http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
In stabilization systems disturbed by base motion, attitude estimation process is very important, because stabilization performance depends on disturbance rejection capability based on attitude estimation. For the accurate stabilization, at least 3 states representing system's motion are required to be measured or estimated, and transforming these states to global coordinates should be accompanied in general. However in most practical cases of stabilization system mounted on a mobile vehicle, only 2-axes gyro sensor is used to sense the pitch and yaw angular rates of the system excited by vehicle motion. In this study, we analytically derived stabilization errors to be generated in system with 2-axes gyro sensor with some reasonable assumptions, and verified them through simulation studies with various vehicle motions in typical traveling conditions. Simulation results and analytic error formulas show that stabilization performances are almost same regardless of coordinates-transformation process, and biased roll angle dominantly induces accumulation of errors when 2-axes gyro sensor is used for stabilization system.
아폴리네르는 1916년 단편집 『살해당한 시인』을 출간한다. 19편으로 구성된 이 단편집에는 「달의 왕」이라는 작품이 있다. 우리가 고찰해 보려는 이 작품을 읽어가다 보면 한국에 대한 짧은 묘사와 맞닥뜨리게 된다. 1쪽이 채 안 되는 분량의 한국에 대한 이 묘사는 이 작품이 한국과는 특별한 관련이 없는 만큼 우리에게 놀라움과 함께 다음과 같은 궁금증을 자아낸다. 이를테면 한국에 대한 이 묘사의 갑작스런 출현을 어떻게 바라보아야 하는가? 그 출현의 이유가 무엇인가? 그의 전위적인 문학 이론과는 어떻게 접맥될 수 있는가? 이 논문은 바로 이러한 물음들에 대한 답변의 한 시도이다. 아폴리네르는 당시 서양에 고착된 한국에 대한 상투적인 이미지들(조용한 아침의 나라, 흰옷의 민족, 은자의 왕국, 가난 등)을 대물림으로 이어받는 것이 사실이다. 그러나 그는 기존의 그 이미지들의 부정적인 의미보다는 문학적 상상력을 통해 그것들을 서로 얽어 짜서 전혀 새로운 의미를 창조해 낸다. 새로운 문학적 의미의 창출인 것이다. 따라서 그의 전위적인 문학 정신과도 상통한다. 아폴리네르는, 시인은 무한한 상상력으로 새로운 기쁨을 창출해 내야하며 새로운 진실을 추구해야 한다고 주장하기 때문이다. 아폴리네르는 끊임없이 새로움을 추구한 전위적인 작가로, 작품에 다양한 실험적 기법을 도입한다. 단절의 글쓰기(내러티브에서 서로 아무런 연속성도 연관성도 없이 각자 단절된 상태로 병치시키는 글쓰기를 말함)와 동시성의 기법(과거와 현재, 그리고 미래에 곳곳에서 일어나는 일들을 함께 동시에 포착하는 것을 말함) 역시 그의 실험적인 기법으로, 「달의 왕」 속에 묘사된 한국의 이미지들도 그와 같은 문학의 형식적인 실험, 또는 문학적 미학의 추구의 한 수단으로 이용되고 있는 측면이 크다. Apollinaire published a collection of short stories Le Poete Assassine in 1916. The 19 short story collection has a work called “Le Roi-Lune.” And as we read this piece of work that we're working on, we encounter descriptions of Korea. This depiction of Korea, which has less than one page, is surprising and very curious to us as the work has no special relevance to Korea. Then, how should we look at the sudden appearance of the depiction of Korea in this work? What is the reason for the appearance? How can it be linked to his avant-garde literary theory? This paper is an attempt at answering these questions. It is true that Apollinaire takes over the stereotypical images of Korea that have stuck in the West at that time: the Hermit Nation, the land of morning calm, the race of white clothes, poverty, etc. But he creates a very new meaning by intertwining them through literary imagination rather than the negative meaning of existing images; it is the creation of a new literary meaning. Therefore, it is somewhat in line with his avant-garde literary spirit. Because Apollinaire insists that the poet create new joy with infinite imagination and pursue new truths. Apollinaire is an avant-garde writer who constantly pursues novelty, introducing a variety of experimental techniques into his work. The technique of rupture and the simultaneisme are also his experimental techniques, and the images of Korea depicted in “Le Roi-Lune” are also being used as a means of such formal experiments in literature, or as a means of pursuing literary aesthetics.
