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      • KCI등재

        石坡 李昰應 墨蘭畵風의 형성

        金貞淑(Kim Ch?ng-suk) 한국미술사학회 2002 美術史學硏究 Vol.- No.233·234

        Yi Ha-?ng, sobriquet S?kp' a, was the father of King Kojong(r. 1867-1907), the 26th ruler of the Chosen dynasty, and was titled the H?ngs?n Taew?n' gun 興宣大院君 generally called Taew?n' gun. Yi was a radical politician who attempted to reform the national system with the “Chosen style" manner when he reigned during the turmoil: in law's of the royal family of the Andong Kim clan of the late Chos?n period held sway and the Western empires aimed at conquering Korea. Nevertheless, he sought his own direction for the government developments. On the other side, he was an artist developing his individual orchid paintings based on Kim Ch?ng-h?i' s 金正喜 painting style. He went back and forth between the dominance of the authority and relinquishment of power. Because of his political aspiration, however, he greatly concentrated on creating substantial and lofty orchid paintings as means to express his complicated emotion whenever he was in hard times. As a result, he achieved the dignified literati painting accompanying with poems and calligraphy (shis?hwa ilch'i, 詩書畵一致) as well as his individual manner in depicting ink orchids. The most distinguished feature in Yi Ha-?ng' s artistic ambience is that he persisted to paint monochrome orchids throughout his whole life. It is assumed that this came from his admiration toward orchids for their refined beauty and elegant fragrance. Moreover, he is supposed to have strenuously disciplined his mentality by portraying orchids because it has served as the embodiment of gentlemens' virtue in literati tradition. As much as being called "S?kparan 石坡蘭." his well-known orchid paintings established one of the modes of 'Korean indigenous ink orchid paintings" , distinguished from Chinese ones by accomplishing his representative painting style in its composition and brushwork, One of the characteristics in formative stages of ink orchid paintings by Yi is that he pursued individual painting styles by studying an eminent literati calligrapher and painter, Kim Chong-hui' s idioms and by adopting fashionable elements from Chinese ink orchid paintings. Since his early thirties. he studied calligraphy and orchid paintings under Kim. and was praised by his teacher. Kim emphasized on samj?n-p?b 三轉法, a technique to twist the tip of the brush three times in portraying leaves of orchids, that Yi practiced over again, After the death of Kim. he succeeded his teacher and accepted new composition and depiction in manuals of ink orchid paintings of Ming and Ch'ing China. In particular, when he was expelled from the throne and was dwelling at Chikgok sanbang (直谷山房, Studio of Chikgok). he created three types of ink orchid paintings: the grouping of uprooted orchids with long leaves 群蘭畵. the coupling of orchids and rocks 石蘭畵 with the setting, and the densely grouping of orchids 叢蘭畵. generally mounted as a hanging scroll. nus asserts that such individual modes of his were formed on the basis of Kim Ch?ng-h?i' s ink brush method, and later became the typical type of 50kp 'aran, Among his above mentioned individual modes, the painting of coupling orchid and rocks had developed to the main and constant theme until his late years. Even after Yi Ha-?ng, a number of orchid painters copied his S?kparan style and his great influence has survived untill today.

      • KCI등재

        풍경과 감정 : 역사를 상상하는 두 개의 다른 시선

        김정숙(Kim Jeong-sook) 한국비평문학회 2008 批評文學 Vol.- No.30

        The purpose of this thesis is to explicate the historical imagination of male/female writers and the narrative truth, focusing on Leesim(『리심』) written by Kim Takwan as a male novelist and Leejin(『리진』) written by Shin Kyong-sook as a female novelist. The interesting point is that they all describe the sarre character in each of their novels. In chapter 2, the author outlines the narrative processing, the commonness and the difference between the texts. In chapter 3, the author studies two-view points which imagine the historical character. In chapter 4, the author looks into the historical cognition of male/female writers. In this respect, these can be summarized as follows: In the first place, Leesim and Leejin are the record of her travel life commonly. They represent the woman who had been to France at first in the early 20th century. She was the dancer of the Royal Court and experienced the ambivalence between western civilization and imperialism in France. However ‘scenery’(educated discovery) remains in Leesim and ‘emotion’(tragic sympathy) remains in Leejin. Second, the forward of part of each text is mostly parallel process, but the latter part of the story rends apart. That is, Leesim moves on the man-narrative while Leejin advances the mother-narrative. Such reason has sapped woman-narrative. Third, the purpose of the two novels is all the searching for existence. But Kim’s writing pursues the reconstruction of ‘fact’ itself while Shin’s writing concentrates on the historical ‘truth’ in terms of the minority. In conclusion, The objective distance of Leesim and the psychological identification of Leejin are the two way of imagination about the history. Leesim and Leejin which include premodern/modern, imperialism/colonialism and the native language/the translate language, show the valuable point of the faction combining fact with fiction.

