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      • KCI등재

        무상보육 재원분담을 둘러싼 갈등 과정에서의 프레임효과 연구

        김준한(金俊漢) 한국지방정부학회 2015 지방정부연구 Vol.18 No.4

        이 논문은 프레임이 정책연구에서 매우 유용한 개념임에도 불구하고 프레임 연구의 한 축이라고 할 수 있는 프레임효과에 대한 연구가 많지 않다는 문제의식 하에 우리나라 정책과정에서 사용된 프레임의 효과를 실험을 통해 확인하고자 하였다. 우선 단일프레임의 효과는 일부 존재하나 항상 존재하는 것은 아닌 것으로 분석되었다. ‘경쟁’프레임의 경우 기존 연구와 마찬가지로 프레임효과가 나타나지 않는 것으로 검증되었다. 그러나 이때 의견 변화가 개인의 이념정향에 더 부합하는 방향으로 일어난다는 구체적인 가설은 지지되지 않았다. ‘조화’ 프레임과 ‘대항’프레임의 효과는 이념정향과 일치되는 방향으로 변화한다는 점이 확인되었지만, 유의성이 미흡하였다. 프레임효과에 대한 기존 가설들을 강력하게 지지해 주는 증거는 발견하지 못하였으므로, 향후에도 다양한 주제와 맥락을 대상으로, 다양한 연구방법을 채택하여 연구를 수행함으로써 정책과정에서의 프레임효과에 대한 일반화 가능성을 높이는 노력이 필요하다. Studies on the frame effects, which are essential to understand policy processes, are still in its early stages. In this paper, I tried to find out the frame effects in the Korean childcare policy process using experimental method. Experimental results partly confirmed the effects of the single frames. The effect of the competitive frame was found to be void as expected, but the specific hypothesis that the individual opinion changes to the direction of their ideological dispositions was rejected. It was confirmed that the effects of ‘accordant’ and ‘counter’ frame made individuals’ opinion change to the direction of their ideological dispositions, but the result was not statistically significant. Since the traditional hypotheses on the frame effects are not strongly confirmed, more empirical studies are needed with various policy subjects and contexts to enhance the generalization level of the frame effects in the policy processes.

      • KCI등재

        농촌마을의 조직과 공간구조의 변동 : Focusing on the Gurim Village 구림마을을 중심으로

        김준 전남대학교호남문화연구소 2001 호남문화연구 Vol.28 No.-

        The purposes of this essay are to examine how a farm village adapted itself to the industralization, urbanization and localization era; how its structure became week; which structure was newly formed; and how is order and space were maintained and integrated. In fact, a lot of studies for a farm village were performed by researchers who had a urban- or capital-centered point of view. Criticising such approach, this essay chose the villager-centered approach. Although we cannot perfectly eliminate the external effect, we can see that the internal confrontation and its settlement had a great effect on the structure and space of a farm village and the new order was formed throughout such problem settlement process.

