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Background: Allostatic load (AL) measures overall physiological wear and tear on one's body, as a preclinical marker of pathophysiologic processes that precede the onset of disease. We studied the association of dietary habits with AL. Methods: Consecutive patients visiting a tertiary hospital Health Promotion Center from September 2009 to February 2010,older than 20 years with metabolic syndrome were selected for study (n = 204). By multivariable linear regression analysis,we investigated the association of various dietary habits evaluated by questionnaires. Results: In male, multivariable linear regression showed a significant negative association between fat preference and AL with BMI ≥ 30 (1st quartile [Q] vs. 2Q: β = -3.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], -6.26 to -1.16), a significant negative association between salt preference and AL with BMI 25–30 (β = -1.36; 95% CI, -2.46 to -0.26), a negative association between appetite control and AL with BMI < 25 (1Q vs. 3Q: β = -1.54; 95% CI, -3.00 to -0.096), a significant positive association between appetite control and AL with BMI 25–30 (1Q vs. 3Q: β = 1.30; 95% CI, 0.12 to 2.48), and a significant positive association between eating in response to food cues and AL in males with BMI 25–30 (1Q vs. 4Q: β = 1.09; 95% CI,0.020 to 2.15). Conclusion: Our results suggest that metabolic syndrome patients should be discouraged from eating fat and eating in response to food cues, and should be educated about nutrition and balanced diet.
Toxoplasma gondii are intracellular protozoa that can cause neurological disease or death in fetuses and even in immunocompromised human adults. Ticks are recognized as vectors of many microorganisms including viruses, bac- teria, and protozoa. Recent studies detected T. gondii in various tick species in many countries. In this study, we per- formed PCR detection of the T. gondii B1 gene from Haemaphysalis ticks collected from vegetation in 4 localities, Wonju, Gunsan, Miryang, and Yangsan, in Korea. We analyzed DNA from 314 ticks (268 Haemaphysalis longicornis and 46 Hae- maphysalis flava) and the B1 gene of T. gondii was detected in 13 of these. The detection of T. gondii in ticks differed sig- nificantly by region (P = 0.021). T. gondii was detected in the following percentages of collected ticks: 3.7% (7 of 189) in Gunsan, 10% (5 of 50) in Wonju, 16.7% (1 of 6) in Yangsan, and 0% (0 of 69) in Miryang. The detection of T. gondii in ticks was not associated with tick species or development stage. This is the first report of T. gondii detection in ticks in Korea. Our results provide important information necessary to understand toxoplasmosis transmission.
In general, exercise can help improve overall health and prevent dis-eases. However, individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD) often lose the desire for physical exercise owing to itching caused by sweating. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of low-intensity tower climbing resistance exercise (TCRE) on Dermatophagoides farinae ex-tract (DFE; house dust mite extract)- and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-in-duced AD-like skin lesions in a BALB/c model. Histopathological exam-ination showed reduced thickness of the epidermis/dermis and dermal infiltration of inflammatory cells in the ears. TCRE downregulated serum Ig levels and suppressed mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cyto-kines in the ear tissue, and reduced the size and weight of draining lymph nodes (dLNs) and nondraining lymph nodes (ndLNs), along with expres-sion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in CD4+ T cells from dLNs and ndLNs. Taken together, we showed that low-intensity TCRE reduced AD symp-toms. These results will help improve treatment of AD, and will be of in-terest to dermatologists as well as to patients with AD.
INTRODUCTION: Many athletes use nutritional supplements for their performance enhancements and training effects. However, it is unclear that some of the dietary supplements have favorable outcomes, and others may increase the risk of doping or side effects. METHODS: In this review, we discuss the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) Sports Supplement Framework's Group A performance supplements regarding safety, legality, and effectiveness in improving sports performance. Group A supplements include caffeine, betaalanine, bicarbonate, beetroot juice, creatine, and glycerol. RESULTS: We found the use of these performance supplements could help athletes improve strength and endurance. However, the effects vary with individual athletes and depend on sports characteristics, training content, physical condition, and habits. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, a case-by-case approach is warranted to ensure their desirable effects. It is important to consult a doctor or sports nutritionist before consuming theses supplements and to monitor the individual's response through simulation.
This study empirically examines the effect of perceived fit between an actor and a movie in the formation of a priori movie preference. The results show that when the actor's expertise matches well with the movie,viewers' movie preference increases. Results also indicate that news about the actor that is irrelevant to the movie can also significantly influence movie evaluation. Movie consumers showed less change in self-based preference but more change in mass other-based preference when information stimuli about a specific actor(Fit-in-expertise or Expertise-irrelevant information) were provided, indicating the possibility of the third-person effect in movie preference formation.