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This study was conducted to investigate the effects of computer attitudes such as anxiety, confidence, preference, usefulness, and computer literacy on their critical thinking ability, targeting college students at unspecified university universities. The period of data collection was from January 10, 2020 to January 17, 2020. A total of 213 people participated in the study. For data analysis, SPSS 18.0 was used for frequency analysis, Pearson correlation, x2 square, and simple regression analysis. As a result of the analysis, the difference of interests under the statistical significance level among general characteristics was Gender (x2=55.7***, p<0.001), Age (x2=407.5***, p<0.001), Resident (x2=127.5***, p<0.001) Family (x2=289.4***, p<0.001). In the simple regression analysis, computer liking (t=2.102, p<0.05) and computer use ability affected Truth seeking (t=-6.319, p<0.01), computer use ability was affecting analyticity (t=-5.630, p<0.01), computer use ability was affecting systematicity (t=-2.545, p<0.05), computer use ability was affecting maturity under statistical significance (t=-2.583, p<0.05). In conclusion, this study suggests that computer liking and computer use ability affect the sub-factor components of critical thinking disposition, truth seeking, analyticity, systematicity, and maturity, therefore the emphasis of this study is to emphasize that it is desirable to use the computer as a medium of learning based on computer literacy rather than worrying about excessive computer use.
급성 피부점막 임파절 증후군 환아 13명을 대상으로 급성기와 아급성기에 T 림프구 및 그 아형의 변화와 혈청 감마마글로블린의 변화에 대해서 조사하고 아울러 MCLS 환아 42명을 대상으로 심혈관과 연관된 합병증을 심전 도 및 심에코드를 이용해서 조사하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 총 T 림프구(T1)과 T4/T8 비는 급성 기 및 아급성기에 모두 대조군에 비해서 유의한 감소가 있었으나 급성기과 아급성기 사이에는 변화가 없었다. 2.조력 T 림프구 (T4)는 급성기에 대조군에 비해서 유의한 감소가 있었으나 아급ㅁ성기에는 대조군과 차이가 없었다. 3.억제 T 림프구(T8)는 급성기에 대조군과 차이가 없다가 아급성기에는 유의안 증가가 있었다. 4.IgG, IgA, IgM치는 급성기에는 변화가 없다가 아급성기에는 현저한 증가를 보였다. 5.관상 동맥류는 전체 환자의 38%에서 생겼으며 제6병일에서 13병일 사이에서 (평균 :8.8±2.1일)관찰 할 수 있었다. 이상의 결과에 의하면 MCLS의 진행 과정 중 관상 동맥류의 형성은 대부분이 급성기에 이루어지며 이것은 조력 T 림프구(T4)의 감소로 인한 면역기능의 저하와 연관이 있을 것으로 보인다.
중국 민사소송법 시행 이래, 민사판결집행에 관한 執行難, 執行亂 문제는 줄곧 부각되어 왔던 어려운 사회적 과제이다. 그 이유는 기본적으로 超職權主義 원칙에 따라 설계된 중국의 기본 민사집행제도와 중국 문 화적 요인 등을 감안한 超當事者主義 원칙에 따라 설계된 특정 민사집행제도(예컨대 집행화해, 집행담보 등등) 간의 갈등이라고 볼 수 있다. 超職權主義의 기본집행제도 하에서 불가피하게 발생하는 집행기관의 소극적(부작위) 및 적극적인 부적절한 집행행위 또는 超當事者主義의 영 향이 다분히 반영된 특정 제도 하에서 각 당사자 및 여러 이해관계자들의 의사에 대한 법원 직권행사의 제약으로 인해 무제한적이고 반복적인 의사소통과 협상이 진행되고, 이는 결국 민사 판결에 대한 집행 강제성의 약화 또는 집행 효율의 저하로 이어진다. 따라서 본 고에서는 超當事者主義 원칙에 따라 설계된 전형적인 민사제도인 집행담보제도를 연구대상으로 하여, 그 법률취지, 주요 요건, 기타 유사제도와의 비교분석, 실무상 활용 현황 및 존재하는 주요문제점, 제도 활용 시 유의사항 등에 대해 기존 법률제도 특히 2018년 3월 1일 부터 시행한 최신 사법해석, 사법실무 등을 토대로 심층 분석함으로써 보다 효율적으로 집행담 보제도를 활용하기 위해 향후 제도적으로 풀어나가야 할 방향을 제시한다. In China, the problem of difficulty in executing civil judgment has been a social task since the enforcement of Civil Procedure Law. The reason for this situation is as follows. There is basically a conflict between China’s basic civil enforcement system designed in accordance with the principle of the ultra-inquisitorial system and its specific civil enforcement system (e.g. execution reconciliation, execution collateral, etc.) designed according to the principle of the ultra-adversarial system reflecting China’s cultural factors. In other words, there are a passive inaction of the enforcement agency inevitably occurring under the basic enforcement system of the ultra-inquisitorial system, and its aggressive and inappropriate enforcement. Besides, there is a restriction on the exercise of the court’s authority due to the intention of each party and various stakeholders under a specific system that considerably reflects the effects of the ultra-adversarial system. These lead to unlimited and repetitive communication and negotiation, which causes that situation. This ultimately results in a weakening of enforceability or a reduction in enforcement efficiency of civil judgments. This study examines the execution collateral system, a typical civil procedure designed according to the principle of the ultraadversarial system, and deeply analyzes its legal purport, major requirements, comparison with other similar systems, current status of application, major problems, and notes on using the system, based on the existing legal system, especially the latest judicial interpretation and judicial practice effective from March 1, 2018. Therefore, this study suggests the direction to handle the execution collateral system systematically in order to utilize it more efficiently.