      • KCI등재

        지체장애인의 운동지속수행, 신체의식, 자기효능감 분석

        김정숙 ( Jung Sook Kim ) 한국지체중복건강장애교육학회(구 한국지체부자유아교육학회) 2011 지체.중복.건강장애연구 Vol.54 No.2

        본 연구는 운동참가 지체장애인을 대상으로 효율적인 운동수행을 위해 운동지속수행, 신체의식, 자기효능감을 구체적으로 규명하는데 목적이 있다. 연구대상은 특수학교 지체장애인 132명과 복지관 지체장애인 129명을 대상으로 Corbin과 Lindsey(1994)에 의하여 개발되고 김정숙과 박재국(2008)이 번안한 한국판 지체장애인을 위한 운동지속수행척도(Exercise Adherence Questionnaire: EAQ, 11문항)와 Miller, Murphy & Buss(1981)의 신체의식 척도 (Body Consciousness Questionnaire: BCQ, 15문항) 그리고 Ryckman, Rovvins, Thornton 과 Cantrell(1982)이 제작 개발하고 홍선옥(1996)이 번안한 신체적 자기효능감 척도(Physical Self Efficacy Questionnaire: PSEQ, 22문항)를 사용하였다. 먼저, 이 연구의 분석을 위한 조사도구는 예비조사를 실시하여 신뢰도와 타당도를 확보한 후 사용하였으며, 통계방법은 기술통계분석, 신뢰도분석, 요인분석, 다변량분석, 상관분석 등을 실시하였다. 이상의 과정을 통해 도출된 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 성별에 따른 운동지속수행과 자기효능감은 모든 하위요인이 남자가 높게 나타났고, 신체의식에서는 내적신체의식과 신체유능감은 여자가 높고 외적신체의식은 남자가 높게 나타났다. 운동경력별, 운동지속수행에서는 경향성과 가능성은 3년-7년 미만에서 높게 나타났고 강화성은 7년 이상에서 높게 나타났으며, 신체의식은 모든 변인이 7년 이상에서 높게 나타났으며, 자기효능감에서는 인지된 신체능력은 7년 이상에서 높게 나타났고 신체적 자기표현자신감은 3년-7년 미만에서 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 운동 지속수행, 신체의식과 자기효능감은 각 변인 간 높은 관련성이 있는 것으로 나타났다. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of Exercise adherence, Body consciousness, Self efficacy in physical disabilities. Data were obtained from a sample of 244 physical disabilities. The subject of the research are 244 physical disabilities. The questionnaire that was developed by Corbin & Lindsey(1994) was used to identify Exercise adherence questionnaire and revised by Kim Jung-sook(2009) and developed by Miller, Murphy & Buss(1981) was used to identify Body Consciousness questionnaire and revised by Hong Sun-ok(2008) was used to identify Self efficacy questionnaire in physical disabilities. For the correct analysis they are used which are descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, factor analysis, MANOVA, correlation analysis. The survey result is as follows. First, Exercise adherence and Self efficacy showed man highly in all factor. Body consciousness showed highly in private body and body competence woman and man highly in public body according to gender. Exercise adherence showed 3 years-7 years highly in enabling and predisposing and 7 years over in reinforcing. Body Consciousness showed 7 years over in all factor and Self efficacy showed 3 years-7 years in self-expressive confidence and 7 years over in perceived physical ability. Second, Exercise adherence, Self efficacy, Body Consciousness is partially a significant affects each other.

      • KCI등재

        출판미디어의 데이터 개발과 보급 현황 분석

        김정숙,Kim, Jeong-Suk 한국비블리아학회 2004 한국비블리아학회지 Vol.15 No.2

        본 연구는 출판미디어의 메타 데이터적 개발과 보급동향을 파악하기 위하여, 종이책과 전자출판물로 나누어서 현황을 지표위주로 분석하였다. 더불어, 현황분석에서 도출되는 문제점을 통해 출판미디어의 데이터 개발과 보급에 어떠한 전망적 시각을 부여할 것인지를 논의한 연구이다. 기존의 종이책과 새로운 전자출판물은 인터넷으로 표방되는 디지털 미디어 시대에 새로운 융합 미디어로 그 범위를 넓혀가고 있다. 수용의 유비쿼터스 실현을 위한 융합미디어로의 변화는 기존의 종이책이 갖는 형질을 물려받는 유전의 속성을 기저로 진화한다는 논거를 통해, 종이책과 전자출판물 그리고 융합미디어로서의 디지털 출판물의 양적 확장의 전망을, 보급에 앞서 해결해야 할 솔루션 문제와 함께 논의하고 있다. This study is to analyze the present publishing media in order to grasp the trend of data development and distribution. For this, I analyze the present tendency, concentrating indices of diagram, dividing into traditional book and e-book. It also discusses the viewpoint extracted from the problems related to the data development and distribution of publishing media. Traditional books and e-books have been expending to add newly updated convergence media in digital media era in which internet represents. I discuss these changes to convergence media for the realization of 'ubiquitous' mean the evolution to transmit propagational elements from proper character of traditional book. By the same token, I examine prospect of increasing digital publishing media and other problems before distribution.

