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Traditional discipline-centered curriculum focused each discipline area itself. But, the converging movement of several disciplines are widely spreading from the 21st century. If several disciplines are converged, it will be easy to develop the advanced technology products, colleges will be able to supply to many students the perspective with wide latitude. Convergence education which is a broader sense of the integrative education was started in the United States since 2005. In Korea, since 2011 the convergence education has been operating at elementary, middle, high school level. The integrative STEM education and the convergent STEAM education were started either of them in the United States. These STEM and STEAM educations were first introduced in Korea by Jinsoo Kim in 2007. Subsequently, the Ministry of Education of Korean government adopted a STEAM education policy for primary and secondary education. Several research articles were published about the STEAM education by some domestic researchers for the past 4 years. In this paper, I introduce the STEAM education theories and models for converging of Humanities·Sociology, Science·Technology, and Arts disciplines. These STEAM education theories will be able to use for education and research of college level and kindergarten education. 전통적인 학문중심 교육과정에서는 개별 전공 분야가 가지는 학문자체가 중요하였다. 그러나 21세기가 되면서 다양한 학문을 융합하려는 움직임이 매우 널리 퍼지고 있다. 학문을 융합하게 되면 첨단 과학기술 제품을 더욱 잘 개발할 수 있으며, 대학에서는 융합 학문을 통하여 학생들에게 폭넓은 안목을 심어줄 수 있다. 통합교육보다 넒은 의미를 갖는 융합교육은 미국에서 2005년부터 본격 시작되었고, 한국에서는 2011년부터 초등학교부터 고등학교까지 운영되고 있다. 21세기에 미국에서 시작된 통합교육에는 STEM 교육이 있고, 융합교육으로는 STEAM 교육이 있다. 이러한 융합교육은 2007년에 김진수에 의하여 한국에 처음 소개되었다. 뒤이어 한국의 교육부에서는 2011년에 초등학교부터 고등학교까지 융합교육을 하기 위해서 STEAM 교육 정책을 도입하였다. 지난 4년동안 국내에서 여러 연구자들에 의하여 STEAM 교육에 대한 연구논문들이 발표되었다. 이 논문에서는 인문사회와 과학기술 및 예술의 융합을 위한 STEAM 융합 이론 및 모형을 소개하고자 한다. 이 STEAM 융합교육 이론은 대학교 및 유치원에서의 융합교육과 연구에 적용이 가능할 것으로 생각한다.
This research is one the design and implementation of XSL document authoring system based on the XSL pattern to transform XML document. This system is developed not according to the rule of conventional CSS methods but according to the rule of XSL syntax for document processing language of SML structure. The XSL authoring system supports Korean character documents and is available of various kinds of pattern generations so that it is useful for generation of XSL document. This system is implemented for the environment of Window NT2000 in compatible IBM PC an develops by Visual J++6.0.
We will proceed to define word examine the earliest from of process capability indices, generally denoted by Cp. In this respects, especially in regard to estimation of Cp will assist in understanding of Cp but they are not essential for general comprehension. Nevertheless in case of a small sample, a 100(1-α)% confidence interval for Cp is suggested for case study.
The purpose of this study is to examine the specificity of maximum aerobic power and anaerobic power threshold (AT) in female of physical education mejor. Laboratory assessements were made on thirteen female of physical education mejor, Each subject completed a continuous multi-stage treadmill running exercise procedure designed to achieve maximum oxygen uptake. As the results of this study, Conclusion were obtained as follows; 1.The average means of Age, Body Height Body Weight were 20.14 ± 1.04 years, 152.20 ± 4.21Cm, 60.40 ± 3.84Kg. 2.The average means of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2, max) were 2.99 ± 0.21ℓ/min female of physical education major. 3.Oxygen uptake of anaerobic threshold (AT-VO2) was 2.08 ± 0.19ℓ/min. The AT was expressed by a percent of VO2 max. It was 67.40 ± 5.41% in female of physical education mejor.
This paper presents a fault-tolerant routing scheme for tow dimensional mesh networks containing concave faulty regions. It is based on deterministic xy-routing and uses the concept of faulty ring composed of fault-free elements surrounding faults. Three virtual channels per physical link are used for deadlock-free routing on a faulty ring. The previous algorithms have deactivated fault-free nodes in a concave area to avoid deadlock. which results in excessive loss of the computational power. Our algorithm ensures deadlock-freedom by restricting the virtual channel usage in the concave area, and it minimizes the loss of the computational power. It is also proved that our routing algorithm can prevent deadlock and livelock problems.
The purpose of this study was to examine the biomechanical factors performing Lou Yun vaults in men's gymnastics. Three elite gymnasts were participated in this study who could perform Lou Yun vault. The vault motions were analyzed using the DLT method of the dimensional videography. The shutter speed was set 1/250 and subjects motion was videotaped with normal speed. Four range poles were used as a reference system. The vaulting motion was divided into five phases, board contact, preflight, horse touch, postflight, landing. The variables analyzed were duration, horizontal/vertical displacement, velocity, the body segment angle. The results obtained from this study were as follows; 1. The board contact time was 0.063 ± 0.015 second, preflight time was 0.267 ± 0.015 second, horse contact time was 0.417 ± 0.012 second, and posflight time was 1.407 ± 0.021 second. 2. The horizontal displacement of COM from board contact to horse touch was 122.20 ± 6.80(cm). CSM showed 129.0(cm), which is the longest displacement, YHC recorded 122.2(cm), and KDH was 115.4(cm). 3. The horizontal displacement of COM from horse take-off to landing was 458.90±11.01(cm). YHC was 471.6(cm), KDH was 452.0(cm), CSM was 453.1(cm). 4. The take-off velocity from the board displayed 6.437 ± 0.198(m/s) and the take-off velocity from the horse was 4.243 ± 0.058(m/s). 5. The take-off angle from the board was 30.57 ± 0.81° and there was not a great difference among the subjects. The blocking angle during the horse contact was 45.33 ± 4.95° and YHC displayed 49.6°, which is the largest of them.