This study was a phenomenological qualitative research that analyzed the experiences of Korean students studying in Korea after the COVID-19 incident. Participants in this study consisted of 22 international students aged 20 to 40 attending the International Exchange Center at C University. The interview period was from September 10, 2020 to October 10, 2020. Giogi qualitative research method was used to analyze vivid experiences of international students. As a result of the analysis, 26 semantic units, 7 subcomponents were derived. The description of the general structure sentence of phenomenology was a description of the meaning of experience from the perspective of participants, and the context and structure descriptions were integrated. The results of this study showed that: The students who came to Korea to study were concerned about Korea in various ways, but they had to adjust to unexpected changes in education methods, anxious about the unexpected COVID-19 disaster. Participants chose to study in Korea based on existing information, so they felt anxiety, regret, fear, and frustration over sudden changes, but taking online classes helped them learn repeatedly and voluntarily became an experience that suited their learning speed. As commuting time has decreased, they were more opportunities to make money in Korea also. Based on the results of this study, the following is suggested: First, the government should establish systematic online infection prevention measures for international students who have poor Korean language skills in preparation for unexpected disasters. Second, non-face-to-face teaching methods should be prepared with the same weight in the face-to-face teaching methods that have been carried out so far in preparation for unexpected disasters.
This study was a cross-sectional descriptive research that investigate the level of addiction and analyzed the impact of computer game addiction from 20 to 30 years old on communication capabilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of game addiction according to general characteristics and to confirm the effect of computer game addiction on communication ability. There were a total of 220 participants in the study. This survey for this study was a self-reporting questionnaire, research tools for this study were developed by Lee (2000) using game addiction and Communication ability developed by Frits et al., (1999). Data analysis was analyzed with frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and Regression using SPSS 18.0. As a result of analysis, the difference between game addiction and communication ability by gender was appeared to be different under statistical significance levels: game addiction (t=-.9.2, p<0.01), subcomponents of communication ability, concentration (t=7.20, p<0.01), understanding (t=6.13, p<0.01), response (t=6.22, p<0.01), memory (t=2.88, p<0.05). The highest level of game addiction was appeared between 28 and 30 years old under statistical significance (p<0.01). Finally computer game addiction affects understanding, a subcomponent of communication capabilities.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the meaning and structure of the experiences of 20 years old womenwho participated in the pregnancy recognition improvement program developed by JA Kim et al. Theparticipants of the study were interviewed three times in total for 20 years old of 6 women. The interviewperiod was from December 1 to December 30, 2018. The interview data were processed through the analysisand interpretation process using the phenomenological research of Giorgi method. As a result, 33 semanticunits were derived, and then divided into 4 subcomponents and divided into 2 categories. After participatingin the program, they tried to maintain their health, use appropriate welfare policies, and deeply consider theirlives as mysterious mothers. In conclusion, this study suggests that the implementation of the pregnancyawareness improvement program for young women in a small group, more systematically and continuously,effectively implements low fertility measures in Korea.
This study was a cross-sectional survey of the effects of pregnancy necessity recognition on emotional happiness and mediation effect of health control behavior on it. A total of 200 participants in the study were collected from structured questionnaire online and the data collection was from July 1st to July 31st, 2018. Health control behavior questionnaire was developed by Wallston, K.A., Wallston, B.S. & Devellis, R (1978), Emotional happiness was analyzed by using PANAS (positive and negative affect schedule) developed by Watson, Clark and Tellegen (1988). The collected data were chai-square(X2), Pearson correlation, Dummy regression analysis, simple regression analysis, and the mediated effect analysis by SPSS 18.0. As a result, Under statistical significance, there were differences in the recognition of pregnancy necessity were depending on religion, participant’s age, number of siblings, thought of optimal marriage age(p<0.05). More siblings, more religious, older age, and more recognized the pregnancy necessity. The analysis of Pearson correlation with the pregnancy necessity, health control behavior, and emotional happiness reveled that it was relevant (p<0.01). Dummy regression analysis showed that people who thought that pregnancy was necessary were 0.700 times more likely to felt emotional happiness that people who thought it was unnecessary (p<0.01). Analysis on the mediation of health control behavior, in which the effects of pregnancy recognition on emotional happiness, showed that it was effect (other people’s health control behavior: B:.299, p<0.01, internal health control behavior : B:.217, p<0.05). Based on these results, this study suggested that to promote pregnancy recognition, families with brother and sister should be programmed with recommendations for exercise and alcohol abstinence, religious belief and health control programs.