      • 상모리패총에서 산출되는 이매패류 패각을 이용한 고환경 복원 예비연구

        김정숙,우경식,홍완,강창화,Kim, Jeong-Suk,Woo, Kyung-Sik,Hong, Wan,Kang, Chang-Hwa 한국제4기학회 2010 제사기학회지 Vol.24 No.2

        이 연구는 제주도 남쪽에 위치한 상모리패총에서 채취한 조개패각(밤색무늬조개과 투박조개, Glycymeris albolineata) 시료(JSM-B01)의 산소와 탄소 동위원소 조성을 이용하여 이 조개가 살던 시대의 해양환경을 복원하기 위해 수행하였다. 패각의 지화학적 조성은 서식주변 환경에 대한 정보를 제공한다. 연구 패각인 투박조개의 산소와 탄소 동위원소 조성은, 성장기에는 주변 환경에 관한 정보를 잘 반영하였지만 성장이 거의 멈추는 노년기에는 주변 환경 변화를 거의 반영하지 못 하였다. 투박조개의 성장기(장년기)에 기록된 산소와 탄소 동위원소 조성은 계절적 주기를 잘 반영하고 있는데, 이러한 계절변화는 여름에 일시적으로 나타나는 중국대륙연안수인 저염분수의 영향을 받는 것으로 판단된다. 탄소 동위원소 조성 역시 여름시기에는 저염분수의 영향을 반영하여 낮은 값을 보이고, 겨울시기에는 해수 표층의 식물성 플랑크톤 생산성에 의한 영향을 받아 여름보다 겨울에 상대적으로 높은 값을 보였다. 따라서 투박조개의 산소와 탄소 동위원소 조성의 계절적인 변화패턴을 이용한 고환경 복원 연구는 과거 해수환경을 해석하는데 크게 도움이 될 것으로 사료된다. 그러나 과거 해수환경 변화를 보다 명확하게 해석하기 위해서는 시료를 채취한 지역의 주변 해수환경에 대한 모니터링과 밤색무늬과조개의 생태학적인 연구가 추가적으로 진행되어야 할 것으로 사료된다. The purpose of this study is to investigate paleoenvironmental conditions of the shallow sea around Jeju Island during the Late Holocene using geochemical contents of the bivalve (Glycymeris albolineata) collected from the Sangmori Shell Mound. The bivalve shell used shows the archaeological age of 2,300 yr BP. Stable carbon and oxygen isotope compositions show that growth rates decreased with aging. Coeval trends of both isotope compositions can be observed: heavier values during winters and lighter values summers except for their young and old growth stages. The seasonality of bivalve shell appear to reflect seasonal variations of paleotemperature as well as paleosalinity. Especially China Coastal Water with low salinity was transported into the southern Jeju Strait from Changjiang River during summer periods. Heavier carbon isotope values during winter indicate higher productivity, and this is supported by high density of phytoplanktons and higher chlorophyll contents during winter time. For accurate interpretation, monitoring of present-day conditions of shallow marine water as well as additional geochemical analysis of the same Recent bivalve may be necessary.

      • KCI등재후보

        사물인터넷 서비스의 중점 표준화 항목 도출 및 전략에 관한 연구

        김정숙,Kim, Jungsook 디지털산업정보학회 2016 디지털산업정보학회논문지 Vol.12 No.1

        Service and technology for the future hyper-connected society, which is every information receive through the mobile internet, will be an Internet of Things. Thus, it is mandatory to derive key standardization work item and establish strategy for the global business with the standardization of device and service platform by the application service. In this study, by analyzing the domestic and international market trends, state of technical development, and standardization of technology, we identified the open platform is the stepping stone for achieving the goal which is establishing the virtuous circulation of IoT ecosystem. Also, we defined emphasized key standardization work item for achieving the open platform are network, server, access authentication, billing system, and software platform. After that, we proposed future strategy direction of standardization. This research could be contribute to the IoT service diffusion by realizing IP communication among low power wireless terminals and implementing light-weight standard internet protocol.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        칡의 부위별 골다공증 치료효과

        김정숙,하혜경,김혜진,이제현,송계용,Kim, Chung-Sook,Ha, Hye-Kyung,Kim, Hye-Jin,Lee, Je-Hyun,Song, Kye-Yong 한국식품과학회 2002 한국식품과학회지 Vol.34 No.4