      • KCI등재

        세대별 고용의 성장 탄력성에 관한 연구

        김준 한국질서경제학회 2019 질서경제저널 Vol.22 No.2

        Both world and Korean economy have changed sharply after the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. The pre-Global Financial Crisis era is an age of ‘jobless growth’, which means that economic growth rate is relatively higher than increase rate of employment. In contrast, the post-Global Financial Crisis era is an age of 'growthless jobs', which means that increase rate of employment is relatively higher than economic growth rate. This paper investigates the severe difference in generational growth elasticities of employment by making a comparison between the pre-Global Financial Crisis era during 2001∼2007 period and the post-Global Financial Crisis era during 2011∼2017 period in Korea. So it divides total population of aged 15 and over into five groups, which cover age of 15∼29, of 30∼39, of 40∼49, of 50∼59, and of 60 and over. For the purpose, it establishes the arc elasticity of employment to economic growth as an indicator of the relationship between economic growth and employment. It calculates these generational elasticities in total and five groups. It analyses the aspects of the transition from the pre-Global Financial Crisis era to the post-Global Financial Crisis era, and infers the meanings of the severe difference in generational growth elasticities of employment. Finally, based on the findings, this paper provides conclusions and policy implications. To compare the pre-Global Financial Crisis era with the post-Global Financial Crisis era, the arc elasticity of employment to economic growth is used as an indicator, that is a value of increase rate of employed persons denominated by economic growth rate. If the growth elasticity of employment in the post-Global Financial Crisis era is higher than in the pre-Global Financial Crisis era, we can confirm that there is a change which represents that increase rate of employment has been relatively higher than economic growth rate. On the contrary, if the growth elasticity of employment in the post-Global Financial Crisis era is lower than in the pre-Global Financial Crisis era, we can confirm that there is a change which represents that increase rate of employment has been relatively lower than economic growth rate. According to the analysis, the case of total labor population reveals a robust change from ‘jobless growth’ to ‘growthless jobs’. However, generational aspects differ severely across the five groups. The first group of aged 15∼29 reveals that the growth elasticity of employment has changed from –0.47 in the pre-Global Financial Crisis era to –0.05 in the post-Global Financial Crisis era. The second group of aged 30∼39 reveals that the elasticity has changed from 0.01 to –0.22. The third group of aged 40∼49 reveals that the elasticity has changed from 0.66 to 0.07. The forth group of aged 50∼59 reveals that the elasticity has changed from 0.97 to 1.35. The fifth group of aged 60 and over reveals that the elasticity has changed from 0.69 to 2.02. The above outcomes can be summarized as follows. First, the employment of young age population(aged 15∼39) continues to be poor. Second, the employment of prime working-age population(aged 30∼49) has been worsening. Third, the employment of middle and old age population(aged 50 and over) continues to be good. What are the meanings and implications of these results? For college graduates, initial firm size and contract type matter for later labor performances, showing that the dual structure of labor market, which is centered around firm size and contract type, has a particularly large influence. Earnings at the first or initial job can explain future labor market performances very well. The long-term effects of the first or initial job placement play a key role in the social problem. Middle-skilled jobs have vanished enormously, while high and low-skilled jobs have increased. Particularly, jobs have been polarized more rapidly in recessions and changed through pushing many mid... 본 논문은 우선 글로벌 금융위기를 전후하여 경제성장과 고용간의 관계를 전체 및 세대별로 분석하였다. 분석 지표로는 고용의 성장 탄력성을 정립하고, 15세 이상 전 연령을 다섯 그룹으로 나누어 호 탄력성을 도출하였다. 다음으로 글로벌 금융위기를 전후하여 전체적으로는 ‘고용 없는 성장’에서 ‘성장 없는 고용’으로 바뀌었지만, 세대별로는 극심한 편차가 나타난 결과의 의미를 해석하였다. 우리나라 고용의 전반적 요인을 분석하고, 청년층의 고용 부진 및 핵심 노동연령층의 고용 악화, 그리고 중․노년층의 고용 호조 등을 분석하였다. 마지막으로 앞의 분석결과를 바탕으로 우리나라 경제의 성장과 고용에 대한 전망을 정책적 시사점과 함께 제시하였다. 본 논문의 분석 결과, 글로벌 금융위기 이후에는 수요와 공급 측면을 아우르는 노동시장의 구조적 변화 등이 전반적인 ‘성장 없는 고용’ 현상에 기여한 사실을 확인할 수 있었다. 청년층의 고용 부진에는 서비스업 비중의 하락, 고학력화로 인한 일자리 미스매치 등이 그 주요 요인으로 작용하였다. 핵심연령층의 고용 악화는 인구학적 요인 외에 기술진보와 글로벌화에 따른 일자리의 양극화, 건설업․제조업의 둔화 등이 큰 영향을 미쳤다. 중․노년층의 고용 호조는 노동시장 체류의 장기화, 정부 재정 일자리 사업의 확대 등에 주로 기인하였다. 경제성장 없이 고용의 증가가 장기적으로 유지되기는 어렵다. ‘성장 없는 고용’은 생산성 하락과 경쟁력 약화로 이어져, 결국 저성장과 함께 고용 흡수력도 떨어지는 ‘고용 없는 저성장’에 직면하게 될 것이다. 올해 세계와 우리나라 경제는 대체로 지난해보다 더 나빠질 것으로 전망된다. 이런 시점에서 고용이 중요한 정책 목표이기는 하지만, 단순히 고용을 유발하기보다는 제조업을 중심으로 지식과 기술 등 인적 자본이 투영된 노동으로 진화할 것이 요구된다. 아울러 앞으로 노동시장의 주요 연령대로 자리 잡게 될 노년층 노동에 대한 본격적인 고민도 필요해 보인다.

      • KCI등재

        The Korean Student Movement and Ideological Circles from the 1960s to 1980s

        김준 한국학중앙연구원 한국학중앙연구원 2020 Korea Journal Vol.60 No.3

        It would be difficult to find a country where the student movement has impacted political, social, and cultural change to the extent it has in Korea. The student movement in South Korea was one of the most important drivers of Korea’s historical development. In addition, the activists produced through the student movement have advanced into various fields of society where their legacy continues to be felt to this day. The core source of ideological resources and manpower for the student movement from the 1960s to 1980s were university ideological circles or clubs called “academic societies” (hakhoe). These circles became wedges that cracked the ideological uniformity of the state. In the 1970s and early 1980s, when the state’s surveillance and control of universities were particularly severe, university student councils were dismantled and the freedom of assembly and demonstration suppressed. As a result, academic societies operated secretly and produced the ideological resources and leadership of the student movement, becoming the mechanism of organization and mobilization. However, after 1983, the organization of student councils was again permitted, and as the student movement became an open mass movement, the need for an ideological circle that secretly trained small groups of students into key activists weakened. Finally, around 1986, the academic societies were dismantled in most schools by the student leadership.

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