compound content and DPPH radical scavenging activity were significantly improved (p<0.05) by irradiation. In terms of physical properties, viscosity and color were reduced in the irradiated extracts as compared to non-irradiated samples. In conclusion, gamma irradiation improved the antioxidant properties of Sargassum siliquastrum water extract, improving its original weak point as a natural antioxidant when applied in the food industry.

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        간호대학생과 비 간호계열 대학생의 HIV/AIDS와 B형 간염에 대한 지식 및 태도

        이형숙(Lee, Hyeong Suk), 박해나(Park, Haena), 김건희(Kim, Keun Hee), 김미리(Kim, Mi Ri), 김민지(Kim, Mingee), 김빛나(Kim, Bit Na), 김은경(Kim, Eun Kyung), 김은영(Kim, Eun Yong), 김진희(Kim, Jin Hee), 성혜진(Seong, Hye Jin), 송미선(Song, Misun) 한국보건간호학회 2015 韓國保健看護學會誌 Vol.29 No.3

        Purpose: This study was conducted to describe the knowledge and attitudes of nursing and non-nursing college students toward HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B. Methods: A descriptive design was used for this study. The subjects were 123 nursing college students and 128 non-nursing college students. Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, χ²-test, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. Results: Nursing students showed a greater understanding and more favorable attitudes towards HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B than non-nursing college students. Most non-nursing college students learned about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B from Mass Media. In contrast, many nursing college students learned about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B from technical books and lecture. Students who learned from technical books and lecture showed a higher score for knowledge and more favorable attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B. Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrated that educational opportunities in school are crucial to enhancing knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B. A structured education program using strategies to improve attitudes is necessary for college students.

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        실험에 의한 Glazed형과 Unglazed형 액체식 PVT 집열기의 에너지성능 비교 분석 연구

        김진희(Kim, Jin-Hee), 강준구(Kang, Jun-Gu), 김준태(Kim, Jun-Tae) 한국생태환경건축학회 2009 한국생태환경건축학회 논문집 Vol.9 No.4

        Photovoltaic-thermal(PVT) collectors are a combination of photovoltaic modules with solar thermal collectors, forming one device that receives solar radiation and produces electricity and heat simultaneously. The PVT collectors can produce more energy per unit surface area than side by side PV modules and solar thermal collectors. There are two types of water type PVT collectors, depending on the existence of glass cover over PV module; glass-covered(glazed) PVT module, which produces relatively more thermal energy but has lower electrical yield, and uncovered(unglazed) PVT module, which has relatively lower thermal energy with somewhat higher electrical performance. In this paper, the experimental performance of two types of the water-based PVT combined collectors, glazed and unglazed, was analyzed. The electrical and thermal performances of the PVT combined collectors were measured in outdoor conditions, and the results were compared.

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