        콩과 식물인 갈근에는 genistein과 daidzein이 함유된 것으로 알려졌으므로 본 연구는 갈근(PR), 갈화(PF) 및 어린순인 갈용(PL)에 함유된 phytoestrogen의 함량을 HPLC법으로 정량 분석하였다. 동시에 phytoestrogen의 골다공증 치료제에 대한 효능 검색의 일환으로 조골세포의 증식작용(MTT법 및 ALP분석)과 피골세포의 활성(TRAP법)을 측정하였고 난소절제 흰쥐에 PR 1 g/kg/day(PR-1) 및 PR 5 g/kg/day(PR-5)을 9주 동안 투여한 후 혈액분석, 혈장 Alkaline phospatase(ALP), 칼슘, 무기성 인산염, 총콜레스테롤, LDL- 및 HDL-콜레스테롤을 측정하였고 적출된 경골 및 요추골의 소주골면적을 측정하였다. PR과 PF의 총 daidzein의 함량은 $10436{\pm}2144\;mg/kg$와 $1003{\pm}206\;mg/kg$이었고 genistein과 formononetin은 PR에만 존재하고 PF 및 PL에는 함유되어 있지 않았다. 인간 유사 조골 세포주인 Saos-2에 PR은 대조군의 158% 정도(5 mg/mL)의 세포증식효과와 ALP 활성을 증가시켰으나 전처리한 PR, PF 및 PL의 세포증식효과는 없었고 PL만이 ALP 활성을 증가시켰다. 파골세포의 증식억제실험에서 genistein의 $IC_{50}$는 $1.57{\times}10^{-4}\;mg/mL$ $(5.81{\times}10^{-7}\;M)$이었고, daidzein과 PR은 효과가 없었다. 난소절제 흰쥐에 대한 in vivo 실험에서 대조군이 sham군보다 난소적출 1주 후부터 체중의 증가가 급격하게 나타났으나 PR의 투여로 둔화되었다. PR 투약에 의한 자궁의 무게는 PR-5군은 대조군에 비해 증가되었고(p<0.05), PR-1군은 대조군과 유의성이 없었다. 혈장 ALP의 활성은 주령의 증가에 EK라 감소하는 경향을 보였고, HDL-콜레스테롤의 농도는 모든 군에서 주령에 따라 감소되었으나(p<0.01), PR-5군의 LDL-콜레스테롤의 농도는 대조군에 비해 감소되었다(p<0.01). 대조군에 비해 sham군의 경골 및 요추골의 면적은 증가되었고(p<0.01), PR 투여군(PR-1 및 PR-5)도 sham보다 적으나 대조군에 비해 소주골 면적이 증가되었다(각 p<0.01). 특히 고용량의 PR 투여는 PR의 골다공증 치료효과가 우수함을 증명하였으며(p<0.01), PL과 PF는 효능이 미비하나 PR은 골다공증의 예방 및 치료제로는 상당히 우수한 한약재임이 확인되었다. It is reported that Pueraria Radix contains phtoestrogens whereas flower, and bud of Pueraria lobata Ohwi were not known. In the present study, we determined the amount of phytoestrogen in each portion of P. lobata Ohwi and carried out therapeutic effects of osteoporosis. The amounts of genistein, daidzein, and formononetin in Pueraria Radix (PR), Pueraria Flos (PF), and young Pueratia Folium (PL) were quantitated using a HPLC system. Proliferation of osteoblast and growth inhibitory effect on osteoclast were measured in order to screen their effects on osteoporosis. Proliferation of osteoblast-like cells (Saos-2) was analyzed by both MTT methods and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assays. Growth inhibitory effect on osteoclast was also detected as Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) assay. Ovariectomized rat as an in vivo animal model was selected and administrations of PR were 1 g/kg/day (PR-1) and 5 g/kg/day (PR-5) for 9 weeks, respectively. Trabecular bone areas (TBAs) of tibia and lumbar were analyzed usibg histomorphological methods. Results show that PR contains the highest level of daidzein ($10435{\pm}2143\;mg/kg$ of dried herb) and stimulated ALP activity, approximately 160% of the control. Growth inhibitory effect on osteoclast by both PR and daidzein were almost identical with control although $IC_{50}$ of genistein was $5.81{\times}10^{-7}$ M. Increases in body weight of OVX rats were suppressed by administration of PR but wet weights of uterus in PR-5 group were increased (p<0.05). Plasma ALP and HDL-cholesterol levels were decreased following ages (p<0.01), and LDL-cholesterol level was also decreased in PR-5 group at 20 week of age (p<0.01). TBAs of tibia and lumbar in PR-1 and PR-5 groups were higher than those of the control although the values were less than those of the sham group (each p<0.01) In conclusion, administrations of PR prevented loss of TBAs of tibia and lumber in OVX rats, while PL and PF did not (p<0.01).

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