Emile Bourdaret, the French engineer, arrived in Seoul in 1901 in the capacity of a railway technical adviser when the Korean Empire established the Northwest Railway Bureau to construct the Gyeonguiu Line. He lived in Korea about 4 years; his book, En Corée (1904), was based on his observations in those days. So, this article aims to follow the images of the late Chosun Dynasty as depicted in this book. For Bourdaret, the Chosun Dynasty was swayed by shaman: As such, poor Koreans are neither born, nor sick; neither get married, even nor die calmly without the shaman's help. Another noticeable Korean image was that any place where people lived was far from sanitary. Everyone led an unhealthy life in dirty and squalid environment. In this way, it was superstition and unsanitary living conditions in Korea that mostly attracted the author's attention. And he maintained that superstition, more than anything else, was the main cause by which the Chosun Dynasty sinks under ‘the greed' of imperialist Powers. That is to say, according to him, superstition was the arch-enemy of this nation that blocked its ‘normal development'. And the ‘normal development' that he thought of was just a development in the wake of ‘the Occidental model', ‘Occidental theories', and ‘the European system'. These terms imply the Western material civilization based on the Western rationalism. However, the author's attitude is nothing but his prejudice that his own development model is the best, and that others ought to follow that model. Such ideas could indeed be said, of course, egocentrism. Such ideas soon engender self-supremacy, and lead to bring out discrimination against others. So, underneath the author's attitude, if not overtly, is buried such a conception as Korea, not following the European style, was an under-civilized nation, and then an inferior nation.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Avec l abolition des priviléges lors de la Révolution, un ordre social et politique à partir de l égalité des droits s établi, au moins en principe ; mais aussi avec l aménagement des systémes économiques et sociaux dés le régne de Napoléon 1er, l industrie française commence à se développer ; petit à petit la France entre dans l ére industrielle ; enfin, il arrive une époque dans laquelle l argent(le capital) est le plus important. Balzac décrit de façon magnifique les situations réelles de la société moderne industrielle ; et parmi les personnages balzaciens il y en a beaucoup qui cherchent à remporter des biens héréditaires et à se marier avec une héritiére riche ; mais dans une société où chacun peut réussir avec son mérite et son effort, pourquoi ils se comportent comme cela? Quelle est la raison de cette conduite? Notre étude a pour but de répondre à cette question, concernant les 4 personnages ; il s agit de Rastignac dans Le pére Goriot et de Charles Grandet, Adolphe, Bonfons de Cruchot dans Eugénie Grandet. En conclusion, c est surtout parce que la société française d alors était celle d hérédité, marquée par l excés de centralisation capitale ; mais aussi c est parce que c était la société de capitalisme patrimonial, dans laquelle celui qui capte un héritage à tout prix pouvait vivre beaucoup plus cossûment que celui qui vivait de ses études et de son travail; c est pourquoi l héritage et le mariage jouaient un rôle trés important. Dans cette société il se produit nécessairement un écart fort entre le revenu du travail et celui tiré des biens héréditaires ; aussi bien pourquoi travailler dans cette situation? pourquoi s y conduire moralement? Dans cette société léonine, c est évident qu il vaudrait mieux ne pas rater une chance de saisir l héritage considérable ; voilà pourquoi nos personnages, à savoir Rastignac, Charles Grandet, Adolphe et Bonfons de Cruchot font tout pour saisir ces belles chances ; et leurs efforts pour les remporter sont acharnés, et souvent même immoraux ou ignobles.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
From economic point of view, it is important that policymakers of environmental policies attain an suitably acceptable level of pollution with efficiency. Since A. C. Pigou accounted for the pollution as an external diseconomy, one of the market failures, many policy instruments have been suggested to deal with pollution. Among those suggestions, the use of economic incentives to deal with environmental problems has made a persuasive case. In 1968, J. H. Dales suggested pollution licenses or pollution permits as a solution of environmental problems for the first time. Afterwards this solution has played an important role in environmental problems. The major objective of this paper is to make a summary review of the theoretical aspects of marketable pollution permits. The paper is primarily a survey paper which makes an inquiry into the history of the idea and types of transferable emission permits framework of optimization to show how marketable pollution permits work to attain and sustain the efficient level of pollution. An effort is made to make a comparision of anti-pollution instruments in their role in achieveing goals such as efficiency, equity, adaptability to economic growth, incentive for maximum effort, political attractiveness, and minimum interference with private decisions. Though the United States of America is successful in introducing tradable emission permits. practical experiences and lessons from the practices are not reviewed in the paper. Needless to say, policymakers in Korea have 'to pay much attention to the pollution license strategy or the more general market strategy in their efforts to reduce pollution with greater efficiency.
During a cold start, engine consumes more fuels compared with in hot operating condition. Because high viscosity of engine oil at low temperature increases mechanical frictions and thermal losses. Therefore, many warm up devices were researched about shortening its heat-up time to reduce mechanical frictions and fuel consumptions for decades. An exhaust gas with high temperature and volumetric flow rate can provide a possibility of high thermal potential to an engine. In this paper, heat exchanger system was consisted of engine oil circuit and heating components installation using EGR. The oil heater stand on CFD and engine numerical optimization applied to real engine test. And it is analyzed the effects of engine oil heater about the warm-up characteristics of engine variables and the fuel consumption in WLTP cycle. The results were compared with analytical modeling and engine bench test results in WLTP cycle.