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Purpose: This research was conducted to determine the effects on HPV knowledge, cervical cancer preventive behaviors, and sexual autonomy of female university students after they received sexual education to prevent HPV involved cervical cancer. Method: By using a non-equivalent control group pretest and posttest design, the experiment was conducted with a test group of 37 students and a control group of 39 students. Result: There were statistically significant increases in HPV knowledge (p=.003), cervical cancer preventive behaviors (p=.001), and sexual autonomy (p=.005) in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: It is concluded that this research is valid because this research program has proved to be effective in increasing HPV knowledge, cervical cancer preventive behaviors, and sexual autonomy, and it has provided a foundation to be used with other female university students.
The purposes of this study were to analyze the antioxidative effects and antimicrobial activity of Omija. Total phenol contents of Omija extracted with ethanol and water were 53.4±2.2 tannic acid equivalent/mg, and 47.9±2.1 tannic acid equivalent/mg, respectively. Total flavonoid contents of Omija extracted with ethanol and water were 16.3±1.1 naringin equivalent/mg, and 13.1±1.4 naringin equivalent/mg, respectively. Electron donating ability of ethanol extract (1,000 μg/mL) of Omija was 5.1± 0.4%. This result was lower than the antioxidant vitamin (ascorbic acid: 96.4±0.6%) and artificial antioxidant BHT (70.0± 0.5%). Nitrite-scavenging abilities of Omija were lower than ascorbic acid and BHT. SOD-like activities of Omija extracts, natural antioxidant, and artificial antioxidant at 5 mg/mL were in the other of ascorbic acid (99.0±0.5%) > BHT (72.6±0.5%) > ethanol extract (16.3±0.4%) > water extract (14.4±0.3%). The order of OH radical scavenging activities of Omija extracts and natural antioxidant at 5 mg/mL was ascorbic acid (98.9±0.6%) > tocopherol (85.4±0.6%) > water extract (59.1±0.5%) > ethanol extract (33.1±0.3%). The results show that the antimicrobial effects of Omija could not be detected at both concentrations and extraction methods.
In 2015, a new direction will be set for the targets and agenda of Post-2015 Education of UNESCO at the World Education Forum in Incheon. At this point, as a signatory country of OECD/DAC from 2009, Korea needs to review its cooperative development of basic education and explore new strategies to improve its participation in this area. The purpose of this study is to review related statistics, documents and research published from national and international development cooperation organizations such as KOICA and UNESCO, and to suggest Korea's future participation strategies for the post-2015 era of cooperative education development The suggested strategies are as follows: First, for the sake of philosophy or perspective for cooperative development of basic education, we should take into account the protection of human rights as well as human resource development. Second, the concept and scope of basic education should be extended to middle school education and informal education reflecting the goals of UNESCO"s Post-2015 Education agenda. Third, the needs of partnering countries should be assessed systematically by experts from both fields of basic education and development cooperation. Fourth, our main target of this area should move to quality improvement from improving access to education through cooperation in the field of teacher education, curriculum development and ICT using instruction. Finally, for the sake of effectiveness, systems for stable funding and participation of experts in education should be implemented through private-public cooperation including universities.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors which influence the process of problem solving in nursing students during clinical practice. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 511 nursing students in from April 10 to June 10, 2011. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression procedures. Result: The values regarding self-leadership (mean 3.62), self-directed learning readiness (mean 3.53) and problem solving process (mean 3.37) were higher than the median. There were significant correlations between all the predictive variables and the process of problem solving. The greatest factors influencing the process of problem solving in nursing students were self-leadership and self-directed learning readiness (54.3%). Conclusion: By using the results of this study as a foundation, nursing education curriculum should be comprised of self-leadership and self-directed learning readiness for improvement of nursing students' problem solving process.
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본 연구는 대기업과 거래관계를 유지하고 있는 국내 중소기업 중에서 제조업을 기반으로 하는 업체를 대상으로 중소기업의 신뢰와 혁신역량이 상생협력성과에 미치는 영향에 대하여 구체적으로 규명하는 것을 목적으로하고 있다. 이를 검증하기 위해서 선행연구의 이론적 고찰을 통하여 변수요인을 크게 신뢰, 혁신역량, 상생협력성과 등 3가지로 구분하고 고객지향성, 경쟁자지향성으로 대표되는 시장지향성 요인이 변수들 간의 영향관계에서 어떻게 매개역할을 하는지 실증분석을 통하여 확인하였다.이를 위하여 본 연구는 제조업을 중심으로 하는 국내 중소기업 154개 업체를 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하여 기업 자료를 수집한 후에 실증분석을 진행하였다. 실증 분석한 결과 첫째, 중소기업의 신뢰와 혁신역량이고객지향성과 경쟁자지향성에 미치는 영향은 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 중소기업의 신뢰와 혁신역량이상생협력성과에 미치는 영향은 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 중소기업의 신뢰와 혁신역량이 상생협력성과에 미치는 영향에서 고객지향성과 경쟁자지향성은 긍정적 매개역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다.본 연구의 결과 첫째, 중소기업과 대기업이 상호협력을 통하여 긍정적인 협력성과를 얻기 위해서는 기업간 관계가 종속적이고 수직적이 아닌 독립적이고 수평적이어야 한다. 둘째, 중소기업은 대기업에 의존하기보다는 스스로 위험을 감수하고, 경쟁우위능력을 확보하기 위해서는 혁신을 통한 생산시스템 및 프로세스를과감하게 개선하면서 새로운 시장기회를 적극적으로 찾아야 한다. 셋째, 중소기업은 혁신적인 제품이나 기술을 보유하고 있다고 할지라도 대기업과의 협력을 배제하여서는 안 되며, 부족한 역량은 대기업과의 협력을통해서 보완하여야 함을 시사하고 있다.아울러 본 연구의 이론적, 실무적 시사점 및 제언 그리고 본 연구의 한계점 및 향후 연구방향은 결론에서상세하게 제시하였다. This research is to clarify the impact of SMEs' trust and innovation capabilities on thewin-win cooperation performance. The target companies are SMEs that is maintaining businessrelationship with large companies. In order to verify this research, the variables were divided intothree main factors, e.g. trust, innovation capability and win-win cooperation performance throughtheoretical consideration of prior research. An empirical analysis has shown how market orientedfactors represented by customer orientation and competition orientation serve as a mediation rolefor influencing variables.To this end, the research conducted a survey of 154 SMEs focusing on manufacturingindustries, collecting corporate data and an empirical analysis was conducted. As a result, First ofall, an empirical analysis showed that the impact of trust and innovation capabilities of SMEs oncustomer orientation and competition orientation is significant. Second, it was found that the impactof trust and innovative capabilities of SMEs on the win-win cooperation performance was significant.Third, customer orientation and competitor orientation play a positive role in the impact of SMEs'trust and innovation capabilities on the win-win cooperation performance.The results of this study are as follow : First of all, in order that SMEs and large corporationto achieve positive cooperation performance through mutual cooperation, the relationship betweencompanies should be independent and horizontal, not dependent and vertical. Second, SMEs musttake risks themselves rather than relying on large companies and to secure competitive advantage,they must actively seek new market opportunities while drastically improving their production system and processes through innovation.Third, SMEs should not exclude cooperation with large corporation even if they haveinnovative products or technologies, and indicate that insufficient capabilities of SMEs should besupplemented through cooperation with large corporation.In addition, theoretical implications, practical implications and suggestions for this study,and limitations of this study and future research directions are presented in detail in the conclusions.